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By P O Pediatrics, Nephrology
Hee Gyung Kang, Hyun Kyung Lee, Yo Han Ahn, Je-Gun Joung, Jaeyong Nam, Nayoung K D Kim, Jung Min Ko, Min Hyun Cho, Jae Il Shin, Joon Kim, Hye Won Park, Young Seo Park, Il-Soo Ha, Woo Yeong Chung, Dae-Yeol Lee, Su Young Kim, Woong Yang Park, Hae Il Cheong
Nephronophthisis-related ciliopathy (NPHP-RC) is a common genetic cause of end-stage renal failure during childhood and adolescence and exhibits an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Genetic diagnosis is quite limited owing to genetic heterogeneity in NPHP-RC. We designed a novel approach involving the step-wise screening of Sanger sequencing and targeted exome sequencing for the genetic diagnosis of 55 patients with NPHP-RC. First, five NPHP-RC genes were analyzed by Sanger sequencing in phenotypically classified patients...
August 5, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Harikrishan K Aggarwal, Deepak Jain, Sachin Yadav, Vipin Kaverappa, Abhishek Gupta
Senior-Loken syndrome refers to a disorder in which there is a combination of nephronophthisis and retinal dystrophy. The earliest presenting signs of the renal component are polyuria and polydipsia secondary to defective urinary concentrating ability. Nephronophthisis progresses to end-stage renal disease during the second decade. The retinal lesions are variable, ranging from severe infantile onset retinal dystrophy to more typical retinitis pigmentosa. There is a spectrum of other associated features, including skeletal, dermatological and cerebellar anomalies, observed in this entity...
June 2013: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Haribaskar Ramachandran, Toma A Yakulov, Christina Engel, Barbara Müller, Gerd Walz
Nephronophthisis (NPH) is a rare autosomal ciliopathy, but the leading cause for hereditary end-stage renal disease in children. Most NPH family members form large protein networks, which appear to participate in structural elements of the cilium and/or function to restrict access of molecules to the ciliary compartment. The zinc-finger protein GLIS2/NPHP7 represents an exception as it has been implicated in transcriptional regulation; only two families with GLIS2/NPHP7 mutations and typical NPH manifestations have been identified so far...
May 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Bo Yuan, Pengfei Liu, Aditya Gupta, Christine R Beck, Anusha Tejomurtula, Ian M Campbell, Tomasz Gambin, Alexandra D Simmons, Marjorie A Withers, R Alan Harris, Jeffrey Rogers, David C Schwartz, James R Lupski
Many loci in the human genome harbor complex genomic structures that can result in susceptibility to genomic rearrangements leading to various genomic disorders. Nephronophthisis 1 (NPHP1, MIM# 256100) is an autosomal recessive disorder that can be caused by defects of NPHP1; the gene maps within the human 2q13 region where low copy repeats (LCRs) are abundant. Loss of function of NPHP1 is responsible for approximately 85% of the NPHP1 cases-about 80% of such individuals carry a large recurrent homozygous NPHP1 deletion that occurs via nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) between two flanking directly oriented ~45 kb LCRs...
December 2015: PLoS Genetics
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