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Dog bite

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15 papers 0 to 25 followers
P Rezac, K Rezac, P Slama
Facial injuries caused by dog bites pose a serious problem. The aims of this study were to determine human behavior immediately preceding a dog bite to the face and to assess the effects of victim age and gender and dog sex and size on the location of the bite to the face and the need for medical treatment. Complete data on 132 incidents of bites to the face were analysed. A human bending over a dog, putting the face close to the dog's face, and gazing between victim and dog closely preceded a dog bite to the face in 76%, 19% and 5% of cases, respectively...
December 2015: Veterinary Journal
Hassan Oueis, Richard Tann, James Stenger
It is estimated that 4.5 million Americans are bitten by dogs each year, and half of those are children. One in five dog bites results in injuries that require some form of medical attention. Children between 5 and 9 years of age are the most affected age group for this type of injury. A 19-month-old boy was admitted to the emergency department of Children's Hospital of Michigan for treatment of injuries due to a dog attack. Injuries were limited to the face of the child. Dental injuries included avulsion of upper lateral incisors, severe luxation of upper central incisors, and fracture of the facial alveolus bone...
January 2015: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
Mark A Prendes, Arash Jian-Amadi, Shu-Hong Chang, Solomon S Shaftel
PURPOSE: Canine bites frequently result in periocular injury. The authors aimed to further characterize the dog breeds, types of injuries inflicted, and treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all dog bites recorded in the University of Washington trauma registry from 2003 to 2013. Cases involving ocular injury were further investigated to identify ocular tissues affected, treatment patterns, and outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 342 dog bite victims were identified, of whom 91 sustained ocular trauma (27%)...
July 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
C J Mannion, A Graham, K Shepherd, D Greenberg
The number of injuries caused by dog bites is increasing in the United Kingdom. We review patients admitted with dog bites to a single maxillofacial department in a district general hospital over a 21-month period. Data include patients' characteristics, and the site and severity of injury. The relationship of the victim to the animal and its breed and classification were added where possible. In total, 65 patients, mean age 22 years (range 1-71, median 14) were included. There were 84 wounds, and their site and severity were recorded according to the Lackmann classification...
July 2015: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Michael D Foster, John W Hudson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present retrospective record review was to evaluate the patient demographics, treatment rendered, and long-term outcomes of patients injured in dog bite attacks to the oral and maxillofacial region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, a retrospective medical record review was conducted of patients treated by the oral and maxillofacial surgery department at the University of Tennessee Medical Center who had presented with injuries to the head, neck, and face region from dog bite attacks from February 1, 2006 to October 31, 2013...
May 2015: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Gaoussou Touré, Ghislain Angoulangouli, Jean-Paul Méningaud
BACKGROUND: Dog bites are considered to be septic injuries, and their location on the face, with its highly symbolic topography and important social functions, is particularly pertinent. In addition to specific medical aspects, such as their psychological impact, they are also of relevance in terms of child protection measures. In light of the far-reaching importance of this subject, we were prompted to carry out a prospective study, over 13 years, to identify risk factors. Our results highlight specific risk factors, and they may hence assist with the implementation of concrete primary prevention measures against dog bites...
May 2015: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
S Börjesson, E Gómez-Sanz, K Ekström, C Torres, U Grönlund
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether S. pseudintermedius is misdiagnosed as S. aureus by clinical laboratories when isolated from humans with dog bite wounds. In addition, we attempted to determine whether S. pseudintermedius isolates related to dog bite wounds share phenotypic and genotypic traits. S. pseudintermedius was identified by PCR targeting the nuc gene. Isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility using VetMIC GP-mo microdilution panels. The occurrence of genes encoding leukocidins, exfoliatins, pyrogenic toxin superantigens and enterotoxins was determined by PCR...
April 2015: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Sabrina Ferreira, Luis Eugênio Ayres Quaresma, Carlos Alberto Timóteo, André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Giovanna Barbosa Francisconi, Francisley Avila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
The nose holds an outstanding position on the face, acquiring great importance within the context of facial aesthetics. Because of the functional, psychological, and social aspects of trauma in a society increasingly demanding about aesthetics, treatment institution must reduce, as accurate as possible, the sequelae that hinder social integration. This clinical report relates an immediate nasal reconstruction of a complex animal bite wound. A 7-year-old patient was victim of a dog bite with avulsion of the left nasal ala and part of the ipsilateral nasal tip...
May 2014: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Pedram Daraei, Jason P Calligas, Elizabeth Katz, Joanna W Etra, Anita B Sethna
IMPORTANCE: Upper lip avulsion after traumatic dog bite is a serious cause of facial disfigurement for which there is no consensus on management in the acute setting. OBJECTIVE: This review was prompted by a case at our institution and is intended to display the available evidence in the management of the patient after dog bite injury to the upper lip. Our main goals are to create a management algorithm using current evidence and to stimulate further clinical investigation to improve outcomes in patients with facial dog bite injuries...
March 2014: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Nikolaos K Paschos, Eleftherios A Makris, Apostolos Gantsos, Anastasios D Georgoulis
INTRODUCTION: Dog bite wounds represent a major health problem. Despite their importance, their management and especially the role of primary closure remain controversial. In this randomised controlled trial, the outcome between primary suturing and non-closure was compared. METHODS: 168 consecutive patients with dog bite injuries were included in this study. The wounds were allocated randomly in two treatment approaches: Group 1, consisting of eighty-two patients, had their wound sutured, whilst Group 2, consisting of eighty-six patients, did not have their wounds sutured...
January 2014: Injury
Shay Froind, Angelica Shapira Parra, Nili Segal
OBJECTIVES: Dog bite injury of the head and neck is not rare in children although intracranial injury is reported anecdotally. Among the case reports there is a significant number of patients in whom the diagnosis of penetrating cranial injury was delayed. The aim of the study was to describe a patient with a trans mastoid head injury due to a dog bite that was not diagnosed at presentation and review similar cases in the literature. METHODS: A 13-year-old girl was admitted to the emergency room with severe head, neck and breast lacerations...
September 2013: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
A George Akingba, Eric A Robinson, Andrea L Jester, Brian M Rapp, Anthony Tsai, Raghu L Motaganahalli, Michael C Dalsing, Michael P Murphy
BACKGROUND: Vascular trauma from large-dog bites present with a combination of crush and lacerating injuries to the vessel, as well as significant adjacent soft tissue injury and a high potential for wound complications. This retrospective case series evaluates our 15 years of experience in managing this uncommonly seen injury into suggested treatment recommendations. METHODS: From our database, 371 adult patients presented with dog bites between July 1997 and June 2012...
November 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Andrew H Huang, Michael S Wong
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe immediate nasal reconstruction using a forehead flap after dog bite injuries. BACKGROUND: Dog bites to the nose can avulse multiple aesthetic subunits, making primary repair difficult, inadvisable, or impossible. Microsurgical replantation and composite grafting of the nose have been reported, but this assumes the avulsed nasal segments are salvageable even after the animal's attack. METHODS: We present 2 cases of dog bites to the nose with loss of multiple aesthetic subunits...
April 2013: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Matheus Furtado de Carvalho, Luiz Augusto Paixão Hardtke, Max Filipe Cota de Souza, Vasco de Oliveira Araujo
Dog bites represent lesions commonly found in Hospital Emergency Clinic. This type of lesion may cause severe harm to patients, but it rarely affects the underlying bone structure causes facial fracture. This study aims to illustrate a rare clinical case in which a pediatric patient presented a comminuted fracture in the mandible which evolved into a unilateral avulsion of the mandibular condyle, body fractures as well as a mandibular ramus and hemiface that had been deformed, with multiple lacerations and loss of soft-tissue mass...
August 2012: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Johannes Schalamon, Herwig Ainoedhofer, Georg Singer, Thomas Petnehazy, Johannes Mayr, Katalin Kiss, Michael E Höllwarth
OBJECTIVES: This study focuses on the pattern of incidence, mechanisms, and circumstances of accident and injury in a series of pediatric patients who sustained dog bites. METHODS: In our retrospective survey, the medical charts of all children who were younger than 17 years and sought medical attention after a dog bite between 1994 and 2003 were reviewed. To obtain the total number of each dog breed in the administrative district, we analyzed 5873 files from the community dog registers...
March 2006: Pediatrics
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