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W Barcellini, B Fattizzo
Several hemolytic markers are available to guide the differential diagnosis and to monitor treatment of hemolytic conditions. They include increased reticulocytes, an indicator of marrow compensatory response, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, a marker of intravascular hemolysis, reduced haptoglobin, and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. The direct antiglobulin test is the cornerstone of autoimmune forms, and blood smear examination is fundamental in the diagnosis of congenital membrane defects and thrombotic microangiopathies...
2015: Disease Markers
Paola Giordano, Giuseppe Lassandro, Michele Valente, Angelo Claudio Molinari, Paola Ieran├▓, Antonio Coppola
Hemophilias are the most known inherited bleeding disorders. The challenges in the management of hemophilic children are different from those in adults: prophylaxis regimen removed the hallmark of crippling disease with lifelong disabilities; individualized regimens are being implemented in order to overcome venous access problems. Presently, at least in high-income countries, advances in treatment of hemophilia resulted in continuous improvement of the patients' quality of life and life expectancy. Inhibitors remain the most severe complication of hemophilia therapy...
November 2014: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Mehran Karimi, Nader Cohan, Vincenzo De Sanctis, Naji S Mallat, Ali Taher
Beta-thalassemia intermedia (╬▓-TI) is a genetic variant of beta-thalassemias with a clinical disorder whose severity falls between thalassemia minor and thalassemia major. Different genetic defects are involved in this disorder and, based on severity of disease, clinical complications like skeletal deformities and growth retardation, splenomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, heart failure, and endocrine disorders may be present in untreated patients. Precise diagnosis and management are essential in these patients for prevention of later clinical complications...
October 2014: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Drew Provan, Adrian C Newland
Primary immune thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disorder of unknown cause affecting both children and adults. The low peripheral blood platelet count is caused by premature platelet destruction by self-reacting antibodies in addition to an impairment of platelet production. The disease is heterogeneous in its pathophysiology, clinical features and responses to treatment. To date, most of the treatments used have been immune-modulating drugs and these contribute to increased morbidity and mortality in patients...
October 2015: Advances in Therapy
Stanley L Schrier
In this issue of Blood, Moretti et al provide data that challenge the entrenched oral treatment of iron deficiency anemia. The paper shows how the newer understanding of hepcidin and iron metabolism in general can lead to very practical improvements in the management of iron deficiency anemia, a disorder that may affect as many as 1 billion people.
October 22, 2015: Blood
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