collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

LUNG

shared collection
318 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928848/primary-lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-lung-an-unusual-cancer-and-clinical-outcomes-of-14-patients
#1
Lan Lin, Tingyan Lin, Bangwei Zeng
Advanced lung cancer is considered to exhibit a poor prognosis; however, the pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC), a rare subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), exhibits an improved prognosis, compared with non-LELC. The present study aimed at investigating the clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics, pathology, tumor markers, treatment and prognosis of primary LELC of the lung. A total of 14 patients with pulmonary LELC were confirmed by surgery and pathology. Clinical data of those patients were retrospectively reviewed including age, sex, smoking history, symptoms, computed tomography (CT) results, Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) status, treatment and outcomes...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938691/concomitant-eml4-alk-rearrangement-and-egfr-mutation-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-a-literature-review-of-100-cases
#2
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lo Russo, Martina Imbimbo, Giulia Corrao, Claudia Proto, Diego Signorelli, Milena Vitali, Monica Ganzinelli, Laura Botta, Nicoletta Zilembo, Filippo de Braud, Marina Chiara Garassino
The discovery of EGFR mutations and EML4-ALK gene rearrangements has radically changed the therapeutic scenario for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. ALK and EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors showed better activity and efficacy than standard chemotherapy in the first and second line treatment settings, leading to a clear advantage in overall survival of advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring these genetic alterations. Historically the coexistence of EGFR mutations and EML4-ALK rearrangements in the same tumor has been described as virtually impossible...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920053/smoking-and-lung-cancer-a-geo-regional-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Zahraa Rahal, Shaza El Nemr, Ansam Sinjab, Hassan Chami, Arafat Tfayli, Humam Kadara
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents the most frequently diagnosed subtype of this morbid malignancy. NSCLC is causally linked to tobacco consumption with more than 500 million smokers worldwide at high risk for this fatal malignancy. We are currently lagging in our knowledge of the early molecular (e.g., genomic) effects of smoking in NSCLC pathogenesis that would constitute ideal markers for early detection. This limitation is further amplified when considering the variable etiologic factors in NSCLC pathogenesis among different regions around the globe...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894699/lung-cancer-understanding-its-molecular-pathology-and-the-2015-who-classification
#4
REVIEW
Kentaro Inamura
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide due to late diagnoses and limited treatment interventions. Recently, comprehensive molecular profiles of lung cancer have been identified. These novel characteristics have enhanced the understanding of the molecular pathology of lung cancer. The identification of driver genetic alterations and potential molecular targets has resulted in molecular-targeted therapies for an increasing number of lung cancer patients. Thus, the histopathological classification of lung cancer was modified in accordance with the increased understanding of molecular profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904885/the-clinical-utility-of-circulating-tumour-cells-in-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Victoria Foy, Fabiola Fernandez-Gutierrez, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Caroline Dive, Fiona Blackhall
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for 15% of lung cancer diagnosed worldwide. It is aggressive and characterised by early metastatic spread with rapid development of chemo resistance such that less than 5% of patients diagnosed survive 5 years. Surgery is rarely performed and failure to identify new effective treatments has been attributed in a large part to lack of good quality tumour biopsies available for translational research. Liquid biopsies provide a minimally invasive alternative to traditional tumour biopsy...
August 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904891/clinical-utility-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Marianna Gallo, Antonella De Luca, Monica Rosaria Maiello, Amelia D'Alessio, Claudia Esposito, Nicoletta Chicchinelli, Laura Forgione, Maria Carmela Piccirillo, Gaetano Rocco, Alessandro Morabito, Gerardo Botti, Nicola Normanno
Several different studies have addressed the role of the circulating tumor cells (CTC) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In particular, the potential of CTC analysis in the early diagnosis of NSCLC and in the prediction of the outcome of patients with early and advanced NSCLC have been explored. A major limit of these studies is that they used different techniques for CTC isolation and enumeration, they employed different thresholds to discriminate between high- and low-risk patients, and they enrolled heterogeneous and often small cohort of patients...
August 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848083/use-of-exfoliative-specimens-and-fine-needle-aspiration-smears-for-mutation-testing-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#7
Deepali Jain, Vijayakumar S Ramachandrappa, Varsha Singh, Prabhat S Malik, Karan Madan, Mohammed Faruq, Randeep Guleria
OBJECTIVE: Cytology specimens are considered to be a promising alternative for detecting driver mutations in lung cancer patients. We aimed to explore the suitability and utility of various cytology samples of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients for mutation testing. In addition to mutation detection, the importance of preanalytic factors was discussed. DESIGN: A total of 116 cytology samples including 32 controls comprising pleural effusions, bronchial washings, and direct fine-needle aspiration (FNA) smears were included in the study for the detection of EGFR, KRAS, and Her-2/neu gene mutations...
August 22, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872581/eml4-alk-variants-biological-and-molecular-properties-and-the-implications-for-patients
#8
REVIEW
Sarah R Sabir, Sharon Yeoh, George Jackson, Richard Bayliss
Since the discovery of the fusion between EML4 (echinoderm microtubule associated protein-like 4) and ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase), EML4-ALK, in lung adenocarcinomas in 2007, and the subsequent identification of at least 15 different variants in lung cancers, there has been a revolution in molecular-targeted therapy that has transformed the outlook for these patients. Our recent focus has been on understanding how and why the expression of particular variants can affect biological and molecular properties of cancer cells, as well as identifying the key signalling pathways triggered, as a result...
September 5, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877975/the-lung-in-amyloidosis
#9
REVIEW
Paolo Milani, Marco Basset, Francesca Russo, Andrea Foli, Giovanni Palladini, Giampaolo Merlini
Amyloidosis is a disorder caused by misfolding of autologous protein and its extracellular deposition as fibrils, resulting in vital organ dysfunction and eventually death. Pulmonary amyloidosis may be localised or part of systemic amyloidosis.Pulmonary interstitial amyloidosis is symptomatic only if the amyloid deposits severely affect gas exchange alveolar structure, thus resulting in serious respiratory impairment. Localised parenchymal involvement may be present as nodular amyloidosis or as amyloid deposits associated with localised lymphomas...
September 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877978/how-i-manage-pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#10
Gwenaël Lorillon, Abdellatif Tazi
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a rare sporadic cystic lung disease of unknown aetiology that is characterised by the infiltration and destruction of the wall of distal bronchioles by CD1a(+) Langerhans-like cells. In adults, PLCH is frequently isolated and affects young smokers of both sexes. Recent multicentre studies have led to the more standardised management of patients in clinical practice. Smoking cessation is essential and is occasionally the only suitable intervention. Serial lung function testing is important because a significant proportion of patients may experience an early decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s and develop airflow obstruction...
September 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881856/strategies-targeting-angiogenesis-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Jun Wang, Jianpeng Chen, Yan Guo, Baocheng Wang, Huili Chu
Tumor angiogenesis is a frequent event in the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and has been identified as a promising therapeutic target. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family and other angiogenic factors, including fibroblast growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor, promote the growth of newly formed vessels from preexisting vessels and change the tumor microenvironment. To date, two antiangiogenic monoclonal antibodies, bevacizumab and ramucirumab, which target VEGF-A and its receptor VEGF receptor-2, respectively, have been approved for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC when added to first-line standard chemotherapy...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851076/molecular-characteristics-of-multifocal-invasive-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-report-of-a-rare-case
#12
Yan Tian, Wenqi Zheng, Huijing Ge, Yufei Wang, Nashunbayaer Zha, Shaojun Huang, Zhanlin Guo
Invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) is an uncommon entity in the lung, with a poor prognosis. Multifocal IMA of the lung is even more unusual, and there is little experience with effective treatments. Herein, we present a case of multifocal IMA diagnosed in a 36 year-old man by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. A right middle lobe and a nodule in the right upper lobe were resected, as were mediastinal lymph nodes, leaving behind an autonomous right lower lobe nodule. To explore the feasibility of molecular treatment, next-generation sequencing of genetic mutations was performed after four cycles of chemotherapy (pemetrexed + cisplatin)...
August 29, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829153/programmed-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-expression-in-either-tumor-cells-or-tumor-infiltrating-immune-cells-correlates-with-solid-and-high-grade-lung-adenocarcinomas
#13
Brandon R Driver, Ross A Miller, Tara Miller, Michael Deavers, Blythe Gorman, Dina Mody, Yimin Ge, Roberto Barrios, Eric Bernicker, Min Kim, Philip T Cagle
CONTEXT: - Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is heterogeneous and known to be underestimated on small biopsies. Correlation of PD-L1 expression with clinicopathologic features may provide additional useful information. To our knowledge, the clinicopathologic features of NSCLC have not been reported for subsets defined by PD-L1 expression in either tumor cells or tumor-infiltrating immune cells. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of NSCLC subsets defined by PD-L1 expression in either tumor cells or tumor-infiltrating immune cells...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805682/alk-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-pathobiology-epidemiology-detection-from-tumor-tissue-and-algorithm-diagnosis-in-a-daily-practice
#14
REVIEW
Paul Hofman
Patients with advanced-stage non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) harboring an ALK rearrangement, detected from a tissue sample, can benefit from targeted ALK inhibitor treatment. Several increasingly effective ALK inhibitors are now available for treatment of patients. However, despite an initial favorable response to treatment, in most cases relapse or progression occurs due to resistance mechanisms mainly caused by mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of ALK. The detection of an ALK rearrangement is pivotal and can be done using different methods, which have variable sensitivity and specificity depending, in particular, on the quality and quantity of the patient's sample...
August 12, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807234/third-generation-egfr-tkis-in-egfr-mutated-nsclc-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-going
#15
REVIEW
A Russo, T Franchina, G R R Ricciardi, V Smiroldo, M Picciotto, M Zanghì, C Rolfo, V Adamo
The therapeutic landscape of Non Small Lung Cancer (NSCLC) has been profoundly changed over the last decade with the clinical introduction of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and the discovery of EGFR activating mutations as the major predictive factor to these agents. Despite impressive clinical activity against EGFR-mutated NSCLCs, the benefit seen with 1st and 2nd generation EGFR TKIs is usually transient and virtually all patients become resistant. Several different mechanisms of acquired resistance have been reported to date, but the vast majority of patients develop a secondary exon 20 mutation in the ATP-binding site of EGFR, namely T790M...
September 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818609/multicenter-comparison-of-22c3-pharmdx-agilent-and-sp263-ventana-assays-to-test-pd-l1-expression-for-nsclc-patients-to-be-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#16
Antonio Marchetti, Massimo Barberis, Renato Franco, Graziano De Luca, Maria Vittoria Pace, Stefania Staibano, Marco Volante, Fiamma Buttitta, Elena Guerini-Rocco, Luisella Righi, Tommaso D'antuono, Giorgio V Scagliotti, Carmine Pinto, Gaetano De Rosa, Mauro Papotti
INTRODUCTION: Among the several agents targeting the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway, pembrolizumab is currently the only one approved for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer patients in association with a companion diagnostic assay, the anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunohistochemical (IHC) 22C3 PharmDx (Agilent) using the Dako Autostainer. However, the Dako platform is not present in each pathology department and this technical limitation is a major problem for the diffusion of the PD-L1 IHC predictive test for pembrolizumab...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811082/correlation-between-molecular-analysis-diagnosis-according-to-the-2015-who-classification-of-unresected-lung-tumours-and-ttf1-expression-in-small-biopsies-and-cytology-specimens-from-344-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-patients
#17
Prudence A Russell, Toni-Maree Rogers, Benjamin Solomon, Naveed Alam, Stephen A Barnett, Vivek Rathi, Richard A Williams, Gavin M Wright, Matthew Conron
We investigated correlations between diagnosis according to the 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of unresected lung tumours, molecular analysis and TTF1 expression in small biopsy and cytology specimens from 344 non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients. One case failed testing for EGFR, KRAS and ALK abnormalities and six had insufficient tumour for ALK testing. Overall mutation rate in 343 cases was 48% for the genes tested, with 19% EGFR, 33% KRAS and 4% BRAF mutations, and 5% ALK rearrangements detected...
August 12, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699260/australian-recommendations-for-egfr-t790m-testing-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Thomas John, Jeffrey J Bowden, Stephen Clarke, Stephen B Fox, Kerryn Garrett, Keith Horwood, Christos S Karapetis
First-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used as first-line therapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring a sensitizing mutation in the EGFR gene. Unfortunately, resistance to these therapies often occurs within 10 months of commencing treatment and is mostly commonly due to the development of the EGFR T790M mutation. Treatment with the third-generation EGFR TKI, osimertinib can prolong progression free survival in patients with the T790M mutation, so it is important to determine the resistance mechanism in order to plan ongoing therapeutic strategies...
August 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743421/a-review-of-regimens-combining-pemetrexed-with-an-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-nonsquamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
REVIEW
James Chih-Hsin Yang, Tony Mok, Baohui Han, Mauro Orlando, Tarun Puri, Keunchil Park
Pemetrexed is a standard first-line treatment for advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are a standard first-line treatment for advanced nonsquamous NSCLC with activating EGFR mutations. Pemetrexed and EGFR TKIs have different mechanisms of action and minimally overlapping toxicity profiles; therefore, it is hypothesized that their combination might result in acceptable toxicity, provided that the synergistic antitumor activity observed in preclinical studies is achieved...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757336/double-trouble-a-case-series-on-concomitant-genetic-aberrations-in-nsclc
#20
REVIEW
Nele Van Der Steen, Yves Mentens, Marc Ramael, Leticia G Leon, Paul Germonpré, Jose Ferri, David R Gandara, Elisa Giovannetti, Godefridus J Peters, Patrick Pauwels, Christian Rolfo
Several oncogenic drivers have been identified in non-small cell lung cancer. Targeted therapies for these aberrations have already been successfully developed and implemented in clinical practice. Owing to improved sensitivity in genetic testing, more and more tumors with multiple driver mutations are identified, resulting in dilemmas for treating physicians whether and which targeted therapy to use. In this case series, we provide an overview of patients with intrinsic double mutations in oncogenic drivers and their reported response to targeted therapies, with a focus on epidermal growth factor receptor, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, cMET, and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
label_collection
label_collection
6334
1
2
2017-08-13 11:18:49
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"