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Hpv questioning medicine podcast

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By Andrew Buelt Questioningmedicine, intern in residency
Robert A Bednarczyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
P Nicolau, G Mancebo, S Agramunt, J M Solé-Sedeño, B Bellosillo, M M Muset, B Lloveras, F Alameda, R Carreras
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in urine samples from women with high-grade cervical lesions. Secondary objectives are to identify the influence of socio-demographic factors and the different genotypes with urinary HPV positivity. STUDY DESIGN: 75 women with a positive biopsy for CIN2+ were included in the study from October 2010 to July 2011. A sample of urine was collected immediately before conization at the outpatient clinic...
December 2014: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Neha Pathak, Julie Dodds, Javier Zamora, Khalid Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in urine in detecting cervical HPV in sexually active women. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Searches of electronic databases from inception until December 2013, checks of reference lists, manual searches of recent issues of relevant journals, and contact with experts. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Test accuracy studies in sexually active women that compared detection of urine HPV DNA with detection of cervical HPV DNA...
September 16, 2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Henry C Kitchener, Gemma L Owens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
K Haguenoer, B Giraudeau, C Gaudy-Graffin, I de Pinieux, F Dubois, N Trignol-Viguier, J Viguier, H Marret, A Goudeau
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer screening coverage remains insufficient in most countries. Testing self-collected samples for high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) could be an alternative to the Pap smear, but costs, sampling methods and transport issues hamper its wide use. Our objective was to compare diagnostic accuracy of 2 vaginal self-collection methods, a dry swab (vsc-DRY) or swab in liquid medium (vsc-LIQ), for detecting HR-HPV cervical infection assessed by a cervical clinician-collected sample in liquid medium (ccc-LIQ)...
August 2014: Gynecologic Oncology
Philip E Castle, William C Hunt, Erika Langsfeld, Cosette M Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of cervical precancer and cancer associated with detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) 6, 11, and 42. METHODS: We used data from the New Mexico Human Papillomavirus Pap Registry. A stratified sample of 59,644 residual cervical cytology specimens from a population of 379,000 underwent HPV genotyping. We measured the 3-year cumulative incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or more severe (CIN 2+) and grade 3 or more severe (CIN 3+) after detection of single HPV 6, 11, or 42 infections or single or multiple infections of HPV 6, 11, or 42 ("HPV 6, 11, 42, or combinations"; n=581)...
January 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Laura G Franciscatto, Cláudia M D Silva, Regina B Barcellos, Suelen Angeli, Márcia S N Silva, Sabrina E M Almeida, Maria L R Rossetti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of urine sampling for detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA among pregnant women and to compare HPV DNA detection in urine with detection in vaginal samples. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, urine and vaginal samples were self-collected from pregnant women attending prenatal care at Hospital Divina Providencia, Frederico Westphalen, Brazil, between October 2006 and August 2007. Part of the L1 region of the HPV genome was amplified via GP5(+)/bioGP6(+) primers...
April 2014: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
K Miriam Elfström, Vitaly Smelov, Anna L V Johansson, Carina Eklund, Pontus Nauclér, Lisen Arnheim-Dahlström, Joakim Dillner
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the increased sensitivity of screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) may represent overdiagnosis and to compare the long term duration of protective effect against cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) in HPV based and cytology based screening. DESIGN: 13 year follow-up of the Swedescreen randomised controlled trial of primary HPV screening. SETTING: Organised cervical screening programme in Sweden...
January 16, 2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Marc Arbyn, Freija Verdoodt, Peter J F Snijders, Viola M J Verhoef, Eero Suonio, Lena Dillner, Silvia Minozzi, Cristina Bellisario, Rita Banzi, Fang-Hui Zhao, Peter Hillemanns, Ahti Anttila
BACKGROUND: Screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is more effective in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer than screening using Pap smears. Moreover, HPV testing can be done on a vaginal sample self-taken by a woman, which offers an opportunity to improve screening coverage. However, the clinical accuracy of HPV testing on self-samples is not well-known. We assessed whether HPV testing on self-collected samples is equivalent to HPV testing on samples collected by clinicians...
February 2014: Lancet Oncology
Keimari Mendez, Josefina Romaguera, Ana P Ortiz, Mariel López, Martin Steinau, Elizabeth R Unger
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that self-collected urine could be used to detect high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA with sensitivity and specificity comparable to those of standard cervical testing. METHODS: Women attending a gynecology clinic for evaluation of abnormal cytology were recruited. Fifty-two participants (21-60years of age) collected urine samples, and clinicians collected cervical brush samples. When appropriate, cervical biopsies were obtained during colposcopy...
February 2014: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe, Patti E Gravitt, S Terence Dunn, David Brown, Richard A Allen, Yolanda J Eby, Katie Smith, Rosemary E Zuna, Roy R Zhang, Michael A Gold, Mark Schiffman, Joan L Walker, Philip E Castle, Nicolas Wentzensen
While urine-based sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV) is being explored as a simple and noninvasive approach for cervical cancer screening, data comparing HPV genotyping in urine and those in cellular sampling of the cervix and vulva, and their correlation with rigorously confirmed cervical disease status, are sparse. We performed HPV genotyping on voided-urine and clinician-collected vulvar and cervical samples from 72 women undergoing colposcopy. Although urine-based HPV carcinogenic HPV detection was lower (58...
January 2014: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Guglielmo Ronco, Joakim Dillner, K Miriam Elfström, Sara Tunesi, Peter J F Snijders, Marc Arbyn, Henry Kitchener, Nereo Segnan, Clare Gilham, Paolo Giorgi-Rossi, Johannes Berkhof, Julian Peto, Chris J L M Meijer
BACKGROUND: In four randomised trials, human papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer was compared with cytology-based cervical screening, and precursors of cancer were the endpoint in every trial. However, direct estimates are missing of the relative efficacy of HPV-based versus cytology-based screening for prevention of invasive cancer in women who undergo regular screening, of modifiers (eg, age) of this relative efficacy, and of the duration of protection. We did a follow-up study of the four randomised trials to investigate these outcomes...
February 8, 2014: Lancet
Nicolas Wentzensen, Martha Nason, Mark Schiffman, Lori Dodd, William C Hunt, Cosette M Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes may be independently or synergistically associated with risk of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs). We evaluated the risk of HSIL in women concomitantly infected with multiple HPV genotypes. METHODS: A population-based stratified sample of 59 664 cervical cytology specimens from women residing in New Mexico were evaluated for cytologic abnormalities and HPV genotypes. We calculated the risk of HSIL in women infected with a single HPV genotype and the risk in those infected with multiple HPV genotypes...
March 2014: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Emma J Crosbie, Mark H Einstein, Silvia Franceschi, Henry C Kitchener
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus infection. Most human papillomavirus infection is harmless and clears spontaneously but persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (especially type 16) can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, penis, and oropharynx. The virus exclusively infects epithelium and produces new viral particles only in fully mature epithelial cells. Human papillomavirus disrupts normal cell-cycle control, promoting uncontrolled cell division and the accumulation of genetic damage...
September 7, 2013: Lancet
Susan Hariri, Elizabeth R Unger, Suzanne E Powell, Heidi M Bauer, Nancy M Bennett, Karen C Bloch, Linda M Niccolai, Sean Schafer, Martin Steinau, Lauri E Markowitz
BACKGROUND: Two vaccines protect against human papillomaviruses (HPV) 16 and 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancer and 50% of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 and adenocarcinoma in situ (CIN2+). Monitoring HPV types in CIN2+ may be used to assess HPV vaccine impact. METHODS: As part of a multisite vaccine impact monitoring project (HPV-IMPACT), biopsy specimens used to diagnose CIN2+ were obtained for HPV DNA typing for women aged 18-39 years. RESULTS: Among 4,121 CIN2+ cases reported during 2008-2009 in 18- to 39-year-old women 3058 (74...
December 15, 2012: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Matti Lehtinen, Jorma Paavonen, Cosette M Wheeler, Unnop Jaisamrarn, Suzanne M Garland, Xavier Castellsagué, S Rachel Skinner, Dan Apter, Paulo Naud, Jorge Salmerón, Song-Nan Chow, Henry Kitchener, Júlio C Teixeira, James Hedrick, Genara Limson, Anne Szarewski, Barbara Romanowski, Fred Y Aoki, Tino F Schwarz, Willy A J Poppe, Newton S De Carvalho, Maria Julieta V Germar, Klaus Peters, Adrian Mindel, Philippe De Sutter, F Xavier Bosch, Marie-Pierre David, Dominique Descamps, Frank Struyf, Gary Dubin
BACKGROUND: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or greater (CIN2+) is the surrogate endpoint used in licensure trials of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. Vaccine efficacy against CIN3+, the immediate precursor to invasive cervical cancer, is more difficult to measure because of its lower incidence, but provides the most stringent evidence of potential cancer prevention. We report vaccine efficacy against CIN3+ and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) in the end-of-study analysis of PATRICIA (PApilloma TRIal against Cancer In young Adults)...
January 2012: Lancet Oncology
A Vorsters, I Micalessi, J Bilcke, M Ieven, J Bogers, P Van Damme
The detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in urine, a specimen easily obtained by a non-invasive self-sampling method, has been the subject of a considerable number of studies. This review provides an overview of 41 published studies; assesses how different methods and settings may contribute to the sometimes contradictory outcomes; and discusses the potential relevance of using urine samples in vaccine trials, disease surveillance, epidemiological studies, and specific settings of cervical cancer screening...
May 2012: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Eileen F Dunne, Maya Sternberg, Lauri E Markowitz, Geraldine McQuillan, David Swan, Sonya Patel, Elizabeth R Unger
The 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were used to assess human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 DNA detection from females aged 14-59 years who self-collected cervicovaginal swab specimens. Prevalence was 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.8%-10.0%) and was highest among women aged 20-24 years (18.5%; 95% CI, 14.9%-22.8%). Age group, education, marital status, and sexual behavior were associated with detection. These data provide baseline information before HPV vaccine introduction...
August 15, 2011: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Patti E Gravitt, Jerome L Belinson, Jorge Salmeron, Keerti V Shah
Even in the era of highly effective human papillomavirus (HPV) prophylactic vaccines, substantial reduction in worldwide cervical cancer mortality will only be realized if effective early detection and treatment of the millions of women already infected and the millions who may not receive vaccination in the next decade can be broadly implemented through sustainable cervical cancer screening programs. Effective programs must meet three targets: (i) at least 70% of the targeted population should be screened at least once in a lifetime, (ii) screening assays and diagnostic tests must be reproducible and sufficiently sensitive and specific for the detection of high-grade precursor lesions (i...
August 1, 2011: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Joakim Dillner, Matejka Rebolj, Philippe Birembaut, Karl-Ulrich Petry, Anne Szarewski, Christian Munk, Silvia de Sanjose, Pontus Naucler, Belen Lloveras, Susanne Kjaer, Jack Cuzick, Marjolein van Ballegooijen, Christine Clavel, Thomas Iftner
OBJECTIVE: To obtain large scale and generalisable data on the long term predictive value of cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or cancer (CIN3+). DESIGN: Multinational cohort study with joint database analysis. SETTING: Seven primary HPV screening studies in six European countries. PARTICIPANTS: 24,295 women attending cervical screening enrolled into HPV screening trials who had at least one cervical cytology or histopathology examination during follow-up...
October 13, 2008: BMJ: British Medical Journal
2016-01-08 16:52:21
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