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Hsiu-Nien Shen, Chin-Li Lu, Hsi-Hsing Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of recurrence in adults who survived first-episode severe sepsis for at least 3 months. DESIGN: A matched cohort study. SETTING: Inpatient claims data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. SUBJECTS: We analyzed 10,818 adults who survived first-episode severe sepsis without recurrence for at least 3 months in 2000 (SS group; mean age, 62.7 yr; men, 54.7%) and a group of age/sex-matched (1:1) population controls who had no prior history of severe sepsis...
October 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Daniel Leisman, Benjamin Wie, Martin Doerfler, Andrea Bianculli, Mary Frances Ward, Meredith Akerman, John K D'Angelo, Jason A Zemmel D'Amore
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the association of intravenous fluid resuscitation initiation within 30 minutes of severe sepsis or septic shock identification in the emergency department (ED) with inhospital mortality and hospital length of stay. We also compare intravenous fluid resuscitation initiated at various times from severe sepsis or septic shock identification's association with the same outcomes. METHODS: This was a review of a prospective, observational cohort of all ED severe sepsis or septic shock patients during 13 months, captured in a performance improvement database at a single, urban, tertiary care facility (90,000 ED visits/year)...
September 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Jing-Yuan Xu, Qi-Hong Chen, Song-Qiao Liu, Chun Pan, Xiu-Ping Xu, Ji-Bin Han, Jian-Feng Xie, Ying-Zi Huang, Feng-Mei Guo, Yi Yang, Hai-Bo Qiu
BACKGROUND: Whether early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) improves outcome in severe sepsis and septic shock remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of existing clinical trials to examine whether EGDT improved outcome in the resuscitation of adult sepsis patients compared with control care. METHODS: We searched for eligible studies using MEDLINE, Elsevier, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases. Studies were eligible if they compared the effects of EGDT versus control care on mortality in adult patients with severe sepsis and septic shock...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Christopher L Hunter, Salvatore Silvestri, George Ralls, Amanda Stone, Ayanna Walker, Linda Papa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a prehospital sepsis screening protocol utilizing systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria and end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2). METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study among sepsis alerts activated by emergency medical services during a 12 month period after the initiation of a new sepsis screening protocol utilizing ≥2 SIRS criteria and ETCO2 levels of ≤25 mmHg in patients with suspected infection...
May 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lavi Oud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ravi G Gupta, Sarah M Hartigan, Markos G Kashiouris, Curtis N Sessler, Gonzalo M L Bearman
Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the leading causes of mortality in the intensive care unit. Over a decade ago, early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) emerged as a novel approach for reducing sepsis mortality and was incorporated into guidelines published by the international Surviving Sepsis Campaign. In addition to requiring early detection of sepsis and prompt initiation of antibiotics, the EGDT protocol requires invasive patient monitoring to guide resuscitation with intravenous fluids, vasopressors, red cell transfusions, and inotropes...
August 28, 2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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