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Surgery

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101 papers 500 to 1000 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846513/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-esmo-euracan-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up
#1
P G Casali, N Abecassis, S Bauer, R Biagini, S Bielack, S Bonvalot, I Boukovinas, J V M G Bovee, T Brodowicz, J M Broto, A Buonadonna, E De Álava, A P Dei Tos, X G Del Muro, P Dileo, M Eriksson, A Fedenko, V Ferraresi, A Ferrari, S Ferrari, A M Frezza, S Gasperoni, H Gelderblom, T Gil, G Grignani, A Gronchi, A Hannu, B Hassan, P Hohenberger, R Issels, H Joensuu, R L Jones, I Judson, P Jutte, S Kaal, B Kasper, K Kopeckova, D A Krákorová, A Le Cesne, I Lugowska, O Merimsky, M Montemurro, M A Pantaleo, R Piana, P Picci, S Piperno-Neumann, A L Pousa, P Reichardt, M H Robinson, P Rutkovski, A A Safwat, P Schöffski, S Sleijfer, S Stacchiotti, K Sundby Hall, M Unk, F Van Coevorden, W Van der Graaf, J Whelan, E Wardelmann, O Zaikova, J Y Blay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781846/preperitoneal-or-subcutaneous-wound-catheters-as-alternative-for-epidural-analgesia-in-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Timothy H Mungroop, Marinde J Bond, Philipp Lirk, Olivier R Busch, Markus W Hollmann, Denise P Veelo, Marc G Besselink
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the location of wound catheters (ie, preperitoneal vs. subcutaneous) impacts outcomes, when compared with alternatives such as epidural analgesia. BACKGROUND: Continuous wound infiltration is an alternative for epidural analgesia in abdominal surgery but studies have shown conflicting results. This difference could be explained by different efficacy of preperitoneal versus subcutaneous placement of the infiltrative catheters. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines until April 3, 2017...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709271/prophylactic-mesh-augmentation-patient-selection-techniques-and-early-outcomes
#3
Irfan A Rhemtulla, Jaclyn T Mauch, Robyn B Broach, Charles A Messa, John P Fischer
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernias (IH) following abdominal surgery are frequent and morbid. Prophylactic mesh augmentation (PMA) has emerged as a technique to reduce IH formation. We aim to report patient selection, techniques and early outcomes after PMA. METHODS: Retrospective chart review identified descriptive characteristics, risk factors, operative technique, and early post-operative outcomes for PMA patients and matched non-PMA patients between January 1, 2016 and October 31, 2017...
April 22, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671220/acquired-resistance-to-chlorhexidine-is-it-time-to-establish-an-antiseptic-stewardship-initiative
#4
REVIEW
G Kampf
Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) is an antimicrobial agent used for different types of applications in hand hygiene, skin antisepsis, oral care, and patient washing. Increasing use raises concern regarding development of acquired bacterial resistance. Published data from clinical isolates with CHG minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were reviewed and compared to epidemiological cut-off values to determine resistance. CHG resistance is rarely found in Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus or coagulase-negative staphylococci...
November 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879993/randomized-clinical-trial-of-preoperative-skin-antisepsis-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-povidone-iodine
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H M Park, S-S Han, E C Lee, S D Lee, H M Yoon, B W Eom, S H Kim, K W Ryu, S-J Park, Y W Kim, B Park
BACKGROUND: Skin antiseptic agents are used to prevent surgical-site infection (SSI); few trials have reported the superiority of any specific agent in clean-contaminated abdominal surgery. This RCT was designed to compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone-iodine. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent clean-contaminated upper gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic open surgery between 2011 and 2014 were assigned randomly to either chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607951/efficacy-of-vonoprazan-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-symptoms-in-patients-with-proton-pump-inhibitor-resistant-non-erosive-reflux-disease
#6
Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Yoshihiro Hirata, Yoku Hayakawa, Akihiro Takahashi, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Yoshinori Takeuchi, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Kazuhiko Koike
Objective Clinically, patients with proton pomp inhibitor (PPI)-resistant gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) are very challenging to treat. The aim of this study was to determine the rates of symptom relief and adverse events among PPI-resistant GERD patients that changed their therapy from a PPI to vonoprazan. Methods Patients with severe gastroesophageal reflux symptoms (total GERD-Q score ≥8) without endoscopic findings of mucosal breaks who changed their medication from a PPI to vonoprazan during a 12-week period from 2015 to 2016 at 2 hospitals were selected...
March 30, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399531/deep-vein-thrombosis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-medical-management
#7
REVIEW
Jonathan Stone, Patrick Hangge, Hassan Albadawi, Alex Wallace, Fadi Shamoun, M Grace Knuttien, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE), affects an estimated 1 per 1,000 people and contributes to 60,000-100,000 deaths annually. Normal blood physiology hinges on a delicate balance between pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Virchow's Triad distills the multitude of risk factors for DVT into three basic elements favoring thrombus formation: venous stasis, vascular injury, and hypercoagulability...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528561/angiotensin-ii-for-the-treatment-of-vasodilatory-shock
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashish Khanna, Shane W English, Xueyuan S Wang, Kealy Ham, James Tumlin, Harold Szerlip, Laurence W Busse, Laith Altaweel, Timothy E Albertson, Caleb Mackey, Michael T McCurdy, David W Boldt, Stefan Chock, Paul J Young, Kenneth Krell, Richard G Wunderink, Marlies Ostermann, Raghavan Murugan, Michelle N Gong, Rakshit Panwar, Johanna Hästbacka, Raphael Favory, Balasubramanian Venkatesh, B Taylor Thompson, Rinaldo Bellomo, Jeffrey Jensen, Stew Kroll, Lakhmir S Chawla, George F Tidmarsh, Adam M Deane
BACKGROUND: Vasodilatory shock that does not respond to high-dose vasopressors is associated with high mortality. We investigated the effectiveness of angiotensin II for the treatment of patients with this condition. METHODS: We randomly assigned patients with vasodilatory shock who were receiving more than 0.2 μg of norepinephrine per kilogram of body weight per minute or the equivalent dose of another vasopressor to receive infusions of either angiotensin II or placebo...
August 3, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374617/efficacy-of-medical-therapies-for-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Matthew J Lee, Claire E Parker, Sarah R Taylor, Leonardo Guizzetti, Brian G Feagan, Alan J Lobo, Vipul Jairath
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fistulas are debilitating complications of Crohn's disease (CD) that affect up to 50% of patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the efficacy of treatments for fistulizing CD. METHODS: We searched publication databases from inception through December 13, 2016 for trials comparing the efficacy of a therapeutic agent (single or combination) with placebo or another active therapy in adult patients with any form of fistulizing CD...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306520/guidelines-for-sedation-and-anesthesia-in-gi-endoscopy
#10
Dayna S Early, Jenifer R Lightdale, John J Vargo, Ruben D Acosta, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Krishnavel V Chathadi, John A Evans, Deborah A Fisher, Lisa Fonkalsrud, Joo Ha Hwang, Mouen A Khashab, V Raman Muthusamy, Shabana F Pasha, John R Saltzman, Amandeep K Shergill, Brooks D Cash, John M DeWitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26211827/aromatase-inhibitors-versus-tamoxifen-in-early-breast-cancer-patient-level-meta-analysis-of-the-randomised-trials
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The optimal ways of using aromatase inhibitors or tamoxifen as endocrine treatment for early breast cancer remains uncertain. METHODS: We undertook meta-analyses of individual data on 31,920 postmenopausal women with oestrogen-receptor-positive early breast cancer in the randomised trials of 5 years of aromatase inhibitor versus 5 years of tamoxifen; of 5 years of aromatase inhibitor versus 2-3 years of tamoxifen then aromatase inhibitor to year 5; and of 2-3 years of tamoxifen then aromatase inhibitor to year 5 versus 5 years of tamoxifen...
October 3, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366842/histologic-factors-associated-with-need-for-surgery-in-patients-with-pedunculated-t1-colorectal-carcinomas
#12
Yara Backes, Sjoerd G Elias, John N Groen, Matthijs P Schwartz, Frank H J Wolfhagen, Joost M J Geesing, Frank Ter Borg, Jeroen van Bergeijk, Bernhard W M Spanier, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Koen Kessels, Cornelis A Seldenrijk, Mihaela G Raicu, Paul Drillenburg, Anya N Milne, Marjon Kerkhof, Tom C J Seerden, Peter D Siersema, Frank P Vleggaar, G Johan A Offerhaus, Miangela M Lacle, Leon M G Moons
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Most patients with pedunculated T1 colorectal tumors referred for surgery are not found to have lymph node metastases, and were therefore unnecessarily placed at risk for surgery-associated complications. We aimed to identify histologic factors associated with need for surgery in patients with pedunculated T1 colorectal tumors. METHODS: We performed a cohort-nested matched case-control study of 708 patients diagnosed with pedunculated T1 colorectal tumors at 13 hospitals in The Netherlands, from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2014, followed for a median of 44 months (interquartile range, 20-80 months)...
May 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305934/efficacy-of-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-vs-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-or-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Joel E Richter, Ambuj Kumar, Seth Lipka, Branko Miladinovic, Vic Velanovich
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effects of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) have been compared with those of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or a sham procedure in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but there has been no direct comparison of TIF vs LNF. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the relative efficacies of TIF vs LNF in patients with GERD. METHODS: We searched publication databases and conference abstracts through May 10, 2017 for randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy of TIF or LNF with that of a sham procedure or PPIs in patients with GERD...
April 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206812/when-and-how-to-stop-surveillance-colonoscopy-in-older-adults-five-rules-of-thumb-for-practitioners
#14
Jennifer K Maratt, Audrey H Calderwood, Sameer D Saini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178033/a-review-of-neuropathic-pain-from-guidelines-to-clinical-practice
#15
REVIEW
Giorgio Cruccu, Andrea Truini
Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition representing a significant burden for patients, society, and healthcare systems. The prevalence of neuropathic pain in the general population has been estimated at 7-8% and is expected to increase in the future. Neuropathic pain differs from nociceptive pain and requires a different therapeutic approach; and the management of neuropathic pain is complicated and challenging. This chapter discusses clinical practice guidelines for neuropathic pain and their usefulness in clinical practice...
December 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331946/management-of-patients-on-antithrombotic-agents-undergoing-emergency-and-elective-endoscopy-joint-asian-pacific-association-of-gastroenterology-apage-and-asian-pacific-society-for-digestive-endoscopy-apsde-practice-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
Francis K L Chan, Khean-Lee Goh, Nageshwar Reddy, Kazuma Fujimoto, Khek Yu Ho, Seiji Hokimoto, Young-Hoon Jeong, Takanari Kitazono, Hong Sik Lee, Varocha Mahachai, Kelvin K F Tsoi, Ming-Shiang Wu, Bryan P Yan, Kentaro Sugano
This Guideline is a joint official statement of the Asian Pacific Association of Gastroenterology (APAGE) and the Asian Pacific Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE). It was developed in response to the increasing use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) in patients undergoing gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy in Asia. After reviewing current practice guidelines in Europe and the USA, the joint committee identified unmet needs, noticed inconsistencies, raised doubts about certain recommendations and recognised significant discrepancies in clinical practice between different regions...
March 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766210/positive-ultrasound-guided-lymph-node-needle-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-may-not-mandate-axillary-lymph-node-dissection
#17
Christine K Harris, Hanh Tam Tran, Katherine Lee, Charles Mylander, Daina Pack, Martin Rosman, Lorraine Tafra, Christopher B Umbricht, Reema Andrade, Wen Liang, Rubie Sue Jackson
BACKGROUND: The ACOSOG Z0011 (Z11) trial demonstrated that in patients with nonpalpable axillary lymph nodes (LN) and one to two positive sentinel LN (SLN), axillary LN dissection (ALND) is unnecessary.JAMA 305:569-575, [2011], Ann Surg 264:413-42, [2016] The Z11 trial did not require preoperative axillary ultrasound (axUS). In many centers, preoperative axUS is part of the standard workup of a newly diagnosed breast cancer patient, but in light of the Z11 results, its role is now questioned...
October 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322212/meta-analysis-on-materials-and-techniques-for-laparotomy-closure-the-match-review
#18
REVIEW
N A Henriksen, E B Deerenberg, L Venclauskas, R H Fortelny, M Miserez, F E Muysoms
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate closure materials and suture techniques for emergency and elective laparotomies. The primary outcome was incisional hernia after 12 months, and the secondary outcomes were burst abdomen and surgical site infection. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted until September 2017. The quality of the RCTs was evaluated by at least 3 assessors using critical appraisal checklists...
June 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045062/tokyo-guidelines-2018-flowchart-for-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis
#19
LETTER
Kohji Okamoto, Kenji Suzuki, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Masafumi Nakamura, Akihiko Horiguchi, Go Wakabayashi, Daniel Cherqui, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Tomohiko Ukai, Ryota Higuchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Kazunori Shibao, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
We propose a new flowchart for the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC) in the Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18). Grade III AC was not indicated for straightforward laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lap-C). Following analysis of subsequent clinical investigations and drawing on Big Data in particular, TG18 proposes that some Grade III AC can be treated by Lap-C when performed at advanced centers with specialized surgeons experienced in this procedure and for patients that satisfy certain strict criteria. For Grade I, TG18 recommends early Lap-C if the patients meet the criteria of Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) ≤5 and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA-PS) ≤2...
January 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844205/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement-a-structured-review-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice
#20
REVIEW
Bernd Saugel, Thomas W L Scheeren, Jean-Louis Teboul
The use of ultrasound (US) has been proposed to reduce the number of complications and to increase the safety and quality of central venous catheter (CVC) placement. In this review, we describe the rationale for the use of US during CVC placement, the basic principles of this technique, and the current evidence and existing guidelines for its use. In addition, we recommend a structured approach for US-guided central venous access for clinical practice. Static and real-time US can be used to visualize the anatomy and patency of the target vein in a short-axis and a long-axis view...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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