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By Fatih Kelesoglu ...
Raúl Menor Almagro, Juan Francisco Rodríguez Gutiérrez, María Auxiliadora Martín-Martínez, María José Rodríguez Valls, Concepción Aranda Valera, José Luís de la Iglesia Salgado
OBJECTIVE: To determine the dilution titles at antinuclear antibodies (ANA) by indirect immunofluorescence observed in cell substrate HEp-2 and its association with the diagnosis of systemic connective tissue disease in ANA test requested by a Rheumatology Unit. METHOD: Samples of patients attended for the first time in the rheumatology unit, without prior ANA test, between January 2010 and December 2012 were selected. The dilution titers, immunofluorescence patterns and antigen specificity were recorded...
May 21, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
M Aringer, T Dörner, N Leuchten, S R Johnson
While clearly different in their aims and means, classification and diagnosis both try to accurately label the disease patients are suffering from. For systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), this is complicated by the multi-organ nature of the disease and by our incomplete understanding of its pathophysiology. Hallmarks of SLE are the presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), and multiple immune-mediated organ symptoms that are largely independent. In an attempt to overcome limitations of the current sets of SLE classification criteria, a new four-phase approach is being developed, which is jointly supported by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)...
July 2016: Lupus
Philip W Noble, Sasha Bernatsky, Ann E Clarke, David A Isenberg, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, James E Hansen
Autoantibodies reactive against host DNA are detectable in the circulation of most people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The long-held view that antibodies cannot penetrate live cells has been disproved. A subset of lupus autoantibodies penetrate cells, translocate to nuclei, and inhibit DNA repair or directly damages DNA. The result of these effects depends on the microenvironment and genetic traits of the cell. Some DNA-damaging antibodies alone have little impact on normal cells, but in the presence of other conditions, such as pre-existing DNA-repair defects, can become highly toxic...
July 2016: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
P Conigliaro, M S Chimenti, P Triggianese, F Sunzini, L Novelli, C Perricone, R Perricone
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic chronic inflammatory disease characterized by extensive synovitis resulting in erosions of articular cartilage and marginal bone with joint destruction. The lack of immunological tolerance in RA represents the first step toward the development of autoimmunity. Susceptible individuals, under the influence of environmental factors, such as tobacco smoke, and silica exposure, develop autoimmune phenomena that result in the presence of autoantibodies. HLA and non-HLA haplotypes play a major role in determining the development of specific autoantibodies differentiating anti-citrullinated antibodies (ACPA)-positive and negative RA patients...
July 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
R Mierau
Testing for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) by the indirect immunofluorescence test (IFT) is regarded as a fundamental serological screening method for diagnosing connective tissue diseases (CTD). In the case of a negative result exclusion of certain CTDs is indicated, especially systemic lupus erythematosus, and a positive ANA result is the starting point for further tests aimed at finding disease-specific autoantibodies. The recently discovered antibodies against lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/DSF70) deviate from the normal interpretation pattern in ANA diagnostics...
May 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Yuan Wang, Xin Huang, Juan Cai, Lijiao Xie, Weili Wang, Sha Tang, Shiwei Yin, Xuejing Gao, Jun Zhang, Jinghong Zhao, Yunjian Huang, Yafei Li, Ying Zhang, Jingbo Zhang
Few studies have analyzed the clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes of lupus nephritis (LN) patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA). The clinical and renal histopathologic data of 154 patients with biopsy-proven LN from 2011 to 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were followed up for a median period of 16.8 ± 9.4 months, and their outcomes were analyzed. Multivariate Cox analysis was used to evaluate the independent factors for poor outcomes. Among the 154 LN patients, 26 (16...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sophia Thanei, Marten Trendelenburg
Anti-C1q autoantibodies (anti-C1q) are frequently found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and correlate with the occurrence of proliferative lupus nephritis. A previous study of anti-C1q in experimental lupus nephritis demonstrated an important role for FcγRs in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis, suggesting a direct effect on phagocytes. Therefore, we developed an in vitro model to study the effect of SLE patient-derived anti-C1q bound to immobilized C1q (imC1q) on human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) obtained from healthy donors and SLE patients...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
E Cozzani, Arianna Fay Agnoletti, F Pappalardo, I Schiavetti, A Torino, A Parodi
It is known that anti-Ro/SSA positivity leads to higher risk of miscarriage and fetal cardiac malformations. Particularly, anti-p200 antibodies against a finer specificity of the Ro/SSA antigen, have been associated with congenital heart block. The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of anti-p200 among female patients with different connective tissue diseases and, among these, the relevance of anti-p200 values in patients with cutaneous diseases compared to systemic diseases. Anti-p200 were investigated in 110 anti-Ro/SSA positive female sera, sent to our laboratory between 2008 and 2014 with suspect of connective disease, by using ELISA testing...
March 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
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