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CPAP

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13 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26363693/-adverse-respiratory-events-after-general-anesthesia-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
Daniela Xará, Júlia Mendonça, Helder Pereira, Alice Santos, Fernando José Abelha
INTRODUCTION: Patients with STOP-BANG score >3 have a high risk of Obstructive sleep apnea. The aim of this study was to evaluate early postoperative respiratory complications in adults with STOP-BANG score >3 after general anesthesia. METHODS: This is a prospective double cohort study matching 59 pairs of adult patients with STOP-BANG score >3 (high risk of obstructive sleep apnea) and patients with STOP-BANG score <3 (low risk of obstructive sleep apnea), similar with respect to gender, age and type of surgery, admitted after elective surgery in the Post-Anaesthesia Care Unit in May 2011...
September 2015: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26363577/self-reported-obstructive-sleep-apnea-simple-snoring-and-various-markers-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-as-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk
#2
Teemu J Niiranen, Erkki Kronholm, Harri Rissanen, Markku Partinen, Antti M Jula
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate whether self-reported obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), simple snoring, and various markers of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We examined a representative nationwide cohort of 5177 Finnish adults aged ≥30 years. The participants underwent measurement of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and answered SDB-related questions derived from the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, which were used to operationalize self-reported OSA...
May 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360149/the-different-clinical-faces-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-osa-in-older-adults-as-a-distinctly-different-physiological-phenotype-and-the-impact-of-osa-on-cardiovascular-events-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#3
COMMENT
Clodagh M Ryan, Tetyana Kendzerska, Kelly Wilton, Owen D Lyons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26357928/a-comparison-of-cpap-and-cpapflex-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-world-trade-center-responders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Indu Ayappa, Jag Sunderram, Kathleen Black, Akosua Twumasi, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Jeffrey L Carson, Shou-En Lu, David M Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Following the World Trade Center disaster, a large number of individuals involved in rescue and recovery activity were exposed to significant amounts of dust, and reported symptoms of chronic nasal and sinus inflammation. An unusually high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has also been observed in this World Trade Center Responder population. This project aims to examine the relationship between nasal pathology and OSA. Our hypothesis is that increased nasal resistance due to nasal inflammation predisposes to OSA in this population...
2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356240/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-sleep-dysfunction-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-pilot-investigation-of-comorbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Jeremiah A Alt, Adam S DeConde, Jess C Mace, Toby O Steele, Richard R Orlandi, Timothy L Smith
IMPORTANCE: Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have reduced sleep quality linked to their overall well-being and disease-specific quality of life (QOL). Other primary sleep disorders also affect QOL. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of comorbid obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on CRS disease-specific QOL and sleep dysfunction in patients with CRS following functional endoscopic sinus surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective multisite cohort study conducted between October 2011 and November 2014 at academic, tertiary referral centers with a population-based sample of 405 adults...
October 2015: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26355252/central-sleep-apnea-in-kidney-disease
#6
REVIEW
Sushma M Dharia, Mark L Unruh, Lee K Brown
Sleep is an essential function of life and serves a crucial role in the promotion of health and performance. Poor sleep quality and sleep disorders have been a recurrent finding in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can contribute to hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and worsen obesity, all of which are implicated in the etiology of CKD, but CKD itself may lead to OSA. Relationships between CKD/end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and OSA have been the subject of numerous investigations, but central sleep apnea (CSA) also is highly prevalent in CKD/ESRD but remains poorly understood, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in these patients...
July 2015: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354105/high-resolution-wrist-worn-overnight-oximetry-has-high-positive-predictive-value-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-a-sleep-study-referral-population
#7
Ken M Kunisaki, Oksana A Bohn, Erin E Wetherbee, Thomas S Rector
BACKGROUND: Reducing the need for diagnostic sleep studies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) would reduce direct and opportunity costs while expediting time to treatment for this common and morbid disorder. We sought to determine if an established sleep apnea screening questionnaire (STOP-BANG) and wrist-worn overnight oximetry data could provide high positive predictive value for the presence of OSA. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of consecutive unattended sleep study patients at a single facility...
May 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354104/multi-level-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-lingual-tonsillectomy-vs-hyoid-suspension-in-combination-with-radiofrequency-of-the-tongue-base
#8
Thomas Verse, Stefan Wenzel, Johannes Brus
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare results in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) undergoing multi-level surgery with two different surgical approaches to treat tongue base obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, controlled clinical trial at a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Altogether, 108 patients were separated into two groups according to the findings during drug-induced sleep endoscopy. Patients with enlarged lingual tonsils (N = 58; group A) underwent a lingual tonsillectomy (LT)...
December 2015: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26351108/serum-amyloid-beta-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
Xian-Le Bu, Yu-Hui Liu, Qing-Hua Wang, Shu-Sheng Jiao, Fan Zeng, Xiu-Qing Yao, Dong Gao, Ji-Chuan Chen, Yan-Jiang Wang
A critical link between amyloid-beta (Aβ) and hypoxia has been demonstrated in in vitro and animal studies but has not yet been proven in humans. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder that is characterized by nocturnal intermittent hypoxaemia. This study sought to examine the association between the chronic intermittent hypoxia and Aβ in OSAS patients. Forty-five cognitively normal OSAS patients and forty-nine age- and gender-matched subjects diagnosed with simple snoring and not OSAS were included in the present study...
September 9, 2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26350607/adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-existing-users-self-efficacy-enhances-the-association-between-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-adherence
#10
Joseph M Dzierzewski, Douglas M Wallace, William K Wohlgemuth
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common sleep disorder associated with a myriad of sequelae. OSAHS is effectively treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. However, fewer than 50% of patients are compliant with their CPAP therapy prescriptions. The current study sought to explore an integrated, biopsychological approach to CPAP adherence among experienced CPAP users. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of a cohort of veterans with a diagnosis of OSAHS (n = 191) who were prescribed CPAP therapy and returned for adherence download at the Miami VA Sleep Clinic...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349277/-postural-and-conditional-variations-of-nasal-patency-in-patients-under-general-anesthesia-approximating-sleep-as-assessed-with-acoustic-rhinometry
#11
Masami Nakajima, Yasuhiro Kase, Atsushi Kamijo, Tomoe Inoue, Ryuuichirou Araki
Nasal obstruction is a known risk factor associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Multiple methods of measuring nasal abnormalities including anterior and posterior rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry (AR) have been used to better quantify the relationship. These measurements are usually used in the sitting and awakening situation, which differ from the situations in the supine position and while asleep. The goal of this study was to evaluate the nasal patency in patients under general anesthesia approximating sleep as assessed with AR...
May 2015: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345823/serum-ykl-40-levels-are-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#12
L Sun, J Y Liu, L R Li
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have an increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been recently demonstrated that serum YKL-40 levels, also named as human cartilage glycoprotein 39, are elevated in T2DM patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether serum YKL-40 levels are associated with T2DM in patients with OSAS. This study consisted of 432 patients with OSAS (234 and 198 patients with and without T2DM, respectively). Serum YKL-40 levels were examined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method...
August 3, 2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321833/efficacy-of-custom-made-oral-appliance-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
V R Cilil, N K Sapana Varma, Siby Gopinath, V V Ajith
INTRODUCTION: oral appliance for the treatment of OSA is considered as an effective, low-risk alternative to CPAP. Demand for oral appliance increases as an alternative for those who cannot tolerate CPAP and refuse surgery. Oral appliances uses the traditional methods to advance the mandible thus modify the posture and their by enlarge the airway or otherwise reduce the collapsibility. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of custom made oral appliance on sleep characteristics of OSA patients...
July 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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