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Neuromyelitis 2016

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
By EFRAIN PAEZ Internal Medicine since 1988. Interested in all aspects of Medicine.
Edson Hernán Chiganer, Javier Pablo Hryb, Edgar Carnero Contentti
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects multiple systems. Myelopathy is one of 19 neuropsychiatric syndromes related to SLE defined by the American College of Rheumatology. Although infrequent, it is a severe manifestation, leading to motor and sensory deficits, and sphincter dysfunction. The pathogenesis is not clearly known, but may be related to arterial thrombosis and vasculitis. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, laboratory tests and the use of gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging...
August 23, 2016: ReumatologĂ­a Clinica
Joanna Kitley, Jackie Palace
Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system that manifests predominantly with attacks of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis; attacks are often severe. In contrast to multiple sclerosis, a secondary progressive phase is rare, and disability in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders is related to relapses. Thus, prompt and effective treatment of relapses, and early initiation of long-term immunosuppression to prevent subsequent attacks is required in order to prevent morbidity and mortality...
2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
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