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AKI Etiology

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2 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
K H Wyssusek, A L B Keys, J Yung, E T Moloney, P Sivalingam, S K Paul
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following orthotopic liver transplantation. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as increased healthcare costs. The aetiology of AKI post liver transplantation is multifactorial and understanding these factors is pivotal in developing risk stratification and prevention strategies. This study aims to investigate the preoperative and intraoperative factors that may be associated with AKI in patients undergoing liver transplantation at the Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland...
November 2015: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Jai Prakash, Vijay Pratap Singh
Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is characterized by patchy or diffuse ischemic destruction of all the elements of renal cortex resulting from significantly diminished renal arterial perfusion due to vascular spasm and microvascular injury. In addition, direct endothelial injury particularly in setting of sepsis, eclampsia, haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and snake bite may lead to endovascular thrombosis with subsequent renal ischemia. Progression to end stage renal disease is a rule in diffuse cortical necrosis...
November 6, 2015: World Journal of Nephrology
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