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By İdris Yetimoglu Gynaecologist and obstetrician
(no author information available yet)
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and the most common reason for antenatal hospitalization . In the United States, approximately 12% of all live births occur before term, and preterm labor preceded approximately 50% of these preterm births . Although the causes of preterm labor are not well understood, the burden of preterm births is clear-preterm births account for approximately 70% of neonatal deaths and 36% of infant deaths as well as 25-50% of cases of long-term neurologic impairment in children ...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Zdenek Rusavy, Jaroslava Karbanova, Magdalena Jansova, Vladimir Kalis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate anal incontinence following mediolateral or lateral episiotomy during a first vaginal delivery. METHODS: The present prospective follow-up study enrolled primiparous patients who underwent vaginal delivery including mediolateral or lateral episiotomy between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2012. Participants completed interviews before delivery, and were given anal-incontinence questionnaires to be returned for analysis at 3 months and 6 months postpartum...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Kent D Heyborne
Spontaneous preterm birth is a syndrome with many causes and thus unresponsive to a single intervention. It logically follows that patients with a prior spontaneous preterm birth are a heterogeneous group unlikely to respond equally to a single preventive intervention such as 17-α hydroxyprogesterone caproate. Further confounding this issue is our fundamental lack of knowledge about the mechanism(s) by which 17-α hydroxyprogesterone caproate reduces preterm birth. Recently, studies demonstrating that responders and nonresponders can be identified based on obstetric history, genotype, physical characteristics, and behavioral factors have begun to provide clues into both 17-α hydroxyprogesterone caproate's mechanism and the pathophysiology of recurrent preterm birth and may allow for more targeted therapy...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
C Gyamfi-Bannerman, G Saade, S C Blackwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Douglas S Ross, Henry B Burch, David S Cooper, M Carol Greenlee, Peter Laurberg, Ana Luiza Maia, Scott A Rivkees, Mary Samuels, Julie Ann Sosa, Marius N Stan, Martin A Walter
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Appropriate treatment requires an accurate diagnosis and is influenced by coexisting medical conditions and patient preference. This document describes evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that would be useful to generalist and subspecialty physicians and others providing care for patients with this condition. METHODS: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) previously cosponsored guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that were published in 2011...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Matteo Morotti, Katy Vincent, Christian M Becker
Pain is the central symptom in endometriosis and often persists despite treatment of the disease. Multiple mechanisms underlie endometriosis-associated pain including nociception, inflammation, and alterations in peripheral and central nervous system pain processing. As also occuring in other chronic conditions, pain in endometriosis is often associated with psychological distress and fatigue, both of which may amplify pain. It is hoped that in the future methods of phenotyping women on the basis of the underlying pain mechanisms will be developed, likely combining a critical evaluation of clinical symptoms and signs with laboratory and imaging tests...
August 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Tetsuya Kawakita, Uma M Reddy, Sara N Iqbal, Helain J Landy, Chun-Chih Huang, Matthew Hoffman, Anthony C Sciscione, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes based on length of the latent phase during induction with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using data from the Consortium of Safe Labor study, including 9,763 nulliparous and 8,379 multiparous women with singleton, term pregnancies undergoing induction at 2 cm dilation or less with rupture of membranes before 6 cm dilation after which the latent phase ended...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sven Kehl, Christel Weiss, Ulf Dammer, Jutta Heimrich, Matthias W Beckmann, Florian Faschingbauer, Marc Sütterlin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of induction of labour using a double-balloon catheter and, if necessary, sequential oral misoprostol without delay after removal of the catheter, in comparison with oral misoprostol alone. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included women undergoing induction of labour with oral misoprostol or double-balloon catheter with sequential oral misoprostol in singleton pregnancies at term. The catheter was placed in the evening and removed when there was no onset of labour within 12h...
September 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Ewelina Rogozińska, Sandra Formina, Javier Zamora, Luciano Mignini, Khalid S Khan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of onsite tests to detect asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin-American Literature from inception until June 2015 without language restrictions. The register database was screened to identify any recently completed studies. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Two independent reviewers selected studies that recruited asymptomatic pregnant women to evaluate the accuracy of onsite tests in detecting the presence of bacteria in the urine using urine culture as a reference standard...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
T Ghi, A Sotiriadis, P Calda, F Da Silva Costa, N Raine-Fenning, Z Alfirevic, G McGillivray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Christopher R McCartney, John C Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Andreas Tsiakkas, Youssef Saiid, Alan Wright, David Wright, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) affects 2-3% of all pregnancies and is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. We have proposed a 2-stage strategy for the identification of pregnancies at high risk of developing PE. The objective of the first stage, at 11-13 weeks' gestation, is a reduction in the prevalence of the disease through pharmacological intervention in the high-risk group. The objective of the second stage, during the second and/or third trimesters, is to improve perinatal outcome through close monitoring of the high-risk group for earlier diagnosis of the clinical signs of the disease and selection of the appropriate, time, place, and method of delivery...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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