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CSF disorders

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34 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Andreas Tarnaris Consultant Neurosurgeon
John Glenn Burkett, Jessica Ailani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS), and benign intracranial hypertension are all terms that have been used for a neurologic syndrome consisting of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), headache and vision loss without mass lesion or underlying infection or malignancy. In this review article, categorization, diagnostic criteria, symptom management strategies, and disease treatment options for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome will be discussed...
May 2, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Jenny Larsson, Hanna Israelsson, Anders Eklund, Jan Malm
OBJECTIVE Adverse events related to shunt surgery are common and might have a negative effect on outcome in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). The authors' objectives were to establish the frequencies of epilepsy, headache, and abdominal pain and determine their impact on patient quality of life (QOL), in long-term follow-up after shunt surgery for INPH. METHODS One hundred seventy-six shunt-treated patients with INPH (mean age 74 years) and 368 age- and sex-matched controls from the population were included...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sunkuk Kwon, Christopher F Janssen, Fred Christian Velasquez, Eva M Sevick-Muraca
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is known to be reabsorbed by the lymphatic vessels and drain into the lymph nodes (LNs) through peripheral lymphatic vessels. In the peripheral lymphatics, the contractile pumping action of lymphangions mediates lymph drainage; yet it is unknown whether lymphatic vessels draining cranial and spinal CSF show similar function. Herein, we used non-invasive near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIRFI) to image (i) indocyanine green (ICG) distribution along the neuraxis and (ii) routes of ICG-laden CSF outflow into the lymphatics following intrathecal lumbar administration...
October 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
Gráinne Patricia Garvey, Vibhangini S Wasade, Kellie E Murphy, Mrinalini Balki
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia is a rare, slowly progressive neurological condition characterized by the presence of a syrinx within the spinal cord. Consensus regarding the safest mode of delivery and anesthetic management in patients with syringomyelia remains controversial and presents management dilemmas. This study reviews the cases of syringomyelia at our institution and provides a systematic review of the literature to guide decisions regarding labor and delivery management. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases at our hospital from 2002 to 2014 and a systematic review of the literature from 1946 to 2014 were undertaken...
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mohammadali M Shoja, Jaspreet Johal, W Jerry Oakes, R Shane Tubbs
Although the Chiari malformations are well-studied and described developmental anomalies, there remains some incongruity in regards to their underlying etiologies. A number of theories have been proposed with the purpose of accounting for the embryology and pathogenesis of the Chiari I and II malformations and their associated complications and clinical syndromes. The present review aims to review the pertinent literature for all of the main theories that have been proposed, and outline their validity and relevance to our contemporary understanding of these anomalies...
March 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Sajan Pandey, Yi Jin, Liang Gao, Cheng Cheng Zhou, Da Ming Cui
BACKGROUND: Negative-pressure hydrocephalus (NegPH), a very rare condition of unknown etiology and optimal treatment, usually presents postneurosurgery with clinical and imaging features of hydrocephalus, but with negative cerebrospinal fluid pressure. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a NegPH case of -3 mm Hg intracranial pressure that was successfully treated to achieve 5 mm Hg under continuous intracranial pressure monitoring with horizontal positioning, head down and legs elevated to 10°-15°, neck wrapping for controlled venous drainage, chest and abdomen bandages, infusion of 5% dextrose fluid to lower plasma osmolarity (Na+ , 130-135 mmol/L), daily cerebrospinal fluid drainage >200 mL, and arterial blood gas partial pressure of carbon dioxide >40 mm Hg...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
Lixiang Zhou, Jinlu Yu, Lichao Sun, Yanwu Han, Guangming Wang
INTRODUCTION: In patients with traumatic brain injury, an effective approach for managing refractory intracranial hypertension is wide decompressive craniectomy. Postoperative hydrocephalus is a frequent complication requiring cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 50-year-old male who underwent decompressive craniectomy after traumatic brain injury. He developed hydrocephalus postoperatively, and accordingly we placed a ventriculoperitoneal shunt...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Iype Cherian, Margarita Beltran, Ekkehard M Kasper, Binod Bhattarai, Sunil Munokami, Giovanni Grasso
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) transport across the central nervous system (CNS) is no longer believed to be on the conventional lines. The Virchow-Robin space (VRS) that facilitates CSF transport from the basal cisterns into the brain interstitial fluid (ISF) has gained interest in a whole new array of studies. Moreover, new line of evidence suggests that VRS may be involved in different pathological mechanisms of brain diseases. METHODS: Here, we review emerging studies proving the feasible role of VRS in sleep, Alzheimer's disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Patrick M House, Stefan R G Stodieck
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure without a space-occupying cerebral lesion, venous sinus thrombosis or hydrocephalus and with normally composited cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Main symptoms are headache, sight disturbances and potential visual impairment. Weight loss, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, lumbar punctures with CSF drain, CSF shunting, optic nerve sheath fenestration, and venous sinus stenting are common IIH therapies...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Helen Williams
It is proposed that negative central nervous system (CNS) pressure is one of the filling mechanisms of the fluid spaces of the CNS. Negative CNS pressure is caused by the combination of gravitational force and body movement. The venous system imposes pressure fluctuations on the CNS due to changes in posture and body cavity pressure. It is proposed here that filling of veins, arteries and cerebrospinal (CSF) spaces are all assisted by negative CNS pressure. Hyperemia in the CNS in response to pressure changes with movement was described in the first part of this hypothesis...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
N Alperin, A M Bagci, S H Lee, B L Lam
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Automated methods for quantitation of tissue and CSF volumes by MR imaging are available for the cranial but not the spinal compartment. We developed an iterative method for delineation of the spinal CSF spaces for automated measurements of CSF and cord volumes and applied it to study craniospinal CSF redistribution following lumbar withdrawal in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging data were obtained from 2 healthy subjects and 8 patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension who were scanned before, immediately after, and 2 weeks after diagnostic lumbar puncture...
June 9, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Anders Eklund, Gauti Jóhannesson, Elias Johansson, Petter Holmlund, Sara Qvarlander, Khalid Ambarki, Anders Wåhlin, Lars-Owe D Koskinen, Jan Malm
OBJECTIVE: The discovery of a posture-dependent effect on the difference between intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) at the level of lamina cribrosa could have important implications for understanding glaucoma and idiopathic intracranial hypertension and could help explain visual impairments in astronauts exposed to microgravity. The aim of this study was to determine the postural influence on the difference between simultaneously measured ICP and IOP. METHODS: Eleven healthy adult volunteers (age = 46 ± 10 years) were investigated with simultaneous ICP, assessed through lumbar puncture, and IOP measurements when supine, sitting, and in 9° head-down tilt (HDT)...
August 2016: Annals of Neurology
Naïma Diesner, Florian Freimann, Christin Clajus, Kai Kallenberg, Veit Rohde, Florian Stockhammer
BACKGROUND: Gravitational valves (GVs) prevent overdrainage in ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). However, there are no data available on the appropriate opening pressure in the shunt system when implementing a GV. We performed a retrospective analysis of hydrocephalic patients who were successfully treated with VPS which included one or more GV. METHOD: In this retrospective study in adult VPS patients with GVs, we analysed all available data, including the most recent computed tomography (CT) scans, to determine the best adjustments for alleviating any symptoms of overdrainage and underdrainage...
July 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Shigeo Yamashiro, Yasuyuki Hitoshi, Seiji Tajiri, Hiroki Uchikawa, Kiyotaka Ito, Akimasa Yoshida, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu
BACKGROUND: Leptomeningeal metastasis-related hydrocephalus causes distress to patients with end-stage cancer through headache and other symptoms by elevating intracranial pressure, thus reducing quality of life. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt has been used as a treatment option in palliative care. We review four cases of patients who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt for leptomeningeal metastasis-related hydrocephalus. CASES: All patients suffered from severe headache and nausea...
January 2017: Palliative Medicine
Kristopher Lyon, Vin Shen Ban, Nicole Bedros, Salah G Aoun, Tarek El Ahmadieh, Jonathan White
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are prone to common complications such as infection or mechanical failure, but more insidious events can easily be missed. Distal shunt migration into the vascular system is a rarely observed phenomenon, and there are no established guidelines for its management. We present a case of a distal catheter migration into the pulmonary vasculature, review existing cases in the literature, and present recommendations for their management. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 71-year-old man presented to the clinic with normal pressure hydrocephalus...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
T Radovnický, D Adámek, M Derner, M Sameš
BACKGROUND: Disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus (DESH) findings on MRI were described as a prognostic factor for responsiveness to the treatment of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Our premise is that DESH could be associated with compression of the cerebral white matter. Microstructural changes can be identified using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), specifically fractional anisotropy (FA). The aim of this study is to compare FA in iNPH patients with and without DESH and healthy controls...
August 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Johannes Lemcke, Dirk Stengel, Florian Stockhammer, Claas Güthoff, Veit Rohde, Ullrich Meier
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the epidemiology of the idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in Germany. METHODS: The database of the nationwide Barmer Health Insurance was queried for specific combinations of corresponding International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes and OPS codes (German modification of the ICPM and official classification of surgical procedures) in order to assess the number of patients treated for iNPH and the number surgical procedures associated with the disease in a 10 years period between 2003 and 2012...
2016: Open Neurology Journal
Leszek Herbowski
The impact of the atmosphere on human physiology has been studied widely within the last years. In practice, intracranial pressure is a pressure difference between intracranial compartments and the surrounding atmosphere. This means that gauge intracranial pressure uses atmospheric pressure as its zero point, and therefore, this method of pressure measurement excludes the effects of barometric pressure's fluctuation. The comparison of these two physical quantities can only take place through their absolute value relationship...
January 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
J Chrastina, Z Novák, V Feitová
UNLABELLED: Posttraumatic hydrocephalus caused by cerebrospinal fluid circulation disturbances frequently complicates the clinical course and treatment after craniocerebral injury. Hydrocephalus complicating spinal cord injury is only exceptionally reported. The paper presents two cases of complete cervical spinal cord injury with subsequent development of hydrocephalus. The analysis of both cases and literature data confirmed the dominant role of non-spinal factors in the development of hydrocephalus after spinal cord injury...
December 0: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Sebastian Antes, Christoph A Tschan, Michael Heckelmann, David Breuskin, Joachim Oertel
BACKGROUND: Devices enabling long-term intracranial pressure monitoring have been demanded for some time. The first solutions using telemetry were proposed in 1967. Since then, many other wireless systems have followed but some technical restrictions have led to unacceptable measurement uncertainties. In 2009, a completely revised telemetric pressure device called Neurovent P-tel was introduced to the market. This report reviews technical aspects, handling, possibilities of data analysis, and the efficiency of the probe in clinical routine...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
2016-04-29 08:44:17
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