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174 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Ainsley Rossi Clinician & Asst Professor Emory University Division of PT. Specialist in orthopedic PT.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704884/prone-hip-extension-muscle-recruitment-is-associated-with-hamstring-injury-risk-in-amateur-soccer
#1
Joke Schuermans, Damien Van Tiggelen, Erik Witvrouw
'Core stability' is considered essential in rehabilitation and prevention. Particularly with respect to hamstring injury prevention, assessment and training of lumbo-pelvic control is thought to be key. However, supporting scientific evidence is lacking. To explore the importance of proximal neuromuscular function with regard to hamstring injury susceptibility, this study investigated the association between the Prone Hip Extension (PHE) muscle activation pattern and hamstring injury incidence in amateur soccer players...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806100/including-the-copenhagen-adduction-exercise-in-the-fifa-11-provides-missing-eccentric-hip-adduction-strength-effect-in-male-soccer-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Joar Harøy, Kristian Thorborg, Andreas Serner, André Bjørkheim, Linn E Rolstad, Per Hölmich, Roald Bahr, Thor Einar Andersen
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ was developed as a complete warm-up program to prevent injuries in soccer players. Although reduced hip adduction strength is associated with groin injuries, none of the exercises included in the FIFA 11+ seem to specifically target hip adduction strength. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect on eccentric hip adduction strength of the FIFA 11+ warm-up program with or without the Copenhagen adduction exercise. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
November 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662957/comparison-of-early-functional-recovery-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-direct-anterior-or-posterolateral-approach-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Hai-Yan Zhao, Peng-De Kang, Ya-Yi Xia, Xiao-Jun Shi, Yong Nie, Fu-Xing Pei
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to whether early functional outcomes differ after total hip arthroplasty performed using the direct anterior approach (DAA) or the posterolateral approach (PLA). METHODS: One hundred twenty patients were enrolled in this study and were divided into 2 groups based on surgical approach. Group A included patients who had a total hip arthroplasty with a DAA, whereas group B included those with a PLA. Patients were randomized into the DAA or PLA groups (n = 60), and perioperative and postoperative outcomes were recorded...
November 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826651/what-s-new-in-ankle-fractures
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Toth, Richard S Yoon, Frank A Liporace, Kenneth J Koval
The diagnosis and treatment of ankle fractures has evolved considerably over the past two decades. Recent topics of interest have included indications for operative treatment of isolated lateral malleolus fractures, need for fixation of the posterior malleolus, utilization of the posterolateral approach, treatment of the syndesmosis, and the potential role of fibular nailing. In this update, we concisely review these topics and what to expect in the future literature.
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636468/do-ligamentum-teres-tears-portend-inferior-outcomes-in-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-undergoing-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-a-match-controlled-study-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#5
Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Itay Perets, Lyall Ashberg, Brian Mu, Christopher Lenkeit, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery in borderline dysplastic hips remains controversial, but the role of the ligamentum teres (LT) has not been studied in this setting. HYPOTHESIS: Borderline dysplastic patients with LT tears have worse short-term outcomes than those without LT tears. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery between February 2008 and April 2014...
September 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735553/the-development-and-validation-of-a-subjective-assessment-tool-for-the-hip-in-the-athletic-population
#6
Dean N Papaliodis, Michael B Banffy, Orr Limpisvasti, Karen Mohr, Nima Mehran, Christos D Photopoulos, Ronald Kvitne, Neal S ElAttrache
BACKGROUND: No validated functional assessments are available that are designed specifically to evaluate the performance and function of the athletic hip. Subsections of some validated outcome assessments address recreation, but a full assessment dedicated to athletic hip function does not exist. Current hip scoring systems may not be sensitive to subtle changes in performance and function in an athletic, younger population. HYPOTHESIS: The patient-athlete subjective scoring system developed in this study will be validated, reliable, and responsive in the evaluation of hip function in the athlete...
September 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759729/the-effects-of-injury-prevention-programs-on-the-biomechanics-of-landing-tasks-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Gregory D Myer, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Evangelos Pappas
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is a common injury in sports and often occurs during landing from a jump. PURPOSE: To synthesize the evidence on the effects of injury prevention programs (IPPs) on landing biomechanics as they relate to the ligament, quadriceps, trunk, and leg dominance theories associated with ACL injury risk. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched for studies that investigated the effect of IPPs on landing task biomechanics...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593102/rehabilitation-following-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-for-patellar-instability
#8
Robert C Manske, Daniel Prohaska
Patellar instability is a common problem seen by physical therapists, athletic trainers and orthopedic surgeons. Although following an acute dislocation, conservative rehabilitation is usually the first line of defense; refractory cases exist that may require surgical intervention. Substantial progress has been made in the understanding of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and its role as the primary stabilizer to lateral patellar displacement. Medial patellofemoral ligament disruption is now considered to be the essential lesion following acute patellar dislocation due to significantly high numbers of ruptures following this injury...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669665/the-fadir-test-accuracy-for-screening-cam-and-pincer-morphology-in-youth-ice-hockey-players
#9
Nicola C Casartelli, Romana Brunner, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Mario Bizzini, Michael Leunig, Christian W Pfirrmann, Reto Sutter
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to evaluate the flexion-adduction-internal rotation (FADIR) test accuracy for screening cam and pincer morphology in youth male ice hockey players without diagnosed hip disorders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seventy-four ice hockey players with a mean age of 16 years (range: 13-20 years) were assessed unilaterally. The presence of cam and pincer morphology was evaluated using the FADIR test and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (reference standard)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678520/return-to-play-guidelines-after-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-surgery-for-recurrent-patellar-instability-a-systematic-review
#10
Saif Zaman, Alex White, Weilong J Shi, Kevin B Freedman, Christopher C Dodson
BACKGROUND: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and repair continue to gain acceptance as viable treatment options for recurrent patellar instability in patients who wish to return to sports after surgery. Return-to-play guidelines with objective or subjective criteria for athletes after MPFL surgery, however, have not been uniformly defined. PURPOSE: To determine whether a concise and objective protocol exists that may help athletes return to their sport more safely after MPFL surgery...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632588/survivorship-and-outcomes-10-years-following-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-labral-debridement-compared-with-labral-repair
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Travis J Menge, Karen K Briggs, Grant J Dornan, Shannen C McNamara, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated hip arthroscopy to be an effective treatment for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with associated labral tears. The purposes of this study were to report 10-year outcomes and hip survival following hip arthroscopy for FAI and to compare labral debridement with labral repair. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients followed for a minimum of 10 years after hip arthroscopy for FAI with either labral debridement or labral repair performed by a single surgeon were retrospectively analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449851/acute-compartment-syndrome
#12
Andrew H Schmidt
Acute compartment syndrome is a well-known complication of tibial fractures, yet it remains difficult to diagnose and the only effective treatment is surgical fasciotomy. Delayed fasciotomy is the most important factor contributing to poor outcomes, and as a result, treatment is biased towards performing early fasciotomy. Current diagnosis of ACS is based on clinical findings and intramuscular pressure (IMP) measurement, and is targeted at identifying safe thresholds for when fasciotomy can be avoided. Since clinical findings are variable and difficult to quantify, measurement of IMP - ideally continuously - is the cornerstone of surgical decision - making...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530451/effect-of-high-volume-injection-platelet-rich-plasma-and-sham-treatment-in-chronic-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-randomized-double-blinded-prospective-study
#13
Anders Ploug Boesen, Rudi Hansen, Morten Ilum Boesen, Peter Malliaras, Henning Langberg
BACKGROUND: Injection therapies are often considered alongside exercise for chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT), although evidence of their efficacy is sparse. PURPOSE: To determine whether eccentric training in combination with high-volume injection (HVI) or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections improves outcomes in AT. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: A total of 60 men (age, 18-59 years) with chronic (>3 months) AT were included and followed for 6 months (n = 57)...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984446/primary-wound-closure-after-open-fracture-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-nonunion-and-deep-infection
#14
Angela V Scharfenberger, Khaled Alabassi, Stephanie Smith, Donald Weber, Sukhdeep K Dulai, Joseph W Bergman, Lauren A Beaupre
OBJECTIVES: Determine the proportion of subjects developing deep infection or nonunion after primary wound closure of open fractures (humerus, radius/ulna, femur, and tibia/fibula). Secondarily, a matched-series analysis compared outcomes with subjects who underwent delayed wound closure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort between 2009 and 2013 of subjects undergoing primary closure. SETTING: Trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three (84 fractures) subjects were enrolled...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363270/hip-pain-dry-needling-versus-cortisone-injections
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
(no author information available yet)
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is chronic, intermittent pain and tenderness on the outside of the hip. The medical community once thought that a swollen hip bursa was the source of such pain, which led to the use of corticosteroid injections to the bursa to help decrease swelling and pain. However, researchers now believe that injuries to the muscles and tendons around the hip are the actual cause of this pain, and that inflammation is often not involved. A study published in the April 2017 issue of JOSPT explores dry needling as an alternative to cortisone injections to reduce pain and improve function in patients with GTPS...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21665168/iliotibial-band-syndrome-soft-tissue-and-biomechanical-factors-in-evaluation-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Robert L Baker, Richard B Souza, Michael Fredericson
Muscle performance factors and altered loading mechanics have been linked to a variety of lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders. In this article, biomechanical risk factors associated with iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) are described, and a strategy for incorporating these factors into the clinical evaluation of and treatment for that disorder is presented. Abnormal movement patterns in runners and cyclists with ITBS are discussed, and the pathophysiological characteristics of this syndrome are considered in light of prior and current studies in anatomy...
June 2011: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188077/development-of-a-preliminary-evidence-based-neuromusculoskeletal-exercise-guideline-to-reduce-injury-risk-in-the-lower-limb
#17
REVIEW
Michael E Lehr, Devin Kime, Cayce Onks, Matthew Silvis, Megan Streisel
Athletic participation growth has resulted in increased exposures and neuromusculoskeletal (NMSK) non-contact injuries. Based on current evidence, the primary objective of this literature review is to create a preliminary evidence-based NMSK exercise guideline, addressing these intrinsic modifiable risk factors. Systematic searches were conducted September 2014 prior to data extraction utilizing CINAHL Plus (1995 to September 2014), MEDLINE (1995 to September 2014), and Academic Search Premier (1995 to September 2014)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24259750/the-effect-of-subtalar-joint-position-on-dorsiflexion-of-the-ankle-rearfoot-versus-midfoot-forefoot-during-gastrocnemius-stretching
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marie A Johanson, Amy DeArment, Krystol Hines, Erin Riley, Meghan Martin, Justin Thomas, Kathleen Geist
BACKGROUND: Limited ankle joint dorsiflexion passive range of motion (PROM) has been associated with common chronic lower extremity conditions, and clinicians often instruct patients in stretching exercises to increase dorsiflexion. However, little is known about how subtalar joint (STJ) position affects dorsiflexion at the midfoot/forefoot versus ankle/rearfoot during gastrocnemius stretching. The purpose of this study was to determine if more dorsiflexion occurs at the ankle/rearfoot and less at the midfoot/forefoot during gastrocnemius stretching with the STJ positioned in supination versus pronation...
January 2014: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22622915/a-systematic-evaluation-of-prevalence-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-sacroiliac-joint-interventions
#19
REVIEW
Thomas T Simopoulos, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Vijay Singh, Sanjeeva Gupta, Haroon Hameed, Sudhir Diwan, Steven P Cohen
BACKGROUND: The contributions of the sacroiliac joint to low back and lower extremity pain have been a subject of considerable debate and research. It is generally accepted that 10% to 25% of patients with persistent mechanical low back pain below L5 have pain secondary to sacroiliac joint pathology. However, no single historical, physical exam, or radiological feature can definitively establish a diagnosis of sacroiliac joint pain. Based on present knowledge, a proper diagnosis can only be made using controlled diagnostic blocks...
May 2012: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509827/leptin-elevation-as-a-risk-factor-for-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-independent-of-obesity-status
#20
Schuyler J Halverson, Tracy Warhoover, Gregory A Mencio, Steven A Lovejoy, Jeffrey E Martus, Jonathan G Schoenecker
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is strongly associated with childhood obesity, yet the prevalence of obesity is orders of magnitude greater than the prevalence of SCFE. Therefore, it is hypothesized that obesity is not, by itself, a sufficient condition for SCFE, but rather one component of a multifactorial process requiring preexisting physeal pathology. Leptin elevation is seen to varying degrees in patients with obesity, and as leptin has been shown to cause physeal pathology similar to the changes seen in SCFE, we propose that leptin may be a factor distinguishing between patients with SCFE and equally obese children without hip abnormalities...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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