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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043974/the-year-in-cardiology-2016-acute-coronary-syndromes
#1
Filippo Crea, Ronald K Binder, Thomas F Lüscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663366/diagnosis-and-management-of-resistant-hypertension
#2
James P Sheppard, Una Martin, Richard J McManus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719700/drug-resistant-tuberculosis-predicted-to-increase-in-high-burden-countries
#3
M J Friedrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719697/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-in-adults-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer L McCracken, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Bill T Ameredes, William J Calhoun
Importance: Asthma affects about 7.5% of the adult population. Evidence-based diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment can improve functioning and quality of life in adult patients with asthma. Observations: Asthma is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome primarily affecting the lower respiratory tract, characterized by episodic or persistent symptoms of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough. The diagnosis of asthma requires these symptoms and demonstration of reversible airway obstruction using spirometry...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24395435/perinatal-outcomes-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Niranjala M Hewapathirana, Helen R Murphy
Over the past decade the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in pregnancy has continued to increase. It is vital that health care professionals recognize that preconception care is just as important for mothers with type 2 diabetes as it is in type 1 diabetes. All women with type 2 diabetes should be advised regarding safe effective contraception and the benefits of optimal glycemic control, folic acid supplementation, and avoidance of potentially harmful mediations before attempting pregnancy. Glycemic control is the most important modifiable risk factor for congenital anomaly in women with type 2 diabetes, whereas maternal obesity and social disadvantage are associated with large for gestational age neonates...
February 2014: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25592005/nutritional-factors-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-coronary-artery-disease-and-heart-failure
#6
REVIEW
Undurti N Das
Nutritional factors such as magnesium, folic acid, vitamins B12 and B6, L-arginine, and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) appear to be significantly beneficial for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and in the prevention and arresting the progression of HF and cardiac arrhythmias. Additionally, ingestion of adequate amounts of protein and maintaining normal concentrations of plasma albumin seem to be essential for these patients. These nutrients closely interact with the metabolism of L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) system, essential fatty acids, and eicosanoids such that beneficial products such as NO, prostaglandin E1, prostacyclin, prostaglandin I3, lipoxins, resolvins, and protectins are generated and synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines is suppressed that results in platelet anti-aggregation, vasodilation, angiogenesis, and prevention of CAD, cardiac arrhythmias, and stabilization of HF...
February 2015: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660695/update-on-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Juan José Marín-Peñalver, Iciar Martín-Timón, Cristina Sevillano-Collantes, Francisco Javier Del Cañizo-Gómez
To achieve good metabolic control in diabetes and keep long term, a combination of changes in lifestyle and pharmacological treatment is necessary. Achieving near-normal glycated hemoglobin significantly, decreases risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications. At present there are different treatments, both oral and injectable, available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Treatment algorithms designed to reduce the development or progression of the complications of diabetes emphasizes the need for good glycaemic control...
September 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870655/blood-pressure-treatment-levels-and-choice-of-antihypertensive-agent-in-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#8
Mattias Brunström, Mats Eliasson, Peter M Nilsson, Bo Carlberg
OBJECTIVE: Multiple systematic reviews address the effect of antihypertensive treatment in people with diabetes. Here, we summarize current systematic reviews concerning antihypertensive treatment effect at different blood pressure (BP) levels, and relative treatment effect of different antihypertensive agents. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, DARE and CDSR during years 2005-2016. Eligibility criteria, number of trials and participants, outcomes analysed, statistical methods used for data synthesis, and principal results were extracted for each review...
March 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777258/diagnosis-and-management-of-supraventricular-tachycardias
#9
REVIEW
Lior Bibas, Michael Levi, Vidal Essebag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583432/weight-loss-practical-tips
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763923/the-multidisciplinary-nature-of-trauma-care-also-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
Christina Gaarder, Kjetil Sunde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702625/metformin-beyond-an-insulin-sensitizer-targeting-heart-and-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#12
REVIEW
Xin Yang, Zhipeng Xu, Chunlan Zhang, Zixin Cai, Jingjing Zhang
Metformin, a biguanide derivate, is known as the first-line antidiabetic agent for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treatment. It reduces insulin resistance and decreases blood glucose concentration by inhibiting gluconeogenesis and suppressing hepatic glucose production with improved peripheral tissue insulin sensitivity. As an insulin sensitizer, metformin takes pleiotropic actions and exerts protective effects on multiple organs mainly in insulin-targeted tissues such as liver, muscle, and adipose tissues...
August 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748663/fluid-resuscitation-for-acute-kidney-injury-an-empty-promise
#13
Scott C Watkins, Andrew D Shaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The past decade has seen more advances in our understanding of fluid therapy than the preceding decades combined. What was once thought to be a relatively benign panacea is increasingly being recognized as a potent pharmacological and physiological intervention that may pose as much harm as benefit. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have clearly indicated that the amount, type, and timing of fluid administration have profound effects on patient morbidity and outcomes...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729421/aspirin-for-primary-cardiovascular-risk-prevention-and-beyond-in-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Davide Capodanno, Dominick J Angiolillo
Daily administration of low-dose aspirin has proved to be beneficial in preventing recurrent cardiovascular events. However, the role of aspirin for primary prevention in patients with no overt cardiovascular disease is more controversial. In fact, in lower risk patients, the modest benefit in reducing serious vascular events can be offset by the increased risk of bleeding, including intracranial and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Diabetes mellitus has been associated with a substantially increased risk of both first and recurrent atherothrombotic events, which makes aspirin therapy of potential value in these subjects...
November 15, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791388/blood-laboratory-testing-for-early-prediction-of-preeclampsia-chasing-the-finish-line-or-at-the-starting-blocks
#15
Martina Montagnana, Elisa Danese, Giuseppe Lippi, Cristiano Fava
Preeclampsia (PE) affects 2-8% of pregnancies worldwide, thus representing an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity, up to death. Many studies have been designed to identify putative biomarkers for accurate and timely diagnosing PE, but only some of them were focused on specific and sensitive biomarkers for early prediction of this life-threatening condition. In particular, some prospective studies aimed to investigate the predictive role of circulating biomarkers before 20 weeks of gestation in the general pregnant population yielded conflicting results...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536694/fluid-management-for-critically-ill-patients-a-review-of-the-current-state-of-fluid-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
Erin Frazee, Kianoush Kashani
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluids (IVF) are frequently utilized to restore intravascular volume in patients with distributive and hypovolemic shock. Although the benefits of the appropriate use of fluids in intensive care units (ICUs) and hospitals are well described, there is growing knowledge regarding the potential risks of volume overload and its impact on organ failure and mortality. To avoid volume overload and its associated complications, strategies to identify fluid responsiveness are developed and utilized more often among ICU patients...
June 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464203/treatment-of-opioid-use-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Marc A Schuckit
This article provides an overview of the current treatment of opioid-related conditions, including treatments provided by general practitioners and by specialists in substance-use disorders. The recent dramatic increase in misuse of prescription analgesics, the easy accessibility of opioids such as..
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567407/2016-esc-eas-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidaemias
#18
Alberico L Catapano, Ian Graham, Guy De Backer, Olov Wiklund, M John Chapman, Heinz Drexel, Arno W Hoes, Catriona S Jennings, Ulf Landmesser, Terje R Pedersen, Željko Reiner, Gabriele Riccardi, Marja-Riita Taskinen, Lale Tokgozoglu, W M Monique Verschuren, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, David A Wood, Jose Luis Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696689/13-diabetes-care-in-the-hospital
#19
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696688/12-management-of-diabetes-in-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Diabetes Care
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