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Niacin for cholesterol: ParuchMD

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5 papers 0 to 25 followers
By John Paruch Combined training in Internal Medicine-Psychiatry with holistic, evidence-based, preventive approach to implementation and promotion of wellness.
Sergio Montserrat-de la Paz, Beatriz Bermudez, M Carmen Naranjo, Sergio Lopez, Rocio Abia, Francisco J G Muriana
The well-known changes in modern lifestyle habits including over nutrition and physical inactivity have led to striking adverse effects on public health (e.g., obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome) over recent decades. One noticeable consequence is exaggerated and prolonged state of postprandial hyperlipemia due to the ingestion of multiple fat-enriched meals during the course of a day. Postprandial (non-fasting) hyperlipemia is characterized by increased blood levels of exogenous triglycerides (TG) in the form of apolipoprotein (apo) B48-containing TG-rich lipoproteins (TRL), which have a causal role in the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
D M Capuzzi, J R Guyton, J M Morgan, A C Goldberg, R A Kreisberg, O A Brusco, J Brody
Crystalline nicotinic acid (immediate-release niacin) is effective therapy for lipoprotein regulation and cardiovascular risk reduction. However, inconvenient regimens and unpleasant side effects decrease compliance. Sustained-release formulations designed to circumvent these difficulties increase hepatotoxicity. Niaspan, a new US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved, once-daily, extended-release form, has been found effective and safe in short-term trials. The long-term efficacy and safety of Niaspan lipid monotherapy was studied in 517 patients (aged 21-75 years) for < or =96 weeks in dosages < or =3,000 mg/day...
December 17, 1998: American Journal of Cardiology
R H Knopp, P Alagona, M Davidson, A C Goldberg, S D Kafonek, M Kashyap, D Sprecher, H R Superko, S Jenkins, S Marcovina
This study compared the efficacy and safety of a once-a-night, time-release niacin formulation, Niaspan (Kos Pharmaceuticals, Miami Lakes, FL), with plain niacin and placebo for the treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia. The study was conducted in nine academic lipid research clinics in a randomized, double-blind design. Niaspan 1.5 g at bedtime was compared with plain niacin 1.5 g/d after 8 weeks and 3.0 g/d after 16 weeks in divided doses and with placebo. A total of 223 hypercholesterolemic adult men and women participated...
September 1998: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Paul M Lavigne, Richard H Karas
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the efficacy of niacin for reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, as indicated by the aggregate body of clinical trial evidence including data from the recently published AIM-HIGH (Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides: Impact on Global Health Outcomes) trial. BACKGROUND: Previously available randomized clinical trial data assessing the clinical efficacy of niacin has been challenged by results from AIM-HIGH, which failed to demonstrate a reduction in CVD event incidence in patients with established CVD treated with niacin as an adjunct to intensive simvastatin therapy...
January 29, 2013: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
James M Backes, Robert J Padley, Patrick M Moriarty
Niacin is a water-soluble B vitamin (B3) known to have favorable effects on multiple lipid parameters, including raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and lowering triglycerides (TGs), lipoprotein(a), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Although LDL-C remains the primary target of lipid-altering therapy, current guidelines emphasize HDL-C and other modifiable lipid factors as key secondary targets. Thus, niacin is considered an important therapeutic option to help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with mixed dyslipidemia who, in addition to high LDL-C, have elevated TGs and low HDL-C...
March 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
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