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Outstanding Clinical Review

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408 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Mohammed Liaquatullah Imtiaz Endocrinologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064410/aspirin-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-a-systematic-evidence-review-for-the-u-s-preventive-services-task-force
#1
REVIEW
Janelle M Guirguis-Blake, Corinne V Evans, Caitlyn A Senger, Elizabeth A O'Connor, Evelyn P Whitlock
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. PURPOSE: To update a systematic review about the benefits of aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events in adults aged 40 years or older and to evaluate effect modification in subpopulations. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (January 2008 to January 2015), and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
June 21, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11790071/aspirin-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-recommendation-and-rationale
#2
(no author information available yet)
This statement summarizes the recommendation of the third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events, as well as the supporting scientific evidence. The complete information on which this statement is based, including evidence tables and references, can be found in a companion article in this issue. Copies of this document, the summary of the evidence, and the systematic evidence review can be obtained through the USPSTF Web site (http://www...
January 15, 2002: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17339622/the-use-of-aspirin-for-primary-prevention-of-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-prepared-for-the-u-s-preventive-services-task-force
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Dubé, Alaa Rostom, Gabriela Lewin, Alexander Tsertsvadze, Nicholas Barrowman, Catherine Code, Margaret Sampson, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Aspirin for prevention of colorectal cancer is controversial. PURPOSE: To examine the benefits and harms of aspirin chemoprevention. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, 1966 to December 2006; EMBASE, 1980 to April 2005; CENTRAL, Cochrane Collaboration's registry of clinical trials; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Two independent reviewers conducted multilevel screening to identify randomized, controlled trials (RCTs), case-control studies, and cohort studies of aspirin chemoprophylaxis...
March 6, 2007: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21127304/guidelines-for-the-primary-prevention-of-stroke-a-guideline-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#4
Larry B Goldstein, Cheryl D Bushnell, Robert J Adams, Lawrence J Appel, Lynne T Braun, Seemant Chaturvedi, Mark A Creager, Antonio Culebras, Robert H Eckel, Robert G Hart, Judith A Hinchey, Virginia J Howard, Edward C Jauch, Steven R Levine, James F Meschia, Wesley S Moore, J V Ian Nixon, Thomas A Pearson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This guideline provides an overview of the evidence on established and emerging risk factors for stroke to provide evidence-based recommendations for the reduction of risk of a first stroke. METHODS: Writing group members were nominated by the committee chair on the basis of their previous work in relevant topic areas and were approved by the American Heart Association (AHA) Stroke Council Scientific Statement Oversight Committee and the AHA Manuscript Oversight Committee...
February 2011: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064677/aspirin-use-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-colorectal-cancer-u-s-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#5
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
DESCRIPTION: Update of the 2009 USPSTF recommendation on aspirin use to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and the 2007 recommendation on aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use to prevent colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The USPSTF reviewed 5 additional studies of aspirin for the primary prevention of CVD and several additional analyses of CRC follow-up data. The USPSTF also relied on commissioned systematic reviews of all-cause mortality and total cancer incidence and mortality and a comprehensive review of harms...
June 21, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716801/diabetes-mellitus-microalbuminuria-and-subclinical-cardiac-disease-identification-and-monitoring-of-individuals-at-risk-of-heart-failure
#6
Peter P Swoboda, Adam K McDiarmid, Bara Erhayiem, David P Ripley, Laura E Dobson, Pankaj Garg, Tarique A Musa, Klaus K Witte, Mark T Kearney, Julian H Barth, Ramzi Ajjan, John P Greenwood, Sven Plein
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and elevated urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) have increased risk of heart failure. We hypothesized this was because of cardiac tissue changes rather than silent coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a case-controlled observational study 130 subjects including 50 ACR+ve diabetes mellitus patients with persistent microalbuminuria (ACR >2.5 mg/mol in males and >3.5 mg/mol in females, ≥2 measurements, no previous renin-angiotensin-aldosterone therapy, 50 ACR-ve diabetes mellitus patients and 30 controls underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance for investigation of myocardial fibrosis, ischemia and infarction, and echocardiography...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21748738/geriatric-assessment-tools
#7
REVIEW
Sonja L Rosen, David B Reuben
In addition to medical diseases, psychological, social, cognitive, and functional issues influence the health of older persons. Therefore, the traditional medical assessment alone is often not enough to evaluate the older population with multiple comorbidities. Out of this recognized need, the geriatric assessment has been developed, which emphasizes a broader approach to evaluating contributors to health in older persons. Geriatric assessment uses specific tools to help determine patient's status across several different dimensions, including assessment of medical, cognitive, affective, social, economic, environmental, spiritual, and functional status...
July 2011: Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655976/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-chronic-liver-disease-etiopathogenesis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Eleana Gkamprela, Melanie Deutsch, Dimitrios Pectasides
Chronic liver disease is accompanied by multiple hematological abnormalities. Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent complication of advanced liver disease. The etiology is multifactorial, mostly due to chronic hemorrhage into the gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia is very challenging, as simple laboratory methods, including serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation (Tsat), and mean corpuscular volume are affected by the liver disease itself or the cause of the disease, resulting in difficulty in the interpretation of the results...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562300/fruit-juice-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-current-recommendations
#9
Melvin B Heyman, Steven A Abrams
Historically, fruit juice was recommended by pediatricians as a source of vitamin C and as an extra source of water for healthy infants and young children as their diets expanded to include solid foods with higher renal solute load. It was also sometimes recommended for children with constipation. Fruit juice is marketed as a healthy, natural source of vitamins and, in some instances, calcium. Because juice tastes good, children readily accept it. Although juice consumption has some benefits, it also has potential detrimental effects...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716881/teaching-video-neuroimages-bent-spine-syndrome-as-an-early-presentation-of-late-onset-pompe-disease
#10
Francesca Magrinelli, Michele Tosi, Paola Tonin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777839/caution-advised-for-readers-of-articles-related-to-retracted-article
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663322/asthma-and-corticosteroids-time-for-a-more-precise-approach-to-treatment
#12
EDITORIAL
Eleanor M Dunican, John V Fahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748946/data-analytics-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-historical-limitations-and-recent-technology-advances
#13
REVIEW
William R Clark, Francesco Garzotto, Mauro Neri, Anna Lorenzin, Marta Zaccaria, Claudio Ronco
PURPOSE: Dialysis is a highly quantitative therapy involving large volumes of both clinical and technical data. While automated data collection has been implemented for chronic dialysis, this has not been done for acute kidney injury patients treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHODS: After a brief review of the fundamental aspects of electronic medical records (EMRs), a new tool designed to provide clinicians with individualized CRRT treatment data is analyzed, with emphasis on its quality assurance capabilities...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107561/beta-blockers-for-hypertension
#14
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Hazel A Bradley, Jimmy Volmink, Bongani M Mayosi, Lionel H Opie
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers refer to a mixed group of drugs with diverse pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. They have shown long-term beneficial effects on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) when used in people with heart failure or acute myocardial infarction. Beta-blockers were thought to have similar beneficial effects when used as first-line therapy for hypertension. However, the benefit of beta-blockers as first-line therapy for hypertension without compelling indications is controversial...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529277/spices-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancers
#15
REVIEW
Jie Zheng, Yue Zhou, Ya Li, Dong-Ping Xu, Sha Li, Hua-Bin Li
Spices have been widely used as food flavorings and folk medicines for thousands of years. Numerous studies have documented the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of spices, which might be related to prevention and treatment of several cancers, including lung, liver, breast, stomach, colorectum, cervix, and prostate cancers. Several spices are potential sources for prevention and treatment of cancers, such as Curcuma longa (tumeric), Nigella sativa (black cumin), Zingiber officinale (ginger), Allium sativum (garlic), Crocus sativus (saffron), Piper nigrum (black pepper) and Capsicum annum (chili pepper), which contained several important bioactive compounds, such as curcumin, thymoquinone, piperine and capsaicin...
August 12, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696937/clinical-reasoning-a-54-year-old-woman-with-dementia-myoclonus-and-ataxia
#16
Farwa Ali, Joseph A Murray, Andrea C Adams, Eoin P Flanagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492032/endocrine-evaluation-of-hirsutism
#17
REVIEW
John Mihailidis, Racha Dermesropian, Pamela Taxel, Pooja Luthra, Jane M Grant-Kels
Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal hair growth in a male pattern in females. It typically affects 5 to 10% of reproductive-age women. Excessive hair growth can often cause significant psychological and emotional distress. As a result, hirsutism is a common presenting complaint to healthcare professionals, including dermatologists, as women search for cosmetic and medical solutions to their problem. Hirsutism results from excess production of androgens, often from ovarian or adrenal sources. It is typically associated with a metabolic syndrome like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), but can be idiopathic or medication-induced...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382401/management-of-the-positive-axilla-in-2017
#18
EDITORIAL
Eli Avisar, Tolga Ozmen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
July 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694246/management-of-endocrine-disease-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
REVIEW
Djuro Macut, Ivana Božić-Antić, Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Konstantinos Tziomalos
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent endocrine disease in women, with a number of metabolic and reproductive consequences. Obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes are prominent metabolic characteristics of PCOS and common factors affecting liver function and generating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Multiple genes involved in the synthesis of androgens, cytokines and IR, as well as acquired factors, such as endocrine disruptors, could associate the etiopathogenesis of PCOS and NAFLD...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
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