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By Ehud Ur Professor and Head, Endocrinology, UBC, Vancouver
Romina Lomonaco, Fernando Bril, Paola Portillo-Sanchez, Carolina Ortiz-Lopez, Beverly Orsak, Diane Biernacki, Margaret Lo, Amitabh Suman, Michelle H Weber, Kenneth Cusi
OBJECTIVE: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is increasingly common in obese patients. However, its metabolic consequences in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 154 obese patients divided in four groups: 1) control (no T2DM or NAFLD), 2) T2DM without NAFLD, 3) T2DM with isolated steatosis, and 4) T2DM with NASH. We evaluated intrahepatic triglycerides by proton MRS ((1)H-MRS) and assessed insulin secretion/resistance during an oral glucose tolerance test and a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp with glucose turnover measurements...
April 2016: Diabetes Care
Vlad Ratziu
NASH is a common liver disease that increases liver-related mortality and reduces survival. The need for optimal management of NASH is therefore a priority for today's practicing hepatologist. The rationale for specific pharmacological therapy for NASH is based on the potential for disease progression and the difficulties that many patients have successfully implementing, in the long term, diet and lifestyle changes. Even in those that succeed, limited evidence exists that severe liver injury in patients with NASH can be reversed by diet and lifestyle measures alone...
November 2013: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Alexander Wree, Lori Broderick, Ali Canbay, Hal M Hoffman, Ariel E Feldstein
NAFLD has evolved as a serious public health problem in the USA and around the world. In fact, NASH-the most serious form of NAFLD-is predicted to become the leading cause of liver transplantation in the USA by the year 2020. The pathogenesis of NAFLD and NASH, in particular the mechanisms responsible for liver injury and fibrosis, is the result of a complex interplay between host and environmental factors, and is at the centre of intense investigation. In this Review, we focus on recently uncovered aspects of the genetic, biochemical, immunological and molecular events that are responsible for the development and progression of this highly prevalent and potentially serious disease...
November 2013: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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