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What makes us well?: ParuchMD

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45 papers 0 to 25 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Jia Wang, Xutong Li, Dongfeng Zhang
Many epidemiologic studies have explored the association between dairy product consumption and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), but the results remain controversial. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase for relevant articles published up to October 2015. Pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. The dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline. A total of 16 articles were eligible for this meta-analysis...
March 2016: Nutrients
Avni Bavishi, Martin D Slade, Becca R Levy
Although books can expose people to new people and places, whether books also have health benefits beyond other types of reading materials is not known. This study examined whether those who read books have a survival advantage over those who do not read books and over those who read other types of materials, and if so, whether cognition mediates this book reading effect. The cohort consisted of 3635 participants in the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study who provided information about their reading patterns at baseline...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Nicola Mammarella, Alberto Di Domenico, Beth Fairfield
Better memory for positive information compared to negative and neutral information has been repeatedly associated with successful aging. The main psychological explanations for this so-called "positivity effect" in memory principally rely on emotional, motivational, and cognitive mechanisms that make older adults' cognition highly sensitive to positive information according to ultimate goals of well-being. However, emerging evidence also delineates a genetic profile for positivity effects in memory, which may render some older adults more prone than others to encoding and remembering positive memories...
September 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Julian Hanske, Christian P Meyer, Jesse D Sammon, Toni K Choueiri, Mani Menon, Stuart R Lipsitz, Joachim Noldus, Paul L Nguyen, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of marital status on the use of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. METHODS: We relied on 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey age-appropriate screening cohorts. Appropriate screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer was determined according to United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations in effect at the time of the 2012 survey. Complex samples logistic regression models were performed to examine the effect of marital status on cancer screening...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Jeremy P Loenneke, Haitham M Ahmed, Michael J Blaha
OBJECTIVE: Examine the joint effects of objectively-measured sedentary time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on all-cause mortality. METHODS: The present study included data from the 2003-2006 National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, with mortality follow-up data (via National Death Index) through 2011 (N=5575U.S. adults). Sedentary time (activity counts/min between 0 and 99) and MVPA (activity counts/min ≥2020) were objectively measured using the ActiGraph 7164 accelerometer...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
Steven C Moore, I-Min Lee, Elisabete Weiderpass, Peter T Campbell, Joshua N Sampson, Cari M Kitahara, Sarah K Keadle, Hannah Arem, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez, Patricia Hartge, Hans-Olov Adami, Cindy K Blair, Kristin B Borch, Eric Boyd, David P Check, Agnès Fournier, Neal D Freedman, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johannson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martha S Linet, Nicola Orsini, Yikyung Park, Elio Riboli, Kim Robien, Catherine Schairer, Howard Sesso, Michael Spriggs, Roy Van Dusen, Alicja Wolk, Charles E Matthews, Alpa V Patel
IMPORTANCE: Leisure-time physical activity has been associated with lower risk of heart-disease and all-cause mortality, but its association with risk of cancer is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of leisure-time physical activity with incidence of common types of cancer and whether associations vary by body size and/or smoking. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We pooled data from 12 prospective US and European cohorts with self-reported physical activity (baseline, 1987-2004)...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Daniel Kahneman, Angus Deaton
Recent research has begun to distinguish two aspects of subjective well-being. Emotional well-being refers to the emotional quality of an individual's everyday experience--the frequency and intensity of experiences of joy, stress, sadness, anger, and affection that make one's life pleasant or unpleasant. Life evaluation refers to the thoughts that people have about their life when they think about it. We raise the question of whether money buys happiness, separately for these two aspects of well-being. We report an analysis of more than 450,000 responses to the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index, a daily survey of 1,000 US residents conducted by the Gallup Organization...
September 21, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Carol D Ryff
This article reviews research and interventions that have grown up around a model of psychological well-being generated more than two decades ago to address neglected aspects of positive functioning such as purposeful engagement in life, realization of personal talents and capacities, and enlightened self-knowledge. The conceptual origins of this formulation are revisited and scientific products emerging from 6 thematic areas are examined: (1) how well-being changes across adult development and later life; (2) what are the personality correlates of well-being; (3) how well-being is linked with experiences in family life; (4) how well-being relates to work and other community activities; (5) what are the connections between well-being and health, including biological risk factors, and (6) via clinical and intervention studies, how psychological well-being can be promoted for ever-greater segments of society...
2014: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Mingyang Song, Edward Giovannucci
IMPORTANCE: Lifestyle factors are important for cancer development. However, a recent study has been interpreted to suggest that random mutations during stem cell divisions are the major contributor to human cancer. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of cases and deaths of carcinoma (all cancers except skin, brain, lymphatic, hematologic, and nonfatal prostate malignancies) among whites in the United States that can be potentially prevented by lifestyle modification...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Raj Chetty, Michael Stepner, Sarah Abraham, Shelby Lin, Benjamin Scuderi, Nicholas Turner, Augustin Bergeron, David Cutler
IMPORTANCE: The relationship between income and life expectancy is well established but remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To measure the level, time trend, and geographic variability in the association between income and life expectancy and to identify factors related to small area variation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Income data for the US population were obtained from 1.4 billion deidentified tax records between 1999 and 2014. Mortality data were obtained from Social Security Administration death records...
April 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Maria Michalopoulou, Vassilios Gourgoulis, Thomas Kourtessis, Antonios Kambas, Martina Dimitrou, Helen Gretziou
The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls) were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measure mean steps for 7 consecutive days...
2011: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Gavin R McCormack, Jack Rutherford, Billie Giles-Corti, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Fiona Bull
The purpose of this study was to establish sex-specific criterion-referenced standards for pedometer-determined physical activity related to body mass index (BMI)-defined weight status among youth. We analyzed data from 7-16-year-old boys (n = 338) and girls (n = 337) and used pedometer-assessed physical activity and anthropometric data to derive average steps/day and BMI. Sex-specific criterion-referenced standards for steps/day relating to healthy weight and overweight/obese were determined using the contrasting groups method...
June 2011: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Catrine Tudor-Locke, Robert P Pangrazi, Charles B Corbin, William J Rutherford, Susan D Vincent, Anders Raustorp, L Michaud Tomson, Thomas F Cuddihy
BACKGROUND: Recommended levels of youth physical activity (PA) should emerge from data related to important health outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to establish criterion-referenced standards for PA (using pedometer-assessed steps/day) related to healthy body composition. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of an existing data set (including pedometer-assessed PA and objectively measured BMI) of 1,954 children (995 girls, 959 boys; ages 6-12 years) from the USA, Australia, and Sweden...
June 2004: Preventive Medicine
Abiola Keller, Kristin Litzelman, Lauren E Wisk, Torsheika Maddox, Erika Rose Cheng, Paul D Creswell, Whitney P Witt
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the relationship among the amount of stress, the perception that stress affects health, and health and mortality outcomes in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2006. Separate logistic regression models were used to examine the factors associated with current health status and psychological distress...
September 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
D C Nieman
During the last 95 years, 629 papers (60% in the 1990s) dealing specifically with exercise and immunology have been published. Major findings of practical importance in terms of public health and athletic endeavor include: (a) In response to acute exercise (the most frequently studied area of exercise immunology), a rapid interchange of immune cells between peripheral lymphoid tissues and the circulation occurs. The response depends on many factors, including the intensity, duration, and mode of exercise, concentrations of hormones and cytokines, change in body temperature, blood flow, hydration status, and body position...
March 1997: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Charles E Matthews, Ira S Ockene, Patty S Freedson, Milagros C Rosal, Philip A Merriam, James R Hebert
PURPOSE: A "J"-shaped model has been proposed to describe the relationship between physical activity and risk of upper-respiratory tract infection (URTI). However, little epidemiologic evidence is available to support the contention that moderately active individuals are at lowest risk of URTI. This investigation examined differences in URTI risk between physically inactive and moderately active adults. METHODS: Observational study of 547 healthy adults (49% women) aged 20-70 yr reported URTI events at 90-d intervals over 12-month of follow-up (5 evaluations)...
August 2002: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Upali W Jayasinghe, Mark Fort Harris, Sharon M Parker, John Litt, Mieke van Driel, Danielle Mazza, Chris Del Mar, Jane Lloyd, Jane Smith, Nicholas Zwar, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists regarding the relationship between health literacy and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Australian patients from primary care. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of health literacy on HRQoL in a large sample of patients without known vascular disease or diabetes and to examine whether the difference in HRQoL between low and high health literacy groups was clinically significant. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of baseline data from a cluster randomised trial...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Sharifah Wajihah Wafa Bte Syed Saadun Tarek Wafa, Mohd Razif Bin Shahril, Aryati Bte Ahmad, Laila Ruwaida Bte Zainuddin, Karimah Fakhriah Bte Ismail, Myat Moe Thwe Aung, Noor Aini Bte Mohd Yusoff
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that physical activity plays a role to improve health related- quality of life (QoL), however studies examining the association between physical activity and HRQOL are limited in the paediatric literature. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between physical activity and HRQoL among Malaysian children. METHODS: Participants (n = 78 normal weight; 78 obese children) aged 9-11 years completed a validated quality of life (QoL) inventory and wore an accelerometer to objectively measure physical activity for 1 week...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Natasha J Williams, Michael A Grandner, Douglas M Wallace, Yendelela Cuffee, Collins Airhihenbuwa, Kolawole Okuyemi, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Girardin Jean-Louis
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the social and behavioral predictors of insufficient sleep. OBJECTIVE: To assess the social and behavioral predictors of insufficient sleep in the U.S. METHODS: Data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were analyzed. Telephone interviews were conducted in six representative states that completed the optional sleep module. A total of 31,059 respondents were included in the present analysis...
February 2016: Sleep Medicine
Ari Shechter, Michael A Grandner, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
Short sleep duration is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for obesity. Sleep is now considered 1 of the 3 lifestyle behaviors, along with diet and exercise, which are closely associated with health. If sleep duration is a causal factor in the etiology of obesity, it must affect energy intake and/or energy expenditure to create a positive energy balance. The preponderance of evidence to date points to an effect of sleep restriction on energy intake that exceeds the added energy costs of maintaining longer wakefulness...
November 1, 2014: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
2016-04-27 13:10:28
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