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John A Grant, Asheesh Bedi, Jennifer Kurz, Richard Bancroft, Bruce S Miller
BACKGROUND: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries are the second most common injury resulting in player lost time in elite-level ice hockey. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and injury characteristics of knee MCL sprain in male collegiate ice hockey players. STUDY DESIGN: Case control. METHODS: Athlete exposure data demographics, mechanism of injury, player position, time of injury occurrence (game vs practice), grade of MCL sprain, concomitant injuries, and lost time for cases were extracted from a computerized injury database of 8 college hockey seasons at 1 university...
May 2013: Sports Health
Matilda Lundblad, Markus Waldén, Henrik Magnusson, Jón Karlsson, Jan Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury is the most common knee ligament injury in professional football. AIM: To investigate the rate and circumstances of MCL injuries and development over the past decade. METHODS: Prospective cohort study, in which 27 professional European teams were followed over 11 seasons (2001/2002 to 2011/2012). Team medical staffs recorded player exposure and time loss injuries. MCL injuries were classified into four severity categories...
August 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
James Selfe, Dominic Thewlis, Stephen Hill, Jonathan Whitaker, Chris Sutton, Jim Richards
INTRODUCTION: In the previous study we have demonstrated that in healthy subjects significant changes in coronal and transverse plane mechanics can be produced by the application of a neutral patella taping technique and a patellar brace. Recently it has also been identified that patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) display alterations in gait in the coronal and transverse planes. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of patellar bracing and taping on the three-dimensional mechanics of the knee of patellofemoral pain patients during a step descent task...
May 2011: Gait & Posture
David Jevsevar, Patrick Donnelly, Gregory A Brown, Deborah S Cummins
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to determine the clinical significance of injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, and to assess which trial-level factors influence the overall treatment effect of HA on pain (as measured by a VAS [visual analog scale] or the WOMAC [Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index]) and the WOMAC function and WOMAC stiffness subscales. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was done to locate randomized controlled trials that compared HA with control treatment and had a minimum of thirty patients per subgroup...
December 16, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Jarmo Koli, Juhani Multanen, Urho M Kujala, Arja Häkkinen, Miika T Nieminen, Hannu Kautiainen, Eveliina Lammentausta, Timo Jämsä, Riikka Ahola, Harri Selänne, Ilkka Kiviranta, Ari Heinonen
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the effects of exercise on patellar cartilage using T2 relaxation time mapping of magnetic resonance imaging in postmenopausal women with mild patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Eighty postmenopausal women (mean age, 58 (SD, 4.2) yr) with mild knee OA were randomized to either a supervised progressive impact exercise program three times a week for 12 months (n = 40) or a nonintervention control group (n = 40)...
September 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jason Peeler, Mathew Christian, Juliette Cooper, Jeffrey Leiter, Peter MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a 12-week lower body positive pressure (LBPP)-supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee joint pain, function, and thigh muscle strength in overweight patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Prospective, observational, repeated measures investigation. SETTING: Community-based, multidisciplinary sports medicine clinic. PATIENTS: Thirty-one patients aged between 55 and 75 years, with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m and mild-to-moderate knee OA...
November 2015: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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