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William H Westra, James S Lewis
The changes for oropharyngeal lesions in the 2017 edition of the WHO/IARC Classification of Head and Neck Tumours reference book are dramatic and significant, largely due to the growing impact of high risk human papillomavirus (HPV). The upcoming edition divides tumours of the oral cavity and oropharynx into separate chapters, classifies squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the oropharynx on the basis of HPV status, abandons the practice of histologic grading for oropharyngeal SCCs that are HPV positive, recognizes small cell carcinoma of the oropharynx, and combines polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma and cribriform adenocarcinoma of tongue and minor salivary glands under the single term "polymorphous adenocarcinoma...
March 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
Ilmo Leivo
Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma is the second most frequent sinonasal adenocarcinoma. High incidence of these tumors is seen among workers with occupational wood dust exposure, particularly of hardwood dusts. Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma has striking histomorphologic and immunophenotypic similarities with colorectal adenocarcinomas, but on the level of molecular pathologic mechanisms these tumors have their own specific features different from gastrointestinal tumors. This article provides an update on current histopathologic classification of intestinal-type adenocarcinomas, their immunophenotypic properties, recent advances in molecular pathologic features and differential diagnostic considerations...
March 20, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
Conor E Steuer, Mark El-Deiry, Jason R Parks, Kristin A Higgins, Nabil F Saba
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Laryngeal cancer remains one of the most common tumors of the respiratory tract. Fortunately, significant advancements have been made over the past decade in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. Although surgery has been the historical mainstay for localized disease and still is an integral part of treatment, nonsurgical options like radiation and systemic therapy have emerged as viable options. In addition, in the metastatic setting, novel agents are showing promise for this patient population...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
Jason K Wasserman, Brendan C Dickson, Bayardo Perez-Ordonez, John R de Almeida, Jonathan C Irish, Ilan Weinreb
Poorly differentiated sinonasal malignancies are amongst the hardest differential diagnoses in pathology, owing to the large number of rare entities that arise there. Complicating the matter is that most pathologists, including those with experience in head and neck pathology, have little experience in any one of these rare entities. Most patients with sinonasal carcinoma present with locally advanced disease and in the past a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery would usually be recommended without the specific disease subtype playing a large part of the decision making...
June 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
Darrin V Bann, Daniel G Deschler, Neerav Goyal
The immune system plays a key role in preventing tumor formation by recognizing and destroying malignant cells. For over a century, researchers have attempted to harness the immune response as a cancer treatment, although this approach has only recently achieved clinical success. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and is associated with cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, betel nut use, and human papillomavirus infection. Unfortunately, worldwide mortality from HNSCC remains high, partially due to limits on therapy secondary to the significant morbidity associated with current treatments...
September 22, 2016: Cancers
Georgia Karpathiou, Jean-Baptiste Giroult, Fabien Forest, Pierre Fournel, Alessandra Monaya, Marios Froudarakis, Jean Marc Dumollard, Jean Michel Prades, Marie Gavid, Michel Peoc'h
Objectives: Induction chemotherapy (IC) is occasionally used in head and neck cancer, leading to less extensive surgery and reduced need for irradiation. Factors predicting the response to IC have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the clinical and histopathologic factors that predict the response to IC. Methods: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas from 81 patients were analyzed; clinical factors, histologic parameters, and expression of p16 and p53 were correlated with response to chemotherapy and prognosis...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
C Grønhøj Larsen, M Gyldenløve, D H Jensen, M H Therkildsen, K Kiss, B Norrild, L Konge, C von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx (OP-SCC) are related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and p16 overexpression. This subgroup proves better prognosis and survival but no evidence exists on the correlation between HPV and p16 overexpression based on diagnostic measures and definition of p16 overexpression. We evaluated means of p16 and HPV diagnostics, and quantified overexpression of p16 in HPV-positive and -negative OP-SCCs by mode of immunohistochemical staining of carcinoma cells...
March 18, 2014: British Journal of Cancer
Tara Spence, Jeff Bruce, Kenneth W Yip, Fei-Fei Liu
Head and neck cancers (HNCs) are a highly heterogeneous group of tumours that are associated with diverse clinical outcomes. Recent evidence has demonstrated that human papillomavirus (HPV) is involved in up to 25% of HNCs; particularly in the oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC) subtype where it can account for up to 60% of such cases. HPVs are double-stranded DNA viruses that infect epithelial cells; numerous HPV subtypes, including 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35, drive epithelial cell transformation and tumourigenesis...
August 5, 2016: Cancers
Young Sin Ko, Ja Seung Koo
Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (LGCCC) of the salivary gland is a rare tumor. We report the cytologic features and histologic correlation of a patient with LGCCC. A 57-year-old man had a hardly palpable, nontender mass in the right cheek area followed over nine months. Radiologic analysis revealed a 1.2 cm multiseptated, cystic, solid nodule in an anterior superficial lobe of the right parotid gland. Fine-needle aspiration cytology revealed many irregular overlapping sheets or clusters of ductal epithelial cells forming solid, pseudopapillary, and cribriform architectures...
December 2013: Korean Journal of Pathology
Sabrina Boyrie, Isabelle Fauquet, Michel Rives, Caroline Genebes, Jean-Pierre Delord
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the proto-oncogene BRAF have been described in many cancers. Mutated BRAF causes overactive downstream signaling via MEK and ERK leading to excessive cell proliferation and survival. Their identification is of real interest because specific inhibitors have been developed. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the case of a patient with an aggressive cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid with synchronous metastases. Cisplatine/5FU chemotherapy associated with palliative radiation therapy was used first without any efficency nor clinical improvement...
2013: SpringerPlus
Jan Laco, Miroslav Podhola, Helena Dolezalova
Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of salivary glands is a recently described rare tumor with favorable prognosis. This study reports the case of 50-year-old woman with swelling lasting for 9 months in the right parotideomasseteric area. Grossly, the tumor was well circumscribed and dominated by cystic space. Microscopically, the neoplasm consisted of well-demarcated islets, some of them cystically dilated. The architecture of islets varied from solid to cribriform and micropapillary without comedo-type necroses...
October 2010: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Akihiko Kawahara, Hiroshi Harada, Hiroyuki Mihashi, Jun Akiba, Masayoshi Kage
Cystadenocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor, with an estimated incidence of 2% of malignant salivary gland tumors. Cytological diagnosis of cystadenocarcinoma is important for differential diagnosis between benign lesions and malignant tumors with cystic growth. We report a case of cystadenocarcinoma causing difficulty in cytological diagnosis. A 23-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic mass in the left parotid gland that had been present for 2 years. The mass was elastic hard, measuring 30 x 35 mm in diameter...
May 2010: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Ramesh Babu Telugu, Anjana Juanita Job, Marie Therese Manipadam
Papillary cystadenocarcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of the salivary gland, characterized by noticeable cystic and solid areas with papillary endophytic projections. These tumours lack features that characterize cystic variants of several more common salivary gland carcinomas. It was first described in 1991 by World Health Organization as a separate entity and cystadenocarcinoma with or without papillary component in the AFIP classification. Most of these tumours occurred in the major salivary glands followed by minor salivary glands...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Masashi Kimura, Shinji Mii, Shinichi Sugimoto, Kosuke Saida, Shojiroh Morinaga, Masahiro Umemura
Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma (LGCCC) is a recently described rare tumor of the salivary gland; this tumor most frequently arises from the parotid gland. Here, we describe a case of LGCCC arising from a minor salivary gland in the buccal mucosa. A 72-year-old man had a small mass on the left buccal mucosa. The mass was completely resected, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Histopathologically, the tumor comprised a single cyst with intraductal proliferation. Based on these histopathological findings along with immunohistochemistry a diagnosis of LGCCC arising from a minor salivary gland was made...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Yoshiki Ohta, Yuko Hirota, Yohko Kohno, Koji Kishimoto, Tomoko Norose, Nobuyuki Ohike, Masafumi Takimoto, Akira Shiokawa, Hidekazu Ota
Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma of the parotid gland is rare malignancy that is classified as a variant of cystadenocarcinoma. In routine cytologic slides from fine-needle aspiration of a parotid gland, we found several pseudopapillary clusters comprising mucus-producing cells. They included a few tumor cells having three-dimensional nuclear atypia and slight hyperchromatism, although most of the tumor cells showed bland nuclei. Our initial cytological diagnosis was: "Indeterminate. Uncertain whether cystadenocarcinoma or cystadenoma...
March 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Lingxin Zhang, James S Lewis, Samir K El-Mofty, Manoj Gandhi, Rebecca D Chernock
The clinical and pathologic characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related premalignant lesions in the upper aerodigestive tract have not been adequately studied. There are a few reports of oral cavity HPV-related severe dysplasia with unique morphology (prominent apoptosis/karyorrhexis imparting a 'bowenoid' appearance) and a single case report of HPV-related squamous cell carcinoma in situ with nonkeratinizing histology distinct from the 'bowenoid' pattern that extensively involved the upper aerodigestive tract...
June 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
Masato Watanabe, Masanori Tada, Takafumi Satomi, Daichi Chikazu, Masashi Mizumoto, Hideyuki Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Oral metastatic tumor from a rectal adenocarcinoma is very uncommon. The primary site is usually assumed based on the past clinical history. In the case of oral metastatic tumors, they commonly have a poor prognosis because often they have already spread to other sites. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 64-year-old male patient with secondary metastasis to the mandibular gingiva via lung metastasis after the surgical resection of a primary rectal adenocarcinoma...
July 29, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
P Economopoulou, S Agelaki, C Perisanidis, E I Giotakis, A Psyrri
Squamous cell cancers of the head and neck (HNSCC) comprise a diverse group of malignancies that includes tobacco-related tumors in addition to an increasing number of human papillomavirus-associated cancers. Independently of cause, there is a growing body of evidence supporting that the immune system plays a pivotal role in HNSCC development, as tumor cells evade immunosurveillance by exploiting inhibitory checkpoint pathways that suppress anti-tumor T-cell responses. HNSCC cells have the ability to manipulate the immune system through a variety of different mechanisms, forcing it to promote tumor growth and spread...
September 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Shanthi Marur, Arlene A Forastiere
Squamous cell carcinoma arises from multiple anatomic subsites in the head and neck region. The risk factors for development of cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx include tobacco exposure and alcohol dependence, and infection with oncogenic viruses is associated with cancers developing in the nasopharynx, palatine, and lingual tonsils of the oropharynx. The incidence of human papillomavirus-associated oropharyngeal cancer is increasing in developed countries, and by 2020, the annual incidence could surpass that of cervical cancer...
March 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
N Sathish, X Wang, Y Yuan
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to be associated with several types of human cancer, including cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and head-and-neck cancers. Among these cancers, HPV-associated head-and-neck cancers, inclusive of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas (OCSCC), have recently risen dramatically in men under 50 years old. Within 20 years, the percentage of HPV-positive OSCC in total OSCC went from less than 20% to more than 70% in the United States and some European countries...
July 2014: Journal of Dental Research
2016-02-23 19:12:29
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