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Mark A Prissel, Christopher F Hyer, Sean T Grambart, Bradly W Bussewitz, Stephen A Brigido, Lawrence A DiDomenico, Michael S Lee, Christopher L Reeves, Amber M Shane, Daniel J Tucker, Glenn M Weinraub
The modified Lapidus arthrodesis is a long-established surgical technique for management of hallux valgus that provides reproducible results and quality patient outcomes. The data from 367 consecutive patients undergoing unilateral modified Lapidus arthrodesis from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008 at participating centers were retrospectively evaluated. The included patients were categorized into early weightbearing (≤ 21 days) and delayed weightbearing (> 21 days) groups. A total of 24 nonunions (6...
March 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Troy J Boffeli, Jonathan C Thompson, Jessica A Tabatt
Single-pin external Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation has traditionally been a mainstay in proximal interphalangeal joint fusion for central hammertoe repair. Concerns over cosmesis, inconvenience, pin tract infection, hardware failure, nonunion, and early hardware removal have led to the development of implantable internal fixation devices. Although numerous implantable devices are now available and represent viable options for hammertoe repair, they are costly and often pose a challenge in the event removal becomes necessary...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bhaveen H Kapadia, Julio J Jauregui, Daniel P Murray, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic hip infections are among the most catastrophic complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We had previously proven that the use of chlorhexidine cloths before surgery may help decrease these infections; hence, we increased the size of the previously reported cohort. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does a preadmission chlorhexidine cloth skin preparation protocol decrease the risk of surgical site infection in patients undergoing THA? (2) When stratified using the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) risk categories, which categories are associated with risk reduction from the preadmission chlorhexidine preparation protocol? METHODS: Between 2007 and 2013, a group of 998 patients used chlorhexidine cloths before surgery, whereas a group of 2846 patients did not use them and underwent standard perioperative disinfection only...
July 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Stephen Yu, Alessandra Szulc, Sharon Walton, Joseph Bosco, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: Although pain management after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affects rehabilitation, length of stay, and functional outcomes, pain management for patients undergoing TKA has yet to be standardized. Femoral nerve blocks (FNBs) are commonly used as an adjunct; however, these can result in transient quadriceps weakness and have been associated with in-hospital falls. Periarticular infiltration of liposomal bupivacaine has been recently introduced as a long-acting analgesic that can be administered without affecting motor function...
January 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Amol Saxena, Alessio Giai Via, Nicola Maffulli, Haywan Chiu
Subtalar joint arthroereisis (STA) can be used in the management of adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD), including posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. The procedure is quick and normally causes little morbidity; however, the implant used for STA often needs to be removed because of sinus tarsi pain. The present study evaluated the rate and risk factors for removal of the implant used for STA in adults treated for AAFD/posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, including patient age, implant size, and the use of endoscopic gastrocnemius recession...
May 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Joost C Schrier, Noel L Keijsers, Giovanni A Matricali, Jan Willem K Louwerens, Cees C P M Verheyen
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) resection or fusion leads to superior clinical outcome in patients undergoing hammertoe surgery. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate a series of patients undergoing this surgery. METHODS: Patients with one or more toes with rigid PIP flexion deformity were prospectively enrolled. These patients were randomly assigned to undergo either PIPJ resection or PIPJ fusion. In addition to the PIPJ procedure, a metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) release was performed if deemed necessary...
June 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Jenessa Redfern, Scott M Wasilko, Meghan E Groth, Wesley D McMillian, Craig S Bartlett
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare rates of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients with type 3 open fractures who had received cefazolin plus gentamicin versus piperacillin/tazobactam for antibiotic prophylaxis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Seven hundred sixty-six patients admitted between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2012, with open fractures were identified using the National Trauma Data Bank by searching International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Judith Tanner, Jo C Dumville, Gill Norman, Mathew Fortnam
BACKGROUND: Medical professionals routinely carry out surgical hand antisepsis before undertaking invasive procedures to destroy transient micro-organisms and inhibit the growth of resident micro-organisms. Antisepsis may reduce the risk of surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of surgical hand antisepsis on preventing surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients treated in any setting. The secondary objective is to determine the effects of surgical hand antisepsis on the numbers of colony-forming units (CFUs) of bacteria on the hands of the surgical team...
January 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of using osteochondral autograft and allograft to manage either recurrent or large osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT) in a single surgeon's practice. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2014, a total of 40 patients presented with either a recurrent OLT that failed initial arthroscopic treatment (ie, excision, curettage, debridement, and micro-fracture) or a primary OLT greater than 1...
January 2016: Foot & Ankle International
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