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Electrolytes

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Abdul Khan Trying to make a living!
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066939/hyponatremia-in-cancer-patients-time-for-a-new-approach
#1
REVIEW
Rossana Berardi, Silvia Rinaldi, Miriam Caramanti, Christian Grohè, Matteo Santoni, Francesca Morgese, Mariangela Torniai, Agnese Savini, Ilaria Fiordoliva, Stefano Cascinu
Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder in cancer patients. It may be related to cancer, to anti-cancer therapy or to other concomitant treatments. In this setting hyponatremia is often caused by the syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion, which is due to the ectopic production of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin), to extracellular fluid depletion, to renal toxicity caused by chemotherapy or to other underlying conditions. Recent studies suggested that hyponatremia might be considered a negative prognostic factor for cancer patients therefore its early detection, monitoring and management might improve the patient's outcome...
June 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880451/treatment-of-hyperkalemia-something-old-something-new
#2
REVIEW
Richard H Sterns, Marvin Grieff, Paul L Bernstein
Treatment options for hyperkalemia have not changed much since the introduction of the cation exchange resin, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate, Covis Pharmaceuticals, Cary, NC), over 50 years ago. Although clinicians of that era did not have ready access to hemodialysis or loop diuretics, the other tools that we use today-calcium, insulin, and bicarbonate-were well known to them. Currently recommended insulin regimens provide too little insulin to achieve blood levels with a maximal kalemic effect and too little glucose to avoid hypoglycemia...
March 2016: Kidney International
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