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For environmental planners

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6 papers 0 to 25 followers
Anne K Scharf, Scott LaPoint, Martin Wikelski, Kamran Safi
Investigating animal energy expenditure across space and time may provide more detailed insight into how animals interact with their environment. This insight should improve our understanding of how changes in the environment affect animal energy budgets and is particularly relevant for animals living near or within human altered environments where habitat change can occur rapidly. We modeled fisher (Pekania pennanti) energy expenditure within their home ranges and investigated the potential environmental and spatial drivers of the predicted spatial patterns...
2016: PloS One
C A Cultid-Medina, F Escobar
The global increase in demand for productive land requires us to increase our knowledge of the value of agricultural landscapes for the management and conservation of biodiversity, particularly in tropical regions. Thus, comparative studies of how different community attributes respond to changes in land use under different levels of deforestation intensity would be useful. We analyzed patterns of dung beetle diversity in an Andean region dominated by sun-grown coffee. Diversity was estimated using two measures of species abundance (the number of individuals and biomass) and was compared among four types of vegetation cover (forest, riparian forest, sun-grown coffee, and pastures) in three landscape plots with different degrees of deforestation intensity (low, intermediate, and high)...
April 2016: Environmental Entomology
Anthony Robbins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Sarah Milton, Triantafyllos Pliakas, Sophie Hawkesworth, Kiran Nanchahal, Chris Grundy, Antoinette Amuzu, Juan-Pablo Casas, Karen Lock
A growing body of literature explores the relationship between the built environment and health, and the methodological challenges of understanding these complex interactions across the lifecourse. The impact of the neighbourhood environment on health and behaviour amongst older adults has received less attention, despite this age group being potentially more vulnerable to barriers in their surrounding social and physical environment. A qualitative geographical information systems (QGIS) approach was taken to facilitate the understanding of how older people over 70 in 5 UK towns interact with their local neighbourhood...
November 2015: Health & Place
J-P Gattuso, A Magnan, R Billé, W W L Cheung, E L Howes, F Joos, D Allemand, L Bopp, S R Cooley, C M Eakin, O Hoegh-Guldberg, R P Kelly, H-O Pörtner, A D Rogers, J M Baxter, D Laffoley, D Osborn, A Rankovic, J Rochette, U R Sumaila, S Treyer, C Turley
The ocean moderates anthropogenic climate change at the cost of profound alterations of its physics, chemistry, ecology, and services. Here, we evaluate and compare the risks of impacts on marine and coastal ecosystems—and the goods and services they provide—for growing cumulative carbon emissions under two contrasting emissions scenarios. The current emissions trajectory would rapidly and significantly alter many ecosystems and the associated services on which humans heavily depend. A reduced emissions scenario—consistent with the Copenhagen Accord's goal of a global temperature increase of less than 2°C—is much more favorable to the ocean but still substantially alters important marine ecosystems and associated goods and services...
July 3, 2015: Science
Joleah B Lamb, David H Williamson, Garry R Russ, Bette L Willis
Parks and protected areas have been instrumental in reducing anthropogenic sources of damage in terrestrial and aquatic environments. Pathogen invasion often succeeds physical wounding and injury, yet links between the reduction of damage and the moderation of disease have not been assessed. Here, we examine the utility of no-take marine reserves as tools for mitigating diseases that affect reef-building corals. We found that sites located within reserves had fourfold reductions in coral disease prevalence compared to non-reserve sites (80466 corals surveyed)...
September 2015: Ecology
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