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Heart rate variability: ParuchMD

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48 papers 25 to 100 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Muhammad A Hasan, Derek Abbott, Mathias Baumert
OBJECTIVES: Elevated beat-to-beat QT interval variability (QTV) has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.The aim of this study was to investigate interlead differences in beat-to-beat QTV of 12-lead ECG and its relationship with the T wave amplitude. METHODS: Short-term 12-lead ECGs of 72 healthy subjects (17 f, 38 ± 14 years; 55 m, 39 ± 13 years) were studied. Beat-to-beat QT intervals were extracted separately for each lead using a template matching algorithm...
July 2012: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Julian Koenig, Julian F Thayer
The present meta-analysis aimed to quantify current evidence on sex differences in the autonomic control of the heart, indexed by measures of heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy human subjects. An extensive search of the literature yielded 2020 titles and abstracts, of which 172 provided sufficient reporting of sex difference in HRV. Data from 63,612 participants (31,970 females) were available for analysis. Meta-analysis yielded a total of 1154 effect size estimates (k) across 50 different measures of HRV in a cumulated total of 296,247 participants...
May 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Andrew A Flatt, Michael R Esco, Fabio Y Nakamura, Daniel J Plews
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an objective physiological marker that may be useful for monitoring training status in athletes. However, research aiming to interpret daily HRV changes in female athletes is limited. The objectives of this study were: 1) to assess daily HRV (i.e., log-transformed root mean square of successive R-R interval differences, lnRMSSD) trends both as a team and intra-individually in response to varying training load (TL); and 2) to determine relationships between lnRMSSD fluctuation (coefficient of variation, lnRMSSDcv) and psychometric and fitness parameters in collegiate female soccer players (N...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Michelle L Meyer, Nathan M Gotman, Elsayed Z Soliman, Eric A Whitsel, Raanan Arens, Jianwen Cai, Martha L Daviglus, Pablo Denes, Hector M González, Juan Moreiras, Gregory A Talavera, Gerardo Heiss
BACKGROUND: Reduced heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of cardiac autonomic function, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. Glucose homeostasis measures are associated with reduced cardiac autonomic function among those with diabetes, but inconsistent associations have been reported among those without diabetes. This study aimed to examine the association of glucose homeostasis measures with cardiac autonomic function among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults without diabetes...
March 16, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Jeongok G Logan, SeonAe Yeo
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists for effects of low-intensity exercises such as stretching on cardiovascular health in pregnant women. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of a 20-minute stretching exercise on heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) in healthy pregnant women. METHODS: In 15 pregnant women with a mean (SD) age of 29.47 (4.07) years and mean (SD) gestational weeks of 26.53 (8.35), HRV, and BP were measured before and after the 20-minute stretching exercise...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
K Umetani, D H Singer, R McCraty, M Atkinson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to define the effects of age and gender effects on the normal range of time domain heart rate variability (HRV) over nine decades in healthy subjects. BACKGROUND: Low HRV is considered an independent marker of mortality risk. However, the age-related decline in HRV may limit its predictive value, particularly in the elderly. Delineation of the range of HRV in healthy subjects over the life span is needed. Gender-related differences in HRV also need clarification...
March 1, 1998: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
K K Tripathi
The origin of very low frequency (VLF) oscillations in the power spectra of heart rate variability (HRV) is controversial with possible mechanisms involving thermoregulation and/or renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Recently, a major contribution from vagal influences has been suggested. The present study investigated the behaviour of VLF (0.004-0.040 Hz) components of HRV power spectra in a group of healthy male volunteers during their exposure to (1) dry, supine, immersion in thermo-neutral water for 6 h (n = 7) and (2) non-hypoxic hypobaria (breathing 40-60% oxygen at 15,000' simulated in a decompression chamber) for 5 h (n = 15)...
June 2011: Physiological Measurement
A Nummela, E Hynynen, P Kaikkonen, H Rusko
The effects of endurance training on endurance performance characteristics and cardiac autonomic modulation during night sleep were investigated during two 4-week training periods. After the first 4-week training period (3 x 40 min per week, at 75% of HRR) the subjects were divided into HIGH group (n = 7), who performed three high-intensity endurance training sessions per week; and CONTROL group (n = 8) who did not change their training. An incremental treadmill test was performed before and after the two 4-week training periods...
March 2016: Biology of Sport
Lucas A Pereira, Fábio Y Nakamura, Cláudio Castilho, Katia Kitamura, Ronaldo Kobal, Cesar C Cal Abad, Irineu Loturco
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of four weeks of training cessation (TC) on specific endurance performance, resting and postexercise heart rate variability (HRV) and neuromuscular capacities of high-level endurance runners. METHODS: Eighteen endurance runners, 8 men and 10 women (25.5±7.5 years; 166.9±7.6 cm; 54.2±6.9 kg), took part in this study. The 3000 m time trial performance, resting HRV, 5'-5' test, squat and countermovement jumps (SJ and CMJ, respectively) and mean propulsive power in the jump squat exercise relative to body mass (MPP JS REL) were performed pre and immediately following the 4-week TC...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Valéria L G Panissa, Cesar C Cal Abad, Ursula F Julio, Leonardo V Andreato, Emerson Franchini
UNLABELLED: Prupose: To investigate the effects of a 5-km high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) on heart rate variability (HRV) and subsequent strength performance. METHODS: Nine trained males performed a control session composed of a half-squat strength exercise (4 × 80% of one repetition maximum-1 RM) in isolation and 30-min, 1-, 4-, 8-, and 24-h after an HIIE (1-min at the velocity peak:1-min passive recovery). All experimental sessions were performed on different days...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Portia B Resnick
INTRODUCTION: Postexercise massage can be used to help promote recovery from exercise on the cellular level, as well as systemically by increasing parasympathetic activity. No studies to date have been done to assess the effects of massage on postexercise metabolic changes, including excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of massage recovery and resting recovery on a subject's heart rate variability and selected metabolic effects following a submaximal treadmill exercise session...
March 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Tyvin A Rich, Robert Pfister, John Alton, David Gerdt, Martin Baruch
Introduction. Athletes who develop an immunosuppressed state because of intensive training get upper respiratory infections (URIs) and may respond to meditation. Reflective exercise (RE), a westernized form of Qigong, combines meditation, breathing, and targeted mental attention to an internal pulsatile sensation, previously shown to protect varsity swimmers from URIs during the height of training. We report here the evaluation of cardiovascular parameters measured during meditation combined with targeted imagery (interoception) in a cohort of varsity swimmers taught RE...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
H Tsuji, F J Venditti, E S Manders, J C Evans, M G Larson, C L Feldman, D Levy
BACKGROUND: The prognostic implications of alterations in heart rate variability have not been studied in a large community-based population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The first 2 hours of ambulatory ECG recordings obtained on original subjects of the Framingham Heart Study attending the 18th biennial examination were reprocessed to assess heart rate variability. Subjects with transient or persistent nonsinus rhythm, premature beats > 10% of total beats, < 1 hour of recording time, processed time < 50% of recorded time, and those taking antiarrhythmic medications were excluded...
August 1994: Circulation
C R Cole, J M Foody, E H Blackstone, M S Lauer
BACKGROUND: Abnormal heart rate recovery after symptom-limited exercise predicts death. It is unknown whether this is also true among patients undergoing submaximal testing. OBJECTIVE: To test the prognostic implications of heart rate recovery in cardiovascularly healthy adults undergoing submaximal exercise testing. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: 10 primary care sites. PARTICIPANTS: 5234 adults without evidence of cardiovascular disease who were enrolled in the Lipid Research Clinics Prevalence Study...
April 4, 2000: Annals of Internal Medicine
E O Nishime, C R Cole, E H Blackstone, F J Pashkow, M S Lauer
CONTEXT: Both attenuated heart rate recovery following exercise and the Duke treadmill exercise score have been demonstrated to be independent predictors of mortality, but their prognostic value relative to each other has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations among abnormal heart rate recovery, treadmill exercise score, and death in patients referred specifically for exercise electrocardiography. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study conducted in an academic medical center between September 1990 and December 1997, with a median follow-up of 5...
September 20, 2000: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
C R Cole, E H Blackstone, F J Pashkow, C E Snader, M S Lauer
BACKGROUND: The increase in heart rate that accompanies exercise is due in part to a reduction in vagal tone. Recovery of the heart rate immediately after exercise is a function of vagal reactivation. Because a generalized decrease in vagal activity is known to be a risk factor for death, we hypothesized that a delayed fall in the heart rate after exercise might be an important prognostic marker. METHODS: For six years we followed 2428 consecutive adults (mean [+/-SD] age, 57+/-12 years; 63 percent men) without a history of heart failure or coronary revascularization and without pacemakers...
October 28, 1999: New England Journal of Medicine
K Imai, H Sato, M Hori, H Kusuoka, H Ozaki, H Yokoyama, H Takeda, M Inoue, T Kamada
OBJECTIVES: Vagally mediated heart rate recovery after exercise was assessed in patients with chronic heart failure and in well trained athletes by analyzing the postexercise heart rate decay. BACKGROUND: Vagal reactivation is an important cardiac deceleration mechanism after exercise. However, alterations of this mechanism under pathologic conditions have not been characterized because of the lack of a specific index. METHODS: To find a vagally mediated component of heart rate recovery, the time constants of the beat-by-beat heart rate decay for the first 30 s (T30) and the first 120 s (T120) after exercise were obtained at six levels of exercise in eight normal volunteers: 1) at maximal exercise, 2) at anaerobic threshold, 3) at anaerobic threshold with propranolol administration, 4) at anaerobic threshold with atropine administration, 5) at anaerobic threshold with concomitant administration of both drugs, and 6) at 50% of anaerobic threshold...
November 15, 1994: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Rosangela Akemi Hoshi, Luiz Carlos Marques Vanderlei, Moacir Fernandes de Godoy, Fábio do Nascimento Bastos, Jayme Netto, Carlos Marcelo Pastre
PURPOSE: To analyse the temporal sequence of recovery events related to autonomic nervous system and metabolic processes following maximal exercise, applying linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability (HRV) and blood lactate concentration. METHODS: On the following day of the maximum oxygen consumption test, 20 participants firstly lay down for 20 min for resting data collection and then underwent the constant velocity exhaustive test, which consisted in running at 100% of maximal velocity reached on the previous day until exhaustion...
September 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Marianne Penachini da Costa de Rezende Barbosa, Natália Turri da Silva, Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo, Carlos Marcelo Pastre, Luiz Carlos Marques Vanderlei
The Polar® RS800G3™ rate monitor was released in the market to replace the Polar® S810i™, and few studies have assessed that the RR series obtained by this equipment is reliable for analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). We compared HRV indexes among the devices Polar® RS800G3™, Polar® S810i™ and eletrocardiogram (ECG) to know whether the series of Polar® RS800G3™ are as reliable as those devices already validated. We analysed data from 30 healthy young adults, male, with an average age of 20·66 ± 1·40 years, which had captured the heart rate beat to beat in the three devices simultaneously with spontaneously breathing, first in the supine position and subsequently sit both for 30 min...
March 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Marceli R Leite, Ercy Mara C Ramos, Carlos A Kalva-Filho, Fernanda Maria M Rodrigues, Ana Paula C F Freire, Guilherme Y Tacao, Alessandra C de Toledo, Michel J Cecílio, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Dionei Ramos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown a relationship between the level of physical fitness and autonomic variables. However, these relationships have not been investigated in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The objective of this study was to correlate the resting heart rate variability (HRV) indexes with aerobic physiological variables obtained at a maximal exercise test in patients with COPD. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with COPD (63 (59-70) years; 46 (35...
February 2015: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
2016-03-14 04:09:03
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