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103 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#1
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852594/hip-strength-as-an-intrinsic-risk-factor-for-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-youth-soccer-players-a-3-season-prospective-study
#2
Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw, Mieke Dolphens, Philip Roosen, Ans Van Ginckel
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies have emphasized the burden of lateral ankle sprains in youth soccer players. However, no prospective study has identified intrinsic physical and modifiable risk factors for these injuries in this particular population. Although injury prevention programs in soccer incorporate proximal hip and core stability exercises, it is striking that the relationship between impaired proximal hip function and ankle sprains has not yet been prospectively investigated in youth soccer players...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20118525/kinesiology-of-the-hip-a-focus-on-muscular-actions
#3
REVIEW
Donald A Neumann
The 21 muscles that cross the hip provide both triplanar movement and stability between the femur and acetabulum. The primary intent of this clinical commentary is to review and discuss the current understanding of the specific actions of the hip muscles. Analysis of their actions is based primarily on the spatial orientation of the muscles relative to the axes of rotation at the hip. The discussion of muscle actions is organized according to the 3 cardinal planes of motion. Actions are considered from both femoral-on-pelvic and pelvic-on-femoral perspectives, with particular attention to the role of coactivation of trunk muscles...
February 2010: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785775/risk-and-protective-factors-for-middle-and-long-distance-running-related-injury
#4
REVIEW
Adam Hulme, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen, Toomas Timpka, Evert Verhagen, Caroline Finch
BACKGROUND: Despite a rapidly growing body of research, a systematic evidence compilation of the risk and protective factors for middle- and long-distance running-related injury (RRI) was lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compile the evidence about modifiable and non-modifiable training-related and behavioral risk and protective factors for middle- and long-distance RRI. METHODS: We searched five databases (PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO) for the dates 1 January 1970 to 31 December 2015, inclusive, for original peer-reviewed articles...
October 27, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749358/blood-flow-restriction-training-after-knee-arthroscopy-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#5
David J Tennent, Christina M Hylden, Anthony E Johnson, Travis C Burns, Jason M Wilken, Johnny G Owens
INTRODUCTION: Quadriceps strength after arthroscopic knee procedures is frequently diminished several years postoperation. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training uses partial venous occlusion while performing submaximal exercise to induce muscle hypertrophy and strength improvements. The purpose of this study was to evaluate BFR as a postoperative therapeutic intervention after knee arthroscopy. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study comparing physical therapy with and without BFR after knee arthroscopy was conducted...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525176/a-new-clinical-muscle-function-test-for-assessment-of-hip-external-rotation-strength-augustsson-strength-test
#6
Jesper Augustsson
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic clinical tests of hip strength applicable on patients, non-athletes and athletes alike, are lacking. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and evaluate the reliability of a dynamic muscle function test of hip external rotation strength, using a novel device. A second aim was to determine if gender differences exist in absolute and relative hip strength using the new test. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy sport science students (34 women and 19 men) were tested for hip external rotation strength using a device that consisted of a strap connected in series with an elastic resistance band loop, and a measuring tape connected in parallel with the elastic resistance band...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686616/optimizing-ankle-performance-when-taped-effects-of-kinesiology-and-athletic-taping-on-proprioception-in-full-weight-bearing-stance
#7
Zhi Long, Renwei Wang, Jia Han, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Judith Anson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of kinesiology taping (KT) and athletic taping (AT) on ankle proprioception when tested in functional, full weight-bearing stance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy university students participated. Proprioception was measured using the Active Movement Extent Discrimination Apparatus (AMEDA). The three testing conditions: no-taping, KT, AT, and foot tested were randomly assigned...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693442/hip-abductor-strength-and-lower-extremity-running-related-injury-in-distance-runners-a-systematic-review
#8
Matthew D Mucha, Wade Caldwell, Emily L Schlueter, Carly Walters, Amy Hassen
OBJECTIVES: Determine the association between hip abduction strength and lower extremity running related injury in distance runners. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal and cross sectional studies that quantified hip abduction strength and provided diagnosis of running related injury in distance runners were included and assessed for quality. Effect size was calculated for between group differences in hip abduction strength...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737485/dynamic-stretching-does-not-change-the-stiffness-of-the-muscle-tendon-unit
#9
T Mizuno, Y Umemura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737287/thigh-injuries-in-american-football
#10
Joseph D Lamplot, Matthew J Matava
Quadriceps and hamstring injuries occur frequently in football and are generally treated conservatively. While return to competition following hamstring strains is relatively quick, a high rate of injury recurrence highlights the importance of targeted rehabilitation and conditioning. This review describes the clinical manifestations of thigh-related soft-tissue injuries seen in football players. Two of these-muscle strains and contusions-are relatively common, while a third condition-the Morel-Lavallée lesion-is a rare, yet relevant injury...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737293/does-accelerated-physical-therapy-after-elective-primary-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-facilitate-early-discharge
#11
Azim Karim, Luis Pulido, Stephen Incavo
Accelerated physical therapy (PT) protocols are a potential mechanism for achieving early mobilization and safe discharge from hospital after elective primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We compared 2 groups of patients who underwent elective unilateral THA or TKA-those who started PT the same day (Day 0) and those who started PT the next day (Non-Day 0). The difference in mean (SD) hospital length of stay between the Day 0 and Non-Day 0 groups was not statistically significant for THA patients, 2...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22827721/what-are-the-main-running-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Alexandre Dias Lopes, Luiz Carlos Hespanhol Júnior, Simon S Yeung, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries occur frequently in runners and despite many studies about running injuries conducted over the past decades it is not clear in the literature what are the main running-related musculoskeletal injuries (RRMIs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to systematically review studies on the incidence and prevalence of the main specific RRMIs. METHODS: An electronic database search was conducted using EMBASE (1947 to October 2011), MEDLINE (1966 to October 2011), SPORTDiscus(1975 to October 2011), the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information (LILACS) [1982 to October 2011] and the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) [1998 to October 2011] with no limits of date or language of publication...
October 1, 2012: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24577857/mechanical-and-physiological-examination-of-barefoot-and-shod-conditions-in-female-runners
#13
S Paulson, W A Braun
Barefoot running and running using minimalist footwear have become increasingly popular in recent years. Footwear choice may affect running mechanics and the metabolic cost of running. To investigate these factors, 8 well-trained, female distance runners (mean age=20.1±1.4 years) were recruited to participate in the study. Following orientation to testing procedures, subjects completed 3 running economy tests on separate days. Treatment order (barefoot, minimalist footwear and running shoe) was counter-balanced...
August 2014: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25157051/chronic-leg-pain-in-athletes
#14
REVIEW
M Tyrrell Burrus, Brian C Werner, Jim S Starman, F Winston Gwathmey, Eric W Carson, Robert P Wilder, David R Diduch
Chronic leg pain is commonly treated by orthopaedic surgeons who take care of athletes. The sources are varied and include the more commonly encountered medial tibial stress syndrome, chronic exertional compartment syndrome, stress fracture, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome, nerve entrapment, Achilles tightness, deep vein thrombosis, and complex regional pain syndrome. Owing to overlapping physical examination findings, an assortment of imaging and other diagnostic modalities are employed to distinguish among the diagnoses to guide the appropriate management...
June 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24866892/chondroprotection-and-the-prevention-of-osteoarthritis-progression-of-the-knee-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-agents
#15
REVIEW
Brian Gallagher, Fotios P Tjoumakaris, Marc I Harwood, Robert P Good, Michael G Ciccotti, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Structure-modifying medications or nutraceuticals may be an effective treatment for osteoarthritis. This study identified 12 treatments that may possess chondroprotective properties: oral glucosamine; chondroitin; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); polyunsaturated fatty acids; S-adenosylmethionine; avocado and soybean unsaponifiable fractions; methylsulfonylmethane; vitamins C, D, and E; intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid; and platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
March 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676152/dynamic-stretching-does-not-change-the-stiffness-of-the-muscle-tendon-unit
#16
T Mizuno, Y Umemura
The purpose of this study was to identify changes in ankle range of motion and passive mechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit after dynamic stretching. 12 healthy subjects participated in this study. Displacement of the muscle-tendon junction was measured using ultrasonography while the ankle was passively dorsiflexed at 1°/sec to its maximal dorsiflexion angle. Passive torque was also measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. Measurements were conducted pre-intervention, immediately after the intervention and 5, 10, 15 and 30 min post-intervention...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655978/intra-articular-cellular-therapy-for-osteoarthritis-and-focal-cartilage-defects-of-the-knee-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-study-quality-analysis
#17
Jorge Chahla, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Justin J Mitchell, Chase S Dean, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Robert F LaPrade, George F Muschler
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular cellular therapy injections constitute an appealing strategy that may modify the intra-articular milieu or regenerate cartilage in the settings of osteoarthritis and focal cartilage defects. However, little consensus exists regarding the indications for cellular therapies, optimal cell sources, methods of preparation and delivery, or means by which outcomes should be reported. METHODS: We present a systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety and efficacy of cellular therapy delivered by intra-articular injection in the knee that provided a Level of Evidence of III or higher...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655987/what-s-new-in-hip-replacement
#18
REVIEW
James T Ninomiya, John C Dean, Stephen J Incavo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20678712/a-clinically-relevant-review-of-hip-biomechanics
#19
REVIEW
Karl F Bowman, Jeremy Fox, Jon K Sekiya
The hip is a complex anatomic structure composed of osseous, ligamentous, and muscular structures responsible for transferring the weight of the body from the axial skeleton into the lower extremities. This must be accomplished while allowing for dynamic loading during activities such as gait and balance. The evaluation of hip pain and periarticular pathology can be challenging because of the complex local anatomy and broad differential diagnosis. Recent advancements in the evaluation and surgical treatment of hip pathology have led to a renewed interest in the management of these disorders...
August 2010: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592407/relationship-of-hip-and-trunk-muscle-function-with-single-leg-step-down-performance-implications-for-return-to-play-screening-and-rehabilitation
#20
Jeremy M Burnham, Michael C Yonz, Kaley E Robertson, Rachelle McKinley, Benjamin R Wilson, Darren L Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Brian Noehren
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the relationship of hip and trunk muscle function with the Single Leg Step-Down test (SLSD). STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: Biomechanics Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 71 healthy participants with no history of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or lower extremity injury in the last 3 months completed this study (38 males, 33 females; mean 25.49 ± 0.62 years). MAIN OUTCOMES: Hip abduction (HABD), external rotation (HER), and extension (HEXT) peak isometric force were measured...
May 20, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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