collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cirugía Pediátrica

shared collection
89 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ismael Medécigo Pediatric surgery resident.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408076/ultrasound-guided-gastrostomy-tube-placement-a-case-series
#1
Joseph T Church, Karen E Speck, Marcus D Jarboe
PURPOSE: Gastrostomy tubes (G-tubes) can be placed utilizing a variety of techniques. Here we present a case series to demonstrate feasibility of a novel method, ultrasound-guided G-tube placement (USGTP). METHODS: All cases of USGTP at our institution from September 2015-August 2016 were reviewed. Data included demographics, operative time, complications, time to first feeding, and 30-day readmissions. All steps of the procedure were carried out using ultrasound guidance, resulting in placement of a low-profile G-tube...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196659/sutures-impregnated-with-carbazate-activated-polyvinyl-alcohol-reduce-intraperitoneal-adhesions
#2
F Fredriksson, F Sellberg, T Bowden, T Engstrand, D Berglund, H E Lilja
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal adhesions cause significant morbidity. They occur after peritoneal trauma, which induces oxidative stress with production of inflammatory cytokines, peroxidized proteins (carbonyls) and lipids (aldehydes). This study aimed to investigate if carbazate-activated polyvinyl alcohol (PVAC), an aldehyde-carbonyl inhibitor, can reduce intraperitoneal adhesions in an experimental model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=110) underwent laparotomy, cecal abrasion and construction of a small bowel anastomosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249684/short-lasting-pediatric-laparoscopic-surgery-are-muscle-relaxants-necessary-endotracheal-intubation-vs-laryngeal-mask-airway
#3
Serkan Tulgar, Ibrahim Boga, Basri Cakiroglu, David Terence Thomas
PURPOSE: Technical advances have led to lower insufflation pressures and shorter anesthesia times for children undergoing laparoscopic procedures. In this study we compared the use of endotracheal tube (ETT) and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with or without muscle relaxant (MR) in children undergoing laparoscopic repair for inguinal hernia. METHODS: Children undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair were randomized into four groups which underwent procedure with either ETT+MR (group 1), ETT without MR (group 2), LMA with subparalytic dose of MR (group 3) or LMA without MR (group 4)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259382/regional-variation-in-rates-of-pediatric-perforated-appendicitis
#4
Samir Sarda, Heather L Short, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: While trends in perforated appendicitis (PA) rates have been studied, regional variability in pediatric admissions for PA remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of the 2006-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database was conducted to examine variation in PA admission rates by region of the United States and insurance status. PA rates were calculated and reported as per 1000 admissions in accordance with national quality measure specifications...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185630/management-of-nonparasitic-splenic-cysts-in-children-a-french-multicenter-review-of-100-cases
#5
Xavier Delforge, Yann Chaussy, Paula Borrego, Olivier Abbo, Frédérique Sauvat, Quentin Ballouhey, Sabine Irtan, Alexis Arnaud, Kassite Ibtissam, Nicoleta Panait, Gregory Rodesch, Henri Steyaert, Anne Schneider, Rémi Dubois, Sebastien Mesureur, Elodie Haraux, Philippe Buisson
BACKGROUND: The management of nonparasitic splenic cysts (NPSC) remains controversial. Surgical resection is indicated for symptomatic or complicated forms, but no guidelines are available for asymptomatic NPSC. The aims of this study were to evaluate the management of NPSC in French hospitals and to analyze the results of management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study from January 2004 to December 2014 in 16 university hospitals in France. Patients with a follow-up less than 6months were excluded...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168988/a-comparison-of-broviac-%C3%A2-and-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-children-with-intestinal-failure
#6
Carolina Blotte, Jennifer Styers, Hong Zhu, Nandini Channabasappa, Hannah G Piper
PURPOSE: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are a source of morbidity for children with intestinal failure (IF). Complications include infection, breakage, occlusion, and venous thrombosis. Broviacs® have traditionally been preferred, but peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are gaining popularity. This study compares complications between Broviacs® and PICCs in children with IF. METHODS: After IRB approval, children with IF receiving parenteral nutrition (2012-2016) were reviewed...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173947/cost-analysis-of-nonoperative-management-of-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#7
Martina Mudri, Kamary Coriolano, Andreana Bütter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if nonoperative management of acute appendicitis in children is more cost effective than appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective review of children (6-17years) with acute appendicitis treated nonoperatively (NOM) from May 2012 to May 2015 was compared to similar patients treated with laparoscopic appendectomy (OM) (IRB#107535). Inclusion criteria included symptoms ≤48h, localized peritonitis, and ultrasound confirmation of acute appendicitis...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124113/risk-factors-associated-with-intestinal-necrosis-in-children-with-failed-non-surgical-reduction-for-intussusception
#8
Hui-Ya Huang, Xiao-Zhong Huang, Yi-Jiang Han, Li-Bin Zhu, Kai-Yu Huang, Jing Lin, Zhong-Rong Li
BACKGROUND: Intestinal necrosis is the most serious complication of intussusception. The risk factors associated with intestinal necrosis in pediatric patients with intussusception have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with intestinal necrosis in pediatric patients with failed non-surgical reduction for intussusception. METHODS: Hospitalized patients who failed the air-enema reduction for intussusception in the outpatient department and subsequently underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139230/comparison-of-operative-outcomes-between-surgical-gastrostomy-and-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-infants
#9
Shin Miyata, Fanglong Dong, Olga Lebedevskiy, Hanna Park, Nam Nguyen
PURPOSE: Safety profile of different gastrostomy procedures in small children has not been well studied. This study was conducted to investigate whether complication and mortality rates differ between surgical gastrostomy (G-tube) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in infants and neonates. METHODS: In this retrospective study utilizing the Kids' Inpatient Database, all infants who underwent either G-tube or PEG as a sole procedure were identified. Variables included age, gender, race, presence of neurological impairment, prematurity, complex chronic condition, and severity of illness/risk of mortality subclasses...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24874344/interval-appendectomy-in-children-clinical-outcomes-financial-costs-and-patient-benefits
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Fawkner-Corbett, Wajid B Jawaid, Jo McPartland, Paul D Losty
BACKGROUND: Elective interval appendectomy (IA) is traditionally advocated for the management of appendiceal mass (AM) in children. Surgeons have debated the evidence and 'risks' vs. 'benefits' to support IA. There are currently no randomised controlled trials and guiding best practice and financial costings for IA are lacking. We herein report clinical outcomes, patient benefits and tariff charges linked with the provision of IA at a regional UK paediatric surgical centre. METHODS: Hospital case records of patients with AM were identified using pathology records and hospital admission codes during a 15-year period (1997-2011)...
July 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548910/is-neuromuscular-blocker-necessary-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-with-percutaneous-internal-ring-suturing
#11
Ali Ahiskalioglu, İlker İnce, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Akgun Oral, Mehmet Aksoy, Murat Yiğiter, Mehmet Emin Celikkaya, Ahmet Bedii Salman
Purpose The aim of this study is to evaluate operating conditions during general anesthesia with or without neuromuscular blocker (NMB) in patients undergoing percutaneous internal ring suturing (PIRS). Materials and Methods In this study, 40 patients, with American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II between the ages of 1 and 12 years, were randomly assigned to two groups to receive muscle relaxant with endotracheal tube (ETT) (ETT group) or without muscle relaxant with supreme laryngeal mask airway (sLMA) (LMA group)...
August 22, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521709/role-of-non-operative-management-in-pediatric-appendicitis
#12
REVIEW
Dani O Gonzalez, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci
Appendectomy is currently considered the standard of care for children with acute appendicitis. Although commonly performed and considered a safe procedure, appendectomy is not without complications. Non-operative management has a role in the treatment of both uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis. In uncomplicated appendicitis, initial non-operative management appears to be safe, with an approximate 1-year success rate of 75%. Compared to surgery, non-operative management is associated with less disability and lower costs, with no increase in the rate of complicated appendicitis...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521714/current-concepts-in-the-management-of-inguinal-hernia-and-hydrocele-in-pediatric-patients-in-laparoscopic-era
#13
REVIEW
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francesco Turrà, Agnese Roberti, Mariapina Cerulo, Alessandra Farina, Simona Caiazzo, Giuseppe Cortese, Giuseppe Servillo, Alessandro Settimi
The surgical repair of inguinal hernia and hydrocele is one of the most common operations performed in pediatric surgery practice. This article reviews current concepts in the management of inguinal hernia and hydrocele based on the recent literature and the authors׳ experience. We describe the principles of clinical assessment and anesthetic management of children undergoing repair of inguinal hernia, underlining the differences between an inguinal approach and minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Other points discussed include the current management of particular aspects of these pathologies such as bilateral hernias; contralateral patency of the peritoneal processus vaginalis; hernias in premature infants; direct, femoral, and other rare hernias; and the management of incarcerated or recurrent hernias...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344585/differential-learning-processes-for-laparoscopic-and-open-supraumbilical-pyloromyotomy
#14
Quentin Ballouhey, Pauline Clermidi, Alexia Roux, Claire Bahans, Roxane Compagnon, Jérôme Cros, Bernard Longis, Laurent Fourcade
PURPOSE: To compare the learning curves for mastering OP and LP surgical techniques, in terms of effects on completion times and postoperative outcomes/complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 198 patients with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. The learning curves were in regard to two groups of surgeons: three of whom performed 106 OPs while three others performed 92 LPs. Treatment-related complications were divided into two categories: specific complications relating to the pyloromyotomy and non-specific complications...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461431/effective-treatment-for-infantile-hemangioma-with-long-pulsed-dye-laser-with-oral-propranolol-medication-a-preliminary-report
#15
Shigeyuki Furuta, Hideaki Sato, Shiho Tsuji, Fumiko Murakami, Hiroaki Kitagawa
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of our treatment of infantile hemangioma (IH)s retrospectively presenting as disfiguring or functionally threatening lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 infants with IH treated with long-pulsed dye laser or laser with or without propranolol. Tumor fading after treatment was evaluated using both color and size rating scales, before, during and after treatment. RESULTS: 6 infants were treated by laser, 11, oral propranolol and 8 using both treatments...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461433/efficacy-of-ethanol-locks-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-pediatric-patients-comparison-of-therapeutic-treatment-with-prophylactic-treatment
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Takafumi Kawano, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Kazuhiko Nakame, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Children with intestinal failure (IF) requiring central venous catheters (CVCs) often experience frequent catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), which is a serious and life-threatening complication. To reduce the incidence of CRBSI, prophylactic ethanol lock therapy (ELT) was initiated. METHODS: Patients with IF received home parenteral nutrition via a silicone tunneled CVC. All of them had received therapeutic ELT from January 2009 (first period) and prophylactic ELT from December 2012 (second period)...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473008/single-incision-laparoscopic-90%C3%A2-pancreatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-of-infancy
#17
Jin-Shan Zhang, Long Li, Wei Cheng
Single incision laparoscopic surgery as a surgical approach in treatment of pancreatic disease has recently been reported in adults. However, its application in persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI) in children is limited. In this article, we report single incision laparoscopic 90 % pancreatectomy for the treatment of persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy. Between July 2011 and February 2015, the single incision laparoscopic 90 % pancreatectomy was performed in three children with PHHI...
October 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510940/single-scrotal-incision-orchiopexy-versus-the-inguinal-approach-in-children-with-palpable-undescended-testis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Shaoguang Feng, Huajun Yang, Xiang Li, Junjia Yang, Jie Zhang, Aihe Wang, Xin-He Lai, Yuhui Qiu
PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety between single-incision, transscrotal orchidopexy, and the traditional inguinal orchidopexy in children. METHODS: A systematic search of the electronic databases was conducted to identify studies compared the transscrotal orchidopexy (SO) and inguinal orchidopexy (IO) for children. Parameters, such as operative time, the incidence of patent processus vaginalis, and postoperative complications, including wound infection, testicular atrophy, testicular reascent, hernia, or hydrocele, were pooled and compared by meta-analysis...
October 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514861/preoperative-simulation-regarding-the-appropriate-port-location-for-laparoscopic-hepaticojejunostomy-a-randomized-study-using-a-disease-specific-training-simulator
#19
Takahiro Jimbo, Satoshi Ieiri, Satoshi Obata, Munenori Uemura, Ryota Souzaki, Noriyuki Matsuoka, Tamotsu Katayama, Kouji Masumoto, Makoto Hashizume, Tomoaki Taguchi
PURPOSE: We verified the appropriate port location for laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy using a comprehensive laparoscopic training simulator. METHODS: We developed a hepaticojejunostomy model, consist of common hepatic duct and intestine and participants required to place two sutures precisely using two different port locations (A: standard port location, B: modified port location). The order of tasks was randomly determined using the permuted block method (Group I: Task A → Task B, Group II: Task B → Task A)...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612631/acute-appendicitis-in-children-not-only-surgical-treatment
#20
Anna Maria Caruso, Alessandro Pane, Roberto Garau, Pietro Atzori, Marcello Podda, Alessandra Casuccio, Luigi Mascia
PURPOSE: An accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis is important to avoid severe outcome or unnecessary surgery but management is controversial. The aim of study was to evaluate, in younger and older children, the efficacy of conservative management for uncomplicated appendicitis and the outcome of complicated forms underwent early surgery. METHODS: Children with acute appendicitis were investigated by clinical, laboratory variables and abdominal ultrasound and divided in two groups: complicated and uncomplicated...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
label_collection
label_collection
6482
1
2
2016-09-16 15:48:22
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"