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15 papers 0 to 25 followers
Jamie Librizzi, Russell McCulloh, Kristin Koehn, Brian Alverson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate provider practice patterns for evaluation of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in patients hospitalized with bronchiolitis and to assess the association of SBI testing with length of stay and antibiotic use. DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients <24 months of age with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis from 2 separate study sites during 2004 to 2008. Patient characteristics, laboratory testing, antibiotic use, and clinical outcomes were assessed in relation to SBI testing...
January 2014: Hospital Pediatrics
Toru Watanabe, Hideshi Kawashima
Reports of neurologic manifestations of human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection have been on the rise. Acute encephalitis and encephalopathy is the most common, accounting for 38.8% of total B19-associated neurological manifestations. To date, 34 children with B19 encephalitis and encephalopathy have been reported, which includes 21 encephalitis and 13 encephalopathy cases. Ten (29%) were immunocompromised and 17 (39%) had underlying diseases. Fever at the onset of disease and rash presented in 44.1% and 20.6% of patients, respectively...
November 8, 2015: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
H Cody Meissner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Fatihi Hassan Soliman Toaimah, Hala Mohammad Fathi Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Rapid intravenous (IV) rehydration is commonly used for the management of pediatric gastroenteritis in the emergency department. The current practice shows wide variation in the volume and rate of rapid IV hydration. The aim of this review was to assess the efficacy of rapid IV rehydration compared with standard method in children with gastroenteritis. METHOD: MEDLINE (1946-2014), EMBASE (1974-2014), and CENTRAL via the Cochrane Library (Issue 8, 2014) were systematically searched to identify eligible studies...
February 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lucy Fullerton, Lauren Huckerby, Minal Gandhi, Farrah Jabeen, Santanu Maity
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Abigail J Enoch, Mike English, Sasha Shepperd
OBJECTIVE: Do newborns, children and adolescents up to 19 years have lower mortality rates, lower morbidity and shorter length of stay in health facilities where pulse oximeters are used to inform diagnosis and treatment (excluding surgical care) compared with health facilities where pulse oximeters are not used? DESIGN: Studies were obtained for this systematic literature review by systematically searching the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Cochrane, Medion, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Global Health, CINAHL, WHO Global Health Library, international health organisation and NGO websites, and study references...
August 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Michael Malley, Akanksha Garg, Marie Monaghan, Beate Kampmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Fahad Aljebab, Imti Choonara, Sharon Conroy
BACKGROUND: Short-course oral corticosteroids are commonly used in children but are known to be associated with adverse drug reactions (ADRs). This review aimed to identify the most common and serious ADRs and to determine their relative risk levels. METHODS: A literature search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PubMed was performed with no language restrictions to identify studies in which oral corticosteroids were administered to patients aged 28 days to 18 years of age for up to and including 14 days of treatment...
April 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Annie Lintzenich Andrews, Annie N Simpson, Daniel Heine, Ronald J Teufel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical utility and cost-effectiveness of universal vs targeted approach to obtaining blood cultures in children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis using a decision tree to compare 2 approaches to ordering blood cultures in children hospitalized with CAP: obtaining blood cultures in all children admitted with CAP (universal approach) and obtaining blood cultures in patients identified as high risk for bacteremia (targeted approach)...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Elizabeth L Alford, James W Wheless, Stephanie J Phelps
Generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE) is one of the most common neurologic emergencies and can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not treated promptly and aggressively. Management of GCSE is staged and generally involves the use of life support measures, identification and management of underlying causes, and rapid initiation of anticonvulsants. The purpose of this article is to review and evaluate published reports regarding the treatment of impending, established, refractory, and super-refractory GCSE in pediatric patients...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
P E Marik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Steven Y C Tong, Joshua S Davis, Emily Eichenberger, Thomas L Holland, Vance G Fowler
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen that causes a wide range of clinical infections. It is a leading cause of bacteremia and infective endocarditis as well as osteoarticular, skin and soft tissue, pleuropulmonary, and device-related infections. This review comprehensively covers the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and management of each of these clinical entities. The past 2 decades have witnessed two clear shifts in the epidemiology of S. aureus infections: first, a growing number of health care-associated infections, particularly seen in infective endocarditis and prosthetic device infections, and second, an epidemic of community-associated skin and soft tissue infections driven by strains with certain virulence factors and resistance to β-lactam antibiotics...
July 2015: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
Helen M Shields
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Gastroenterology
Amy H Cheung, Graham J Emslie, Taryn L Mayes
The dramatic increase over the past 10 years in the amount of available clinical research on the use of antidepressants to treat major depression in children and adolescents has substantially improved our knowledge of the safety and efficacy of these medications in the pediatric population. Many questions remain, however, that highlight the need to continue research in this patient population rather than relying on the extrapolation of data from trials involving adults. In this article, we review the current state of research into antidepressant therapy for major depression in children and adolescents...
January 17, 2006: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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