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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109705/renal-function-in-the-fetus-and-neonate-the-creatinine-enigma
#1
REVIEW
Justin T Kastl
The use of serum creatinine levels to estimate glomerular function in infants is admittedly fraught with inherent inaccuracies which are both physiological and methodological in nature. This characteristic can understandably reduce the neonatal clinician's confidence in the ability of serum creatinine levels to provide useful information relevant to their patients' medical care. The aim of this review is to provide further insight into the peculiarities of serum creatinine trends in both premature and term infants with special focus on the maturational and developmental changes occurring in the kidney during this crucial time-period...
January 18, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049114/a-targeted-approach-for-congenital-cytomegalovirus-screening-within-newborn-hearing-screening
#2
Karen B Fowler, Faye P McCollister, Diane L Sabo, Angela G Shoup, Kris E Owen, Julie L Woodruff, Edith Cox, Lisa S Mohamed, Daniel I Choo, Suresh B Boppana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection remains a leading cause of childhood hearing loss. Currently universal CMV screening at birth does not exist in the United States. An alternative approach could be testing infants who do not pass their newborn hearing screening (NHS) for cCMV. This study was undertaken to evaluate whether a targeted approach will identify infants with CMV-related sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). METHODS: Infants born at 7 US medical centers received NHS and were also screened for cCMV while in the newborn nursery...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114678/revisiting-the-definition-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-effect-of-changing-panoply-of-respiratory-support-for-preterm-neonates
#3
Tetsuya Isayama, Shoo K Lee, Junmin Yang, David Lee, Sibasis Daspal, Michael Dunn, Prakesh S Shah
Importance: Several definitions of bronchopulmonary dysplasia are clinically used; however, their validity remains uncertain considering ongoing changes in the panoply of respiratory support treatment strategies used within neonatal units. Objective: To identify the optimal definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia that best predicts respiratory and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at tertiary neonatal intensive care units...
January 23, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044040/charge-syndrome
#4
EDITORIAL
Alexandra Hudson, Carrie-Lee Trider, Kim Blake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959283/neonates-with-sickle-cell-disease-are-vulnerable-to-blue-light-phototherapy-induced-oxidative-stress-and-proinflammatory-cytokine-elevations
#5
Hemakshi Chaudhari, Sameer Goyal, Chandragouda Patil
Sickle cell disease is a frequent genetic anomaly characterized by altered molecular structure of hemoglobin resulting into crescent-like deformation of the red blood corpuscles. Neonatal jaundice is a frequent co-morbidity in sickle cell disease. Phototherapy induces isomerization of bilirubin rendering it extractable through urine and hence it is used as a routine treatment of neonatal jaundice. An exposure to light phototherapy as a treatment of neonatal jaundice induces oxidative stress. It is hypothesized that such exposure of neonates with sickle cell disease to the blue light phototherapy as a treatment of neonatal jaundice induces severe oxidative stress and increases the levels of proinflammatory cytokines...
November 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075515/the-limitations-of-pulse-oximetry-for-cchd-screening-in-the-nicu
#6
Nithi Fernandes, Satyan Lakshminrusimha
We have read this recently published manuscript by Hu et al(1) regarding using pulse oximetry for screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) with great interest. As an institution exclusively serving outborn neonates, the study was appropriately designed and executed. Prior published reports of CCHD screening in the NICU report a very low detection rate with pulse oximetry screening. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046188/comparative-effectiveness-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-treatment-vs-no-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#7
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
Importance: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and worsened respiratory outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are efficacious in closing PDA, but the effectiveness of NSAID-mediated PDA closure in improving mortality and preventing BPD is unclear. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NSAID treatment for PDA in reducing mortality and moderate/severe BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456511/oxygen-targeting-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#8
James J Cummings, Richard A Polin
The use of supplemental oxygen plays a vital role in the care of the critically ill preterm infant, but the unrestricted use of oxygen can lead to unintended harms, such as chronic lung disease and retinopathy of prematurity. An overly restricted use of supplemental oxygen may have adverse effects as well. Ideally, continuous monitoring of tissue and cellular oxygen delivery would allow clinicians to better titrate the use of supplemental oxygen, but such monitoring is not currently feasible in the clinical setting...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542848/evaluation-of-a-new-strategy-for-clean-catch-urine-in-infants
#9
Mélanie Labrosse, Arielle Levy, Julie Autmizguine, Jocelyn Gravel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A new noninvasive bladder stimulation technique has been described to obtain clean-catch urine (CCU) in infants aged <30 days. Objectives were (1) to determine proportion and predictive factors for successful CCU collections using a stimulation maneuver technique among infants <6 months and (2) to determine the proportion of bacterial contamination with this method. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary pediatric emergency department among infants <6 months needing a urine sample...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429428/guideline-for-the-evaluation-of-cholestatic-jaundice-in-infants-joint-recommendations-of-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-and-the-european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#10
Rima Fawaz, Ulrich Baumann, Udeme Ekong, Björn Fischler, Nedim Hadzic, Cara L Mack, Valérie A McLin, Jean P Molleston, Ezequiel Neimark, Vicky L Ng, Saul J Karpen
Cholestatic jaundice in infancy affects approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants and is infrequently recognized by primary providers in the setting of physiologic jaundice. Cholestatic jaundice is always pathologic and indicates hepatobiliary dysfunction. Early detection by the primary care physician and timely referrals to the pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist are important contributors to optimal treatment and prognosis. The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice in the first months of life are biliary atresia (25%-40%) followed by an expanding list of monogenic disorders (25%), along with many unknown or multifactorial (eg, parenteral nutrition-related) causes, each of which may have time-sensitive and distinct treatment plans...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238078/repeated-courses-of-oral-ibuprofen-in-premature-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus-efficacy-and-safety
#11
Haşim Olgun, Naci Ceviz, İbrahim Kartal, İbrahim Caner, Mehmet Karacan, Ayhan Taştekin, Necip Becit
BACKGROUND: There are limited data about the results of repeated oral ibuprofen (OIBU) treatment. This study aimed to describe patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure rates and adverse events after repeated courses of OIBU in premature infants with PDA. METHODS: Preterm infants with hemodynamically significant (hs)PDA were enrolled in the study. If the first course of OIBU treatment failed, a second and, if required, third course was administered. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients received OIBU...
April 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379585/donor-breast-milk
#12
Megan A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355828/chorioamnionitis-and-five-year-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-infants
#13
Milla Ylijoki, Liisa Lehtonen, Annika Lind, Eeva Ekholm, Helena Lapinleimu, Harry Kujari, Leena Haataja
BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis, a risk factor for preterm delivery, has been suggested to be associated with suboptimal neurological development in premature infants. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between chorioamnionitis and neurodevelopment in preterm infants at 5 years of age. Methods Very low birth weight and very low gestational age infants (n = 197) were recruited. Placental samples (n = 117) were evaluated for histological chorioamnionitis. Fetal histological chorioamnionitis was analyzed as a subgroup...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322346/evaluation-and-management-of-febrile-children-a-review
#14
Leigh-Anne Cioffredi, Ravi Jhaveri
IMPORTANCE: Management of febrile children is an intrinsic aspect of pediatric practice. Febrile children account for 15% of emergency department visits and outcomes range from the presence of serious bacterial infection to benign self-limited illness. OBSERVATIONS: Studies from 1979 to 2015 examining febrile infants and children were included in this review. Management of febrile infants younger than 90 days has evolved considerably in the last 30 years. Increased rates of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections, increasing resistance to ampicillin, and advances in viral diagnostics have had an effect on the approach to caring for these patients...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236858/prevalence-of-maternal-colonisation-with-group-b-streptococcus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Gaurav Kwatra, Marianne C Cunnington, Elizabeth Merrall, Peter V Adrian, Margaret Ip, Keith P Klugman, Wing Hung Tam, Shabir A Madhi
BACKGROUND: The most important risk factor for early-onset (babies younger than 7 days) invasive group B streptococcal disease is rectovaginal colonisation of the mother at delivery. We aimed to assess whether differences in colonisation drive regional differences in the incidence of early-onset invasive disease. METHODS: We did a systematic review of maternal group B streptococcus colonisation studies by searching MEDLINE, Embase, Pascal Biomed, WHOLIS, and African Index Medicus databases for studies published between January, 1997, and March 31, 2015, that reported the prevalence of group B streptococcus colonisation in pregnant women...
September 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273573/newborn-screening
#16
Megan A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732078/anemia-and-transfusion-in-the-neonate
#17
REVIEW
Raffaella Colombatti, Laura Sainati, Daniele Trevisanuto
Neonatal anemia is a frequent occurrence in neonatal intensive care units. Red blood cell transfusion criteria in case of blood loss are clearly defined but optimal hemoglobin or hematocrit thresholds of transfusion for anemia due to decreased production or increased destruction are less evident. This review focuses on the causes of anemia in the newborn period and the most recent evidence-based treatment options, including transfusion and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents.
February 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129489/serial-c-reactive-protein-values-predict-sensitivity-of-organisms-to-empirical-antibiotics-in-neonates-a-nested-case-control-study
#18
Sandeep Patil, Sourabh Dutta, Savita Verma Attri, Pallab Ray, Praveen Kumar
BACKGROUND: It is common clinical practice to repeat serum C reactive protein (CRP) estimation in the first 48 h after starting empirical antibiotics for neonatal sepsis. The change in CRP is believed to indicate whether the empirical antibiotics are appropriate or not, but there is little evidence to support this practice. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study on neonates with suspected sepsis (clinical signs+baseline CRP >10 mg/L). We drew samples for serum CRP at baseline and at 24, 36 and 48 h after starting empirical antibiotics and stored them at -20°C...
April 29, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26589959/etiologies-of-conjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-infancy-a-systematic-review-of-1692-subjects
#19
REVIEW
Lena E Gottesman, Michael T Del Vecchio, Stephen C Aronoff
BACKGROUND: The etiologies of conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in infancy are diverse. OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence rates of the specific etiologies of conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in infancy. DATA SOURCES: EMBASE and Pubmed were searched electronically and the bibliographies of selected studies were search manually. The search was conducted independently by two authors. STUDY SELECTION: (1) prospective or retrospective case series or cohort study with 10 or more subjects; (2) consecutive infants who presented with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia; (3) subjects underwent appropriate diagnostic work-up for conjugated hyperbilirubinemia; (4) no specific diagnoses were excluded in the studied cohort...
November 20, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064480/association-between-laboratory-calibration-of-a-serum-bilirubin-assay-neonatal-bilirubin-levels-and-phototherapy-use
#20
Michael W Kuzniewicz, Dina N Greene, Eileen M Walsh, Charles E McCulloch, Thomas B Newman
IMPORTANCE: The American Academy of Pediatrics treatment recommendations for neonatal jaundice are based on age-specific total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels. In May 2012, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics adjusted the calibrator values for Vitros Chemistry Products BuBc Slides (Ortho Clinical Diagnostics), a widely used method to quantify TSB, after concerns of positively biased results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between recalibration of a reflectance spectrophotometry serum bilirubin assay and TSB levels and phototherapy use among newborns...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
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