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Khansa Abderrahmen, Jallel Kallel, Hafedh Jemel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Nilufer Guzoglu, Didem Aliefendioglu, Fulya Gulerman, Safak Gucer, Figen Kaymaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Dawood Yusef, Wasim Khasawneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Siu Ying Angel Nip, Kam Lun Hon, Wing Kwan Alex Leung, Alexander K C Leung, Paul C L Choi
Hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor of infancy; presentation is often as cutaneous infantile hemangioma (IH). Cutaneous hemangioma is a clinical diagnosis. Most IHs follow a benign course, with complete involution without treatment in the majority of cases. Visceral hemangioma often involves the liver and manifests as a life-threatening disorder. Hepatic hemangiomas may be associated with high output cardiac failure, coagulopathy, and hepatomegaly which generally develop between 1 and 16 weeks of age...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Nagendra Chaudhary, Santosh Pathak, Murli Manohar Gupta, Nikhil Agrawal
Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) syndrome is an important cause of hyponatremia in head injuries apart from syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Proper diagnosis and differentiation between these two entities are necessary for management as the treatment is quite opposite in both conditions. Fludrocortisone can help in managing CSW where alone saline infusion does not work. We report a 17-month-old female child with head injury managed successfully with saline infusion and fludrocortisone.
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Yuka Rokugo, Satoru Kumaki, Ryoichi Onuma, Rie Noguchi, Saeko Suzuki, Natsuko Kusaka, Yohei Watanabe, Setsuko Kitaoka
We report an infant case of rotavirus myositis, a rare complication of rotavirus infection. Complement levels of the patient were normal when serum creatine kinase (CK) level was at its peak and then decreased when the CK level became normalized. In a previous case report of rotavirus myositis, transient decrease of serum albumin, immunoglobulin, and complement levels was reported. The authors speculated that intravascular complement activation was caused by rotavirus and resulted in the pathogenesis of myositis, although complement levels at onset were not measured by the authors...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Vimal Master Sankar Raj
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease causing inflammatory tissue damage. Multiple organ damage can ensue with renal and neurological involvement carrying the worse prognosis. In this case report we present a 10-year-old African American girl who presented with abnormal choreiform movements, headache, weight loss, and fatigue. Detailed clinical examination with laboratory and imaging studies clinched the diagnosis of SLE. Echocardiogram revealed the presence of Libman-sacks endocarditis...
2013: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Rafat Mosalli, Mohamed Elbaz, Bosco Paes
Arterial cannulation in neonates is usually performed for frequent blood pressure monitoring and blood sampling. The procedure, while easily executed by skilled neonatal staff, can be associated with serious complications such as vasospasm, thrombosis, embolism, hematoma, infection, peripheral nerve damage, ischemia, and tissue necrosis. Several treatment options are available to reverse vascular induced ischemia and tissue damage. Applied interventions depend on the extent of tissue involvement and whether the condition is progressive and deemed life threatening...
2013: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Gonca Keskindemirci, Nuray Aktay Ayaz, Esin Aldemir, Ciğdem Aydoğmuş, Gönül Aydoğan, Sultan Kavuncuoğlu
Familial Mediterranean Fever is an autosomal recessive disease. Major symptoms of disease are recurrent fever accompanied by serositis attacks. The disease is usually diagnosed before 20 years of age. Symptoms related to FMF are noted when children become more verbal, usually after 2 years of age. In this case report, the youngest patient with the diagnosis of FMF is presented. She was consulted to pediatric rheumatology for the high acute phase response and fever. It was learned that her mother had recurrent swelling of her ankle joints...
2014: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Elie Alam, Marc Mourad, Samir Akel, Usamah Hadi
This is a case of a two-year-old boy who has been suffering from food regurgitation and frequent vomiting over the past seven months which were progressively worsening with time. He was initially diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease and treated accordingly but responded only minimally. Investigations and interventional procedures including a chest X-ray showed a metallic round object in the upper esophagus consistent with a button battery which was removed via a thoracotomy after an esophagoscopy was not successful...
2015: Case Reports in Pediatrics
A Hochart, C Thumerelle, L Petyt, C Mordacq, A Deschildre
Lipoid pneumonia in children is a rare disorder due to accumulation of fatty oily material in the alveoli and usually associated with an underlying condition. In absence of obvious context, diagnosis remains difficult with nonspecific clinical and radiological features. We report the first case of voluntary chronic aspiration of olive oil responsible for exogenous lipoid pneumonia, in a previously healthy 9-year-old boy. Clinical presentation was atypical; LP was revealed by isolated chest pain. We discuss radiological and bronchial alveolar lavage characteristics suggestive of lipoid pneumonia...
2015: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Areti Bourtoulamaiou, Sohraab Yadav, Harish Nayak
Benign, isolated, recurrent sixth nerve palsy is rare in children. It may be associated with febrile viral illness and vaccination in exceptional circumstances although this is a diagnosis of exclusion. Here, we present the case of a 2-year-old Caucasian girl who developed recurrent 6th nerve palsy following vaccination with the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. No underlying pathology was identified following extensive investigations and followup. There is limited data available on the pathophysiology of vaccination-related nerve palsies...
2015: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Claudia Barone, Nicolina Stefania Carucci, Claudio Romano
Dysphagia is an impairment of swallowing that may involve any structures from the mouth to the stomach. Esophageal dysphagia presents with the sensation of food sticking, pain with swallowing, substernal pressure, or chronic heartburn. There are many causes of esophageal dysphagia, such as motility disorders and mechanical and inflammatory diseases. Infrequently dysphagia arises from extrinsic compression of the esophagus from any vascular anomaly of the aortic arch. The most common embryologic abnormality of the aortic arch is aberrant right subclavian artery, clinically known as arteria lusoria...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
G Nayantara Rao, Jayasri Helen Gali, S Narasimha Rao
Tuberculous dactylitis is an unusual form of osteoarticular tuberculosis involving the short tubular bones of hands and feet, which is uncommon beyond six years of age. We report the case of a fifteen-year-old adolescent boy who was diagnosed with tuberculous dactylitis, involving contralateral hand and foot. His diagnosis was delayed due to lack of suspicion of this rare entity. The report also examines the diagnostic difficulties faced by clinicians in arriving at an appropriate diagnosis.
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
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