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Ultrasound

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175 papers 100 to 500 followers MSK ultrasound papers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387642/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-anterolateral-ligament-of-the-knee-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Giuseppe Argento, Mario Vetrano, Lara Cristiano, Tania Suarez, Alessandra Bartoloni, Davide Erroi, Andrea Ferretti, Maria Chiara Vulpiani
Objective: The aim of our study was to determine inter-observer agreement in the ultrasonographic identification of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and in the evaluation of its length and thickness in healthy subjects. Methods: 80 healthy volunteers (160 knees) (42 males and 38 females) were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent ultrasound (US) examination of both knees, performed by two physicians with over ten years of musculoskeletal US experience. In order to keep the ALL under optimal tension, the knee was flexed at approximately 30-35°, slightly internally rotated and length and thickness of the ligament were measured...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413777/advanced-conservative-treatment-of-complete-acute-rupture-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-verifying-by-stabilometry
#2
Jana Řezaninová, Luboš Hrazdira, Dagmar Moc Králová, Zdeněk Svoboda, Azriel Benaroya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the result of the specific conservative treatment of acute lateral ankle ligaments rupture and verify the effect of this therapy by stabilometry. METHODS: 17 young athletes were examined after acute lateral ankle sprain (grade III). Diagnosis was based on musculoskeletal ultrasound examinations. Pressure plate evaluated postural stability after conservative treatment at regular intervals during 1year. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in postural stability in double-leg stance between limbs...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324458/ultrasound-imaging-and-guided-injection-for-the-lateral-and-posterior-hip
#3
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Henry L Lew, Levent Özçakar
Ultrasound has emerged as one of the most utilized tools to diagnose musculoskeletal disorders and to assist in interventions. Traditionally, sonographic examination of the hip joint has been challenging because most of the major structures are deeply situated, thus requiring the use of curvilinear transducer for better penetrance. The posterior lateral hip is a frequent area for musculoskeletal pain and nerve entrapments. Common disorders include greater trochanteric pain syndrome, gluteus medius tendinopathy, piriformis syndrome, pudendal neuralgia and proximal hamstring tendinopathy...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282062/supraspinatus-muscle-elasticity-measured-with-real-time-shear-wave-ultrasound-elastography-correlates-with-mri-spectroscopic-measured-amount-of-fatty-degeneration
#4
Fabian Gilbert, Detlef Klein, Andreas Max Weng, Herbert Köstler, Benedikt Schmitz, Jonas Schmalzl, Dirk Böhm
BACKGROUND: Fatty Degeneration (FD) of the rotator cuff muscles influences functional and anatomical outcome after rotator cuff repair. The MRI based estimation of fatty degeneration is the gold standard. There is some evidence that Ultrasound elastography (EUS) can detect local differences of tissue stiffness in muscles and tendons. Shear-wave elastography (SWE) was evaluated to determine the extent to which shear wave velocity was associated with measures of fatty degeneration. MRI-spectroscopic fat measurement was used as a reference to quantify the amount of fat in the muscle belly...
December 28, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284161/ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-efficacy-of-intra-epineurial-injection
#5
Yi-Chih Hsu, Fu-Chi Yang, Hsian-He Hsu, Guo-Shu Huang
PURPOSE:  To identify the ultrasound (US) findings of intra-epineurial corticosteroid injection during US-guided hydrodissection in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and to determine their clinical relevance in relation to treatment outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  We performed 101 US-guided hydrodissections and corticosteroid injections in 101 patients with CTS, and evaluated their pre- and post-injection US findings. We categorized these injections into two groups based on the occurrence of intra-epineurial injection...
December 28, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932287/the-effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-hydrodistension-and-physiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-frozen-shoulder-adhesive-capsulitis-in-primary-care-a-single-centre-service-evaluation
#6
Michael Bryant, Andrew Gough, James Selfe, Jim Richards, Elizabeth Burgess
BACKGROUND: Evidence for optimal non-operative treatment of frozen shoulder is lacking. The present study aimed to evaluate a treatment strategy for stage II to III frozen shoulder provided by the current primary care musculoskeletal service. METHODS: General practioner referrals of shoulder pain to the musculoskeletal service diagnosed with stage II to III frozen shoulder and who opted for a treatment strategy of hydrodistension and guided physiotherapy exercise programme over a 12-month period were evaluated for 6 months...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031414/the-application-of-ultrasound-elastography-in-the-shoulder
#7
REVIEW
Jonas Schmalzl, Annabel Fenwick, Dirk Boehm, Fabian Gilbert
Ultrasound elastography (EUS) is a recently developed method for the assessment of tissue elasticity by applying mechanical stress and subsequently analyzing tissue displacement with ultrasound. To date, mainly two different techniques are used in clinical practice: strain (compression) EUS and shear wave EUS. However, shear wave EUS has been shown to be more examiner independent and more reliable as this technique allows a quantitative measurement of tissue elasticity. There is increasing evidence that EUS can be used to evaluate mechanical properties of musculoskeletal tissue...
December 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744328/ultrasonographic-imaging-and-anti-inflammatory-therapy-of-muscle-and-tendon-injuries-using-polymer-nanoparticles
#8
Gi-Wook Kim, Changsun Kang, Young-Bin Oh, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Dongwon Lee
Ultrasonography is a reliable diagnostic modality for muscle and tendon injuries, but it has been challenging to find right diagnosis of minor musculoskeletal injuries by conventional ultrasonographic imaging. A large amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are known to be generated during tissue damages such as mechanical injury and therefore H2O2 holds great potential as a diagnostic and therapeutic marker for mechanical injuries in the musculoskeletal system. We previously developed poly(vanillyl alcohol-co-oxalate) (PVAX), which rapidly scavenges H2O2 and exerts antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity in H2O2-associated diseases...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355674/ultrasound-of-the-knee-common-pathology-excluding-extensor-mechanism
#9
REVIEW
Jon A Jacobson, Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Viviane Khoury, Olaf Magerkurth
Ultrasound can be used to diagnose many types of pathology and guide various diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. The most common applications for musculoskeletal ultrasound of the knee include evaluation of the joint recesses, the extensor mechanism, and bursae including Baker's cyst. However, a role exists for ultrasound in the evaluation of cartilage, other tendons, ligaments, peripheral nerves, osseous structures, and vasculature. This article reviews common pathologies of these structures as seen with ultrasound...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922951/anatomic-and-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-knee-sensory-innervation-a-cadaveric-study-to-determine-anatomic-targets-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-knee-pain
#10
Jorge M Orduña Valls, Ricardo Vallejo, Pablo López Pais, Eliezer Soto, Daniel Torres Rodríguez, David L Cedeño, Carlos Tornero Tornero, Maximino Quintáns Rodríguez, Aurora Baluja González, Julián Álvarez Escudero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthrosis is a main cause of knee pain in the elderly. Pain associated with this condition is often refractory to conservative treatment. Total knee replacement may be the best option for severe pathologies; however, the occurrence of a chronic pain state after knee replacement has been well documented in the literature. The previous descriptions of the genicular nerves have been considered somewhat inaccurate. This innervation is complex and exhibits significant interindividual variability...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925702/quantitative-elastosonography-of-the-myotendinous-junction-normal-behavior-and-correlation-with-a-standard-measurement-system-during-functional-tests
#11
Paolo Minafra, Chandra Bortolotto, Ermanno Rampinini, Fabrizio Calliada, Giuseppe Monetti
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, an increasing need to use imaging to assess normal and adaptive muscle function, in addition to its anatomy and structure, has emerged. We evaluated the myotendinous junction's elastosonographic behavior in light of the most recent literature on its physiologic behavior. The elastosonographic studies were compared with the results obtained from a standard measurement system to ensure a correlation with maximal muscle contraction. METHODS: Nineteen male professional soccer players were assessed during functional tests...
January 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931965/musculoskeletal-interventional-procedures-with-or-without-imaging-guidance
#12
REVIEW
David Kane, Juhani Koski
Aspiration and injection of joints and soft tissues is an indispensable skill used in everyday practice by the clinical rheumatologist. Most rheumatologists recognise that performing these procedures using anatomical landmarks is not always successful, particularly in the case of small or infrequently injected joints, bursae or tendon sheaths. Musculoskeletal ultrasound confirms the local pathological-anatomical diagnosis and is the most applicable and feasible imaging method that can be applied in clinical practice in guiding musculoskeletal interventional procedures...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789336/differential-plantaris-achilles-tendon-motion-a-sonographic-and-cadaveric-investigation
#13
Jay Smith, Håkan Alfredson, Lorenzo Masci, Jacob L Sellon, Charonn D Woods
BACKGROUND: Differential motion between the plantaris and Achilles tendons has been hypothesized to contribute to pain in some patients presenting with Achilles tendinopathy. However, objective evidence of differential Achilles-plantaris motion is currently lacking from the literature. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether differential, multidirectional motion exists between the plantaris tendon (PT) and Achilles tendon (AT) as documented by dynamic ultrasound (US) and postdissection examination in an unembalmed cadaveric model...
October 24, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468674/orthobiologic-interventions-using-ultrasound-guidance
#14
REVIEW
Gerard Malanga, Dena Abdelshahed, Prathap Jayaram
The application of regenerative therapies for the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions has emerged over the last decade with recent acceleration. These include prolotherapy, platelet-rich plasma, and mesenchymal stem cell therapy. These strategies augment the body's innate physiology to heal pathologic processes. This article presents an overview of platelet-rich plasma and mesenchymal stem cell therapy for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. A brief literature review is included, as are techniques for the use of ultrasound guidance to assist with these procedures...
August 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545426/ultrasound-guided-interventions-for-core-and-hip-injuries-in-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Eoghan McCarthy, Tarek M Hegazi, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison, William C Meyers, Alex E Poor, Mika T Nevalainen, Johannes B Roedl
Trauma and the mechanical strain of high-energy activity predispose athletes to pelvic injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging remains the primary modality for diagnosing these conditions, but ultrasonography-guided interventions are important in the management of core muscle, hip, and other pelvic conditions. This article reviews ultrasonography-guided interventions for injuries at the core, including the pelvis and hips. It reviews common injuries, procedure optimization, medication preparation, clinical evidence behind injections, tenotomy, and platelet-rich plasma...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318786/shear-wave-elastography-swe-for-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-tendinopathies
#16
Timm Dirrichs, Valentin Quack, Matthias Gatz, Markus Tingart, Christiane K Kuhl, Simone Schrading
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Shear wave elastography (SWE) has been shown to be a powerful tool to estimate tissue stiffness. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of SWE to that of standard ultrasound (US) (combined use of B-mode US and power Doppler [PD] US) for diagnosing tendinopathies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective institutional review board-approved study on 112 participants (mean age 42 ± 13.4 years) with chronic (>6 months) tendon pain in Achilles, patellar, or epicondylar tendons...
October 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320798/nerve-distributions-in-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-comparison-of-bone-bursae-and-tendon
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gustav Andersson, Ludvig J Backman, Jens Christensen, Håkan Alfredson
BACKGROUND/AIM: In a condition of pain in the Achilles tendon insertion there are multiple structures involved, such as the Achilles tendon itself, the retrocalcaneal bursa and a bony protrusion at the calcaneal tuberosity called Haglund's deformity. The innervation patterns of these structures are scarcely described, and the subcutaneous calcaneal bursa is traditionally not considered to be involved in the pathology. This study aimed at describing the innervation patterns of the four structures described above to provide a better understanding of possible origins of pain at the Achilles tendon insertion...
March 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317917/the-sonographic-posterolateral-rotatory-stress-test-for-elbow-instability-a-cadaveric-validation-study
#18
Christopher L Camp, Shawn W O'Driscoll, Michael K Wempe, Jay Smith
BACKGROUND: Although clinical tests can detect posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) of the elbow, the ability of ultrasound to evaluate PLRI has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether increasing stages of posterolateral rotatory subluxation of the elbow could be assessed accurately with a sonographic posterolateral rotatory stress test. DESIGN: Cadaveric study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS: Ten, unpaired, cadaveric upper limbs...
March 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279926/use-of-ultrasound-elastography-in-the-assessment-of-the-musculoskeletal-system
#19
REVIEW
Łukasz Paluch, Ewa Nawrocka-Laskus, Janusz Wieczorek, Bartosz Mruk, Małgorzata Frel, Jerzy Walecki
This article presents possible applications of ultrasound elastography in musculoskeletal imaging based on the available literature, as well as the possibility of extending indications for the use of elastography in the future. Ultrasound elastography (EUS) is a new method that shows structural changes in tissues following application of physical stress. Elastography techniques have been widely used to assess muscles and tendons in vitro since the early parts of the twentieth century. Only recently with the advent of new technology and creation of highly specialized ultrasound devices, has elastography gained widespread use in numerous applications...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281053/ultrasound-characteristics-of-bruises-and-their-correlation-to-cutaneous-appearance
#20
Travis Helm, Cynthia Bir, Mikaela Chilstrom, Ilene Claudius
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the cutaneous size of a bruise on gross exam to the subcutaneous depth and height of the hematoma ascertained by ultrasound. The hypothesis was that there would be little correlation between the area of the bruise on cutaneous exam and the height when measured with ultrasound. METHODS: Adult and pediatric patients with bruising were prospectively identified in the emergency department. Photographs and ultrasound images were collected of the bruises and epidemiologic information collected from the patients...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
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