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By Howie Real Advanced Practice Nurse
Gary W Lewandowski, Brent A Mattingly, Annabelle Pedreiro
This study investigates the effects of acute stress on positive and negative relationship behaviors, specifically assurances and attention to alternatives. A sample of 129 college students were randomly assigned to either a high or low stress condition, then were led to believe they had the opportunity to interact with attractive potential relationship partners and list compliments about their current partner. Results indicated that those in the high stress condition gave their partner fewer assurances and paid more attention to alternatives...
September 2014: Journal of Social Psychology
Anthony Lyons, Warwick Hosking
Researchers, policymakers, and health agencies have tended to treat gay men as a relatively homogeneous population, with little attention given to its many subcultural identities. In this study, we focused on young gay men and investigated a range of health-related differences according to common subcultural identities, such as Bear, Cub, and Twink. In a nationwide cross-sectional online survey of 1,034 Australian gay men aged 18-39 years, 44% reported a subcultural identity, the two most common being Cub (9%) and Twink (20%)...
November 2014: Archives of Sexual Behavior
John A Gosling, Philip J Batterham, Nick Glozier, Helen Christensen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of health status and social support in the relationship between job stress and sleep disturbance, for both intermittent and chronic sleep disturbance. METHODS: A total of 1946 mid-life adults completed three questionnaires spanning an 8-year time frame. Sleep disturbance was assessed at each time point, and participants were classified as experiencing intermittent, chronic or no sleep disturbance across this 8-year period. Independent variables included a range of job stress measures, social support, physical and mental health, and demographic characteristics...
August 2014: Sleep Medicine
Réka Ágnes Haraszti, Krisztina Ella, Norbert Gyöngyösi, Till Roenneberg, Krisztina Káldi
Discrepancies between sleep timing on workdays and weekends, also known as social jetlag (SJL), affect the majority of the population and have been found to be associated with increased health risk and health-impairing behaviors. In this study, we explored the relationship between SJL and academic performance in a sample of undergraduates of the Semmelweis University. We assessed SJL and other sleep-related parameters with the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ) (n = 753). Academic performance was measured by the average grade based on weekly test results as well as scores acquired on the final test (n = 247)...
June 2014: Chronobiology International
Emily A Read
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of nurses' workplace social capital. BACKGROUND: Workplace social capital is an emerging concept in nursing with potential to illuminate the value of social relationships at work. A common definition is needed. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, PsychINFO and ProQuest Nursing. REVIEW METHODS: Databases were systematically searched using the keywords: workplace social capital, employee social capital, work environment, social capital and nursing...
May 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Wendy Norton, Nicky Hudson, Lorraine Culley
Assisted reproduction technologies have developed at an extraordinary rate in recent years. This, combined with the changing landscape of legal, technical and social possibilities, enables gay men to consider their options for fatherhood as new opportunities emerge for them to create families. Media coverage of gay celebrities embracing surrogacy as a way of having a family and high-profile legal cases have raised awareness of surrogacy across the world. However, gay fatherhood achieved through assisted reproduction is a highly under-researched area, both in the UK and internationally...
September 2013: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
David A Moskowitz, Jonathan Turrubiates, Hector Lozano, Christopher Hajek
The Bear community exists as a subculture in reaction to the larger gay community. It rejects the normative idealized male beauty revered by mainstream gay men. While qualitative data document such self-identifiers as masculine-acting gay men who weigh more and have more body hair, there has to date been no quantitative analysis of this group's characteristics. In response, we conducted two large-scale studies of gay men identifying as Bears (n = 469) to survey their self-reported physical, behavioral, and psychological traits...
July 2013: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Esther Castellanos-Torres, Carlos Álvarez-Dardet, Dolores Ruiz-Muñoz, Gloria Pérez
AIMS: To describe gender- and social class-related inequalities in sexual satisfaction and analyze their relationship with self-perceived health status. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study included 7384 sexually active people aged 16 years and over residing in Spain in 2009 (3951 men and 3433 women). The explanatory variables were gender, age, social class, share in performing domestic tasks, spend time looking after oneself, collaborate economically in supporting the family, caring for children, self-perceived health status, and the desire to increase or decrease frequency of having sexual relations...
March 2013: Annals of Epidemiology
Lauren A Jelenchick, Jens C Eickhoff, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between social networking site (SNS) use and depression in older adolescents using an experience sample method (ESM) approach. METHODS: Older adolescent university students completed an online survey containing the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression screen (PHQ) and a week-long ESM data collection period to assess SNS use. RESULTS: Participants (N = 190) included in the study were 58% female and 91% Caucasian...
January 2013: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Alexis Annes, Meredith Redlin
Based on life narratives, this article explores rural gay men's subjectivity in France and the United States. After growing up in rural cultures, these gay men tend to adopt similar hetero-centered ideas about masculinity. We show that these "conventional" ideas impact their sense of self as they express feelings of "effeminophobia." They differentiate themselves from effeminate gay men and emphasize their similarities with straight men. These ideas are both coercive and disciplinary as they homogenize rural gay men's discourse and masculine identities...
2012: Journal of Homosexuality
Bert N Uchino, Richard M Cawthon, Timothy W Smith, Kathleen C Light, Justin McKenzie, McKenzie Carlisle, Heather Gunn, Wendy Birmingham, Kimberly Bowen
OBJECTIVES: The quality of one's personal relationships has been linked to morbidity and mortality across different diseases. As a result, it is important to examine more integrative mechanisms that might link relationships across diverse physical health outcomes. In this study, we examine associations between relationships and telomeres that predict general disease risk. These questions are pursued in the context of a more comprehensive model of relationships that highlights the importance of jointly considering positive and negative aspects of social ties...
November 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Stéphane Côté, D S Moskowitz, David C Zuroff
Personality constructs are typically conceptualized as central tendencies of the individual. We explore whether dynamic personality constructs that quantify the within-individual variability of behavior across situations and over time predict the closeness of social relationships. We focused on interpersonal spin, defined as the degree of dispersion in a person's interpersonal behaviors around the interpersonal circumplex across situations and over time. We predicted that individuals with high spin would have social relationships that are less close than individuals with low spin...
March 2012: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Julianne Holt-Lunstad, Timothy B Smith, J Bradley Layton
BACKGROUND: The quality and quantity of individuals' social relationships has been linked not only to mental health but also to both morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analytic review was conducted to determine the extent to which social relationships influence risk for mortality, which aspects of social relationships are most highly predictive, and which factors may moderate the risk. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted on several participant characteristics, including cause of mortality, initial health status, and pre-existing health conditions, as well as on study characteristics, including length of follow-up and type of assessment of social relationships...
July 27, 2010: PLoS Medicine
Deborah K Padgett, Ben Henwood, Courtney Abrams, Robert E Drake
The new paradigm of recovery has highlighted the importance of positive social relationships, but little is known about their role in recovery among homeless individuals with serious mental illness and comorbid substance abuse. This study used within- and across-case analyses of longitudinal data from qualitative interviews with 41 dually diagnosed individuals entering residential programs to exit homelessness and receive needed services. Thematic findings include (a) "loner talk" and the need for privacy; (b) family ties as "good news, bad news"; (c) when it comes to a partner, other things come first; and (d) in search of positive people...
July 2008: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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