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Internal Medicine Collection

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240 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Juan David Plata Internist - Infectious Disease Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364357/treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-dka-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-state-hhs-novel-advances-in-the-management-of-hyperglycemic-crises-uk-versus-usa
#1
REVIEW
Ketan K Dhatariya, Priyathama Vellanki
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are diabetic emergencies that cause high morbidity and mortality. Their treatment differs in the UK and USA. This review delineates the differences in diagnosis and treatment between the two countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Large-scale studies to determine optimal management of DKA and HHS are lacking. The diagnosis of DKA is based on disease severity in the USA, which differs from the UK...
May 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369197/risk-of-acute-coronary-heart-disease-after-sepsis-hospitalization-in-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-cohort
#2
Henry E Wang, Justin X Moore, John P Donnelly, Emily B Levitan, Monika M Safford
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is associated with long-term health consequences. We sought to determine the long-term risks of acute and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) events after sepsis hospitalizations among community dwelling adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from 30,329 participants in the population-based Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. Sepsis events included hospitalizations for a serious infection with ≥2 systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426440/the-impact-of-couple-hiv-testing-and-counseling-on-consistent-condom-use-among-pregnant-women-and-their-male-partners-an-observational-study
#3
Nora E Rosenberg, Lauren A Graybill, Austin Wesevich, Nuala McGrath, Carol E Golin, Suzanne Maman, Nivedita Bhushan, Mercy Tsidya, Limbikani Chimndozi, Irving F Hoffman, Mina C Hosseinipour, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa couple HIV testing and counseling (CHTC) has been associated with substantial increases in safe sex, especially when at least one partner is HIV-infected. However, this relationship has not been characterized in an Option B+ context. SETTING: The study was conducted at the antenatal clinic at Bwaila District Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi in 2016 under an Option B+ program. METHODS: Ninety heterosexual couples with an HIV-infected pregnant woman (female-positive couples) and 47 couples with an HIV-uninfected pregnant woman (female-negative couples) were enrolled in an observational study...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413064/systemic-sclerosis
#4
REVIEW
Christopher P Denton, Dinesh Khanna
Systemic sclerosis, also called scleroderma, is an immune-mediated rheumatic disease that is characterised by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs and vasculopathy. Although systemic sclerosis is uncommon, it has a high morbidity and mortality. Improved understanding of systemic sclerosis has allowed better management of the disease, including improved classification and more systematic assessment and follow-up. Additionally, treatments for specific complications have emerged and a growing evidence base supports the use of immune suppression for the treatment of skin and lung fibrosis...
April 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159126/association-of-environmental-contamination-in-the-home-with-the-risk-for-recurrent-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#5
Justin Knox, Sean B Sullivan, Julia Urena, Maureen Miller, Peter Vavagiakis, Qiuhu Shi, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Franklin D Lowy
IMPORTANCE: The role of environmental contamination in recurrent Staphylococcus aureus infections within households and its potential effect on intervention strategies has been debated recently. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether household environmental contamination increases the risk for recurrent infection among individuals with a community-associated methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) infection. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was conducted from November 1, 2011, to June 30, 2014, in the Columbia University Medical Center catchment area...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366227/fast-renal-decline-to-end-stage-renal-disease-an-unrecognized-feature-of-nephropathy-in-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Andrzej S Krolewski, Jan Skupien, Peter Rossing, James H Warram
A new model of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes emerged from our studies of Joslin Clinic patients. The dominant feature is progressive renal decline, not albuminuria. This decline is a unidirectional process commencing while patients have normal renal function and, in the majority, progressing steadily (linearly) to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). While an individual's rate of renal decline is constant, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) slope varies widely among individuals from -72 to -3...
June 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298398/management-of-copd-exacerbations-a%C3%A2-european-respiratory-society-american-thoracic-society-guideline
#7
Jadwiga A Wedzicha, Marc Miravitlles, John R Hurst, Peter M A Calverley, Richard K Albert, Antonio Anzueto, Gerard J Criner, Alberto Papi, Klaus F Rabe, David Rigau, Pawel Sliwinski, Thomy Tonia, Jørgen Vestbo, Kevin C Wilson, Jerry A Krishnan
This document provides clinical recommendations for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations.Comprehensive evidence syntheses, including meta-analyses, were performed to summarise all available evidence relevant to the Task Force's questions. The evidence was appraised using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach and the results were summarised in evidence profiles. The evidence syntheses were discussed and recommendations formulated by a multidisciplinary Task Force of COPD experts...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320807/inferior-st-elevation-on-the-ecg-what-is-the-diagnosis
#8
Andrei D Mărgulescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390698/target-blood-pressure-in-patients-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Thomas Kahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242845/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#10
Avi Z Rosenberg, Jeffrey B Kopp
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a leading cause of kidney disease worldwide. The presumed etiology of primary FSGS is a plasma factor with responsiveness to immunosuppressive therapy and a risk of recurrence after kidney transplant-important disease characteristics. In contrast, adaptive FSGS is associated with excessive nephron workload due to increased body size, reduced nephron capacity, or single glomerular hyperfiltration associated with certain diseases. Additional etiologies are now recognized as drivers of FSGS: high-penetrance genetic FSGS due to mutations in one of nearly 40 genes, virus-associated FSGS, and medication-associated FSGS...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325798/management-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-in-older-adults
#11
Guillermo E Umpierrez, Francisco J Pasquel
Adults aged 65 years and older are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and their number is expected to double to 89 million between 2010 and 2050. The prevalence of diabetes in hospitalized adults aged 65-75 years and over 80 years of age has been estimated to be 20% and 40%, respectively. Similar to general populations, the presence of hyperglycemia and diabetes in elderly patients is associated with increased risk of hospital complications, longer length of stay, and increased mortality compared with subjects with normoglycemia...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233512/tuberculosis-associated-with-hiv-infection
#12
Jeffrey A Tornheim, Kelly E Dooley
Tuberculosis (TB) has recently surpassed HIV as the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, but the two diseases continue to display lethal synergy. The burden of TB is disproportionately borne by people living with HIV, particularly where HIV and poverty coexist. The impact of these diseases on one another is bidirectional, with HIV increasing risk of TB infection and disease progression and TB slowing CD4 recovery and increasing progression to AIDS and death among the HIV infected. Both antiretroviral therapy (ART) and latent TB infection (LTBI) treatment mitigate the impact of coinfection, and ART is now recommended for HIV-infected patients independent of CD4 count...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560278/rhythm-control-in-atrial-fibrillation
#13
REVIEW
Jonathan P Piccini, Laurent Fauchier
Many patients with atrial fibrillation have substantial symptoms despite ventricular rate control and require restoration of sinus rhythm to improve their quality of life. Acute restoration (ie, cardioversion) and maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation are referred to as rhythm control. The decision to pursue rhythm control is based on symptoms, the type of atrial fibrillation (paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent), patient comorbidities, general health status, and anticoagulation status...
August 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114143/electrolyte-and-acid-base-disorders-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-kidney-failure
#14
REVIEW
Tsering Dhondup, Qi Qian
The kidneys play a pivotal role in the regulation of electrolyte and acid-base balance. With progressive loss of kidney function, derangements in electrolytes and acid-base inevitably occur and contribute to poor patient outcomes. As chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide epidemic, medical providers are increasingly confronted with such problems. Adequate diagnosis and treatment will minimize complications and can potentially be lifesaving. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the disease process, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment strategies, integrating up-to-date knowledge in the field...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135725/pharmacologic-treatment-of-hypertension-in-adults-aged-60-years-or-older-to-higher-versus-lower-blood-pressure-targets-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians-and-the-american-academy-of-family-physicians
#15
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert Rich, Linda L Humphrey, Jennifer Frost, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) jointly developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations based on the benefits and harms of higher versus lower blood pressure targets for the treatment of hypertension in adults aged 60 years or older. Methods: This guideline is based on a systematic review of published randomized, controlled trials for primary outcomes and observational studies for harms only (identified through EMBASE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, and ClinicalTrials...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315732/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#16
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298458/2017-aha-acc-focused-update-of-the-2014-aha-acc-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines
#17
REVIEW
Rick A Nishimura, Catherine M Otto, Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello, John P Erwin, Lee A Fleisher, Hani Jneid, Michael J Mack, Christopher J McLeod, Patrick T O'Gara, Vera H Rigolin, Thoralf M Sundt, Annemarie Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322716/bartonella-associated-transverse-myelitis
#18
Parham Sendi, Cedric Hirzel, Andreas Bloch, Urs Fischer, Natalie Jeannet, Livia Berlinger, Heinz Krestel
Each year in the United States, 500 patients are hospitalized for cat-scratch disease, caused by Bartonella henselae infection. We report a case of rare but serious neurologic B. henselae infection. When typical features of cat-scratch disease occur with neurologic findings, Bartonella infection should be suspected and diagnostic testing should be performed.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176894/autoimmune-hepatitis-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#19
REVIEW
Yoshio Aizawa, Atsushi Hokari
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic progressive liver disease characterized by high levels of aminotransferases and autoantibodies, hypergammaglobulinemia, and interface hepatitis. AIH affects all races and all ages worldwide, regardless of sex, although a preponderance of females is a constant finding. The etiology of AIH has not been completely elucidated, but immunogenetic background and environmental parameters may contribute to its development. The most important genetic factor is human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), especially HLA-DR, whereas the role of environmental factors is not completely understood...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286222/2017-acc-aha-hrs-guideline-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-patients-with-syncope-executive-summary-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-the-heart-rhythm-society
#20
Win-Kuang Shen, Robert S Sheldon, David G Benditt, Mitchell I Cohen, Daniel E Forman, Zachary D Goldberger, Blair P Grubb, Mohamed H Hamdan, Andrew D Krahn, Mark S Link, Brian Olshansky, Satish R Raj, Roopinder Kaur Sandhu, Dan Sorajja, Benjamin C Sun, Clyde W Yancy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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