Read by QxMD icon Read

Current management

shared collection
73 papers 25 to 100 followers
David H Rothstein, Carroll M Harmon
Biliary disease in children has changed over the past few decades, with a marked rise in incidence-perhaps most related to the parallel rise in pediatric obesity-as well as a rise in cholecystectomy rates. In addition to stone disease (cholelithiasis), acalculous causes of gallbladder pain such as biliary dyskinesia, also appear to be on the rise and present diagnostic and treatment conundrums to surgeons.
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Julian C Harnoss, Isabelle Zelienka, Pascal Probst, Kathrin Grummich, Catharina Müller-Lantzsch, Jonathan M Harnoss, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate available evidence regarding effectiveness and safety of surgical versus conservative treatment of acute appendicitis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is ongoing debate on the merits of surgical and conservative treatment for acute appendicitis. METHODS: A systematic literature search (Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase) and hand search of retrieved reference lists up to January 2016 was conducted to identify randomized and nonrandomized studies...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Eva Angenete, David Bock, Jacob Rosenberg, Eva Haglind
PURPOSE: Perforated diverticulitis often requires surgery with a colon resection such as Hartmann's procedure, with inherent morbidity. Recent studies suggest that laparoscopic lavage may be an alternative surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to compare re-operations, morbidity, and mortality as well as health economic outcomes between laparoscopic lavage and colon resection for perforated purulent diverticulitis. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, and Embase were searched...
August 27, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Matthew T Ramsey, Timothy C Fabian, Charles P Shahan, John P Sharpe, Scott E Mabry, Jordan A Weinberg, Martin A Croce, Lisa K Jennings
BACKGROUND: Exsanguination associated with acute traumatic coagulopathy is a leading cause of death following injury. While platelets occupy a pivotal role in clot formation, clinical research has been scant because of complexities resulting from the need for rapid handling and complex testing of platelet functions. While the thrombin pathway has been proposed as a mediator of platelet dysfunction in trauma, it has not been systematically investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thrombin pathway in platelet dysfunction...
May 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Didier Roulin, Alend Saadi, Luca Di Mare, Nicolas Demartines, Nermin Halkic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute cholecystitis with more than 72 hours of symptoms. BACKGROUND: LC is the treatment of acute cholecystitis, with consensus recommendation that patients should be operated within 72 hours of evolution. Data however remain weak with no prospective study focusing on patients beyond 72 hours of symptoms. METHODS: Patients with acute cholecystitis and more than 72 hours of symptoms were randomly assigned to early LC (ELC) or delayed LC (DLC)...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
O Strobel, S Brangs, U Hinz, T Pausch, F J Hüttner, M K Diener, L Schneider, T Hackert, M W Büchler
BACKGROUND: Chyle leak is a well known but poorly characterized complication after pancreatic surgery. Available data on incidence, risk factors and clinical significance of chyle leak are highly heterogeneous. METHODS: For this cohort study all patients who underwent pancreatic surgery between January 2008 and December 2012 were identified from a prospective database. Chyle leak was defined as any drainage output with triglyceride content of 110 mg/dl or more...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Anna Maria Caruso, Alessandro Pane, Roberto Garau, Pietro Atzori, Marcello Podda, Alessandra Casuccio, Luigi Mascia
PURPOSE: An accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis is important to avoid severe outcome or unnecessary surgery but management is controversial. The aim of study was to evaluate, in younger and older children, the efficacy of conservative management for uncomplicated appendicitis and the outcome of complicated forms underwent early surgery. METHODS: Children with acute appendicitis were investigated by clinical, laboratory variables and abdominal ultrasound and divided in two groups: complicated and uncomplicated...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Lisa Bush, Robert Brookshire, Breanna Roche, Amelia Johnson, Frederic Cole, Riyad Karmy-Jones, William Long, Matthew J Martin
IMPORTANCE: Current trauma guidelines dictate that the cervical spine should not be cleared in intoxicated patients, resulting in prolonged immobilization or additional imaging. Modern computed tomography (CT) technology may obviate this and allow for immediate clearance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze cervical spine clearance practices and the utility of CT scans of the cervical spine in intoxicated patients with blunt trauma. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a prospective observational study of 1668 patients with blunt trauma aged 18 years and older who underwent cervical spine CT scans from March 2014 to March 2015 at an American College of Surgeons-verified Level I trauma center...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
L M van Roozendaal, B Goorts, M Klinkert, K B M I Keymeulen, B De Vries, L J A Strobbe, C A P Wauters, Y E van Riet, E Degreef, E J T Rutgers, J Wesseling, M L Smidt
Breast cancer guidelines advise sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) on core biopsy at high risk of invasive cancer or in case of mastectomy. This study investigates the incidence of SLNB and SLN metastases and the relevance of indications in guidelines and literature to perform SLNB in order to validate whether SLNB is justified in patients with DCIS on core biopsy in current era. Clinically node negative patients diagnosed from 2004 to 2013 with only DCIS on core needle biopsy were selected from a national database...
April 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Derek J Roberts, Chad G Ball, David V Feliciano, Ernest E Moore, Rao R Ivatury, Charles E Lucas, Timothy C Fabian, David A Zygun, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Henry T Stelfox
OBJECTIVE: To review the history of the innovation of damage control (DC) for management of trauma patients. BACKGROUND: DC is an important development in trauma care that provides a valuable case study in surgical innovation. METHODS: We searched bibliographic databases (1950-2015), conference abstracts (2009-2013), Web sites, textbooks, and bibliographies for articles relating to trauma DC. The innovation of DC was then classified according to the Innovation, Development, Exploration, Assessment, and Long-term study model of surgical innovation...
June 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Sumeet Reddy, Laurence Weinberg, Paul Young
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency medicine 2016. Other selected articles can be found online at Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Yun-Lin Ye, Xiao-Xu Yuan, Ming-Kun Chen, Yu-Ping Dai, Zi-Ke Qin, Fu-Fu Zheng
BACKGROUND: To demonstrate clinical characteristics of adrenal incidentaloma in South China and explore its comprehensive management. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with adrenal neoplasm from Jan 1998 to Dec 2012 were retrospectively analysed. Patients with suspicion of adrenal abnormalities or those in whom adrenal abnormalities were detected in the staging procedures of other cancers were excluded. Most patients with adrenal incidentaloma chose to have adrenalectomy, and some chose surveillance...
2016: BMC Surgery
Matthew T McMillan, Giuseppe Malleo, Claudio Bassi, Valentina Allegrini, Luca Casetti, Jeffrey A Drebin, Alessandro Esposito, Luca Landoni, Major K Lee, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Robert E Roses, Roberto Salvia, Charles M Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter study sought to prospectively evaluate a drain management protocol for pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests value for both selective drain placement and early drain removal for PD. Both strategies have been associated with reduced rates of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF)-the most common and morbid complication after PD. METHODS: The protocol was applied to 260 consecutive PDs performed at two institutions over 17 months...
June 24, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Christian D Etz, Konstantin von Aspern, Jaqueline da Rocha E Silva, Felix F Girrbach, Sergey Leontyev, Maximilian Luehr, Martin Misfeld, Michael A Borger, Friedrich W Mohr
BACKGROUND: The impact of antegrade versus retrograde perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass on short- and long-term outcome after repair for acute type A aortic dissection is controversial. METHODS: We reviewed 401 consecutive patients (age, 59.2 ± 14 years) with acute type A aortic dissection who underwent aggressive resection of the intimal tear and aortic replacement (March 1995 through July 2011). Arterial perfusion was antegrade in 78% (n = 311), either by means of the right axillary artery (n = 297) or through direct aortic cannulation (n = 15)...
January 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Robert W Yeh, Eric A Secemsky, Dean J Kereiakes, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Anthony H Gershlick, David J Cohen, John A Spertus, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Donald E Cutlip, Michael J Rinaldi, Edoardo Camenzind, William Wijns, Patricia K Apruzzese, Yang Song, Joseph M Massaro, Laura Mauri
IMPORTANCE: Dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces ischemia but increases bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical decision tool to identify patients expected to derive benefit vs harm from continuing thienopyridine beyond 1 year after PCI. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Among 11,648 randomized DAPT Study patients from 11 countries (August 2009-May 2014), a prediction rule was derived stratifying patients into groups to distinguish ischemic and bleeding risk 12 to 30 months after PCI...
April 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Sebastian Harder, Ute Klinkhardt, John M Alvarez
Perioperative management of chronically anticoagulated patients and/or patients treated with antiplatelet therapy is a complex medical problem. This review considers the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of commonly used antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs with special emphasis on loss of effects after discontinuation and possible counteracting (or antidote) strategies. These drugs are aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), ticlopidine/clopidogrel, abciximab, tirofiban and eptifibatide, heparin (unfractionated and low-molecular-weight), warfarin and direct thrombin inhibitors...
2004: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Bartosz Rylski, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Fabian A Kari, Julia Schlosser, Philipp Blanke, Matthias Siepe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to delineate the effect of aortic arch surgery extension on the outcomes in acute type A dissection extending beyond the ascending aorta. METHODS: From 2001 to 2013, of 197 patients with type A dissection, 153 (78%) with dissection extending beyond the ascending aorta (age, 61 years; first quartile, 50; third quartile, 69; 67% men) were identified. Aortic repair involved isolated ascending replacement (n = 102), hemiarch (n = 37), and total arch replacement (n = 14)...
September 2014: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Christopher J Morris, Taylor E Purvis, Kun Hu, Frank A J L Scheer
Shift work is a risk factor for hypertension, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease. This increased risk cannot be fully explained by classic risk factors. One of the key features of shift workers is that their behavioral and environmental cycles are typically misaligned relative to their endogenous circadian system. However, there is little information on the impact of acute circadian misalignment on cardiovascular disease risk in humans. Here we show-by using two 8-d laboratory protocols-that short-term circadian misalignment (12-h inverted behavioral and environmental cycles for three days) adversely affects cardiovascular risk factors in healthy adults...
March 8, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Rafeed A Chaudhury, Victor Atlasman, Girish Pathangey, Nicholas Pracht, Ronald J Adrian, David H Frakes
Aortic pathologies such as coarctation, dissection, and aneurysm represent a particularly emergent class of cardiovascular diseases. Computational simulations of aortic flows are growing increasingly important as tools for gaining understanding of these pathologies, as well as for planning their surgical repair. In vitro experiments are required to validate the simulations against real world data, and the experiments require a pulsatile flow pump system that can provide physiologic flow conditions characteristic of the aorta...
June 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
John B Bossaer, Stephen A Geraci, Kanishka Chakraborty
The advent of effective oral, molecular-targeted drugs in oncology has changed many incurable malignancies such as chronic myeloid leukemia into chronic diseases similar to coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus. Oral agents including monoclonal antibodies, kinase inhibitors and hormone receptor blockers offer patients with cancer incremental improvements in both overall survival and quality of life. As it is imperative to recognize and manage side effects of platelet inhibitors, beta blockers, statins, human immunodeficiency virus drugs and fluoroquinolones by all healthcare providers, the same holds true for these newer targeted therapies; patients may present to their generalist or other subspecialist with drug-related symptoms...
May 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
2016-06-02 13:12:23
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"