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43 papers 0 to 25 followers
Diana Vetter, Jürgen Barth, Sema Uyulmaz, Semra Uyulmaz, René Vonlanthen, Giulio Belli, Marco Montorsi, Henri Bismuth, Claudia M Witt, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of art including ambient features such as music, interior design including visual art, and architectural features on health outcomes in surgical patients. BACKGROUND: Healing environments can have a positive influence on many patients, but data focusing on art in surgical patients remain scarce. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search following the PRISMA guidelines from January 2000 to October 2014 on art in surgical patients...
November 2015: Annals of Surgery
Yannick Debing, Darius Moradpour, Johan Neyts, Jérôme Gouttenoire
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a positive-strand RNA virus transmitted by the fecal-oral route. The 7.2kb genome encodes three open reading frames (ORF) which are translated into (i) the ORF1 polyprotein, representing the viral replicase, (ii) the ORF2 protein, corresponding to the viral capsid, and (iii) the ORF3 protein, a small protein involved in particle secretion. Although HEV is a non-enveloped virus in bile and feces, it circulates in the bloodstream wrapped in cellular membranes. HEV genotypes 1 and 2 infect only humans and cause mainly waterborne outbreaks...
July 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Richard H Sterns, Marvin Grieff, Paul L Bernstein
Treatment options for hyperkalemia have not changed much since the introduction of the cation exchange resin, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate, Covis Pharmaceuticals, Cary, NC), over 50 years ago. Although clinicians of that era did not have ready access to hemodialysis or loop diuretics, the other tools that we use today-calcium, insulin, and bicarbonate-were well known to them. Currently recommended insulin regimens provide too little insulin to achieve blood levels with a maximal kalemic effect and too little glucose to avoid hypoglycemia...
March 2016: Kidney International
Carlos Augusto Gomes, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Federico Coccolini, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Felipe Couto Gomes, Camila Couto Gomes
Advances in the technology and improved access to imaging modalities such as Computed Tomography and laparoscopy have changed the contemporary diagnostic and management of acute appendicitis. Complicated appendicitis (phlegmon, abscess and/ or diffuse peritonitis), is now reliably distinguished from uncomplicated cases. Therefore, a new comprehensive grading system for acute appendicitis is necessary. The goal is review and update the laparoscopic grading system of acute appendicitis and to provide a new standardized classification system to allow more uniform patient stratification...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
L Lee Hamm, Nazih Nakhoul, Kathleen S Hering-Smith
Acid-base homeostasis and pH regulation are critical for both normal physiology and cell metabolism and function. The importance of this regulation is evidenced by a variety of physiologic derangements that occur when plasma pH is either high or low. The kidneys have the predominant role in regulating the systemic bicarbonate concentration and hence, the metabolic component of acid-base balance. This function of the kidneys has two components: reabsorption of virtually all of the filtered HCO3(-) and production of new bicarbonate to replace that consumed by normal or pathologic acids...
December 7, 2015: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Derek C Angus, Tom van der Poll
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 369, Issue 9, Page 840-851, August 2013.
August 29, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Michael S Niederman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Hepatology
Raymond S Koff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2015: Gastroenterology
Ming Ding, Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Yang Hu, Qi Sun, Jiali Han, Esther Lopez-Garcia, Walter Willett, Rob M van Dam, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: The association between consumption of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee and risk of mortality remains inconclusive. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the associations of consumption of total, caffeinated, and decaffeinated coffee with risk of subsequent total and cause-specific mortality among 74,890 women in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), 93,054 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, and 40,557 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Coffee consumption was assessed at baseline using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
December 15, 2015: Circulation
Julian L Wichmann, Richard W Katzberg, Sheldon E Litwin, Peter L Zwerner, Carlo N De Cecco, Thomas J Vogl, Philip Costello, U Joseph Schoepf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2015: Circulation
Anthony O'Connor, Javier P Gisbert, Colm O'Morain, Spiros Ladas
Many interesting articles have been published from many parts of the world over the last year assessing different issues around Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. This article will address the published literature over the last year pertaining to the topic of treatment of H. pylori infection. The main themes that emerge are assessing the efficacy of standard triple therapy, as well as exploring new first-line treatments, mainly optimized nonbismuth- and bismuth-containing quadruple therapies with some promising data also emerging on dual therapy...
September 2015: Helicobacter
Bruno Levy, Olivier Bastien, Bendjelid Karim, Karim Benjelid, Alain Cariou, Tahar Chouihed, Alain Combes, Alexandre Mebazaa, Bruno Megarbane, Patrick Plaisance, Alexandre Ouattara, Christian Spaulding, Christian Splaulding, Jean-Louis Teboul, Fabrice Vanhuyse, Thierry Boulain, Kaldoun Kuteifan
Unlike for septic shock, there are no specific international recommendations regarding the management of cardiogenic shock (CS) in critically ill patients. We present herein recommendations for the management of cardiogenic shock in adults, developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of the French-Language Society of Intensive Care (Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF)), with the participation the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Cardiology Society (SFC), the French Emergency Medicine Society (SFMU), and the French Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (SFCTCV)...
December 2015: Annals of Intensive Care
Tomer Avni, Adi Lador, Shaul Lev, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul, Alon Grossman
OBJECTIVE: International guidelines recommend dopamine or norepinephrine as first-line vasopressor agents in septic shock. Phenylephrine, epinephrine, vasopressin and terlipressin are considered second-line agents. Our objective was to assess the evidence for the efficiency and safety of all vasopressors in septic shock. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched electronic database of MEDLINE, CENTRAL, LILACS and conference proceedings up to June 2014...
2015: PloS One
Serena F Carville, Robert Henderson, Huon Gray
Acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) results from complete obstruction to coronary artery blood flow accompanied by the appearance of ST-segment-elevation on the electrocardiogram. Emergency treatment is required to restore coronary perfusion, thereby limiting the extent of damage to the myocardium and the likelihood of early death or future heart failure. This concise guideline summarises key recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence clinical guideline on acute management of STEMI (CG167), of relevance to all healthcare professionals involved...
August 2015: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Lona Mody, Manisha Juthani-Mehta
IMPORTANCE: Asymptomatic bacteriuria and symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in older women are commonly encountered in outpatient practice. OBJECTIVE: To review management of asymptomatic bacteriuria and symptomatic UTI and review prevention of recurrent UTIs in older community-dwelling women. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A search of Ovid (Medline, PsycINFO, Embase) for English-language human studies conducted among adults aged 65 years and older and published in peer-reviewed journals from 1946 to November 20, 2013...
February 26, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Alex J Sinclair, Aaron Sturrock, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
Headache is one of the most common conditions presenting to the neurology clinic, yet a significant proportion of these patients are unsatisfied by their clinic experience. Headache can be extremely disabling; effective treatment is not only essential for patients but is rewarding for the physician. In this first of two parts review of headache, we provide an overview of headache management, emerging therapeutic strategies and an accessible interpretation of clinical guidelines to assist the busy neurologist...
December 2015: Practical Neurology
Josh Batterink, Tara A Cessford, Robert Ai Taylor
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalaemia is a potentially life-threatening electrolyte disturbance which may lead to cardiac arrhythmias and death. Renal replacement therapy is known to be effective in treating hyperkalaemia, but safe and effective pharmacological interventions are needed to prevent dialysis or avoid the complications of hyperkalaemia until dialysis is performed. OBJECTIVES: This review looked at the benefits and harms of pharmacological treatments used in the acute management of hyperkalaemia in adults...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xavier Valette, Damien du Cheyron
A 63-year-old man with no history of alcohol abuse presented with sudden, severe epigastric pain. The serum lipase level was elevated (1380 U per liter; normal range, 22 to 51 U per liter), a finding consistent with acute pancreatitis. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed cholelithiasis without..
December 10, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Gilles Montalescot, Filippo Crea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
2016-01-24 03:36:14
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