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Neuromodulation literature

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81 papers 25 to 100 followers
Jerel K Mueller, Leo Ai, Priya Bansal, Wynn Legon
OBJECTIVE: While ultrasound is largely established for use in diagnostic imaging, its application for neuromodulation is relatively new and crudely understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of tissue properties and geometry on the wave propagation and heating in the context of transcranial neuromodulation. APPROACH: A computational model of transcranial-focused ultrasound was constructed and validated against empirical data. The models were then incrementally extended to investigate a number of issues related to the use of ultrasound for neuromodulation, including the effect on wave propagation of variations in geometry of skull and gyral anatomy as well as the effect of multiple tissue and media layers, including scalp, skull, CSF, and gray/white matter...
October 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
D Ciampi de Andrade, R Galhardoni, L F Pinto, R Lancelotti, J Rosi, M A Marcolin, M J Teixeira
STUDY AIM: We describe a new neuronavigation-guided technique to target the posterior-superior insula (PSI) using a cooled-double-cone coil for deep cortical stimulation. INTRODUCTION: Despite the analgesic effects brought about by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the primary motor and prefrontal cortices, a significant proportion of patients remain symptomatic. This encouraged the search for new targets that may provide stronger pain relief...
December 2012: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
R Arcioni, S Palmisani, M Mercieri, V Vano, S Tigano, T Smith, M R D Fiore, A Al-Kaisy, P Martelletti
BACKGROUND: A significant minority of chronic migraine (CM) subjects fail conventional medical treatment (rCM), becoming highly disabled. Implantation of an occipital nerve stimulator is a therapeutic option for these subjects. Paresthesia-free cervical 10 kHz spinal cord stimulation (HF10 SCS) may provide an alternative. We report the results of a prospective, open-label, exploratory study assessing the long-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of cervical HF10 SCS in cohort of rCM subjects...
January 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Delphine Magis, Pascale Gérard, Jean Schoenen
BACKGROUND: Invasive Occipital Nerve Stimulation (iONS) is a costly technique which appears effective in drug-refractory chronic cluster headache (drCCH) management. Available data on long-term effectiveness and safety of iONS in this indication are scarce, though they could be useful to neurologists and patients in daily practice. The purpose of this short report is to discuss the very long-term outcome of a drCCH cohort, including adverse events. FINDINGS: Previously, favourable results were obtained with iONS in 15 drCCH patients: 80 % were significantly improved and 60 % were pain free...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Yuecheng Yang, Mingmin Song, Yinghui Fan, Ke Ma
Patients who suffer from migraines often report impaired quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) is a novel treatment modality for migraines, although few systematic reviews have evaluated whether this therapy is efficacious. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of ONS for treating migraine through a literature review. We performed a literature search to identify studies that investigated ONS for migraine treatment. Evidence levels of these studies were assessed by recommendations set by the University of Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine...
April 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Dagny Holle-Lee, Charly Gaul
The efficacy of invasive vagal nerve stimulation as well as other invasive neuromodulatory approaches such as deep brain stimulation, occipital nerve stimulation, and ganglion sphenopalatine stimulation has been shown in the treatment of headache disorders in several studies in the past. However, these invasive treatment options were quite costly and often associated with perioperative and postoperative side effects, some severe. As such, they were predominantly restricted to chronic and therapy refractory patients...
May 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Harith Akram, Sarah Miller, Susie Lagrata, Jonathan Hyam, Marjan Jahanshahi, Marwan Hariz, Manjit Matharu, Ludvic Zrinzo
OBJECTIVE: To present outcomes in a cohort of medically intractable chronic cluster headache (CCH) patients treated with ventral tegmental area (VTA) deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHODS: In an uncontrolled open-label prospective study, 21 patients (17 male; mean age 52 years) with medically refractory CCH were selected for ipsilateral VTA-DBS by a specialist multidisciplinary team including a headache neurologist and functional neurosurgeon. Patients had also failed or were denied access to occipital nerve stimulation within the UK National Health Service...
May 3, 2016: Neurology
Sarah Miller, Alex J Sinclair, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
There is increasing interest in using neurostimulation to treat headache disorders. There are now several non-invasive and invasive stimulation devices available with some open-label series and small controlled trial studies that support their use. Non-invasive stimulation options include supraorbital stimulation (Cefaly), vagus nerve stimulation (gammaCore) and single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (SpringTMS). Invasive procedures include occipital nerve stimulation, sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation and ventral tegmental area deep brain stimulation...
October 2016: Practical Neurology
Sudhakar Vadivelu, Paolo Bolognese, Thomas H Milhorat, Alon Y Mogilner
BACKGROUND: Chronic occipital and suboccipital headache is a common symptom in patients with Chiari I malformation. These headaches may persist despite appropriate surgical treatment of the underlying pathology via suboccipital decompression, duraplasty, and cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Occipital nerve stimulation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of a variety of occipital headache/pain syndromes. OBJECTIVE: To review retrospectively our experience with occipital nerve stimulation in patients with a primary diagnosis of Chiari malformation and a history of chronic occipital pain intractable to medical and surgical therapies...
June 2012: Neurosurgery
Jennifer A Sweet, Laura S Mitchell, Samer Narouze, Ashwini D Sharan, Steven M Falowski, Jason M Schwalb, Andre Machado, Joshua M Rosenow, Erika A Petersen, Salim M Hayek, Jeffrey E Arle, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Occipital neuralgia (ON) is a disorder characterized by sharp, electrical, paroxysmal pain, originating from the occiput and extending along the posterior scalp, in the distribution of the greater, lesser, and/or third occipital nerve. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) constitutes a promising therapy for medically refractory ON because it is reversible with minimal side effects and has shown continued efficacy with long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review and provide treatment recommendations for the use of ONS for the treatment of patients with medically refractory ON...
September 2015: Neurosurgery
Thomas M Kinfe, Patrick Schuss, Hartmut Vatter
BACKGROUND: Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) results in beneficial outcomes, with marked pain relief, in otherwise intractable chronic migraine (CM) and chronic cluster headache (CCH). Some studies have reported that a positive response to occipital nerve block (ONB) administered prior to ONS predicts a positive response to ONS. However, other studies concerned with proper patient selection claimed no predictive value for ONB. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the usefulness and predictive value of ONB prior to ONS...
April 2015: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Alex Martino Cinnera, S Bonnì, M Iosa, V Ponzo, A Fusco, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch
Multimodal treatments are emerging as effective approaches for motor recovery in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Various evidence has demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may improve outcomes in people with motor disorders. Behavioral gains from rTMS protocols may be maximized when brain stimulation is coupled with carefully designed occupational/physical therapy. We present the case of a 25-year-old man with chronic TBI (a bilateral corticosubcortical parieto-occipital lesion) who underwent three weeks of cerebellar intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS), a form of rTMS, combined with neurorehabilitation treatment...
April 2016: Functional Neurology
Mariano Fernández-Corazza, Sergei Turovets, Phan Luu, Erik Anderson, Don Tucker
A key challenge in multi-electrode transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) or transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is to find a current injection pattern that delivers the necessary current density at a target and minimizes it in the rest of the head, which is mathematically modeled as an optimization problem. Such an optimization with the Least Squares (LS) or Linearly Constrained Minimum Variance (LCMV) algorithms is generally computationally expensive and requires multiple independent current sources...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Samuel Lee, Alaa Abd-Elsayed
INTRODUCTION: Neuromodulation, including cavernous nerve stimulation, gastric electrical stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation, has been used with success in treating several functional disease conditions. The FDA has approved the use of neuromodulation for a few indications. We discuss in our review article the evidence of using neuromodulation for treating some important disorders involving the autonomic nervous system that are not currently FDA approved. METHODS: This was a review article that included a systematic online web search for human clinical studies testing the efficacy of neuromodulation in treating erectile dysfunction, gastroparesis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obesity, asthma, and heart failure...
June 24, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Chia-Hao Su, Ching-Yi Tsai, Alice Y W Chang, Julie Y H Chan, Samuel H H Chan
Baroreflex is the physiological mechanism for the maintenance of blood pressure and heart rate. Impairment of baroreflex is not a disease per se. However, depending on severity, the eventuality of baroreflex dysfunction varies from inconvenience in daily existence to curtailment of mobility to death. Despite universal acceptance, neuronal traffic within the contemporary neural circuits during the execution of baroreflex has never been visualized. By enhancing signal detection and fine-tuning the scanning parameters, we have successfully implemented tractographic analysis of the medulla oblongata in mice that allowed for visualization of connectivity between key brain stem nuclei in the baroreflex circuits...
2016: Theranostics
John A Wolf, Paul F Koch
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous disorder with many factors contributing to a spectrum of severity, leading to cognitive dysfunction that may last for many years after injury. Injury to axons in the white matter, which are preferentially vulnerable to biomechanical forces, is prevalent in many TBIs. Unlike focal injury to a discrete brain region, axonal injury is fundamentally an injury to the substrate by which networks of the brain communicate with one another. The brain is envisioned as a series of dynamic, interconnected networks that communicate via long axonal conduits termed the "connectome"...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Omer Naor, Steve Krupa, Shy Shoham
Ultrasonic waves can be non-invasively steered and focused into mm-scale regions across the human body and brain, and their application in generating controlled artificial modulation of neuronal activity could therefore potentially have profound implications for neural science and engineering. Ultrasonic neuro-modulation phenomena were experimentally observed and studied for nearly a century, with recent discoveries on direct neural excitation and suppression sparking a new wave of investigations in models ranging from rodents to humans...
June 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
Laurie Pycroft, Sandra G Boccard, Sarah L F Owen, John F Stein, James J Fitzgerald, Alexander L Green, Tipu Z Aziz
The security of medical devices is critical to good patient care, especially when the devices are implanted. In light of recent developments in information security, there is reason to be concerned that medical implants are vulnerable to attack. The ability of attackers to exert malicious control over brain implants ("brainjacking") has unique challenges that we address in this review, with particular focus on deep brain stimulation implants. To illustrate the potential severity of this risk, we identify several mechanisms through which attackers could manipulate patients if unauthorized access to an implant can be achieved...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Da-Wei Meng, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhong Zheng, Xiu Wang, Fang Luo, Kai Zhang
UNLABELLED: A cluster headache (CH) is an excruciating pain centered on the periorbital region and is accompanied by autonomic symptoms. Despite the best currently available medical therapy, many patients still suffer from these headaches. Some patients also experience CH with side shift of attacks, which makes treatment more difficult. In light of the pathophysiological mechanism of CH, the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) is a promising therapeutic target for its management. SPG ablation and non-ablation techniques have been the preferred treatment for CH in recent decades...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Kim van Dun, Florian C A A Bodranghien, Peter Mariën, Mario U Manto
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is an up-and-coming electrical neurostimulation technique increasingly used both in healthy subjects and in selected groups of patients. Due to the high density of neurons in the cerebellum, its peculiar anatomical organization with the cortex lying superficially below the skull and its diffuse connections with motor and associative areas of the cerebrum, the cerebellum is becoming a major target for neuromodulation of the cerebellocerebral networks. We discuss the recent studies based on cerebellar tDCS with a focus on the numerous technical and open issues which remain to be solved...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
2016-06-03 05:40:08
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