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Preterm labour

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59 papers 25 to 100 followers Perinatal medicine .
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883227/preterm-infants-exhibited-less-pain-during-a-heel-stick-when-they-were-played-the-same-music-their-mothers-listened-to-during-pregnancy
#1
Lina Kurdahi Badr, Taline Demerjian, Tania Daaboul, Hanan Abbas, Mirvat Hasan Zeineddine, Lama Charafeddine
AIM: Playing music during painful procedures has shown inconsistent benefits for preterm infants. This study observed preterm infants during a heel stick procedure to assess whether listening to the music their mothers listened to during pregnancy had any impact on their pain, physiological and behavioural parameters. METHODS: We randomly exposed 42 preterm infants, with a mean gestational age of 31.8 ±2.79 weeks, to the music their mothers listened to during pregnancy, recorded lullabies and no music, before, during and after a heel stick...
November 24, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865437/early-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth E Rogers, Susan R Hintz
Infants born at extreme preterm gestation are at risk for both death and disability. Although rates of survival have improved for this population, and some evidence suggests a trend toward decreased neuromotor impairment over the past decades, a significant improvement in overall early neurodevelopmental outcome has not yet been realized. This review will examine the rates and types of neurodevelopmental impairment seen after extremely preterm birth, including neurosensory, motor, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes...
November 16, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842300/quicksf-a-new-technique-in-surfactant-administration
#3
Christian A Maiwald, Patrick Neuberger, Matthias Vochem, Christian Poets
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate an increasing use of less invasive surfactant administration. Different techniques have been shown with distinct risks and benefits. The aim of this study was to develop a new method that simplifies this procedure. OBJECTIVES: An applicator was developed and tested on a manikin to make tracheal surfactant application easier and faster. METHODS: A device for oral administration of a catheter into the trachea was developed...
November 15, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222260/newborn-resuscitation-training-programmes-reduce-early-neonatal-mortality
#4
Mohan Pammi, Eugene M Dempsey, C Anthony Ryan, Keith J Barrington
BACKGROUND: Substantial health care resources are expended on standardised formal neonatal resuscitation training (SFNRT) programmes, but their effectiveness has not been proven. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether SFNRT programmes reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity, improve acquisition and retention of knowledge and skills, or change teamwork and resuscitation behaviour. METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, PREMEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science and the Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials, ongoing trials and conference proceedings in April 2015, and included randomised or quasi-randomised trials that reported at least one of our specified outcomes...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23765172/a-standardized-nutrition-approach-for-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-improves-outcomes-reduces-cost-and-is-not-associated-with-increased-rates-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-or-mortality
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
T J Butler, L J Szekely, J L Grow
OBJECTIVE: To assess how a standard practice for nutrition support in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates would impact on their hospital course. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, single center, before vs after comparison of a non-standardized approach to nutrition in VLBW neonates to a standardized approach. Standardization of feeding initiation, feeding volume and caloric advancement, management of feeding aspirates (residuals), use of starter parenteral nutrition (PN), use of breast milk and donor breast milk, initiation and discontinuation of intravenous (IV) intralipids, documentation of protein use, and utilization of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters were performed...
November 2013: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235203/hyperbilirubinemia-in-preterm-neonates
#6
REVIEW
Vinod K Bhutani, Ronald J Wong, David K Stevenson
Preterm neonates with increased bilirubin production loads are more likely to sustain adverse outcomes due to either neurotoxicity or overtreatment with phototherapy and/or exchange transfusion. Clinicians should rely on expert consensus opinions to guide timely and effective interventions until there is better evidence to refine bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction or benefits of bilirubin. In this article, we review the evolving evidence for bilirubin-induced brain injury in preterm infants and highlight the clinical approaches that minimize the risk of bilirubin neurotoxicity...
June 2016: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827796/effect-of-body-position-and-ventilation-on-umbilical-artery-and-venous-blood-flows-during-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-in-preterm-lambs
#7
Stuart B Hooper, Kelly J Crossley, Valerie A Zahra, Jeroen van Vonderen, Alison Moxham, Andrew W Gill, Martin Kluckow, Arjan B Te Pas, Euan M Wallace, Graeme R Polglase
OBJECTIVE: While delayed umbilical cord clamping (UCC) is thought to facilitate placental to infant blood transfusion, the physiological factors regulating flow in the umbilical arteries and veins during delayed UCC is unknown. We investigated the effects of gravity, by changing fetal height relative to the placenta, and ventilation on umbilical blood flows and the cardiovascular transition during delayed UCC at birth. METHODS: Catheters and flow probes were implanted into preterm lambs (128 days) prior to delivery to measure pulmonary, carotid, umbilical artery (UaBF) and umbilical venous (UvBF) blood flows...
November 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836424/executive-function-in-children-born-preterm-risk-factors-and-implications-for-outcome
#8
REVIEW
H Gerry Taylor, Caron A C Clark
Executive function (EF) refers to the set of cognitive processes involved in the self-regulation of emotion and goal-directed behavior. These skills and the brain systems that support them develop throughout childhood and are frequently compromised in preterm children, even in those with broadly average global cognitive ability. Risks for deficits in EF in preterm children and attendant problems in learning and psychosocial functioning are higher in those with more extreme prematurity, neonatal complications, and related brain abnormalities...
November 8, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836427/genetic-alterations-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#9
REVIEW
Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath
An underlying genetic predisposition to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is increasingly being recognized. Candidate gene or pathway approaches as well as genome-wide approaches are beginning to identify potential pathogenic variants for NEC in premature infants. However, a majority of these studies have not yielded definitive results because of limited sample size and lack of validation. Despite these challenges, understanding the contribution of genetic variation to NEC is important for providing new insights into the pathogenesis of NEC as well as allowing for targeted care of infants with inherent susceptibility...
November 8, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788524/insufficient-sedation-and-severe-side-effects-after-fast-administration-of-remifentanil-during-insure-in-preterm-newborns
#10
Ellen H M de Kort, Lidwien M Hanff, Daniella Roofthooft, Irwin K M Reiss, Sinno H P Simons
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intubation is stressful and should be performed with premedication. In the case of an INSURE (intubation/surfactant/extubation) procedure a short duration of action of the premedication used is needed to facilitate fast extubation. Given its pharmacological profile, remifentanil seems a suitable candidate. OBJECTIVES: The aim here was to evaluate the effect and side effects of remifentanil as a premedication for preterm neonates undergoing INSURE...
October 28, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799322/hyperglycaemia-in-infants-with-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-after-therapeutic-hypothermia-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-coolcap-study
#11
Sudeepta K Basu, Jason L Salemi, Alistair J Gunn, Jeffrey R Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether glycaemic profile is associated with multiorgan dysfunction and with response to hypothermia after perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of the CoolCap Study. SETTING: 25 perinatal centres in UK, USA and New Zealand during 1999-2002. PATIENTS: 194/234 (83%) infants of ≥36 weeks' gestation with moderate-to-severe HIE enrolled in the CoolCap Study with documented plasma glucose levels and follow-up outcome...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758929/determinants-of-developmental-outcomes-in-a-very-preterm-canadian-cohort
#12
Anne Synnes, Thuy Mai Luu, Diane Moddemann, Paige Church, David Lee, Michael Vincer, Marilyn Ballantyne, Annette Majnemer, Dianne Creighton, Junmin Yang, Reginald Sauve, Saroj Saigal, Prakesh Shah, Shoo K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Identify determinants of neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm children. METHODS: Prospective national cohort study of children born between 2009 and 2011 at <29 weeks gestational age, admitted to one of 28 Canadian neonatal intensive care units and assessed at a Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network site at 21 months corrected age for cerebral palsy (CP), visual, hearing and developmental status using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
October 6, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692935/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-and-nutritional-strategies-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#13
Mandy Brown Belfort, Richard A Ehrenkranz
The developing brain of the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant is highly sensitive to effects of the nutritional milieu during the neonatal hospitalization and after discharge. Strategies to optimize nutritional care play an important role in reducing long-term neurodevelopmental morbidities in this population. Currently available interventions to ensure that the unique nutrient requirements of the VLBW infant are met include various dietary fortification strategies and parenteral nutrition. In this article, we review evidence regarding nutritional strategies and their beneficial effects on neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
September 29, 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726188/resuscitation-of-potentially-stillborn-periviable-neonates-who-lives-who-dies-and-who-gets-missed
#14
Edmund F La Gamma, J Lena Kim, Shetal Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681010/preterm-thrombocytopenia-and-delay-of-ductus-arteriosus-closure
#15
Vinay Vamadev Kulkarni, Sourabh Dutta, Venkataseshan Sundaram, Shiv Sajan Saini
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether preterm thrombocytopenia within 24 hours of birth is associated with delayed closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and higher proportion of hemodynamically significant PDA (Hs-PDA). METHODS: Neonates (gestation 26(0/7)-33(6/7) weeks, age <24 hours) with known platelet count and PDA on echocardiogram were prospectively enrolled. Asphyxia, congenital infections, structural heart disease, major malformations and clinical sepsis were exclusions...
September 28, 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628296/feasibility-and-utility-of-portable-ultrasound-during-retrieval-of-sick-term-and-late-preterm-infants
#16
Kathryn Browning Carmo, Tracey Lutz, Andrew Berry, Martin Kluckow, Nick Evans
AIM: To determine the role of clinician performed ultrasound (CPU) during the retrieval and transport of critically ill term and near term newborns. METHODS: A neonatologist with portable ultrasound accompanied a sample of newborn retrievals to perform cardiac and cerebral ultrasound before and after transportation. RESULTS: A total of fifty-five babies were studied. Median birthweight: 3350 g (2220-5030 g). CPU led to a change in the planned receiving hospital in ten babies...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644765/practice-of-skin-to-skin-contact-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-other-newborn-care-interventions-in-ethiopia-following-promotion-by-facility-and-community-health-workers-results-from-a-prospective-outcome-evaluation
#17
Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Abiy Seifu Estifanos, Ephrem Daniel Sheferaw, Joseph de Graft-Johnson, Carina Rosado, Rachel Patton-Molitors, Bogale Worku, Barbara Rawlins, Abdullah Baqui
AIM: To assess the effects of a facility and community newborn intervention package on coverage of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) and exclusive breastfeeding - the therapeutic components of kangaroo mother care. METHODS: A multilevel community and facility intervention in Ethiopia trained health workers in 10 health centres and the surrounding communities to promote early SSC and exclusive breastfeeding for all babies born at home or in the facility. Changes in SSC and exclusive breastfeeding were assessed by comparing baseline and endline household surveys...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464032/prematurity
#18
Ben H Lee, Istvan Seri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573092/umbilical-cord-care-in-the-newborn-infant
#19
Dan Stewart, William Benitz
Postpartum infections remain a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A high percentage of these infections may stem from bacterial colonization of the umbilicus, because cord care practices vary in reflection of cultural traditions within communities and disparities in health care practices globally. After birth, the devitalized umbilical cord often proves to be an ideal substrate for bacterial growth and also provides direct access to the bloodstream of the neonate. Bacterial colonization of the cord not infrequently leads to omphalitis and associated thrombophlebitis, cellulitis, or necrotizing fasciitis...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755440/maternal-serum-interleukin-6-levels-and-fetomaternal-outcomes-in-women-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-lagos-south-western-nigeria
#20
Gbemisola Eniola Osanyin, Omololu Adegbola
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to assess the relationship between maternal serum IL-6 levels and fetomaternal outcome following PPROM. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective cohort study comprising 45 cases of PPROM and 45 controls of similar age, parity, and gestational age. Five milliliters of maternal serum was collected after obtaining informed consent. They were followed up till delivery and records of the delivery and neonatal outcomes were obtained. Serum IL-6 levels were determined by standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]...
November 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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