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Neuromodulation literature

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88 papers 25 to 100 followers
Maria Fini, William J Tyler
Ultrasound (US) is widely known for its utility as a biomedical imaging modality. An abundance of evidence has recently accumulated showing that US is also useful for non-invasively modulating brain circuit activity. Through a series of studies discussed in this short review, it has recently become recognized that transcranial focused ultrasound can exert mechanical (non-thermal) bioeffects on neurons and cells to produce focal changes in the activity of brain circuits. In addition to highlighting scientific breakthroughs and observations that have driven the development of the field of ultrasonic neuromodulation, this study also provides a discussion of mechanisms of action underlying the ability of ultrasound to physically stimulate and modulate brain circuit activity...
April 21, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
Timothy R Deer, Tim J Lamer, Jason E Pope, Steven M Falowski, David A Provenzano, Konstantin Slavin, Stanley Golovac, Jeffrey Arle, Joshua M Rosenow, Kayode Williams, Porter McRoberts, Samer Narouze, Sam Eldabe, Shivanand P Lad, Jose A De Andrés, Eric Buchser, Philippe Rigoard, Robert M Levy, Brian Simpson, Nagy Mekhail
INTRODUCTION: Neurostimulation involves the implantation of devices to stimulate the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral or cranial nerves for the purpose of modulating the neural activity of the targeted structures to achieve specific therapeutic effects. Surgical placement of neurostimulation devices is associated with risks of neurologic injury, as well as possible sequelae from the local or systemic effects of the intervention. The goal of the Neurostimulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee (NACC) is to improve the safety of neurostimulation...
January 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Shahid Bashir, Woo-Kyoung Yoo
The field of neuromodulation encompasses a wide spectrum of interventional technologies that modify the pathological activity within the nervous system to achieve a therapeutic effect. Therapy, including transcranial direct current stimulation, has shown promising results across a range of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. This article reviews the state-of-the-art of neuromodulation for addiction and discusses the opportunities and challenges available for clinicians and researchers interested in advancing the neuromodulation therapy...
October 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Hermes A S Kamimura, Shutao Wang, Hong Chen, Qi Wang, Christian Aurup, Camilo Acosta, Antonio A O Carneiro, Elisa E Konofagou
PURPOSE: Ultrasound neuromodulation is a promising noninvasive technique for controlling neural activity. Previous small animal studies suffered from low targeting specificity because of the low ultrasound frequencies (<690 kHz) used. In this study, the authors demonstrated the capability of focused ultrasound (FUS) neuromodulation in the megahertz-range to achieve superior targeting specificity in the murine brain as well as demonstrate modulation of both motor and sensory responses...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Kaare Meier, Thomas F Bendtsen, Jens Christian Sørensen, Lone Nikolajsen
Neuroma pain can be severe, persistent, and treatment resistant. We present a case of a 37-year-old female amputee who suffered from severe neuroma pain, which had proved resistant to pharmacologic treatment, glycerol injections, spinal cord stimulation, radiofrequency thermocoagulation, and repeated surgical removals. After treatment with peripheral nerve stimulation, using a St. Jude Medical Octrode lead implanted percutaneously under ultrasound guidance close to her painful neuroma, her ongoing pain dramatically decreased from 8 to 3 on a numeric rating scale (0-10)...
January 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Arthur Roberts, Alec Sithole, Marcos Sedghi, Charles A Walker, Theresa M Quinn
The periauricular percutaneous implantation of the Neuro-Stim System™ family of devices EAD, MFS, and BRIDGE is a procedure involving the use of a non-opiate, neuromodulation analgesic for relieving acute and chronic pain. It has been approved as a minimal-risk procedure by multiple governmental and institutional facilities. This retrospective report of findings will help quantify the incidence of clinically observed bleeding, localized dermatitis, and infections at the implantation sites of the electrode/needle arrays, dermatitis at the site of the generator, and patient syncope...
2016: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Ramsis F Ghaly, Alexei Lissounov, Tatiana Tverdohleb, David Kohanchi, Kenneth D Candido, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenic protein (BMP) for instrumented lumbar fusion was approved in 2002, and since then has led to an increasing incidence of BMP-related neuropathic pain. These patients are usually resistant to conventional medical therapy and frequently undergo multiple surgical revisions without any pain relief. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 58-year-old male was referred to the author's outpatient clinic after four lumbar surgeries did not provide satisfactory pain relief...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Jerel K Mueller, Leo Ai, Priya Bansal, Wynn Legon
OBJECTIVE: While ultrasound is largely established for use in diagnostic imaging, its application for neuromodulation is relatively new and crudely understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of tissue properties and geometry on the wave propagation and heating in the context of transcranial neuromodulation. APPROACH: A computational model of transcranial-focused ultrasound was constructed and validated against empirical data. The models were then incrementally extended to investigate a number of issues related to the use of ultrasound for neuromodulation, including the effect on wave propagation of variations in geometry of skull and gyral anatomy as well as the effect of multiple tissue and media layers, including scalp, skull, CSF, and gray/white matter...
October 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
D Ciampi de Andrade, R Galhardoni, L F Pinto, R Lancelotti, J Rosi, M A Marcolin, M J Teixeira
STUDY AIM: We describe a new neuronavigation-guided technique to target the posterior-superior insula (PSI) using a cooled-double-cone coil for deep cortical stimulation. INTRODUCTION: Despite the analgesic effects brought about by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the primary motor and prefrontal cortices, a significant proportion of patients remain symptomatic. This encouraged the search for new targets that may provide stronger pain relief...
December 2012: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
R Arcioni, S Palmisani, M Mercieri, V Vano, S Tigano, T Smith, M R D Fiore, A Al-Kaisy, P Martelletti
BACKGROUND: A significant minority of chronic migraine (CM) subjects fail conventional medical treatment (rCM), becoming highly disabled. Implantation of an occipital nerve stimulator is a therapeutic option for these subjects. Paresthesia-free cervical 10 kHz spinal cord stimulation (HF10 SCS) may provide an alternative. We report the results of a prospective, open-label, exploratory study assessing the long-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of cervical HF10 SCS in cohort of rCM subjects...
January 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Delphine Magis, Pascale Gérard, Jean Schoenen
BACKGROUND: Invasive Occipital Nerve Stimulation (iONS) is a costly technique which appears effective in drug-refractory chronic cluster headache (drCCH) management. Available data on long-term effectiveness and safety of iONS in this indication are scarce, though they could be useful to neurologists and patients in daily practice. The purpose of this short report is to discuss the very long-term outcome of a drCCH cohort, including adverse events. FINDINGS: Previously, favourable results were obtained with iONS in 15 drCCH patients: 80 % were significantly improved and 60 % were pain free...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Yuecheng Yang, Mingmin Song, Yinghui Fan, Ke Ma
Patients who suffer from migraines often report impaired quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) is a novel treatment modality for migraines, although few systematic reviews have evaluated whether this therapy is efficacious. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of ONS for treating migraine through a literature review. We performed a literature search to identify studies that investigated ONS for migraine treatment. Evidence levels of these studies were assessed by recommendations set by the University of Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine...
April 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Dagny Holle-Lee, Charly Gaul
The efficacy of invasive vagal nerve stimulation as well as other invasive neuromodulatory approaches such as deep brain stimulation, occipital nerve stimulation, and ganglion sphenopalatine stimulation has been shown in the treatment of headache disorders in several studies in the past. However, these invasive treatment options were quite costly and often associated with perioperative and postoperative side effects, some severe. As such, they were predominantly restricted to chronic and therapy refractory patients...
May 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Harith Akram, Sarah Miller, Susie Lagrata, Jonathan Hyam, Marjan Jahanshahi, Marwan Hariz, Manjit Matharu, Ludvic Zrinzo
OBJECTIVE: To present outcomes in a cohort of medically intractable chronic cluster headache (CCH) patients treated with ventral tegmental area (VTA) deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHODS: In an uncontrolled open-label prospective study, 21 patients (17 male; mean age 52 years) with medically refractory CCH were selected for ipsilateral VTA-DBS by a specialist multidisciplinary team including a headache neurologist and functional neurosurgeon. Patients had also failed or were denied access to occipital nerve stimulation within the UK National Health Service...
May 3, 2016: Neurology
Sarah Miller, Alex J Sinclair, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
There is increasing interest in using neurostimulation to treat headache disorders. There are now several non-invasive and invasive stimulation devices available with some open-label series and small controlled trial studies that support their use. Non-invasive stimulation options include supraorbital stimulation (Cefaly), vagus nerve stimulation (gammaCore) and single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (SpringTMS). Invasive procedures include occipital nerve stimulation, sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation and ventral tegmental area deep brain stimulation...
October 2016: Practical Neurology
Sudhakar Vadivelu, Paolo Bolognese, Thomas H Milhorat, Alon Y Mogilner
BACKGROUND: Chronic occipital and suboccipital headache is a common symptom in patients with Chiari I malformation. These headaches may persist despite appropriate surgical treatment of the underlying pathology via suboccipital decompression, duraplasty, and cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Occipital nerve stimulation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of a variety of occipital headache/pain syndromes. OBJECTIVE: To review retrospectively our experience with occipital nerve stimulation in patients with a primary diagnosis of Chiari malformation and a history of chronic occipital pain intractable to medical and surgical therapies...
June 2012: Neurosurgery
Jennifer A Sweet, Laura S Mitchell, Samer Narouze, Ashwini D Sharan, Steven M Falowski, Jason M Schwalb, Andre Machado, Joshua M Rosenow, Erika A Petersen, Salim M Hayek, Jeffrey E Arle, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Occipital neuralgia (ON) is a disorder characterized by sharp, electrical, paroxysmal pain, originating from the occiput and extending along the posterior scalp, in the distribution of the greater, lesser, and/or third occipital nerve. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) constitutes a promising therapy for medically refractory ON because it is reversible with minimal side effects and has shown continued efficacy with long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review and provide treatment recommendations for the use of ONS for the treatment of patients with medically refractory ON...
September 2015: Neurosurgery
Thomas M Kinfe, Patrick Schuss, Hartmut Vatter
BACKGROUND: Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) results in beneficial outcomes, with marked pain relief, in otherwise intractable chronic migraine (CM) and chronic cluster headache (CCH). Some studies have reported that a positive response to occipital nerve block (ONB) administered prior to ONS predicts a positive response to ONS. However, other studies concerned with proper patient selection claimed no predictive value for ONB. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the usefulness and predictive value of ONB prior to ONS...
April 2015: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Alex Martino Cinnera, S Bonnì, M Iosa, V Ponzo, A Fusco, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch
Multimodal treatments are emerging as effective approaches for motor recovery in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Various evidence has demonstrated that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may improve outcomes in people with motor disorders. Behavioral gains from rTMS protocols may be maximized when brain stimulation is coupled with carefully designed occupational/physical therapy. We present the case of a 25-year-old man with chronic TBI (a bilateral corticosubcortical parieto-occipital lesion) who underwent three weeks of cerebellar intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS), a form of rTMS, combined with neurorehabilitation treatment...
April 2016: Functional Neurology
Mariano Fernández-Corazza, Sergei Turovets, Phan Luu, Erik Anderson, Don Tucker
A key challenge in multi-electrode transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) or transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is to find a current injection pattern that delivers the necessary current density at a target and minimizes it in the rest of the head, which is mathematically modeled as an optimization problem. Such an optimization with the Least Squares (LS) or Linearly Constrained Minimum Variance (LCMV) algorithms is generally computationally expensive and requires multiple independent current sources...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
2016-07-01 00:08:36
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