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Enrico Milan, Tommaso Perini, Massimo Resnati, Ugo Orfanelli, Laura Oliva, Andrea Raimondi, Paolo Cascio, Angela Bachi, Magda Marcatti, Fabio Ciceri, Simone Cenci
Multiple myeloma (MM) is the paradigmatic proteasome inhibitor (PI) responsive cancer, but many patients fail to respond. An attractive target to enhance sensitivity is (macro)autophagy, recently found essential to bone marrow plasma cells, the normal counterpart of MM. Here, integrating proteomics with hypothesis-driven strategies, we identified the autophagic cargo receptor and adapter protein, SQSTM1/p62 as an essential component of an autophagic reserve that not only synergizes with the proteasome to maintain proteostasis, but also mediates a plastic adaptive response to PIs, and faithfully reports on inherent PI sensitivity...
2015: Autophagy
C Kao, A Chao, C-L Tsai, W-C Chuang, W-P Huang, G-C Chen, C-Y Lin, T-H Wang, H-S Wang, C-H Lai
The antitumor activity of an inhibitor of 26S proteasome bortezomib (Velcade) has been observed in various malignancies, including colon cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, and ovarian cancer. Bortezomib has been proposed to stimulate autophagy, but scientific observations did not always support this. Interactions between ERK activity and autophagy are complex and not completely clear. Autophagy proteins have recently been shown to regulate the functions of ERK, and ERK activation has been found to induce autophagy...
November 6, 2014: Cell Death & Disease
Denise Niewerth, Gerrit Jansen, Yehuda G Assaraf, Sonja Zweegman, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Jacqueline Cloos
Over the past decade, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade) has not only gained a cornerstone position in the treatment of hematological malignancies, particularly multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma, but also in experimental therapeutics of acute leukemia. However, the therapeutic efficacy of bortezomib is hampered by the emergence of acquired resistance, for which multifactorial mechanisms have been identified. This review summarizes the current status of the molecular mechanisms underlying resistance to proteasome inhibitors that emerged in preclinical therapeutic studies, and discusses these findings in the clinical perspective of novel therapeutic modalities of hematological malignancies...
January 2015: Drug Resistance Updates: Reviews and Commentaries in Antimicrobial and Anticancer Chemotherapy
Yun Du, Xiaokun Ji
While Bcl-2 protein is involved in the regulation of apoptosis, recent research showed that Beclin1, described as the essential autophagy effector and haploinsufficient tumor suppressor, was originally isolated as a Bcl-2 interacting protein. Beclin1 interacts with Bcl-2 through a BH3 domain; nevertheless, the function of the anti-apoptotic gene, Bcl-2, in autophagy is not well understood. We explored the role of Bcl-2 in autophagy in human SGC-7901 cells in which Bcl-2 is overexpressed. Knockdown of Bcl-2 by small interfering RNA in human SGC-7901 cells downregulated Bcl-2 protein levels ∼82% and induced autophagy...
October 2014: Cell Biology International
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