collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious diseases

shared collection
58 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Neil Fernandes Pediatric resident currently pediatric critical care fellow next!
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437127/kawasaki-disease
#1
Mary Beth F Son, Jane W Newburger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437883/cerebrospinal-fluid-reference-values-for-young-infants-undergoing-lumbar-puncture
#2
Joanna Thomson, Heidi Sucharew, Andrea T Cruz, Lise E Nigrovic, Stephen B Freedman, Aris C Garro, Fran Balamuth, Rakesh D Mistry, Joseph L Arms, Paul T Ishimine, Dina M Kulik, Mark I Neuman, Samir S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To determine age-specific reference values and quantify age-related changes for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) counts and protein and glucose concentrations in infants ≤60 days of age. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study included infants ≤60 days old with CSF cultures and complete CSF profiles obtained within 24 hours of presentation. Those with conditions suspected or known to cause abnormal CSF parameters (eg, meningitis) and those with a hospital length of stay of >72 hours were excluded...
February 2, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394222/hyperchloremia-is-associated-with-complicated-course-and-mortality-in-pediatric-patients-with-septic-shock
#3
Erin K Stenson, Natalie Z Cvijanovich, Nick Anas, Geoffrey L Allen, Neal J Thomas, Michael T Bigham, Scott L Weiss, Julie C Fitzgerald, Paul A Checchia, Keith Meyer, Michael Quasney, Mark Hall, Rainer Gedeit, Robert J Freishtat, Jeffrey Nowak, Shekhar S Raj, Shira Gertz, Jocelyn R Grunwell, Hector R Wong
OBJECTIVE: Hyperchloremia is associated with poor outcome among critically ill adults, but it is unknown if a similar association exists among critically ill children. We determined if hyperchloremia is associated with poor outcomes in children with septic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a pediatric septic shock database. SETTING: Twenty-nine PICUs in the United States. PATIENTS: Eight hundred ninety children 10 years and younger with septic shock...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168046/procalcitonin-guided-antibiotic-therapy-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Hui-Bin Huang, Jin-Min Peng, Li Weng, Chun-Yao Wang, Wei Jiang, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentration is used to guide antibiotic decisions in choice, timing, and duration of anti-infection therapy to avoid antibiotic overuse. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to seek evidence of different PCT-guided antimicrobial strategies for critically ill patients in terms of predefined clinical outcomes. METHODS: We searched for relevant studies in PubMed, Embase, Web of Knowledge, and the Cochrane Library up to 25 February 2017...
November 22, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339563/the-diagnosis-of-uti-colony-count-criteria-revisited
#5
Kenneth B Roberts, Ellen R Wald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349388/pfapa-syndrome-a-review-on-treatment-and-outcome
#6
REVIEW
Federica Vanoni, Katerina Theodoropoulou, Michaël Hofer
The syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA syndrome) is the most common cause of periodic fever in childhood. The current pharmacological treatment includes corticosteroids, which usually are efficacious in the management of fever episodes, colchicine, for the prophylaxis of febrile episodes, and other medication for which efficacy has not been proven so far. Tonsillectomy is an option for selected patients. Usually PFAPA syndrome resolves during adolescence, but there is increasing evidence that this condition may persist into adulthood...
June 27, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658197/hydrocortisone-therapy-in-catecholamine-resistant-pediatric-septic-shock-a-pragmatic-analysis-of-clinician-practice-and-association-with-outcomes
#7
Blake Nichols, Sherri Kubis, Jennifer Hewlett, Nadir Yehya, Vijay Srinivasan
OBJECTIVES: The 2012 Surviving Sepsis Campaign pediatric guidelines recommend stress dose hydrocortisone in children experiencing catecholamine-dependent septic shock with suspected or proven absolute adrenal insufficiency. We evaluated whether stress dose hydrocortisone therapy in children with catecholamine dependent septic shock correlated with random serum total cortisol levels and was associated with improved outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Non-cardiac PICU...
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681079/urinary-tract-infection-in-small-children-the-evolution-of-renal-damage-over-time
#8
Svante Swerkersson, Ulf Jodal, Rune Sixt, Eira Stokland, Sverker Hansson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to analyze the evolution of kidney damage over time in small children with urinary tract infection (UTI) and factors associated with progression of renal damage. METHODS: From a cohort of 1003 children <2 years of age with first-time UTI, a retrospective analysis of 103 children was done. Children were selected because of renal damage at index 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy at least 3 months after UTI, and a late DMSA scan was performed after at least 2 years...
July 5, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351429/corticosteroids-in-septic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Ben Gibbison, José A López-López, Julian P T Higgins, Tom Miller, Gianni D Angelini, Stafford L Lightman, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND: Multiple corticosteroids and treatment regimens have been used as adjuncts in the treatment of septic shock. Qualitative and quantitative differences exist at cellular and tissular levels between the different drugs and their patterns of delivery. The objective of this study was to elucidate any differences between the drugs and their treatment regimens regarding outcomes for corticosteroid use in adult patients with septic shock. METHODS: Network meta-analysis of the data used for the recently conducted Cochrane review was performed...
March 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642139/clinical-characteristics-and-epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-the-era-of-multi-drug-resistant-organisms-a-retrospective-review
#10
Dawood Yusef, Tala Shalakhti, Samah Awad, Hana'a Algharaibeh, Wasim Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) remains one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality, especially for preterm newborns. Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging as important pathogens that cause neonatal sepsis in NICU. Therefore, studying the epidemiology, clinical features, and outcome caused by MDROs vs. non-MDROs, and identifying risk factors that may predispose patients to sepsis by MDROs are important. METHODS: Episodes of blood culture-proven sepsis (age: 0-90 days) in the NICU at our institution from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798546/evaluation-of-early-corticosteroid-therapy-in-management-of-pediatric-septic-shock-in-pediatric-intensive-care-patients-a-randomized-clinical-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ahmed El-Nawawy, Doaa Khater, Heba Omar, Yasser Wali
BACKGROUND: Septic shock is a major healthcare problem. Adrenal insufficiency (AI) in children with septic shock is a recognized complication, yet is controversial regarding its management and effect on mortality. According to the current guidelines, children with risk factors for AI should receive a stress dose of steroids in step 3 of treatment. This study aimed to evaluate and compare early corticosteroid therapy with the traditional use of steroids among pediatric septic shock patients...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434651/neonatal-sepsis
#12
REVIEW
Andi L Shane, Pablo J Sánchez, Barbara J Stoll
Neonatal sepsis is the cause of substantial morbidity and mortality. Precise estimates of neonatal sepsis burden vary by setting. Differing estimates of disease burden have been reported from high-income countries compared with reports from low-income and middle-income countries. The clinical manifestations range from subclinical infection to severe manifestations of focal or systemic disease. The source of the pathogen might be attributed to an in-utero infection, acquisition from maternal flora, or postnatal acquisition from the hospital or community...
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22405251/efficacy-of-immunoglobulin-plus-prednisolone-for-prevention-of-coronary-artery-abnormalities-in-severe-kawasaki-disease-raise-study-a-randomised-open-label-blinded-endpoints-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tohru Kobayashi, Tsutomu Saji, Tetsuya Otani, Kazuo Takeuchi, Tetsuya Nakamura, Hirokazu Arakawa, Taichi Kato, Toshiro Hara, Kenji Hamaoka, Shunichi Ogawa, Masaru Miura, Yuichi Nomura, Shigeto Fuse, Fukiko Ichida, Mitsuru Seki, Ryuji Fukazawa, Chitose Ogawa, Kenji Furuno, Hirohide Tokunaga, Shinichi Takatsuki, Shinya Hara, Akihiro Morikawa
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that corticosteroid therapy might be beneficial for the primary treatment of severe Kawasaki disease. We assessed whether addition of prednisolone to intravenous immunoglobulin with aspirin would reduce the incidence of coronary artery abnormalities in patients with severe Kawasaki disease. METHODS: We did a multicentre, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded-endpoints trial at 74 hospitals in Japan between Sept 29, 2008, and Dec 2, 2010...
April 28, 2012: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356445/diagnosis-treatment-and-long-term-management-of-kawasaki-disease-a-scientific-statement-for-health-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Brian W McCrindle, Anne H Rowley, Jane W Newburger, Jane C Burns, Anne F Bolger, Michael Gewitz, Annette L Baker, Mary Anne Jackson, Masato Takahashi, Pinak B Shah, Tohru Kobayashi, Mei-Hwan Wu, Tsutomu T Saji, Elfriede Pahl
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis of childhood that leads to coronary artery aneurysms in ≈25% of untreated cases. It has been reported worldwide and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: To revise the previous American Heart Association guidelines, a multidisciplinary writing group of experts was convened to review and appraise available evidence and practice-based opinion, as well as to provide updated recommendations for diagnosis, treatment of the acute illness, and long-term management...
April 25, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235797/inhaled-corticosteroids-and-respiratory-infections-in-children-with-asthma-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Cristine Cazeiro, Cristina Silva, Susana Mayer, Vanessa Mariany, Claire Elizabeth Wainwright, Linjie Zhang
CONTEXT: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in adult patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between ICS use and risk of pneumonia and other respiratory infections in children with asthma. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed from inception until May 2015. We also searched clinicaltrials.gov and databases of pharmaceutical manufacturers. STUDY SELECTION: We selected randomized trials that compared ICS with placebo for at least 4 weeks in children with asthma...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050897/fluid-resuscitation-in-human-sepsis-time-to-rewrite-history
#16
REVIEW
Liam Byrne, Frank Van Haren
Fluid resuscitation continues to be recommended as the first-line resuscitative therapy for all patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. The current acceptance of the therapy is based in part on long history and familiarity with its use in the resuscitation of other forms of shock, as well as on an incomplete and incorrect understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis. Recently, the safety of intravenous fluids in patients with sepsis has been called into question with both prospective and observational data suggesting improved outcomes with less fluid or no fluid...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248796/how-to-predict-oral-rehydration-failure-in-children-with-gastroenteritis
#17
Dorien Geurts, Ewout W Steyerberg, Henriëtte Moll, Rianne Oostenbrink
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehydration is the standard in most current guidelines for young children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). Failure of oral rehydration can complicate the disease course, leading to morbidity due to severe dehydration. We aimed to identify prognostic factors of oral rehydration failure in children with AGE. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed at the Emergency department, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2010-2012, including 802 previously healthy children, ages 1 month to 5 years with AGE...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25569020/the-role-of-tonsillectomy-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorders-associated-with-streptococcal-infections-pandas
#18
Daniel Demesh, Jordan M Virbalas, John P Bent
IMPORTANCE: Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) in children describes neuropsychiatric symptom exacerbations that relate temporally to streptococcal infections. Recent case reports suggest tonsillectomy may effectively reduce these symptoms; however, no consensus treatment guidelines exist. This study examines whether tonsillectomy improves neuropsychiatric symptoms in children with PANDAS who have incomplete response to antibiotic therapy...
March 2015: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099222/a-users-guide-to-the-2016-surviving-sepsis-guidelines
#19
R Phillip Dellinger, Christa A Schorr, Mitchell M Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940788/urine-concentration-and-pyuria-for-identifying-uti-in-infants
#20
Pradip P Chaudhari, Michael C Monuteaux, Richard G Bachur
BACKGROUND: Varying urine white blood cell (WBC) thresholds have been recommended for the presumptive diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) among young infants. These thresholds have not been studied with newer automated urinalysis systems that analyze uncentrifuged urine that might be influenced by urine concentration. Our objective was to determine the optimal urine WBC threshold for UTI in young infants by using an automated urinalysis system, stratified by urine concentration...
November 2016: Pediatrics
label_collection
label_collection
6359
1
2
2017-02-02 19:48:44
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"