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What makes us well?: ParuchMD

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53 papers 25 to 100 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170029/fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Maryam S Farvid, Wendy Y Chen, Karin B Michels, Eunyoung Cho, Walter C Willett, A Heather Eliassen
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the association between fruit and vegetable intake during adolescence and early adulthood and risk of breast cancer. DESIGN:  Prospective cohort study. SETTING:  Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS:  90 476 premenopausal women aged 27-44 from the Nurses' Health Study II who completed a questionnaire on diet in 1991 as well as 44 223 of those women who completed a questionnaire about their diet during adolescence in 1998...
May 11, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738128/does-the-social-gradient-remain-in-the-dietary-habits-of-a-health-conscious-population-a-study-of-seventh-day-adventists-in-west-malaysia
#2
Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797982/does-subjective-sleep-quality-improve-by-a-walking-intervention-a-real-world-study-in-a-japanese-workplace
#3
Hikaru Hori, Atsuko Ikenouchi-Sugita, Reiji Yoshimura, Jun Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a 4-week walking intervention on subjective sleep quality. DESIGN: A prospective open-label study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 490 healthy workers were included in the study. The 490 participants were divided into a group of 214 participants with exercise habits (exercising group, EG) and a group of 276 participants without exercise habits (non-EG). INTERVENTIONS: A walking intervention with a target of walking 10 000 steps daily for 4 weeks...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733281/global-regional-and-national-life-expectancy-all-cause-mortality-and-cause-specific-mortality-for-249-causes-of-death-1980-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#4
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765468/memory-consolidation-in-sleep-disorders
#5
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
September 25, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733284/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-79-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and subnational assessments spanning the past 25 years, this study can inform debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654602/effect-of-wearable-technology-combined-with-a-lifestyle-intervention-on-long-term-weight-loss-the-idea-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
John M Jakicic, Kelliann K Davis, Renee J Rogers, Wendy C King, Marsha D Marcus, Diane Helsel, Amy D Rickman, Abdus S Wahed, Steven H Belle
Importance: Effective long-term treatments are needed to address the obesity epidemic. Numerous wearable technologies specific to physical activity and diet are available, but it is unclear if these are effective at improving weight loss. Objective: To test the hypothesis that, compared with a standard behavioral weight loss intervention (standard intervention), a technology-enhanced weight loss intervention (enhanced intervention) would result in greater weight loss...
September 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634224/renal-and-systemic-effects-of-calorie-restriction-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-abdominal-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Piero Ruggenenti, Manuela Abbate, Barbara Ruggiero, Stefano Rota, Matias Trillini, Carolina Aparicio, Aneliya Parvanova, Ilian Petrov Iliev, Giovanna Pisanu, Annalisa Perna, Angela Russo StatSciD, Olimpia Diadei, Davide Martinetti, Antonio Cannata Chemist, Fabiola Carrara Chemist, Silvia Ferrari Chemist, Nadia Stucchi Chemist, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Luigi Fontana
In type-2 diabetics with abdominal obesity, hyperfiltration is a risk factor for accelerated GFR decline and nephropathy. In this academic, single-center, parallel-group, Prospective, Randomized, Open-label, Blinded Endpoint (PROBE) trial (ClinicalTRials.gov number: NCT01213212), consenting >18-year-old, type-2 diabetics with waist circumference >94 (males) or >80 (females) cm, serum creatinine <1.2 mg/dl, and normoalbuminuria were randomized (1:1) with permuted blocks to 6-month 25% CR or standard diet (SD)...
September 15, 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927171/dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jia Wang, Xutong Li, Dongfeng Zhang
Many epidemiologic studies have explored the association between dairy product consumption and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), but the results remain controversial. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase for relevant articles published up to October 2015. Pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. The dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline. A total of 16 articles were eligible for this meta-analysis...
February 27, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471129/a-chapter-a-day-association-of-book-reading-with-longevity
#10
Avni Bavishi, Martin D Slade, Becca R Levy
Although books can expose people to new people and places, whether books also have health benefits beyond other types of reading materials is not known. This study examined whether those who read books have a survival advantage over those who do not read books and over those who read other types of materials, and if so, whether cognition mediates this book reading effect. The cohort consisted of 3635 participants in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who provided information about their reading patterns at baseline...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350108/aging-and-the-genetic-road-towards-the-positivity-effect-in-memory
#11
Nicola Mammarella, Alberto Di Domenico, Beth Fairfield
Better memory for positive information compared to negative and neutral information has been repeatedly associated with successful aging. The main psychological explanations for this so-called "positivity effect" in memory principally rely on emotional, motivational, and cognitive mechanisms that make older adults' cognition highly sensitive to positive information according to ultimate goals of well-being. However, emerging evidence also delineates a genetic profile for positivity effects in memory, which may render some older adults more prone than others to encoding and remembering positive memories...
September 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215758/the-influence-of-marital-status-on-the-use-of-breast-cervical-and-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
Julian Hanske, Christian P Meyer, Jesse D Sammon, Toni K Choueiri, Mani Menon, Stuart R Lipsitz, Joachim Noldus, Paul L Nguyen, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of marital status on the use of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. METHODS: We relied on 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey age-appropriate screening cohorts. Appropriate screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer was determined according to United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations in effect at the time of the 2012 survey. Complex samples logistic regression models were performed to examine the effect of marital status on cancer screening...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349647/joint-effects-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-on-all-cause-mortality
#13
Paul D Loprinzi, Jeremy P Loenneke, Haitham M Ahmed, Michael J Blaha
OBJECTIVE: Examine the joint effects of objectively-measured sedentary time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on all-cause mortality. METHODS: The present study included data from the 2003-2006 National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, with mortality follow-up data (via National Death Index) through 2011 (N=5575U.S. adults). Sedentary time (activity counts/min between 0 and 99) and MVPA (activity counts/min ≥2020) were objectively measured using the ActiGraph 7164 accelerometer...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183032/association-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-with-risk-of-26-types-of-cancer-in-1-44-million-adults
#14
Steven C Moore, I-Min Lee, Elisabete Weiderpass, Peter T Campbell, Joshua N Sampson, Cari M Kitahara, Sarah K Keadle, Hannah Arem, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Patricia Hartge, Hans-Olov Adami, Cindy K Blair, Kristin B Borch, Eric Boyd, David P Check, Agnès Fournier, Neal D Freedman, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johannson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martha S Linet, Nicola Orsini, Yikyung Park, Elio Riboli, Kim Robien, Catherine Schairer, Howard Sesso, Michael Spriggs, Roy Van Dusen, Alicja Wolk, Charles E Matthews, Alpa V Patel
IMPORTANCE: Leisure-time physical activity has been associated with lower risk of heart-disease and all-cause mortality, but its association with risk of cancer is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of leisure-time physical activity with incidence of common types of cancer and whether associations vary by body size and/or smoking. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We pooled data from 12 prospective US and European cohorts with self-reported physical activity (baseline, 1987-2004)...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20823223/high-income-improves-evaluation-of-life-but-not-emotional-well-being
#15
Daniel Kahneman, Angus Deaton
Recent research has begun to distinguish two aspects of subjective well-being. Emotional well-being refers to the emotional quality of an individual's everyday experience--the frequency and intensity of experiences of joy, stress, sadness, anger, and affection that make one's life pleasant or unpleasant. Life evaluation refers to the thoughts that people have about their life when they think about it. We raise the question of whether money buys happiness, separately for these two aspects of well-being. We report an analysis of more than 450,000 responses to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index, a daily survey of 1,000 US residents conducted by the Gallup Organization...
September 21, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24281296/psychological-well-being-revisited-advances-in-the-science-and-practice-of-eudaimonia
#16
REVIEW
Carol D Ryff
This article reviews research and interventions that have grown up around a model of psychological well-being generated more than two decades ago to address neglected aspects of positive functioning such as purposeful engagement in life, realization of personal talents and capacities, and enlightened self-knowledge. The conceptual origins of this formulation are revisited and scientific products emerging from 6 thematic areas are examined: (1) how well-being changes across adult development and later life; (2) what are the personality correlates of well-being; (3) how well-being is linked with experiences in family life; (4) how well-being relates to work and other community activities; (5) what are the connections between well-being and health, including biological risk factors, and (6) via clinical and intervention studies, how psychological well-being can be promoted for ever-greater segments of society...
2014: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196525/preventable-incidence-and-mortality-of-carcinoma-associated-with-lifestyle-factors-among-white-adults-in-the-united-states
#17
Mingyang Song, Edward Giovannucci
IMPORTANCE: Lifestyle factors are important for cancer development. However, a recent study has been interpreted to suggest that random mutations during stem cell divisions are the major contributor to human cancer. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of cases and deaths of carcinoma (all cancers except skin, brain, lymphatic, hematologic, and nonfatal prostate malignancies) among whites in the United States that can be potentially prevented by lifestyle modification...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063997/the-association-between-income-and-life-expectancy-in-the-united-states-2001-2014
#18
Raj Chetty, Michael Stepner, Sarah Abraham, Shelby Lin, Benjamin Scuderi, Nicholas Turner, Augustin Bergeron, David Cutler
IMPORTANCE: The relationship between income and life expectancy is well established but remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To measure the level, time trend, and geographic variability in the association between income and life expectancy and to identify factors related to small area variation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Income data for the US population were obtained from 1.4 billion deidentified tax records between 1999 and 2014. Mortality data were obtained from Social Security Administration death records...
April 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24149316/step-counts-and-body-mass-index-among-9-14-years-old-greek-schoolchildren
#19
Maria Michalopoulou, Vassilios Gourgoulis, Thomas Kourtessis, Antonios Kambas, Martina Dimitrou, Helen Gretziou
The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls) were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measure mean steps for 7 consecutive days...
2011: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21699095/bmi-referenced-cut-points-for-recommended-daily-pedometer-determined-steps-in-australian-children-and-adolescents
#20
Gavin R McCormack, Jack Rutherford, Billie Giles-Corti, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Fiona Bull
The purpose of this study was to establish sex-specific criterion-referenced standards for pedometer-determined physical activity related to body mass index (BMI)-defined weight status among youth. We analyzed data from 7-16-year-old boys (n = 338) and girls (n = 337) and used pedometer-assessed physical activity and anthropometric data to derive average steps/day and BMI. Sex-specific criterion-referenced standards for steps/day relating to healthy weight and overweight/obese were determined using the contrasting groups method...
June 2011: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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