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368 papers 100 to 500 followers
Véronique Hofman, Sandra Lassalle, Coraline Bence, Elodie Long-Mira, Sacha Nahon-Estève, Simon Heeke, Virginie Lespinet-Fabre, Catherine Butori, Marius Ilié, Paul Hofman
The identification of certain genomic alterations ( EGFR , ALK , ROS1 , BRAF ) or immunological markers (PD-L1) in tissues or cells has led to targeted treatment for patients presenting with late stage or metastatic lung cancer. These biomarkers can be detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or by molecular biology (MB) techniques. These approaches are often complementary but depending on, the quantity and quality of the biological material, the urgency to get the results, the access to technological platforms, the financial resources and the expertise of the team, the choice of the approach can be questioned...
March 13, 2018: Cancers
Kentaro Inamura
Immunohistochemistry is a widely available technique that is less challenging and can provide clinically meaningful results quickly and cost-efficiently in comparison with other techniques. In addition, immunohistochemistry allows for the evaluation of cellular localization of proteins in the context of tumor structure. In an era of precision medicine, pathologists are required to classify lung cancer into specific subtypes and assess biomarkers relevant to molecular-targeted therapies. This review summarizes the hot topics of immunohistochemistry in lung cancer, including (i) adenocarcinoma vs squamous cell carcinoma; (ii) neuroendocrine markers; (iii) ALK, ROS1, and EGFR; (iv) PD-L1 (CD274); (v) lung carcinoma vs malignant mesothelioma; and (vi) NUT carcinoma...
March 14, 2018: Cancers
Bella Poon, Chao-Xiu Melanie He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Jun Qian, Pierre P Massion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Peter Ujhazy, O Wolf Lindwasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Anna F Farago, Florence K Keane
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma. Despite over 30 years of clinical research, little progress has been made in the management of SCLC, and outcomes remain poor. Here, we review the current clinical standards for management of SCLC and the data supporting these strategies.
February 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
Heng Zhao, Ke-Zhong Chen, Ben-Gang Hui, Kai Zhang, Fan Yang, Jun Wang
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers and the predominant cause of cancer-related death in the world. The low accuracy of early detection techniques and high risk of relapse greatly contribute to poor prognosis. An accurate clinical tool that can assist in diagnosis and surveillance is urgently needed. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is free DNA shed from tumor cells and isolated from peripheral blood. The genomic profiles of ctDNA have been shown to closely match those of the corresponding tumors. With the development of approaches with high sensitivity and specificity, ctDNA plays a vital role in the management of lung cancer as a result of its reproducible, non-invasive, and easy-to-obtain characteristics...
March 12, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Kirk D Jones
Classifying pulmonary fibrotic disease into various diagnostic categories provides the clinician with expectations for both prognosis and proper treatment. Despite years of experience with histological, radiological and clinical guidelines, a group of patients remains with unclassifiable interstitial lung disease. In this article, the possible barriers to classification will be explored, and some strategies will be discussed to aid in overcoming these barriers.
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Marta Román, Iosune Baraibar, Inés López, Ernest Nadal, Christian Rolfo, Silvestre Vicent, Ignacio Gil-Bazo
Lung neoplasms are the leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) constitutes more than 80% of all lung malignancies and the majority of patients present advanced disease at onset. However, in the last decade, multiple oncogenic driver alterations have been discovered and each of them represents a potential therapeutic target. Although KRAS mutations are the most frequently oncogene aberrations in lung adenocarcinoma patients, effective therapies targeting KRAS have yet to be developed...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Qian Liu, Shengnan Yu, Weiheng Zhao, Shuang Qin, Qian Chu, Kongming Wu
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)-treatments bring significant benefit for patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, especially for those with lung cancer. Unfortunately, the majority of these patients ultimately develop to the acquired resistance after a period of treatment. Two central mechanisms are involved in the resistant process: EGFR secondary mutations and bypass signaling activations. In an EGFR-dependent manner, acquired mutations, such as T790 M, interferes the interaction between TKIs and the kinase domain of EGFR...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Brandon Golding, Anita Luu, Robert Jones, Alicia M Viloria-Petit
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death by cancer in North America. A decade ago, genomic rearrangements in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) receptor tyrosine kinase were identified in a subset of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients. Soon after, crizotinib, a small molecule ATP-competitive ALK inhibitor was proven to be more effective than chemotherapy in ALK-positive NSCLC patients. Crizotinib and two other ATP-competitive ALK inhibitors, ceritinib and alectinib, are approved for use as a first-line therapy in these patients, where ALK rearrangement is currently diagnosed by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Jingjing Qu, Yongchang Zhang, Xue Chen, Haiyan Yang, Chunhua Zhou, Nong Yang
Angiogenesis and its role in the growth and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) metastases has become an increasing clinical problem. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in advanced NSCLC. To some extent, anti-angiogenic therapies acquired some efficacy in combination with chemotherapy, target therapy and immunotherapy. However, the reliable clinical benefit obtained with these drugs is still questionable and often quantitatively limited. In this review, the authors highlight the data obtained from first-line, second-line, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor(EGFR-TKI) target therapy and immunotherapy in NSCLC patients who are treated with anti-angiogenic molecules in advanced NSCLC...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Takuro Kometani, Kenji Sugio, Atsushi Osoegawa, Takashi Seto, Yukito Ichinose
BACKGROUND: The EML4-ALK fusion gene has recently been identified as a driver mutation in a subset of non-small cell lung cancers. In subsequent studies, EML4-ALK has been detected in a low percentage of patients, and was associated with a lack of EGFR or KRAS mutations, younger age, and adenocarcinoma with acinar histology. Cases with the EML4-ALK fusion gene were examined to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics of young adenocarcinoma patients. METHODS: Between December 1998 and May 2009, 85 patients aged ≤ 50 with lung adenocarcinoma were treated at our hospital...
March 8, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Irma G Domínguez-Vigil, Ana K Moreno-Martínez, Julia Y Wang, Michael H A Roehrl, Hugo A Barrera-Saldaña
Cancer is a molecular disease associated with alterations in the genome, which, thanks to the highly improved sensitivity of mutation detection techniques, can be identified in cell-free DNA (cfDNA) circulating in blood, a method also called liquid biopsy. This is a non-invasive alternative to surgical biopsy and has the potential of revealing the molecular signature of tumors to aid in the individualization of treatments. In this review, we focus on cfDNA analysis, its advantages, and clinical applications employing genomic tools (NGS and dPCR) particularly in the field of oncology, and highlight its valuable contributions to early detection, prognosis, and prediction of treatment response...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Xuanguang Li, Zhibin Guo, Jinghao Liu, Sen Wei, Dian Ren, Gang Chen, Song Xu, Jun Chen
Primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is extremely rare. Herein, we report a case of a 71-year-old male patient with high-grade PMEC involving the right upper lobe that was successfully resected via lobectomy. As a result of invasion into the pleural and paratracheal lymph nodes, four cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin were administered. There were no signs of relapse during 10 months of follow-up. Furthermore, we reviewed the literature and summarized the surgical approaches, prognostic factors, and underlying genetic mechanisms of PMEC, which will benefit clinical treatment...
February 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Hideki Kawai, Yoshitaro Saito, Ryo Demura, Hidesato Odaka, Susumu Takahashi, Kento Takahashi, Hirokazu Kurokawa, Katsuhiko Enomoto
The options for lung cancer treatment have increased due to the development of immune checkpoint inhibitors, but there has been no report of inoperable cases whereby the treatment effects rendered the case operable, an operation was subsequently performed, and histological assessment of the surgical specimen was carried out. Here, we report a 67-year-old man who was given pembrolizumab for T3N0 lung squamous cell carcinoma suspected of pericardial infiltration and judged inoperable. Treatment effect was evaluated after four courses...
February 8, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Francois Ng Kee Kwong, Ute Laggner, Olivia McKinney, James Croud, Alexandra Rice, Andrew G Nicholson
AIMS: As immunomodulatory therapy is being integrated into treatment regimens for non-small-cell lung carcinoma, we aimed to prospectively collect data on the immunohistochemical profile of tumours assessed in our institution and to correlate this with morphological tumour features. METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry for programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) was considered to be adequate when >100 tumour cells were seen microscopically. When adequate, PD-L1 staining was scored as <1%, ≥1-49% or ≥50% positive membrane staining within tumour cells only...
January 11, 2018: Histopathology
Kevan J Salimian, Roghayeh Fazeli, Gang Zheng, David Ettinger, Zahra Maleki
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the morphologic features and clinical characteristics of lung adenocarcinomas (ACAs) harboring mutated BRAF. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the histology/cytology of BRAF-mutated lung ACAs was performed at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from January 1, 2013, to January 1, 2015. Patient demographics, clinical history, and ACA morphology were assessed. RESULTS: Thirty-six cases were identified with a median age of 66 years (range 44-87), 58% (21/36) were female, and 94% (34/36) were current or former smokers...
January 11, 2018: Acta Cytologica
Jason N Rosenbaum, Ryan Bloom, Jason T Forys, Jeff Hiken, Jon R Armstrong, Julie Branson, Samantha McNulty, Priya D Velu, Kymberlie Pepin, Haley Abel, Catherine E Cottrell, John D Pfeifer, Shashikant Kulkarni, Ramaswamy Govindan, Eric Q Konnick, Christina M Lockwood, Eric J Duncavage
In lung adenocarcinoma, canonical EML4-ALK inversion results in a fusion protein with a constitutively active ALK kinase domain. Evidence of ALK rearrangement occurs in a minority (2-7%) of lung adenocarcinoma, and only ~60% of these patients will respond to targeted ALK inhibition by drugs such as crizotinib and ceritinib. Clinically, targeted anti-ALK therapy is often initiated based on evidence of an ALK genomic rearrangement detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of interphase cells in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Katsuhiro Okuda, Takuya Watanabe, Risa Oda, Tadashi Sakane, Osamu Kawano, Hiroshi Haneda, Satoru Moriyama, Ryoichi Nakanishi
A 35-year-old woman with shortness of breath and cough was referred to our hospital and agreed to receive therapy for lung tumor in our hospital. Based on the findings from a bronchoscopic biopsy, she was suspected of having pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), but a correct diagnosis was not indicated. Right upper wedge lobectomy was performed. The findings of a pathological examination of the permanent surgical resected tissue, the ultimate diagnosis was pulmonary IMT. The immunohistochemistry of ALK using the intercalated antibody-enhanced polymer (iAEP) method was positive...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
2018-01-07 11:58:05
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