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Outstanding Clinical Review

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319 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Mohammed Liaquatullah Imtiaz Endocrinologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860090/guideline-of-guidelines-priapism
#1
REVIEW
Asif Muneer, David Ralph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363888/prevention-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-new-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
J Parvizi, N Shohat, T Gehrke
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection. The WHO guidelines, if implemented worldwide, could have an immense impact on our practices and those of the CDC have implications for healthcare policy in the United States. Our aim was to review the strategies for prevention of periprosthetic joint infection in light of these and other recent guidelines. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B(4 Supple B):3-10...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356897/novel-molecular-strategies-and-targets-for-opioid-drug-discovery-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain
#3
REVIEW
Keith M Olson, Wei Lei, Attila Keresztes, Justin LaVigne, John M Streicher
Opioid drugs like morphine and fentanyl are the gold standard for treating moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. However, opioid drug use can be limited by serious side effects, including constipation, tolerance, respiratory suppression, and addiction. For more than 100 years, we have tried to develop opioids that decrease or eliminate these liabilities, with little success. Recent advances in understanding opioid receptor signal transduction have suggested new possibilities to activate the opioid receptors to cause analgesia, while reducing or eliminating unwanted side effects...
March 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16415467/the-use-of-antidepressants-to-treat-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Amy H Cheung, Graham J Emslie, Taryn L Mayes
The dramatic increase over the past 10 years in the amount of available clinical research on the use of antidepressants to treat major depression in children and adolescents has substantially improved our knowledge of the safety and efficacy of these medications in the pediatric population. Many questions remain, however, that highlight the need to continue research in this patient population rather than relying on the extrapolation of data from trials involving adults. In this article, we review the current state of research into antidepressant therapy for major depression in children and adolescents...
January 17, 2006: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389687/advances-in-the-treatment-of-relapsed-refractory-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#5
REVIEW
C Shustik, I Bence-Bruckler, R Delage, C J Owen, C L Toze, S Coutre
Treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has advanced with the introduction of chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) agents that have improved the outcomes of frontline therapy. However, most treated patients will relapse and require subsequent therapy. This review focuses on recent advances in the treatment of relapsed or refractory CLL. Until recently, treatment options for relapsed CLL were of limited efficacy. Retreatment with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) was recommended for patients with a durable response to first-line FCR, although acquired genetic aberrations, impaired marrow reserve, and comorbidities often made this suboptimal therapy for many patients...
April 7, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#6
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320807/inferior-st-elevation-on-the-ecg-what-is-the-diagnosis
#7
Andrei D Mărgulescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341748/drug-induced-liver-injury-recent-advances-in-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment
#8
REVIEW
Gerd A Kullak-Ublick, Raul J Andrade, Michael Merz, Peter End, Andreas Benesic, Alexander L Gerbes, Guruprasad P Aithal
Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) is a rare but potentially severe adverse drug reaction that should be considered in patients who develop laboratory criteria for liver injury secondary to the administration of a potentially hepatotoxic drug. Although currently used liver parameters are sensitive in detecting DILI, they are neither specific nor able to predict the patient's subsequent clinical course. Genetic risk assessment is useful mainly due to its high negative predictive value, with several human leucocyte antigen alleles being associated with DILI...
March 23, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306229/the-2017-international-classification-of-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#9
Fransiska Malfait, Clair Francomano, Peter Byers, John Belmont, Britta Berglund, James Black, Lara Bloom, Jessica M Bowen, Angela F Brady, Nigel P Burrows, Marco Castori, Helen Cohen, Marina Colombi, Serwet Demirdas, Julie De Backer, Anne De Paepe, Sylvie Fournel-Gigleux, Michael Frank, Neeti Ghali, Cecilia Giunta, Rodney Grahame, Alan Hakim, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Diana Johnson, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Ines Kapferer-Seebacher, Hanadi Kazkaz, Tomoki Kosho, Mark E Lavallee, Howard Levy, Roberto Mendoza-Londono, Melanie Pepin, F Michael Pope, Eyal Reinstein, Leema Robert, Marianne Rohrbach, Lynn Sanders, Glenda J Sobey, Tim Van Damme, Anthony Vandersteen, Caroline van Mourik, Nicol Voermans, Nigel Wheeldon, Johannes Zschocke, Brad Tinkle
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders (HCTDs) characterized by joint hypermobility, skin hyperextensibility, and tissue fragility. Over the past two decades, the Villefranche Nosology, which delineated six subtypes, has been widely used as the standard for clinical diagnosis of EDS. For most of these subtypes, mutations had been identified in collagen-encoding genes, or in genes encoding collagen-modifying enzymes. Since its publication in 1998, a whole spectrum of novel EDS subtypes has been described, and mutations have been identified in an array of novel genes...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289042/factors-associated-with-being-unaware-of-having-diabetes
#10
LETTER
Andy Menke, Sarah Casagrande, M Larissa Avilés-Santa, Catherine C Cowie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325793/richard-r-rubin-phd-an-ambassador-for-behavioral-science-in-diabetes
#11
Mark Peyrot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325794/diabetes-and-aging-unique-considerations-and-goals-of-care
#12
Rita R Kalyani, Sherita H Golden, William T Cefalu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325795/the-pathophysiology-of-hyperglycemia-in-older-adults-clinical-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Pearl G Lee, Jeffrey B Halter
Nearly a quarter of older adults in the U.S. have type 2 diabetes, and this population is continuing to increase with the aging of the population. Older adults are at high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes due to the combined effects of genetic, lifestyle, and aging influences. The usual defects contributing to type 2 diabetes are further complicated by the natural physiological changes associated with aging as well as the comorbidities and functional impairments that are often present in older people...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325796/cognitive-dysfunction-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-what-a-clinician-needs-to-know
#14
Medha N Munshi
One of the challenges of managing older adults with diabetes is the individualization of care in people with multiple comorbid conditions. Although macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes are well recognized, there is a lack of awareness regarding other conditions such as cognitive dysfunction, depression, and physical disabilities. Cognitive dysfunction is of particular importance because of its impact on self-care and quality of life. In this Perspective, I discuss common and practical questions faced by clinicians managing diabetes in older adults who also have cognitive dysfunction...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325797/management-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-the-older-adult-patient-with-diabetes
#15
Mary T Korytkowski, Daniel E Forman
: Older adults with diabetes are at higher risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) than younger adults with diabetes and older adults without diabetes. The rationale to implement ASCVD risk-lowering therapies in older adults with diabetes is compelling. Recommendations for lifestyle modification, lipid-lowering therapy, blood pressure management, blood glucose control, and aspirin therapy are often based on studies that show their efficacy in younger populations. However, the risks associated with each of these interventions increase with age, and favorable risk-to-benefit ratios demonstrated in younger adults with diabetes are less certain in older populations...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045632/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#16
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) has published a supplement to this issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery featuring the updated Clinical Practice Guideline: Earwax (Cerumen Impaction). To assist in implementing the guideline recommendations, this article summarizes the rationale, purpose, and key action statements. The 11 recommendations emphasize proper ear hygiene, diagnosis of cerumen impaction, factors that modify management, evaluating the need for intervention, and proper treatment...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197480/adiponectin-and-chronic-kidney-disease-a-review-on-recent-findings
#17
REVIEW
Maryam Heidari, Parto Nasri, Hamid Nasri
Adiponectin is a multifunctional cytokine that has a role in regulating inflammation. In patients without chronic renal failure (CRF) and type 2 diabetics, decreased adiponectin levels are associated with insulin resistance. Lower serum plasma adiponectin values are link to larger tumor size and metastasis in clear-cell carcinoma of the kidney too. However, in patients with established chronic kidney disease (CKD), adiponectin levels are elevated and positively predict progression of disease. In addition, increased levels of serum adiponectin of hemodialysis patients were associated with decrease in bone mineral density in hemodialysis patients...
2015: J Nephropharmacol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318218/multiple-myeloma
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302746/current-interventional-and-surgical-management-of-congenital-heart-disease-specific-focus-on-valvular-disease-and-cardiac-arrhythmias
#19
Kimberly A Holst, Sameh M Said, Timothy J Nelson, Bryan C Cannon, Joseph A Dearani
Successful outcome in the care of patients with congenital heart disease depends on a comprehensive multidisciplinary team. Surgery is offered for almost every heart defect, despite complexity. Early mortality for cardiac surgery in the neonatal period is ≈10% and beyond infancy is <5%, with 90% to 95% of patients surviving with a good quality of life into the adult years. Advances in imaging have facilitated accurate diagnosis and planning of interventions and surgical procedures. Similarly, advances in the perioperative medical management of patients, particularly with intensive care, has also contributed to improving outcomes...
March 17, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088984/the-aging-hematopoietic-stem-cell-niche-phenotypic-and-functional-changes-and-mechanisms-that-contribute-to-hematopoietic-aging
#20
REVIEW
Sarah E Latchney, Laura M Calvi
The hematopoietic system has the remarkable ability to provide a lifelong supply of mature cells that make up the entire blood and immune system. However, similar to other adult stem cell niches, the hematopoietic system is vulnerable to the detrimental effects of aging. This is a substantial health concern as the trend for population aging continues to increase. Identifying mechanisms that underlie hematopoietic aging is vital for understanding hematopoietic-related diseases. In this review, we first discuss the cellular hierarchy of the hematopoietic system and the components that make up the surrounding hematopoietic niche...
January 2017: Seminars in Hematology
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