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Newborn Resuscitation

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11 papers 0 to 25 followers
Murray Hinder, Pranav Jani, Archana Priyadarshi, Alistair McEwan, Mark Tracy
BACKGROUND: The T-piece resuscitator (TPR) is in common use worldwide to deliver positive pressure ventilation during resuscitation of infants <10 kg. Ease of use, ability to provide positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), availability of devices inbuilt into resuscitaires and cheaper disposable options have increased its popularity as a first-line device for term infant resuscitation. Research into its ventilation performance is limited to preterm infant and animal studies. Efficacy of providing PEEP and the use of TPR during term infant resuscitation are not established...
September 19, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Mohamed S El-Chimi, Hisham A Awad, Tarek M El-Gammasy, Ola G El-Farghali, Mohamed T Sallam, Dina M Shinkar
AIM: To evaluate efficacy and safety of delivery room (DR) sustained lung inflation (SLI) in resuscitation of preterm neonates. METHODS: Randomized Controlled Trial including 112 preterm infants randomized to either SLI (n = 57) using T-piece resuscitator [maximum three inflations with maximum pressure of 30 cmH2O for 15 s followed by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) of 5-7 cmH2O] or conventional bag/mask inflation (CBMI) (n = 55) using traditional self-inflating bag (maximum pressure of 40 cmH2O at a rate of 40-60 per min)...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Mark Tracy, Dharmesh Shah, Archana Priyadarshi, Murray Hinder
BACKGROUND: The self-inflating bag (SIB) is the most common device used to resuscitate newborn infants worldwide. Delivering positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) may be important in infant resuscitation and limited research using one brand (Laerdal) SIB has led to international guidelines stating SIBs 'often deliver inconsistent positive end-expiratory pressure'. AIM: To measure delivered PEEP using disposable and reusable Ambu SIBs fitted with Ambu PEEP valve and manometer comparing different rates of 20, 40 and 60 inflations per minute (IPM) and test lung compliance...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Anup Katheria, Wade Rich, Neil Finer
Proficiency in the care of the preterm neonate is paramount to ensuring safe and quality outcomes. Here we review several simple interventions combined with supportive and informative monitoring that assists the care team in facilitating this critical transitional phase of the care of the preterm newborn. We will discuss the use of checklists, avoidance of early cord clamping, resuscitation during delayed cord clamping, early administration of caffeine soon after birth, and the use of additional monitoring (electrocardiogram, carbon dioxide and respiratory function) during resuscitation...
February 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Karen E McCall, Peter G Davis, Louise S Owen, David G Tingay
A sustained inflation has been advocated as a potential method of augmenting lung aeration at birth. Clinical trials have suggested that a sustained inflation may lead to a reduced need for intubation and ventilation in the first few days of life, without cardiovascular compromise or increased lung injury. Despite this, a sustained inflation is not currently a standard of practice, mainly due to a lack of clarity regarding the optimal delivery method. Animal trials have sought to refine delivery techniques...
March 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Bernhard Schwaberger, Gerhard Pichler, Alexander Avian, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Nariae Baik, Berndt Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Sustained lung inflations (SLI) during neonatal resuscitation may promote alveolar recruitment in preterm infants. While most of the studies focus on respiratory outcome, the impact of SLI on the brain hasn't been investigated yet. OBJECTIVE: Do SLI affect cerebral blood volume (CBV) in preterm infants? METHODS: Preterm infants of gestation 28 weeks 0 days to 33 weeks 6 days with requirement for respiratory support (RS) were included in this randomized controlled pilot trial...
2015: PloS One
Colm P F O'Donnell, Matteo Bruschettini, Peter G Davis, Colin J Morley, Lorenzo Moja, Maria Grazia Calevo, Simona Zappettini
BACKGROUND: At birth, infants' lungs are fluid-filled; this fluid must be replaced by air to allow for effective breathing. Some infants are judged to have inadequate breathing at birth and are resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Giving prolonged (sustained) inflations at the start of PPV may help clear lung fluid and establish gas volume in the lungs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of initial sustained (> one second duration) lung inflation compared to standard inflations (≤ one second) in newly born infants receiving resuscitation with intermittent PPV...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Piyush Shah, Ajay Anvekar, Judy McMichael, Shripada Rao
BACKGROUND: Infants who have an Apgar score of zero at 10 min of age are known to have poor long-term prognosis. Expert committee guidelines suggest that it is reasonable to cease resuscitation efforts if the asphyxiated infant does not demonstrate a heart beat by 10 min of life. These guidelines are based on data from the era when therapeutic hypothermia was not the standard of care for hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Hence, we aimed to review our unit data from the era of therapeutic hypothermia to evaluate the outcomes of infants who had an Apgar score of zero at 10 min and had survived to reach the neonatal intensive care unit...
November 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Georg M Schmölzer, Manoj Kumar, Khalid Aziz, Gerhard Pichler, Megan O'Reilly, Gianluca Lista, Po-Yin Cheung
CONTEXT: Sustained inflation (SI) has been advocated as an alternative to intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) during the resuscitation of neonates at birth, to facilitate the early development of an effective functional residual capacity, reduce atelectotrauma and improve oxygenation after the birth of preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to review the available literature on the use of SI compared with IPPV at birth in preterm infants for major neonatal outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and death...
July 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Jeroen J van Vonderen, Stuart B Hooper, Helmut D Hummler, Enrico Lopriore, Arjan B te Pas
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effect of an initial sustained inflation of 10 seconds and 25 cmH2O in preterm infants at birth. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study inflation pressures and tidal volumes were recorded with the use of respiratory function monitoring of preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation receiving a sustained inflation. Inspiratory tidal volume (Vti) and expiratory tidal volume (Vte) of sustained inflation and cumulative Vti and Vte of breaths during sustained inflation were determined...
November 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
Edgardo Szyld, Adriana Aguilar, Gabriel A Musante, Nestor Vain, Luis Prudent, Jorge Fabres, Waldemar A Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a T-piece resuscitator compared with a self-inflating bag for providing mask ventilation to newborns at birth. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns at ≥26 weeks gestational age receiving positive-pressure ventilation at birth were included in this multicenter cluster-randomized 2-period crossover trial. Positive-pressure ventilation was provided with either a self-inflating bag (self-inflating bag group) with or without a positive end-expiratory pressure valve or a T-piece with a positive end-expiratory pressure valve (T-piece group)...
August 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
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