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Targeted Weight Loss: ParuchMD

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Ambereen K Mehta, Ruchi S Doshi, Zoobia W Chaudhry, David K Jacobs, Rachit M Vakil, Clare J Lee, Sara N Bleich, Jeanne M Clark, Kimberly A Gudzune
Our objective was to compare the effect of commercial weight-loss programs on blood pressure and lipids to control/education or counseling among individuals with overweight/obesity. We conducted a systematic review by searching MEDLINE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception to November 2014 and references identified by the programs. We included randomized, controlled trials ≥12weeks in duration. Two reviewers extracted information on study design, interventions, and mean change in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), triglycerides, and total cholesterol and assessed risk of bias...
September 2016: Preventive Medicine
Wan Shen, Michael K McIntosh
Obesity is the most widespread nutritional disease in the United States. Developing effective and safe strategies to manage excess body weight is therefore of paramount importance. One potential strategy to reduce obesity is to consume conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplements containing isomers cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12, or trans-10, cis-12 alone. Proposed antiobesity mechanisms of CLA include regulation of (a) adipogenesis, (b) lipid metabolism, (c) inflammation, (d) adipocyte apoptosis, (e) browning or beiging of adipose tissue, and (f) energy metabolism...
July 17, 2016: Annual Review of Nutrition
Bernard C K Choi, Anita W P Pak, Jerome C L Choi, Elaine C L Choi
BACKGROUND: This review looks at ways to increase physical activity, by walking and other sports and home activities, to reach the daily 10,000 steps goal. It also looks at a number of issues associated with achieving the daily step goal, such as considerations in walking, step counting and physical activity. METHODS: The review is based on MEDLINE (1982-2006) and Google searches using keywords "pedometer", "daily step goal", "physical activity", "exercise". RESULTS: Research has suggested a daily 10,000 step goal for maintaining a desirable level of physical activity for health...
2007: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
Catrine Tudor-Locke, David R Bassett
Pedometers are simple and inexpensive body-worn motion sensors that are readily being used by researchers and practitioners to assess and motivate physical activity behaviours. Pedometer-determined physical activity indices are needed to guide their efforts. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review the rationale and evidence for general pedometer-based indices for research and practice purposes. Specifically, we evaluate popular recommendations for steps/day and attempt to translate existing physical activity guidelines into steps/day equivalents...
2004: Sports Medicine
Nicholas Sjoberg, Grant D Brinkworth, Thomas P Wycherley, Manny Noakes, David A Saint
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of weight loss on heart rate variability (HRV) and its association with traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Forty five patients [body mass index (BMI) 35.4 ± 0.7 kg/m²; age 56.5 ± 1.1 yr] with type 2 diabetes followed an energy-restricted diet (6-7 MJ/day) for 16 wk. Body weight, blood pressure, glucose, insulin, insulin resistance [homeostasis model assessment index 2 (HOMA2)], glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins (LDL), high-density lipoproteins (HDL), triglycerides, resting HR, and HRV were measured before and after the intervention period...
April 2011: Journal of Applied Physiology
Jennifer Daubenmier, Patricia J Moran, Jean Kristeller, Michael Acree, Peter Bacchetti, Margaret E Kemeny, Mary Dallman, Robert H Lustig, Carl Grunfeld, Douglas F Nixon, Jeffrey M Milush, Veronica Goldman, Barbara Laraia, Kevin D Laugero, Leslie Woodhouse, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adding mindfulness-based eating and stress management practices to a diet-exercise program improves weight loss and metabolic syndrome components. METHODS: In this study 194 adults with obesity were randomized to a 5.5-month program with or without mindfulness training and identical diet-exercise guidelines. Intention-to-treat analyses with multiple imputation were used for missing data. The primary outcome was 18-month weight change...
April 2016: Obesity
Johan Y Y Ng, Nikos Ntoumanis, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Kyle Stott, Linda Hindle
BACKGROUND: Using the self-determination theory (SDT) framework, we examined how significant others might support or thwart psychological needs of people with weight management goals, and in turn might affect their psychological well-being and weight control behaviors. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with three sets of questionnaires administered over a 6-month period. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six eligible participants (age = 31.01 ± 13...
November 2013: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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