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Cirugía Pediátrica

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121 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ismael Medécigo Pediatric surgery resident.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594470/testicular-atrophy-following-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-children
#1
Kristin A Sonderman, Lindsey L Wolf, Lindsey B Armstrong, Kathryn Taylor, Wei Jiang, Brent R Weil, Tracey P Koehlmoos, Robert L Ricca, Christopher B Weldon, Adil H Haider, Samuel E Rice-Townsend
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the incidence and timing of testicular atrophy following inguinal hernia repair in children. METHODS: We used the TRICARE database, which tracks care delivered to active and retired members of the US Armed Forces and their dependents, including > 3 million children. We abstracted data on male children < 12 years who underwent inguinal hernia repair (2005-2014). We excluded patients with history of testicular atrophy, malignancy or prior related operation...
May 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24508614/the-standardization-of-terminology-of-lower-urinary-tract-function-in-children-and-adolescents-update-report-from-the-standardization-committee-of-the-international-children-s-continence-society
#2
REVIEW
Paul F Austin, Stuart B Bauer, Wendy Bower, Janet Chase, Israel Franco, Piet Hoebeke, Søren Rittig, Johan Vande Walle, Alexander von Gontard, Anne Wright, Stephen S Yang, Tryggve Nevéus
PURPOSE: The impact of the original International Children's Continence Society terminology document on lower urinary tract function resulted in the global establishment of uniformity and clarity in the characterization of lower urinary tract function and dysfunction in children across multiple health care disciplines. The present document serves as a stand-alone terminology update reflecting refinement and current advancement of knowledge on pediatric lower urinary tract function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A variety of worldwide experts from multiple disciplines in the ICCS leadership who care for children with lower urinary tract dysfunction were assembled as part of the standardization committee...
June 2014: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559177/stapled-versus-hand-sewn-pediatric-intestinal-anastomoses-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Graeme C Hintz, Abdullah Alshehri, Carolyn M Bell, Sonia A Butterworth
BACKGROUND: Whereas the adult literature has demonstrated the acceptable safety profile of stapled anastomoses when compared to the hand-sewn alternative, the choice of intestinal anastomosis using sutures or staples remains inadequately investigated in children. The purpose of this study is to compare the anastomotic outcomes of both techniques in children under 5years of age. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing intestinal anastomosis at a single tertiary centre (2012-2016) was undertaken...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510429/perioperative-complications-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-procedures-in-neonates-and-infants
#4
REVIEW
Christoph Zoeller, Benno M Ure, Jens Dingemann
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has gained broad acceptance among pediatric surgeons. Today, VATS can be regarded as a routine approach for various conditions in neonates and infants. However, there is a lack of information concerning the complications of thoracoscopic pulmonary surgery in neonates and infants. We aimed to review the available data. A systematic review of the literature was performed using PubMed. All publications reporting on VATS for pulmonary procedures in neonates and infants up to the age of 1 year were included...
April 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519571/sclerotherapy-for-intramuscular-vascular-malformations-a-single-center-experience
#5
Federico Scorletti, Manish N Patel, Adrienne M Hammill, Kiersten W Ricci, Charles M Myer, Roshni Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Vascular malformations isolated to skeletal muscles are rare and often debilitating due to pain and very challenging to treat. Multi-modal management options include compression garments, medical therapy, sclerotherapy, and surgical resection. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent sclerotherapy for intramuscular venous malformations (IVM) between 2008 and 2016 was performed. Demographics, indications, and clinical follow-up were analyzed...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519574/malone-appendicostomy-versus-cecostomy-tube-insertion-for-children-with-intractable-constipation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Christine Li, Sara Shanahan, Michael H Livingston, J Mark Walton
PURPOSE: Children with intractable constipation are often treated with antegrade continence enemas. This requires the creation of a Malone appendicostomy in the operating room or insertion of a cecostomy tube using endoscopic, radiologic, or surgical techniques. The purpose of this study was to assess the evidence regarding these procedures. METHODS: We conducted a search of Embase, Medline, CINAHL, and Web of Science up to October 2016. We included comparative studies of children treated with Malone appendicostomy or cecostomy tube insertion...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506816/gastrocutaneous-fistulae-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiology-and-treatment-options
#7
Etienne St-Louis, Nadia Safa, Elena Guadagno, Robert Baird
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy tubes are a common adjunct to the care of vulnerable pediatric patients. This study systematically evaluates the epidemiology and risk-factors for gastrocutaneous fistulae (GCF) after gastrostomy removal in children and reviews treatment options focusing on nonoperative management (NOM). METHODS: After protocol registration (CRD-42017059565), multiple databases were searched. Studies describing epidemiology in children and GCF treatment at any age were included...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499844/the-relationship-between-preoperative-nutritional-state-and-adverse-outcome-following-abdominal-and-thoracic-surgery-in-children-results-from-the-nsqip-database
#8
Abdullah Alshehri, Kourosh Afshar, Julie Bedford, Graeme Hintz, Erik D Skarsgard
INTRODUCTION: Anthropometric measurements can be used to define pediatric malnutrition. Our study aims to: (1) characterize the preoperative nutritional status of children undergoing abdominal or thoracic surgery, and (2) describe the associations between WHO-defined acute (stunting) and chronic (wasting) undernutrition (Z-scores <-2) and obesity (BMI Z-scores >+2) with 30-day postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We queried the Pediatric NSQIP Participant Use File and extracted data on patients' age 29days to 18years who underwent abdominal or thoracic procedures...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331260/multifaceted-behavior-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children
#9
Qingjiang Chen, Zhigang Gao, Lifeng Zhang, Yuebin Zhang, Tao Pan, Duote Cai, Qixing Xiong, Qiang Shu, Yunzhong Qian
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with MD admitted to our center between January 2010 and December 2015...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22964730/irrigation-versus-suction-alone-during-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-perforated-appendicitis-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shawn D St Peter, Obinna O Adibe, Corey W Iqbal, Frankie B Fike, Susan W Sharp, David Juang, David Lanning, J Patrick Murphy, Walter S Andrews, Ronald J Sharp, Charles L Snyder, George W Holcomb, Daniel J Ostlie
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of irrigating the peritoneal cavity during appendectomy for perforated appendicitis has been debated extensively. To date, prospective comparative data are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing peritoneal irrigation to suction alone during laparoscopic appendectomy in children. METHODS: Children younger than 18 years with perforated appendicitis were randomized to peritoneal irrigation with a minimum of 500 mL normal saline, or suction only during laparoscopic appendectomy...
October 2012: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29269095/a-critical-review-of-recent-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-management-of-cryptorchidism
#11
REVIEW
Jin K Kim, Michael E Chua, Jessica M Ming, Joana Dos Santos, Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Alanna Marson, Mark Bayley, Martin A Koyle
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Limited efforts have been made in assessing the qualities of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on cryptorchidism (UDT). This appraisal aims to determine the quality of recent CPGs on the management of UDT. METHODS: After systematic literature search, all English-based CPGs providing recommendations for the management of UDT from 2012 to 2017 were reviewed. Using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines and Research Evaluation) instrument, eligible CPGs were independently appraised by 5 reviewers...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10965688/-drainage-of-the-abdominal-cavity-and-complications-in-perforating-appendicitis-in-children
#12
Z Perović
INTRODUCTION: Controversies regarding drainage and irrigation with antibiotics following perforated appendicitis still exist in literature. Some authors concluded that undrained patients treated with systemic antimicrobial therapy, adequate fluid resuscitation, emergency appendicectomy, peritoneal lavage and primary abdominal wall closure are less exposed to complications. On the other hand, Lund and Murphy and Schwartz and Tapper are still advocating transperitoneal drainage. In that context the aim of this study was to contribute to the current debate with its original results and conclusions...
March 2000: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26029680/drain-insertion-after-appendectomy-in-children-with-perforated-appendicitis-based-on-a-single-center-experience
#13
Ra-Yeong Song, Kyuwhan Jung
PURPOSE: Management of appendicitis in children has always been an issue in pediatric surgery. Both diagnostic methods and treatment vary significantly among medical centers, and little consensus exists in many aspects of the care for patients with appendicitis. Here, we assessed the value of drain insertion after appendectomy in children. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent appendectomy for perforated appendicitis at a tertiary medical center between 2003 and 2012...
June 2015: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25362478/determinants-of-postoperative-abscess-occurrence-and-percutaneous-drainage-in-children-with-perforated-appendicitis
#14
Sherif Emil, Sherif Elkady, Layla Shbat, Fouad Youssef, Robert Baird, Jean-Martin Laberge, Pramod Puligandla, Kenneth Shaw
PURPOSE: Postoperative abscesses after perforated appendicitis have no clear risk factors or indications for percutaneous drainage. Our study addressed these two issues. METHODS: A logistic regression model was used to delineate risk factors for postoperative abscess in children with perforated appendicitis treated during a recent 5-year period. Drainage of abscess was compared to antibiotic treatment. RESULTS: Postoperative abscess occurred in 42 (14...
December 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21683210/is-it-necessary-to-drain-all-postoperative-fluid-collections-after-appendectomy-for-perforated-appendicitis
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hannah G Piper, Betul Derinkuyu, Korgun Koral, Eduardo A Perez, Joseph T Murphy
PURPOSE: Children treated for perforated appendicitis can have significant morbidity. Management often includes looking for and draining postoperative fluid collections. We sought to determine if drainage hastens recovery. METHODS: Children with perforated appendicitis treated with appendectomy from 2006 to 2009 were reviewed. Patients with postoperative fluid that was drained were compared with patients with undrained fluid with regard to preoperative features and postoperative outcomes...
June 2011: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25217837/ultrasound-guided-transrectal-drainage-of-deep-pelvic-abscesses-in-children-a-modified-and-simplified-technique
#16
Janice D McDaniel, Mark T Warren, Jeffrey C Pence, Elizabeth H Ey
BACKGROUND: Appendicitis is a common cause of acute surgical abdomen in children and often presents after perforation. Intra-abdominal abscesses can be drained percutaneously via transabdominal, transgluteal or, in the case of deep pelvis abscess, via transrectal approach. OBJECTIVE: To describe a modification of previously described techniques for transrectal drainage procedures, which involves the use of a transvaginal probe and a modified enema tip as a guide for the one-step trocar technique...
March 2015: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141467/saline-vs-tissue-plasminogen-activator-irrigations-after-drain-placement-for-appendicitis-associated-abscess-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah, Obinna O Adibe, Susan W Sharp, Brent Reading, Brent Cully, George W Holcomb, Douglas C Rivard
BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest instillation of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is safe and potentially efficacious in the treatment of intra-abdominal abscess. To date, prospective comparative data are lacking in children. Therefore, we conducted a randomized trial comparing abscess irrigation with tPA and irrigation with saline alone. STUDY DESIGN: After IRB approval, children with an abscess secondary to perforated appendicitis who had a percutaneous drain placed for treatment were randomized to twice-daily instillation of 13 mL 10% tPA or 13 mL normal saline...
August 2015: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12883855/the-utility-of-peritoneal-drains-in-children-with-uncomplicated-perforated-appendicitis
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B Tander, O Pektas, M Bulut
Peritoneal drainage in children with uncomplicated perforated appendicitis (UPA) is still controversial. Many pediatric surgeons prefer not to drain the peritoneal cavity in such cases. However, there is no randomized controlled study performed in children. We aimed to study the effects of peritoneal drainage in children with UPA in a randomized prospective trial. One hundred and forty consecutive patients with UPA were divided randomly into 2 groups. Group I (70 patients) consisted of cases with peritoneal drainage, and group II (70 patients) without drainage...
September 2003: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254846/laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-in-children-a-25-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Zafer Dokumcu, Emre Divarci, Yesim Ertan, Ahmet Celik
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is the gold standard and is widely performed in adults, but its use in children is relatively new. We aim to present our experience in twenty-five children with diverse adrenal pathologies and to discuss an extensive review of pediatric LA in English literature. METHODS: Medical records of children with adrenal tumors admitted to a tertiary center and treated with LA were reviewed. Characteristics and outcome of patients were compared with results of a systematic Pubmed/Medline literature review...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241958/time-to-appendectomy-for-acute-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Danielle B Cameron, Regan Williams, Yimin Geng, Ankush Gosain, Meghan A Arnold, Yigit S Guner, Martin L Blakely, Cynthia D Downard, Adam B Goldin, Julia Grabowski, Dave R Lal, Roshni Dasgupta, Robert Baird, Robert L Gates, Julia Shelton, Tim Jancelewicz, Shawn J Rangel, Mary T Austin
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence-Based Practice Committee was to develop recommendations regarding time to appendectomy for acute appendicitis in children within the context of preventing adverse events, reducing cost, and optimizing patient/parent satisfaction. METHODS: The committee selected three questions that were addressed by searching MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases for English language articles published between January 1, 1970 and November 3, 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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