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Neurocognitive Rehabilitation in Behavioral Health/Addictions

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3 papers 25 to 100 followers All forms of NCT in primarily addiction but all behsviow
Lan Xiang, Xue-Li Cao, Tian-Yan Xing, Daisuke Mori, Rui-Qi Tang, Jing Li, Li-Juan Gao, Jian-Hua Qi
Long-term use of fish oil (FO) is known to induce oxidative stress and increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease in humans. In the present study, peanut skin extract (PSE), which has strong antioxidant capacity, was mixed with FO to reduce its side effects while maintaining its beneficial properties. Twelve-week Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were used to conduct animal behavior tests in order to evaluate the memory-enhancing ability of the mixture of peanut skin extract and fish oil (MPF). MPF significantly increased alternations in the Y-maze and cognitive index in the novel object recognition test...
April 28, 2016: Nutrients
Mike Yoshio Hamasaki, Hermes Vieira Barbeiro, Denise Frediani Barbeiro, Débora Maria Gomes Cunha, Marcia Kiyomi Koike, Marcel Cerqueira César Machado, Fabiano Pinheiro da Silva
Delirium, or acute confusional state, is a common manifestation in diseases that originate outside the central nervous system, affecting 30-40% of elderly hospitalized patients and up to 80% of the critically ill, even though it remains unclear if severe systemic inflammation is able or not to induce cellular disturbances and immune activation in the brain. Neuropeptides are pleotropic molecules heterogeneously distributed throughout the brain and possess a wide spectrum of functions, including regulation of the inflammatory response, so we hypothesized that they would be the major alarm system in the brain before overt microglia activation...
January 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Tara Rezapour, Javad Hatami, Ali Farhoudian, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Alireza Noroozi, Reza Daneshmand, Ahmadreza Samiei, Hamed Ekhtiari
Despite extensive evidence for cognitive deficits associated with drug use and multiple publications supporting the efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation treatment (CRT) services for drug addictions, there are a few well-structured tools and organized programs to improve cognitive abilities in substance users. Most published studies on cognitive rehabilitation for drug dependent patients used rehabilitation tools, which have been previously designed for other types of brain injuries such as schizophrenia or traumatic brain injuries and not specifically designed for drug dependent patients...
October 2015: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
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