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18 papers 0 to 25 followers
Zheng-Cai Lou, Zi-Han Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Andi L Shane, Rajal K Mody, John A Crump, Phillip I Tarr, Theodore S Steiner, Karen Kotloff, Joanne M Langley, Christine Wanke, Cirle Alcantara Warren, Allen C Cheng, Joseph Cantey, Larry K Pickering
These guidelines are intended for use by healthcare professionals who care for children and adults with suspected or confirmed infectious diarrhea. They are not intended to replace physician judgement regarding specific patients or clinical or public health situations. This document does not provide detailed recommendations on infection prevention and control aspects related to infectious diarrhea.
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Nicos Tournavitis, Xiaofeng Nan, Maksym Borysov, Lothar Paul
Background: High correction bracing is the most effective conservative treatment for patients with scoliosis during growth. Still today braces for the treatment of scoliosis are made by casting patients while computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided manufacturing (CAM) is available with all possibilities to standardize pattern specific brace treatment and improve wearing comfort. Objective: CAD / CAM brace production mainly relies on carving a polyurethane foam model which is the basis for vacuuming a polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) brace...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
Eun Ju Choo, Henry F Chambers
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant cause of health care-associated infections. Vancomycin remains an acceptable treatment option. There has been a welcome increase in the number of agents available for the treatment of MRSA infection. These drugs have certain differentiating attributes and may offer some advantages over vancomycin, but they also have significant limitations. These agents provide some alternative when no other options are available.
December 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
Susumu Tazuma, Michiaki Unno, Yoshinori Igarashi, Kazuo Inui, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Masahiro Kai, Toshio Tsuyuguchi, Hiroyuki Maguchi, Toshiyuki Mori, Koji Yamaguchi, Shomei Ryozawa, Yuji Nimura, Naotaka Fujita, Keiichi Kubota, Junichi Shoda, Masami Tabata, Tetsuya Mine, Kentaro Sugano, Mamoru Watanabe, Tooru Shimosegawa
Cholelithiasis is one of the commonest diseases in gastroenterology. Remarkable improvements in therapeutic modalities for cholelithiasis and its complications are evident. The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology has revised the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for cholelithiasis. Forty-three clinical questions, for four categories-epidemiology and pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis and complications-were selected, and a literature search was performed for the clinical questions with use of the MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi databases for the period between 1983 and June 2012...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
Itzhak Brook
Anaerobes are the most predominant components of the normal human skin and mucous membranes bacterial flora, and are a frequent cause of endogenous bacterial infections. Anaerobic infections can occur in all body locations: the central nervous system, oral cavity, head and neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, skin, and soft tissues. Treatment of anaerobic infection is complicated by their slow growth in culture, by their polymicrobial nature and by their growing resistance to antimicrobials. Antimicrobial therapy is frequently the only form of therapy needed, whereas in others it is an important adjunct to drainage and surgery...
January 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Ralph L Sacco, Gregory A Roth, K Srinath Reddy, Donna K Arnett, Ruth Bonita, Thomas A Gaziano, Paul A Heidenreich, Mark D Huffman, Bongani M Mayosi, Shanthi Mendis, Christopher J L Murray, Pablo Perel, Daniel J Piñeiro, Sidney C Smith, Kathryn A Taubert, David A Wood, Dong Zhao, William A Zoghbi
In 2011, the United Nations set key targets to reach by 2025 to reduce the risk of premature noncommunicable disease death by 25% by 2025. With cardiovascular disease being the largest contributor to global mortality, accounting for nearly half of the 36 million annual noncommunicable disease deaths, achieving the 2025 goal requires that cardiovascular disease and its risk factors be aggressively addressed. The Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce, comprising the World Heart Federation, American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology Foundation, European Heart Network, and European Society of Cardiology, with expanded representation from Asia, Africa, and Latin America, along with global cardiovascular disease experts, disseminates information and approaches to reach the United Nations 2025 targets...
June 2016: Global Heart
Jonathan Martin, Rob George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Palliative Medicine
Anthony Zehetner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Ui-Cheol Jeong, Jae-Heon Sim, Cheol-Yong Kim, Gak Hwang-Bo, Chan-Woo Nam
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exercise to strengthen the muscles of the hip together with lumbar segmental stabilization exercise on the lumbar disability index, lumbar muscle strength, and balance. [Subjects and Methods] This study randomly and equally assigned 40 participants who provided written consent to participate in this study to a lumbar segmental stabilization exercise plus exercise to strengthen the muscles of the gluteus group (SMG + LES group) and a lumbar segmental stabilization exercise group...
December 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Muhammed Ayaz, Sebla Gökçe, Şaziye Senem Başgül
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently occurring mental disorders in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine diagnostic persistence three years after the first clinical evaluation and to investigate the factors relating to diagnostic persistence in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The study included 183 children and adolescents who were evaluated in the first admission. Of 183 children and adolescents, 142 children and adolescents were evaluated in the second admission and only the data of 142 children and adolescents were analysed in the study...
2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Toyosaku Ota, Junzo Iida, Yoko Nakanishi, Yuko Suehiro, Hiroki Matsuura, Mitsuhiro Uratani, Kosuke Okazaki, Naoko Kishimoto, Shohei Tanaka, Hidemi Iwasaka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms can continue through adolescence and adulthood, including difficulty in staying focused, paying attention, and controlling behavior, as well as hyperactivity. While children and adolescents with ADHD have functional impairments at multiple dimensions, there are no objective biological indicators to assess the severity of ADHD. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are widely used as a noninvasive method for evaluating sensory and cognitive processes involved in attention tasks...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
M Noviani, S Wasserman, M E B Clowse
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is known to improve the well-being of a mother and her infant, and about half of all new mothers breastfeed, but it is unknown how breastfeeding is pursued in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; lupus) patients. We sought to determine the rate of breastfeeding and the factors influencing this among women with lupus. In addition, we reassessed the current safety data in lactation of lupus medications. METHODS: Data were collected from lupus patients enrolled in a prospective registry who fulfilled the 2012 SLICC criteria, had a live birth, and for whom postpartum breastfeeding status was known...
August 2016: Lupus
Bruno Levy, Olivier Bastien, Bendjelid Karim, Karim Benjelid, Alain Cariou, Tahar Chouihed, Alain Combes, Alexandre Mebazaa, Bruno Megarbane, Patrick Plaisance, Alexandre Ouattara, Christian Spaulding, Christian Splaulding, Jean-Louis Teboul, Fabrice Vanhuyse, Thierry Boulain, Kaldoun Kuteifan
Unlike for septic shock, there are no specific international recommendations regarding the management of cardiogenic shock (CS) in critically ill patients. We present herein recommendations for the management of cardiogenic shock in adults, developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF)), with the participation the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Cardiology Society (SFC), the French Emergency Medicine Society (SFMU), and the French Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SFCTCV)...
December 2015: Annals of Intensive Care
Y Tony Yang, Ross D Silverman
If a state allows parents to obtain religious exemptions from vaccination requirements for school entry, can it temporarily exclude unvaccinated children from school during an outbreak of a vaccine-preventable illness without violating the family's constitutional rights? If parents refuse to..
April 16, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Linda Tran, Angela Zielinski, Arpi H Roach, Jennifer A Jende, Ann Marie Householder, Emily E Cole, Shuruq A Atway, Melinda Amornyard, Mallory L Accursi, Suzanna W Shieh, Erin E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To review the oral and injectable pharmacologic treatment options for type 2 diabetes. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using PubMed electronic database for studies published in English between 1993 and September 2014. Search terms included diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes, and the individual name for each antidiabetic medication reviewed. In addition, manual searches were performed for cross-references from publications. Package inserts, United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Web site, Institute for Safe Medication Practices Web site, American Diabetes Association Web site and scientific session poster presentations, and individual drug company Web pages were also reviewed...
June 2015: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Guilermo E Umpierez
Many patients admitted to the hospital have diabetes mellitus-diagnosed or undiagnosed-and others develop hyperglycemia from the stress of hospitalization. This paper discusses the prevalence, outcomes, and evidence for best management of hyperglycemia and diabetes in hospitalized patients outside the critical care setting.
June 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
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