collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Articulos de revision

shared collection
51 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573092/umbilical-cord-care-in-the-newborn-infant
#1
Dan Stewart, William Benitz
Postpartum infections remain a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A high percentage of these infections may stem from bacterial colonization of the umbilicus, because cord care practices vary in reflection of cultural traditions within communities and disparities in health care practices globally. After birth, the devitalized umbilical cord often proves to be an ideal substrate for bacterial growth and also provides direct access to the bloodstream of the neonate. Bacterial colonization of the cord not infrequently leads to omphalitis and associated thrombophlebitis, cellulitis, or necrotizing fasciitis...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654000/guidelines-for-the-management-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fourth-edition
#2
Nancy Carney, Annette M Totten, Cindy OʼReilly, Jamie S Ullman, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Michael J Bell, Susan L Bratton, Randall Chesnut, Odette A Harris, Niranjan Kissoon, Andres M Rubiano, Lori Shutter, Robert C Tasker, Monica S Vavilala, Jack Wilberger, David W Wright, Jamshid Ghajar
: The scope and purpose of this work is 2-fold: to synthesize the available evidence and to translate it into recommendations. This document provides recommendations only when there is evidence to support them. As such, they do not constitute a complete protocol for clinical use. Our intention is that these recommendations be used by others to develop treatment protocols, which necessarily need to incorporate consensus and clinical judgment in areas where current evidence is lacking or insufficient...
September 20, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15121972/diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-otitis-media
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
This evidence-based clinical practice guideline provides recommendations to primary care clinicians for the management of children from 2 months through 12 years of age with uncomplicated acute otitis media (AOM). The American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians convened a committee composed of primary care physicians and experts in the fields of otolaryngology, epidemiology, and infectious disease. The subcommittee partnered with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Southern California Evidence-Based Practice Center to develop a comprehensive review of the evidence-based literature related to AOM...
May 2004: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321363/antibiotic-duration-and-timing-of-the-switch-from-intravenous-to-oral-route-for-bacterial-infections-in-children-systematic-review-and-guidelines
#4
REVIEW
Brendan J McMullan, David Andresen, Christopher C Blyth, Minyon L Avent, Asha C Bowen, Philip N Britton, Julia E Clark, Celia M Cooper, Nigel Curtis, Emma Goeman, Briony Hazelton, Gabrielle M Haeusler, Ameneh Khatami, James P Newcombe, Joshua Osowicki, Pamela Palasanthiran, Mike Starr, Tony Lai, Clare Nourse, Joshua R Francis, David Isaacs, Penelope A Bryant
Few studies are available to inform duration of intravenous antibiotics for children and when it is safe and appropriate to switch to oral antibiotics. We have systematically reviewed antibiotic duration and timing of intravenous to oral switch for 36 paediatric infectious diseases and developed evidence-graded recommendations on the basis of the review, guidelines, and expert consensus. We searched databases and obtained information from references identified and relevant guidelines. All eligible studies were assessed for quality...
August 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325300/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-2015
#5
REVIEW
Katsuhiko Iwakiri, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Yasuki Habu, Tadayuki Oshima, Noriaki Manabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Akihito Nagahara, Osamu Kawamura, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Soji Ozawa, Kiyoshi Ashida, Shuichi Ohara, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Kyoichi Adachi, Kazuhide Higuchi, Hiroto Miwa, Kazuma Fujimoto, Motoyasu Kusano, Yoshio Hoshihara, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Ken Haruma, Michio Hongo, Kentaro Sugano, Mamoru Watanabe, Tooru Shimosegawa
As an increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been reported in Japan, and public interest in GERD has been increasing, the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology published the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for GERD (1st edition) in 2009. Six years have passed since its publication, and there have been a large number of reports in Japan concerning the epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, and Barrett's esophagus during this period. By incorporating the contents of these reports, the guidelines were completely revised, and a new edition was published in October 2015...
August 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442207/gastroenterological-endpoints-in-drug-trials-for-cystic-fibrosis
#6
Frank A J A Bodewes, Henkjan J Verkade, Micheal Wilschanski
The phenotype of cystic fibrosis includes a wide variety of clinical and biochemical gastrointestinal presentations. These gastrointestinal characteristics of the disease have come under renewed interest as potential outcome measures and clinical endpoints for therapeutic trials in cystic fibrosis. Established gastrointestinal clinical endpoints, like e.g. fecal elastase-1, are already used in trials. Other potential gastrointestinal outcome measures gather more scientific interest for evaluation in future trials...
July 21, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184564/advances-in-antibiotic-therapy-in-the-critically-ill
#7
REVIEW
Jean-Louis Vincent, Matteo Bassetti, Bruno François, George Karam, Jean Chastre, Antoni Torres, Jason A Roberts, Fabio S Taccone, Jordi Rello, Thierry Calandra, Daniel De Backer, Tobias Welte, Massimo Antonelli
Infections occur frequently in critically ill patients and their management can be challenging for various reasons, including delayed diagnosis, difficulties identifying causative microorganisms, and the high prevalence of antibiotic-resistant strains. In this review, we briefly discuss the importance of early infection diagnosis, before considering in more detail some of the key issues related to antibiotic management in these patients, including controversies surrounding use of combination or monotherapy, duration of therapy, and de-escalation...
May 17, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400909/treatment-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-with-prone-positioning
#8
Eric L Scholten, Jeremy R Beitler, G Kim Prisk, Atul Malhotra
Prone positioning was first proposed in the 1970s as a method to improve gas exchange in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Subsequent observations of dramatic improvement in oxygenation with simple patient rotation motivated the next several decades of research. This work elucidated the physiology mechanisms underlying changes in gas exchange and respiratory mechanics with prone ventilation. However, translating physiological improvements into a clinical benefit has proven challenging; several contemporary trials showed no major clinical benefits with proning...
July 8, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23984731/severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#9
REVIEW
Derek C Angus, Tom van der Poll
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 369, Issue 9, Page 840-851, August 2013.
August 29, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26408108/how-we-diagnose-and-treat-iron-deficiency-anemia
#10
REVIEW
Michael Auerbach, John W Adamson
It is estimated that one-third of the world's population is anemic, the majority being due to iron deficiency (ID). In adults, ID is associated with fatigue in the absence of anemia, restless legs syndrome, pica and, in neonates, delayed growth and development. In adolescents, ID is associated with decrements in learning and behavioral abnormalities. In the absence of a clear cause, search for a source of bleeding is indicated. No single test is diagnostic of ID unless the serum ferritin is low or the percent transferrin saturation is low with an elevated total iron binding capacity...
January 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26948435/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Hugh J Willison, Bart C Jacobs, Pieter A van Doorn
Guillain-Barré syndrome is the most common and most severe acute paralytic neuropathy, with about 100,000 people developing the disorder every year worldwide. Under the umbrella term of Guillain-Barré syndrome are several recognisable variants with distinct clinical and pathological features. The severe, generalised manifestation of Guillain-Barré syndrome with respiratory failure affects 20-30% of cases. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin or plasma exchange is the optimal management approach, alongside supportive care...
August 13, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25642312/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-autoimmune-neutropenia-in-children-insights-for-clinicians
#12
REVIEW
Piero Farruggia, Carlo Dufour
Autoimmune neutropenia of infancy (AIN), also called primary autoimmune neutropenia, is a disease in which antibodies recognize membrane antigens of neutrophils, mostly located on immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc receptor type 3b (FcγIIIb receptor), causing their peripheral destruction. It is the most frequent type of neutropenia in children under 3-4 years of age and in most cases shows a benign, self-limited course. The diagnosis is based on evidence of indirect antineutrophil antibodies, whose detection frequently remains difficult...
February 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819490/clinical-applications-of-hemolytic-markers-in-the-differential-diagnosis-and-management-of-hemolytic-anemia
#13
REVIEW
W Barcellini, B Fattizzo
Several hemolytic markers are available to guide the differential diagnosis and to monitor treatment of hemolytic conditions. They include increased reticulocytes, an indicator of marrow compensatory response, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, a marker of intravascular hemolysis, reduced haptoglobin, and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. The direct antiglobulin test is the cornerstone of autoimmune forms, and blood smear examination is fundamental in the diagnosis of congenital membrane defects and thrombotic microangiopathies...
2015: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970490/pathogenesis-of-anca-associated-vasculitis-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Pierre-André Jarrot, Gilles Kaplanski
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) constitutes a group of rare diseases characterized by necrotizing inflammation of small blood vessels and the presence of ANCA. Although these autoantibodies were initially used to classify pauci-immune vasculitis, increasing clinical and experimental evidence now supports their pathogenic role, mainly through ANCA-induced activation of primed neutrophils and monocytes leading to destructive vascular necrosis. The mechanisms of ANCA generation remain however unclear...
July 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997926/hypertonic-saline-for-the-treatment-of-bronchiolitis-in-infants-and-young-children-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Jeffrey Baron, Gladys El-Chaar
Bronchiolitis, an infection of the lower respiratory tract, is the leading cause of infant and child hospitalization in the United States. Therapeutic options for management of bronchiolitis are limited. Hypertonic saline inhalation therapy has been studied in numerous clinical trials with mixed results. In 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published updated guidelines on the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis, which include new recommendations on the use of hypertonic saline. We reviewed all published clinical trials mentioned in the 2014 AAP guidelines, as well as additional trials published since the guidelines, and critically evaluated each trial to determine efficacy, safety, and expectations of hypertonic saline inhalation therapy...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25241092/infantile-and-congenital-hemangiomas
#16
REVIEW
Marilyn G Liang, Ilona J Frieden
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Since they predominantly involute without significant residua, the majority do not require treatment. Indications for intervention include ulceration, prevention of disfigurement, and impairment of function or vital structures. Some IHs have associated structural anomalies. When and which IH to treat requires knowledge of the natural history and clinical findings of increased risk. Congenital hemangiomas (CHs) are fully formed at birth...
August 2014: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25646670/algorithms-for-managing-infant-constipation-colic-regurgitation-and-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-formula-fed-infants
#17
REVIEW
Y Vandenplas, P Alarcon, P Alliet, E De Greef, N De Ronne, I Hoffman, M Van Winckel, B Hauser
UNLABELLED: Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as constipation, regurgitation and infant colic, occur in about half of infants. These symptoms are often functional, but they may also be caused by cow's milk protein allergy. We developed three algorithms for formula-fed infants, which are consensus rather than evidence-based due to the limited research available in the existing literature. CONCLUSION: We believe that these algorithms will help primary healthcare practitioners to recognise and manage these frequent gastrointestinal manifestations in infants...
May 2015: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25853460/mandatory-naptimes-in-child-care-and-children-s-nighttime-sleep
#18
Sally L Staton, Simon S Smith, Cassandra L Pattinson, Karen J Thorpe
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between mandatory naptimes in child care and children's nighttime sleep duration, both concurrently and 12 months later once in school. METHODS: A sample of 168 children (50-72 months; 55% males) attending licensed child care centers were observed across their morning and throughout their scheduled naptime. Mandatory naptime was determined as the period in which children were not permitted any alternative activity except lying on their bed...
May 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908688/pediatric-pes-planus-a-state-of-the-art-review
#19
REVIEW
James B Carr, Scott Yang, Leigh Ann Lather
Flatfoot (pes planus) is common in infants and children and often resolves by adolescence. Thus, flatfoot is described as physiologic because it is usually flexible, painless, and of no functional consequence. In rare instances, flatfoot can become painful or rigid, which may be a sign of underlying foot pathology, including arthritis or tarsal coalition. Despite its prevalence, there is no standard definition for pediatric flatfoot. Furthermore, there are no large, prospective studies that compare the natural history of idiopathic, flexible flat feet throughout development in response to various treatments...
March 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26581358/lactobacillus-acidophilus-mixture-in-treatment-of-children-hospitalized-with-acute-diarrhea
#20
Jamie M Pinto, Anna Petrova
Despite unproven effectiveness, Lactobacillus acidophilus is a widely used probiotic in the treatment of pediatric diarrhea. In this report, we evaluated the association between length of stay (LOS) for 290 young children hospitalized with acute diarrhea and adjuvant therapy with a probiotic mixture containing 80% L acidophilus that was included in treatment for 22.4% of them. Overall, no association between LOS and use of L acidophilus was recorded after controlling for age, length of diarrhea symptoms, duration of intravenous fluids, and prior exposure to antibiotic...
November 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
label_collection
label_collection
6382
1
2
2016-04-07 17:59:39
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"