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Emergency Radiology

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
Alysse Sever, Matthew Rheinboldt
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are commonly encountered during abdominal CT imaging, and size-based parameters for surgical or endovascular repair are well established. Aneurysms greater than 5 cm in diameter are recognized as representing an increased rupture risk and meriting intervention. Increasingly, additional interest has been generated in recognizing imaging features which may herald instability and portend a higher chance for potentially catastrophic rupture. This article will review and illustrate such signs, including hyperattenuation of mural thrombus, rapid expansion, low thrombus to lumen ratio, intimal calcification disruption, posterior mural draping, and saccular outpouching...
April 2016: Emergency Radiology
Y Liza Kearl, Ilene Claudius, Sol Behar, John Cooper, Ryan Dollbaum, Madhu Hardasmalani, Kevin Hardiman, Emily Rose, Genevieve Santillanes, Carl Berdahl
OBJECTIVES: Suggestive radiographic studies with nonvisualization of the appendix can present a challenge to clinicians in the evaluation of pediatric abdominal pain. The primary objective of this study was to quantify the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and of ultrasound (US) in the setting of nonvisualization of the appendix. Secondary objectives reported include sensitivity of MRI and US overall and correlation between MRI and US for diagnosis of appendicitis. METHODS: Records of pediatric emergency department patients aged 3 to 21 years undergoing MRI and/or US for the evaluation of appendicitis were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Frank S Drescher, Brenda E Sirovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Kerim Acar, Ersin Aksay, Deniz Oray, Tuna Imamo─člu, Erkan Gunay
BACKGROUND: Elbow fractures are a common injury seen among emergency department trauma patients. Despite its high frequency, there is no standardized method of diagnosis using conventional x-ray imaging for trauma patients presenting with elbow pain and restricted elbow movement. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess trauma patients, using computed tomography (CT), who present with a positive elbow extension test and have no evident fracture on x-ray study. METHODS: Patients presented to our emergency department with elbow trauma and were evaluated between April 2010 and March 2011...
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ashish Chawla, Jagadish Shenoy, Tze Chwan Lim, Dinesh Singh
The lateral neck radiograph is widely utilized for the evaluation of common neck conditions in the emergency department. The anatomy of the neck is complex and it can be difficult to differentiate between soft tissue structures on a lateral radiograph. We suggest a schematic pattern of interpreting the lateral neck radiograph with case images of various pathologies that can present in the emergency setting.
February 2016: Emergency Radiology
Michael Mouw, Tatiana Balatiouk-Lance, Lawrence H Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matthew Lyon, LaShon Sturgis, Darren Lendermon, Ann Marie Kuchinski, Taylor Mueller, Patrick Loeffler, Hongyan Xu, Robert Gibson
PURPOSE: Our objectives were to determine the frequency of patient transfers to a tertiary care emergency department (Tertiary ED) due to a lack of radiology services in rural hospital EDs (Rural EDs), and examine the community and patient attributes that are associated with these transfers. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients transferred to a Tertiary ED from Rural EDs. Transfers excluded from the study included pediatric patients (age <18 years old) and patients transferred for trauma surgeon evaluation...
November 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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