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Neonatal Nutrition

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176 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114063/growth-tracking-in-severely-obese-or-underweight-children
#1
Melissa Chambers, Stephanie K Tanamas, Elena J Clark, Diana L Dunnigan, Chirag R Kapadia, Robert L Hanson, Robert G Nelson, William C Knowler, Madhumita Sinha
OBJECTIVES: To illustrate the difficulties in optimal growth monitoring of children with severe obesity or underweight by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2000 age- and sex-specific BMI percentile growth charts. We also aimed to examine the utility of a new modified CDC BMI z score chart to monitor growth in children with normal and extreme BMI percentiles by using real-life clinical scenarios. METHODS: Modified BMI z score charts were created by using the 2000 CDC algorithm...
November 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116304/use-of-a-child-health-surveillance-instrument-focusing-on-growth-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Erika Morganna Neves de Araujo, Marcia Teles de Oliveira Gouveia, Dixis Figueroa Pedraza
BACKGROUND: Proper use of a child health handbook is an important indicator of the quality of care provided to children at healthcare services. This study aimed to evaluate the use of child health surveillance tool (by health professionals?), especially focusing on growth. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study carried out in the context of the Family Health Strategy in two municipalities in Paraíba, Brazil. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-one children under five years of age from areas covered by health workers were included in the study...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064929/highly-concentrated-preterm-formula-as-an-alternative-to-powdered-human-milk-fortifier-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Andrea Willeitner, Michael Anderson, Jami Lewis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess clinical feasibility and tolerance of concentrated preterm formula at 30 kcal/oz (CPF30) to fortify human milk to a caloric density of 24 kcal/oz, compared to conventional powdered human milk fortifier (PHMF). STUDY DESIGN: Very low birth weight neonates were stratified by birth weight and randomized to receive human milk fortification using CPF30 or PHMF. Infants were monitored from first introduction of human milk fortification, until fortified feeds were well tolerated...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346933/summary-on-human-milk-oligosaccharides
#4
Philip M Sherman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017181/vitamin-e-in-the-preterm-infant-a-forgotten-cause-of-hemolytic-anemia
#5
Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Emily Hatfield, Karen Garlitz, Philip M Westgate, Henrietta S Bada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968486/protein-hydrolysate-versus-standard-formula-for-preterm-infants
#6
REVIEW
Derek Hang Cheong Ng, Joel Klassen, Nicholas D Embleton, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: When human milk is not available for feeding preterm infants, protein hydrolysate rather than standard cow's milk formulas (with intact proteins) are often used because they are perceived as being tolerated better and less likely to lead to complications. However, protein hydrolysate formulas are more expensive than standard formulas, and concern exists that their use in practice is not supported by high-quality evidence. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of feeding preterm infants with hydrolysed formula (versus standard cow's milk formulas) on the risk of feed intolerance, necrotising enterocolitis, and other morbidity and mortality in preterm infants...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949953/effects-of-probiotics-on-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Gayatri Athalye-Jape, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
BackgroundMeta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that probiotics decrease the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Many animal RCTs have evaluated probiotics for preventing NEC. We systematically reviewed the literature on this topic.MethodsThe protocol for systematic review of animal intervention studies (SYRCLE) was followed. Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science, e-abstracts from the Pediatric Academic Society meetings, and other neonatal conferences were searched in December 2015 and August 2016...
October 25, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538523/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#8
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult because of feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the relation between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833564/why-haven-t-the-documented-benefits-of-probiotics-on-preterm-babies-led-to-their-wider-acceptance-and-use
#9
EDITORIAL
Constantin R Popescu, Leah T Stiemsma, Pascal M Lavoie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854319/slow-advancement-of-enteral-feed-volumes-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
REVIEW
Sam J Oddie, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of NEC. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full enteral feeding and may be associated with metabolic and infectious morbidities secondary to prolonged exposure to parenteral nutrition...
August 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914455/using-probiotics-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis
#11
EDITORIAL
Thomas R Abrahamsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970323/early-parenteral-amino-acid-intakes-in-preterm-babies-does-neon-light-the-way
#14
EDITORIAL
Nicholas D Embleton, Chris Hp Van Den Akker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617764/oropharyngeal-colostrum-administration-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Yuxia Zhang, Futing Ji, Xiaojing Hu, Yun Cao, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: Studies have confirmed the safety of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum in very low birth weight infants. However, the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on immune system is inconclusive. This study aims to evaluate the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on secretory immunoglobulin A and lactoferrin in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-bedded neonatal ICU in a university children's hospital in the People's Republic of China...
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817095/human-milk-and-allergic-diseases-an-unsolved-puzzle
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Munblit, Diego G Peroni, Alba Boix-Amorós, Peter S Hsu, Belinda Van't Land, Melvin C L Gay, Anastasia Kolotilina, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Robert J Boyle, Maria Carmen Collado, Johan Garssen, Donna T Geddes, Ralph Nanan, Carolyn Slupsky, Ganesa Wegienka, Anita L Kozyrskyj, John O Warner
There is conflicting evidence on the protective role of breastfeeding in relation to the development of allergic sensitisation and allergic disease. Studies vary in methodology and definition of outcomes, which lead to considerable heterogeneity. Human milk composition varies both within and between individuals, which may partially explain conflicting data. It is known that human milk composition is very complex and contains variable levels of immune active molecules, oligosaccharides, metabolites, vitamins and other nutrients and microbial content...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854447/prenatal-therapy-with-magnesium-sulfate-and-its-correlation-with-neonatal-serum-magnesium-concentration
#17
L García Alonso, M Pumarada Prieto, E González Colmenero, A Concheiro Guisán, M Suárez Albo, C Durán Fernández-Feijoo, L González Durán, J R Fernández Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858132/a-retrospective-study-on-the-effects-of-exclusive-donor-human-milk-feeding-in-a-short-period-after-birth-on-morbidity-and-growth-of-preterm-infants-during-hospitalization
#18
Eun Jeong Kim, Na Mi Lee, Sung-Hoon Chung
The risks and benefits of feeding preterm formula (PF) versus donor human milk (DHM) in preterm infants are uncertain, and studies evaluating the efficacy of DHM to the morbidities and growth of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit are confused by the need for milk fortification. We aimed to determine and compare the outcome of short-term morbidities in neonatal intensive care unit and growth between premature infants fed exclusively DHM only until a volume of 130 mL/kg/d of enteral feeding was achieved and infants fed with a PF mix after birth...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857766/glucose-gel-as-a-treatment-strategy-for-transient-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#19
Katherine M Newnam, Marissa Bunch
BACKGROUND: Transient asymptomatic neonatal hypoglycemia (TANH) is common as infants transition from their mother's energy stores to their own. There is little evidence supporting the blood glucose threshold that indicates a need for treatment although sustained hypoglycemia has been correlated with negative neurodevelopmental consequences. Treatment of TANH includes a stepwise approach from supplemental enteral feedings, buccal glucose gel, intravenous dextrose infusion, and/or transfer to special care units including neonatal intensive care units...
August 29, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847871/academic-performance-of-children-born-preterm-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#20
E Sabrina Twilhaar, Jorrit F de Kieviet, Cornelieke Sh Aarnoudse-Moens, Ruurd M van Elburg, Jaap Oosterlaan
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal healthcare have resulted in decreased mortality after preterm birth but have not led to parallel decreases in morbidity. Academic performance provides insight in the outcomes and specific difficulties and needs of preterm children. OBJECTIVE: To study academic performance in preterm children born in the antenatal steroids and surfactant era and possible moderating effects of perinatal and demographic factors. DESIGN: PubMed, Web of Science and PsycINFO were searched for peer-reviewed articles...
August 28, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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