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Germán

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45 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548001/hypertension-guidelines
#1
Michel Burnier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634494/assessment-of-fluid-responsiveness-recent-advances
#2
Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the field of prediction of fluid responsiveness, the most recent studies have focused on validating new tests, on clarifying the limitations of older ones, and better defining their modalities. RECENT FINDINGS: The limitations of pulse pressure/stroke volume variations are numerous, but recent efforts have been made to overcome these limitations, like in case of low tidal volume ventilation. Following pulse pressure/stroke volume variations, new tests have emerged which assess preload responsiveness by challenging cardiac preload through heart-lung interactions, like during recruitment manoeuvres and end-expiratory/inspiratory occlusions...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546418/diagnostic-profile-characteristics-of-cancer-patients-with-frequent-consultations-in-primary-care-before-diagnosis-a-case-control-study
#3
Marcela Ewing, Peter Naredi, Chenyang Zhang, Jörgen Månsson
Background: Many patients with common cancers are late diagnosed. Objectives: Identify consultation profiles and clinical features in patients with the seven most common cancers, who had consulted a general practitioner (GP) frequently before their cancer diagnosis. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Region Västra Götaland, Sweden. A total of 2570 patients, diagnosed in 2011 with prostate, breast, colorectal, lung, gynaecological and skin cancers including malignant melanoma, and 9424 controls were selected from the Swedish Cancer Register and a regional health care database...
March 13, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520964/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-heart-failure-a-position-statement-from-the-heart-failure-association-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#4
REVIEW
Petar M Seferović, Mark C Petrie, Gerasimos S Filippatos, Stefan D Anker, Giuseppe Rosano, Johann Bauersachs, Walter J Paulus, Michel Komajda, Francesco Cosentino, Rudolf A de Boer, Dimitrios Farmakis, Wolfram Doehner, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Yuri Lopatin, Massimo F Piepoli, Michael J Theodorakis, Henrik Wiggers, John Lekakis, Alexandre Mebazaa, Mamas A Mamas, Carsten Tschöpe, Arno W Hoes, Jelena P Seferović, Jennifer Logue, Theresa McDonagh, Jillian P Riley, Ivan Milinković, Marija Polovina, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Mitja Lainscak, Aldo P Maggioni, Frank Ruschitzka, John J V McMurray
The coexistence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and heart failure (HF), either with reduced (HFrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), is frequent (30-40% of patients) and associated with a higher risk of HF hospitalization, all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. The most important causes of HF in T2DM are coronary artery disease, arterial hypertension and a direct detrimental effect of T2DM on the myocardium. T2DM is often unrecognized in HF patients, and vice versa, which emphasizes the importance of an active search for both disorders in the clinical practice...
May 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25373431/the-use-of-magnesium-sulfate-for-women-with-severe-preeclampsia-or-eclampsia-diagnosed-during-the-postpartum-period
#5
REVIEW
Paulino Vigil-De Gracia, Jack Ludmir
This was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing anticonvulsants with placebo or no anticonvulsant for prevention (a) of eclampsia in women with severe preeclampsia diagnosed during the postpartum period or diagnosed before delivery but without previous treatment and (b) prevention of seizures recurrence in women with eclampsia postpartum. We did not find study with full inclusion criteria. However, a total of two randomised controlled trials meet inclusion criteria as subgroup analysis; one for severe preeclampsia diagnosed during the postpartum period and one for eclampsia postpartum...
2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873232/evidence-based-revised-view-of-the-pathophysiology-of-preeclampsia
#6
REVIEW
Asif Ahmed, Homira Rezai, Sophie Broadway-Stringer
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening vascular disorder of pregnancy due to a failing stressed placenta. Millions of women risk death to give birth each year and globally each year, almost 300,000 lose their life in this process and over 500,000 babies die as a consequence of preeclampsia. Despite decades of research, we lack pharmacological agents to treat it. Maternal endothelial oxidative stress is a central phenomenon responsible for the preeclampsia phenotype of high maternal blood pressure and proteinuria...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094609/preeclampsia-updates-in-pathogenesis-definitions-and-guidelines
#7
REVIEW
Elizabeth Phipps, Devika Prasanna, Wunnie Brima, Belinda Jim
Preeclampsia is becoming an increasingly common diagnosis in the developed world and remains a high cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Delay in childbearing in the developed world feeds into the risk factors associated with preeclampsia, which include older maternal age, obesity, and/or vascular diseases. Inadequate prenatal care partially explains the persistent high prevalence in the developing world. In this review, we begin by presenting the most recent concepts in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia...
June 6, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444286/screening-for-preeclampsia-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#8
Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Preeclampsia affects approximately 4% of pregnancies in the United States. It is the second leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide and may lead to serious maternal complications, including stroke, eclampsia, and organ failure. Adverse perinatal outcomes for the fetus and newborn include intrauterine growth restriction, low birth weight, and stillbirth. Many of the complications associated with preeclampsia lead to early induction of labor or cesarean delivery and subsequent preterm birth...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277343/the-divergent-cardiovascular-effects-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blockers-in-adult-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Martin H Strauss, Alistair S Hall
The renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of hypertension and vascular disease. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi's) suppress angiotensin II (ANG II) concentrations, whereas angiotensin II type 1 (AT1 ) receptor blockers (ARBs) block the binding of ANG II to AT1 receptors. ACEi's and ARBs are both effective antihypertensive agents and produce similar risk reductions for stroke, a blood pressure-dependent phenomenon. ACEi's also reduce the risk for myocardial infarction (MI) and all-cause mortality in high-risk hypertensive patients as well as in people with diabetes, vascular disease and congestive heart failure...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270818/the-influence-of-anti-hyperglycemic-drug-therapy-on-cardiovascular-and-heart-failure-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
REVIEW
Rabea Asleh, Mohammad Sheikh-Ahmad, Alexandros Briasoulis, Sudhir S Kushwaha
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are at a substantially increased risk of heart failure (HF) and HF mortality. Despite the lack of evidence that tight glycemic control reduces the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events, a growing body of evidence suggests that the choice of glucose-lowering agents may influence outcomes including HF. Thiazolidinediones are associated with a significant risk of HF. For metformin, sulphonylureas and insulin, little data is available to indicate the impact on HF. The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, liraglutide and semaglutide, have been shown to reduce major CV events, but did not affect rates of hospitalization for HF...
December 22, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273246/asthma
#11
REVIEW
Alberto Papi, Christopher Brightling, Søren E Pedersen, Helen K Reddel
Asthma-one of the most common chronic, non-communicable diseases in children and adults-is characterised by variable respiratory symptoms and variable airflow limitation. Asthma is a consequence of complex gene-environment interactions, with heterogeneity in clinical presentation and the type and intensity of airway inflammation and remodelling. The goal of asthma treatment is to achieve good asthma control-ie, to minimise symptom burden and risk of exacerbations. Anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator treatments are the mainstay of asthma therapy and are used in a stepwise approach...
February 24, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146534/systematic-review-for-the-2017-acc-aha-aapa-abc-acpm-ags-apha-ash-aspc-nma-pcna-guideline-for-the-prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task
#12
David M Reboussin, Norrina B Allen, Michael E Griswold, Eliseo Guallar, Yuling Hong, Daniel T Lackland, Edgar Pete R Miller, Tamar Polonsky, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Suma Vupputuri
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature systematically and perform meta-analyses to address these questions: 1) Is there evidence that self-measured blood pressure (BP) without other augmentation is superior to office-based measurement of BP for achieving better BP control or for preventing adverse clinical outcomes that are related to elevated BP? 2) What is the optimal target for BP lowering during antihypertensive therapy in adults? 3) In adults with hypertension, how do various antihypertensive drug classes differ in their benefits and harms compared with each other as first-line therapy? METHODS: Electronic literature searches were performed by Doctor Evidence, a global medical evidence software and services company, across PubMed and EMBASE from 1966 to 2015 using key words and relevant subject headings for randomized controlled trials that met eligibility criteria defined for each question...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071735/impact-of-sample-collection-participation-on-the-validity-of-estimated-measures-of-association-in-the-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-when-assessing-gene-environment-interactions
#13
Mary M Jenkins, Jennita Reefhuis, Amy H Herring, Margaret A Honein
To better understand the impact that nonresponse for specimen collection has on the validity of estimates of association, we examined associations between self-reported maternal periconceptional smoking, folic acid use, or pregestational diabetes mellitus and six birth defects among families who did and did not submit buccal cell samples for DNA following a telephone interview as part of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Analyses included control families with live born infants who had no birth defects (N = 9,465), families of infants with anorectal atresia or stenosis (N = 873), limb reduction defects (N = 1,037), gastroschisis (N = 1,090), neural tube defects (N = 1,764), orofacial clefts (N = 3,836), or septal heart defects (N = 4,157)...
December 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059119/early-management-of-acute-cerebrovascular-accident
#14
Jody Manners, Alexis Steinberg, Lori Shutter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stroke is common and often presents as a neurologic emergency that requires rapid evaluation and treatment to minimize debilitation. Recent advances in therapy expanded time windows for intra-arterial thrombectomy in ischemic stroke, and surgical interventions for clot evacuation in large intracranial hemorrhage have recently proven feasible. This review discusses recent data regarding new therapeutic options in both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, notably in scenarios in which therapy was previously limited to supportive care...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832911/different-strategies-for-diagnosing-gestational-diabetes-to-improve-maternal-and-infant-health
#15
REVIEW
Diane Farrar, Lelia Duley, Therese Dowswell, Debbie A Lawlor
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycaemia with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. If untreated, perinatal morbidity and mortality may be increased. Accurate diagnosis allows appropriate treatment. Use of different tests and different criteria will influence which women are diagnosed with GDM. This is an update of a review published in 2011 and 2015. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare different testing strategies for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus to improve maternal and infant health while assessing their impact on healthcare service costs...
August 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985387/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-psychotropic-drug-use-in-patients-with-dementia-in-general-practices
#16
Petra Borsje, Peter L B J Lucassen, Roland B Wetzels, Anne Margriet Pot, Raymond T C M Koopmans
Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) frequently occur in community-dwelling patients with dementia and they are also frequently prescribed psychotropic drugs. The prescription of psychotropic drugs has been found to be associated with the level of NPS. Data on NPS in patients with dementia in general practices are scarce. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence rates of NPS and psychotropic drug use (PDU) in patients with dementia in general practices...
January 16, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930526/inflammatory-biomarkers-of-coronary-heart-disease
#17
REVIEW
Hongyu Li, Kai Sun, Ruiping Zhao, Jiang Hu, Zhiru Hao, Fei Wang, Yaojun Lu, Fu Liu, Yong Zhang
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. CHD is characterized by formation of arterial plaques which are mainly comprised of lipids, calcium and inflammatory cells. These plaques narrow the lumen of coronary arteries leading to episodic or persistent angina. Rupture of these plaques leads to the formation of thrombus, which as a result of cessation of blood flow, causes myocardial infarct and death. CHD is exacerbated by risk factors including obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942423/lower-back-pain-app-an-exercise-programme-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain
#18
Marina B Pinheiro, Gustavo C Machado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838972/acute-pancreatitis-recent-advances-through-randomised-trials
#19
REVIEW
Sven M van Dijk, Nora D L Hallensleben, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Paul Fockens, Harry van Goor, Marco J Bruno, Marc G Besselink
Acute pancreatitis is one of the most common GI conditions requiring acute hospitalisation and has a rising incidence. In recent years, important insights on the management of acute pancreatitis have been obtained through numerous randomised controlled trials. Based on this evidence, the treatment of acute pancreatitis has gradually developed towards a tailored, multidisciplinary effort, with distinctive roles for gastroenterologists, radiologists and surgeons. This review summarises how to diagnose, classify and manage patients with acute pancreatitis, emphasising the evidence obtained through randomised controlled trials...
November 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911306/management-of-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Ruth Hanssen, Lisa Ravarani, Heiner K Berthold
BACKGROUND: In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) there is a clear association between blood pressure (BP) levels and macrovascular and microvascular complications. However, the BP targets that need to be achieved for optimal outcomes remain controversial. METHODS: The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss BP targets and management in patients with DM. The subject of elevated heart rate, which has been associated with mortality in many populations, and which is observed in some patients with DM will also be addressed...
2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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