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Chest injury

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16 papers 0 to 25 followers Useful for preparation of surgery topic discussion seminar
Nasri H Zreik, Irene Francis, Arun Ray, Benedict A Rogers, David M Ricketts
The management of blunt chest trauma is evolving. This article discusses the soft tissue injuries associated with blunt chest trauma.
February 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Nasri H Zreik, Irene Francis, Arun Ray, Benedict A Rogers, David M Ricketts
The management of blunt chest trauma is an evolving concept with no clear current guidelines. This article explores the bony injuries associated with this, focusing on rib fractures and flail segments and the themes around investigation and best management.
February 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Luigi Vetrugno, Giovanni Volpicelli, Federico Barbariol, Ilaria Toretti, Livia Pompei, Francesco Forfori, Giorgio Della Rocca
BACKGROUND: Chest tube positioning is an invasive procedure associated with potentially serious injuries. In the last few years, we have been running a project directed at developing a practical simulator of a surgical procedure taught on our medical training program. The phantom model reconstructs the pleural anatomy, visible by lung ultrasound, used for the assessed performance of the Seldinger technique. The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of this simulation technology for assessing residents in anesthesia and intensive care medicine; specifically, their skill in positioning a US-guided chest tube drain was tested using the simulator device...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Meaghan Zehr, Neil Klar, Richard A Malthaner
BACKGROUND: Flail chest injuries are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Despite evidence that operative repair of flail chest is beneficial, it is rarely done. We sought to create a simple risk score using available preoperative covariates to calculate individual risk of mortality in flail chest. METHODS: A logistic regression model was trained on Ontario Trauma Registry data to generate a mortality risk score. The final model was validated for calibration and discrimination and corrected for optimism...
July 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Laszlo Kiraly, Martin Schreiber
Thoracic injuries are very common among trauma victims. This article reviews the current literature on the management of multiple aspects of the care of the patient with severe chest injury. The mechanics of chest injury are complex and varied. Chest wall injuries are the most common and noticeable manifestation of thoracic trauma. Overall morbidity and mortality are primarily determined by associated injuries. New ventilatory strategies permit oxygenation of the severely hypoxic patient. Acute pain management modalities offer the potential of decreasing associated pulmonary complications...
September 2010: Critical Care Medicine
J Landercasper, T H Cogbill, L A Lindesmith
A review of 62 consecutive patients who sustained flail chest after trauma from 1971 to 1982 was conducted to document the late effects of this injury. The mechanism of injury was motor vehicle accident in 44 (71%), fall in nine (14.5%), and farming accident in nine (14.5%). Patients ranged in age from 7 to 87 years. Twenty-four (39%) patients arrived in shock and 54 (87%) had major extra-thoracic associated injuries. Thirty-seven (60%) patients were managed by intubation and mechanical ventilation and 25 (40%) by chest physiotherapy...
May 1984: Journal of Trauma
N E McSwain
The management of chest injuries begins with knowledge of what happened to the patient at the time of the traumatic incident and converting this information into possible diagnoses. The various organs of the chest cavity are discussed emphasizing the controversies that attend the management or diagnosis of each one.
September 1992: World Journal of Surgery
D C Fitzpatrick, P J Denard, D Phelan, W B Long, S M Madey, M Bottlang
BACKGROUND: Flail chest injuries cause significant morbidity, especially in multiply injured patients. Standard treatment is typically focused on the underlying lung injury and involves pain control and positive pressure ventilation. Several studies suggest improved short- and long-term outcomes following operative stabilization of the flail segments. Despite these studies, flail chest fixation remains a largely underutilized procedure. METHODS: This article reviews the relevant literature concerning flail chest fixation and describes the different implants and techniques available for fixation...
October 2010: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Niloofar Dehghan, Charles de Mestral, Michael D McKee, Emil H Schemitsch, Avery Nathens
BACKGROUND: Flail chest injuries are associated with severe pulmonary restriction, a requirement for intubation and mechanical ventilation, and high rates of morbidity and mortality. Our goals were to investigate the prevalence, current treatment practices, and outcomes of flail chest injuries in polytrauma patients. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was used for a retrospective analysis of the injury patterns, management, and clinical outcomes associated with flail chest injuries...
February 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Michael Bottlang, William B Long, Daniel Phelan, Drew Fielder, Steven M Madey
BACKGROUND: Surgical stabilization of flail chest injury with generic osteosynthesis implants remains challenging. A novel implant system comprising anatomic rib plates and intramedullary splints may improve surgical stabilization of flail chest injuries. This observational study evaluated our early clinical experience with this novel implant system to document if it can simplify the surgical procedure while providing reliable stabilization. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients that underwent stabilization of flail chest injury with anatomic plates and intramedullary splints were prospectively enrolled at two Level I trauma centres...
February 2013: Injury
Robert M Cannon, Jason W Smith, Glen A Franklin, Brian G Harbrecht, Frank B Miller, J D Richardson
Flail chest represents a severe injury with mortality historically reported at up to 30 per cent. Although management has changed dramatically over the past several decades, there is a paucity of large recent series. With Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective review of all patients with flail chest admitted from January 2001 through May 2010 was undertaken. Patient demographics, outcomes, and cause of death were specifically analyzed with univariate and multivariate analysis. There were 164 patients at a median age of 51...
April 2012: American Surgeon
Marius Keel, Christoph Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews new aspects about the significance, diagnosis and treatment of different chest injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: Age and Injury Severity Score were risk factors for pneumonia and mortality in patients with rib fractures or flail chest. Occult pneumothoraces were detected in 14.5% and occult hemothoraces in 21.4% using computed tomography, whereas lung contusions were detected two times more frequently with computed tomography compared with chest X-ray...
December 2007: Current Opinion in Critical Care
C Waydhas, D Nast-Kolb
Significant injuries to the thorax comprise pneumothorax, rib fractures, lung contusion, cardiac contusion, aortic laceration, ruptured diaphragm, and the very rare injuries to the tracheo-bronchial tree and the esophagus. A surgeon dealing with chest trauma patients needs to be familiar with the indications for and execution of chest tube insertion for thoracic drainage, pericardial puncture, and thoracoscopy and thoracotomy. Interventional techniques are gaining increasing acceptance in the management of major vascular injuries...
October 2006: Der Unfallchirurg
C Waydhas, D Nast-Kolb
Chest injuries can be sustained in isolation or in association with multiple injuries. Life-threatening complications may ensue because organs that are vital to survival of the organism are situated within the thoracic cavity. These complications include airway obstruction, tension pneumothorax, wide open pneumothorax, flail chest, cardiac tamponade and massive hemothorax. The mortality of patients hospitalized with chest injury can be as high as 10%. Clinical examination and awareness of the possibility of other injuries (high level of suspicion) are essential, and standard chest X-ray, ultrasound and thoracic computed tomography may also be needed for the diagnosis...
September 2006: Der Unfallchirurg
U C Liener, S Sauerland, M W Knöferl, C Bartl, C Riepl, L Kinzl, F Gebhard
OBJECTIVE: Severe chest injuries are still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This systematic review assesses the early operative management of severe chest trauma in multi injured patients with special regard to the priority of the operative therapy. METHODS: Clinical trials were systematically sought and collected (MEDLINE, Cochrane and hand searches). Of 618 abstracts, 46 articles were selected for detailed appraisal and were classified into evidence levels (1 to 5 according to the Oxford system)...
June 2006: Der Unfallchirurg
Z Ahmed, Z Mohyuddin
A total of 427 patients with major chest trauma were treated in two major hospitals in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, during a 10-year period. In 64 of 426 patients, flail chest injury was the dominant factor among other injuries that were insignificant. Among 64 cases of flail chest injury, 25 were managed by internal fixation of ribs, whereas the remaining 38 were managed by endotracheal intubation and intermittent positive-pressure ventilation alone. Of the patients treated by internal fixation 80% (21/26) were weaned from the ventilator within an average of 1...
December 1995: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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