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Alana J Gunn, Kelli E Canada
This grounded theory study explores how women with histories of addiction perceive stigma while in treatment. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 women participating in a residential drug treatment center. Previous research has found that support from peers during recovery can be critical to managing illnesses. In fact, researchers have postulated that peers can be a more effective form of support than even family. This study extends existing literature indicating that peer support systems can be supportive, however they can also can be perceived as negative support that impose stigmas...
2015: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy
Aziz Kassani, Mohsen Niazi, Jafar Hassanzadeh, Rostam Menati
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse is a chronic and enduring phenomenon, which is among the important challenging public health problems. One of the main aspects in drug abuse is the relapse. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the time to relapse (survival rate) and to evaluate some of its associated variables by survival analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research was conducted in four addiction treatment centers on 140 self-referred addicts in Ilam city, Iran, in 2012...
September 2015: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Morgane Guillou Landreat, Charles Rozaire, Jean Yves Guillet, Caroline Victorri Vigneau, Jean Yves Le Reste, Marie Grall Bronnec
Opiate dependence affects about 15,479,000 people worldwide. The effectiveness of opiate substitution treatments (OST) has been widely demonstrated. Buprenorphine plays a particular role in opiate dependence care provision in France. It is widely prescribed by physicians and national opiate substitution treatment guidelines have been available since 2004. In order to study the prescribing of buprenorphine, we used a questionnaire sent by email, to a large sample of physicians. These physicians were either in practice, or belonged to an addiction treatment network or a hospital...
2015: PloS One
Mishka Terplan, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Margaret S Chisolm
In spite of the growing knowledge and understanding of addiction as a chronic relapsing medical condition, individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) continue to experience stigmatization. Pregnant women who use substances suffer additional stigma as their use has the potential to cause fetal harm, calling into question their maternal fitness and often leading to punitive responses. Punishing pregnant women denies the integral interconnectedness of the maternal-fetal dyad. Linking substance use with maternal unfitness is not supported by the balance of the scientific evidence regarding the actual harms associated with substance use during pregnancy...
2015: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
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