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Medicina do Sono

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24 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865942/nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-score-to-guide-mask-selection-in-cpap-treated-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Marius Lebret, Nathalie Arnol, Jean-Benoît Martinot, Renaud Tamisier, Chrystèle Deschaux, Jean-Louis Pépin, Jean-Christian Borel
Nasal obstruction is frequently reported by patients with sleep apnea and complicates the choice of a nasal or oronasal mask for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. However, the type of interface used for the delivery of CPAP is crucial to ensure tolerance and compliance. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to identify whether the validated Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score rated at CPAP initiation was associated with the type of mask used after 4 months of treatment...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749043/foot-cooling-does-not-improve-vigilance-but-may-transiently-reduce-sleepiness
#2
Ryan P Sixtus, Barbara C Galland, James D Cotter
Temperature of the skin (TSk ) and core (TC ) play key roles in sleep-wake regulation. The diurnal combination of low TSk and high TC facilitates alertness, whereas the transition to high TSk and low TC correlates with sleepiness. Sleepiness and deteriorating vigilance are induced with peripheral warming, whereas peripheral cooling appears to transiently improve vigilance in narcolepsy. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that foot cooling would maintain vigilance during extended wakefulness in healthy adults...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21968750/obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-most-common-secondary-cause-of-hypertension-associated-with-resistant-hypertension
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rodrigo P Pedrosa, Luciano F Drager, Carolina C Gonzaga, Marcio G Sousa, Lílian K G de Paula, Aline C S Amaro, Celso Amodeo, Luiz A Bortolotto, Eduardo M Krieger, T Douglas Bradley, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
Recognition and treatment of secondary causes of hypertension among patients with resistant hypertension may help to control blood pressure and reduce cardiovascular risk. However, there are no studies systematically evaluating secondary causes of hypertension according to the Seventh Joint National Committee. Consecutive patients with resistant hypertension were investigated for known causes of hypertension irrespective of symptoms and signs, including aortic coarctation, Cushing syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, drugs, pheochromocytoma, primary aldosteronism, renal parenchymal disease, renovascular hypertension, and thyroid disorders...
November 2011: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106778/evolution-of-soft-palate-surgery-techniques-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-comparative-study-for-single-level-palatal-surgeries
#4
Mohamed S Rashwan, Filippo Montevecchi, Giovanni Cammaroto, Mohamed Badr El Deen, Nagi Iskander, Diaa El Hennawi, Mohammed El Tabbakh, Giuseppe Meccariello, Riccardo Gobbi, Francesco Stomeo, Claudio Vicini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results of tissue preservation techniques of soft palate surgeries including expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) and barbed reposition pharyngoplasty (BRP) for patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) with the traditional uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). DESIGN: Interventional comparative study. SETTING: Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five patients were included in the study, divided into three groups with 25 patients per group: UPPP, ESP or BRP...
April 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753926/long-term-clinical-effect-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-case-series-study
#5
Vincenza Castronovo, Andrea Galbiati, Marco Sforza, Mattia Poletti, Laura Giarolli, Tracy Kuo, Marco Zucconi, Mauro Manconi, Michael Hensley, Charles Morin, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recognized as the first-choice intervention for insomnia. One of the best-known advantages of CBT-I in comparison with pharmacotherapy is its long-term effect. However, only few studies have assessed its benefits with follow-up periods of longer than three years. In this clinical case series study we aimed to describe the long-term effects of group CBT-I after a mean 7.8 ± 1.6 years of follow-up (range 4-10 years). METHODS: A total of 292 insomnia disorder (ID) patients were consecutively enrolled at the Sleep Disorders Center of San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; 123 patients (82 (66...
April 11, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680418/uvulopalatopharyngoplasty-reduces-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-complications-caused-by-obstructive-sleep-apnea-results-from-the-national-insurance-service-survey-2007-2014
#6
Heung Man Lee, Hyo Yeol Kim, Jeffrey D Suh, Kyung-Do Han, Jin Kook Kim, Young Chang Lim, Seok-Chan Hong, Jae Hoon Cho
OBJECTIVE: Untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction (MI), congestive heart failure (CHF), and atrial fibrillation (AF). Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for OSA; however, compliance with CPAP can be challenging for some patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) reduced the risk of cardiovascular complications for patients with OSA...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277122/effects-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-patients-with-osa-on-quality-of-life
#7
Hsin-Ching Lin, Chee-Yee Lee, Michael Friedman, Pa-Chun Wang, Anna M Salapatas, Meng-Chih Lin, Yung-Che Chen
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively study the effects of minimally invasive single-stage multilevel surgery (MISS MLS) for treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSA) on quality of life (QOL). METHODS: All OSA patients with multilevel obstruction who failed or refused continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment and then underwent Pillar implants and temperature-controlled radiofrequency of the base of tongue (RFBOT) were enrolled. The subjective symptoms and QOL (SF-36 Taiwan Standard Version 1...
February 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915135/otolaryngologic-management-of-down-syndrome-patients-what-is-new
#8
Ethan C Bassett, Mary F Musso
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of children with Down syndrome as it pertains to the otolaryngologist continues to evolve. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has dominated the recent literature, but other topics including hearing loss, swallowing, and perioperative considerations are also reported. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of OSA in children with Down syndrome ranges from 57 to 73% in certain cohorts, and, whereas adentonsillectomy can decrease Apnea-Hypopnea Index, up to 80% may have persistent OSA...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628335/dental-and-skeletal-changes-associated-with-long-term-oral-appliance-use-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Takafumi Araie, Kentaro Okuno, Hitomi Ono Minagi, Takayoshi Sakai
An oral appliance (OA) is an effective treatment option for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but dental and skeletal changes have been detected by many studies after long-term OA use. Better understanding of the long-term side effects may decrease discontinuation of OA use and assist clinicians to make informed decisions. Accordingly, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the dental and skeletal changes associated with OAs designed to advance the mandible. The quality of the studies was determined by using the risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies (RoBANS), and 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
March 1, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714541/full-night-measurement-of-level-of-obstruction-in-sleep-apnea-utilizing-continuous-manometry
#10
Hahn Jin Jung, Jee Hye Wee, Chae-Seo Rhee, Jeong-Whun Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the average proportion of retropalatal or retroglossal obstruction occurring during a whole night in single patients with obstructive sleep apnea. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Patients who underwent full-night polysomnography and upper airway pressure manometry at the same time were retrospectively enrolled. Airway obstruction levels were categorized into retropalatal or retroglossal obstruction according to the pressure change shown during pressure manometry...
December 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602660/management-of-treatment-failure-in-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#11
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Irene Cano-Pumarega, Rafael Marulanda
Dopaminergic drugs have been widely used over the last decades for the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS)/Willis-Ekbom disease (WED). While the majority of studies show an initial improvement in symptoms, longer studies and clinical experience show that either treatment efficacy decreases with time, and/or augmentation develops: dopaminergic augmentation has been reported to be the main reason for treatment discontinuation and treatment failure in RLS/WED. The current review discusses the main reasons for treatment failure in RLS/WED and outlines the most recent expert-based strategies to prevent and manage it...
January 9, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714534/adjustable-thermoplastic-oral-appliance-versus-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Wish Banhiran, Paraya Assanasen, Cherdchai Nopmaneejumrudlers, Nongyoaw Nujchanart, Wimontip Srechareon, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana, Choakchai Metheetrairut
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare outcomes of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and the adjustable thermoplastic mandibular advancement splint (AT-MAS) for obstructive sleep apnea treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover, noninferiority, tertiary center setting. METHODS: Fifty patients with a mean age of 49.5 ± 10.6 years were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 events/hour, and oxygen saturation ≥70%...
February 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501304/sleep-endoscopy-findings-in-children-with-persistent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-adenotonsillectomy
#13
Steven W Coutras, Alexander Limjuco, Kristin E Davis, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVES: Describe the patterns of obstruction in persistent pediatric OSA and their relationship with patient weight. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: All pediatric DISE procedures performed at a tertiary care hospital between October 2010 and October 2015 were reviewed. Patients had polysomnography after adenotonsillectomy that confirmed persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Variables included age, gender, co-morbidities, and AHI...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576408/insomnia-and-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Denise C Jarrin, Pasquale K Alvaro, Marc-André Bouchard, Stephanie D Jarrin, Christopher L Drake, Charles M Morin
Insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder that is associated with a multitude of health consequences. Particularly, insomnia has been associated with cardiovascular disease and its precursors, such as hypertension and blood pressure (BP) non-dipping. The present systematic review aimed to summarize the evidence on the concurrent and prospective associations between insomnia and hypertension and/or BP. Using electronic search engines (PubMed, SCOPUS, PsycINFO), 5,618 articles published from January 1970 to December 2017 were identified, and 64 met the inclusion criteria (26 to 162,121 participants; age range: 18-100; 46...
February 16, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680177/individual-vulnerability-to-insomnia-excessive-sleepiness-and-shift-work-disorder-amongst-healthcare-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Lauren A Booker, Michelle Magee, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Tracey L Sletten, Mark E Howard
Shift workers often experience reduced sleep quality, duration and/or excessive sleepiness due to the imposed conflict between work and their circadian system. About 20-30% of shift workers experience prominent insomnia symptoms and excessive daytime sleepiness consistent with the circadian rhythm sleep disorder known as shift work disorder. Individual factors may influence this vulnerability to shift work disorder or sleep-related impairment associated with shift work. This paper was registered with Prospero and was conducted using recommended standards for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
March 27, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#16
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875581/european-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-insomnia
#17
Dieter Riemann, Chiara Baglioni, Claudio Bassetti, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Leja Dolenc Groselj, Jason G Ellis, Colin A Espie, Diego Garcia-Borreguero, Michaela Gjerstad, Marta Gonçalves, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Poul J Jennum, Damien Leger, Christoph Nissen, Liborio Parrino, Tiina Paunio, Dirk Pevernagie, Johan Verbraecken, Hans-Günter Weeß, Adam Wichniak, Irina Zavalko, Erna S Arnardottir, Oana-Claudia Deleanu, Barbara Strazisar, Marielle Zoetmulder, Kai Spiegelhalder
This European guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia was developed by a task force of the European Sleep Research Society, with the aim of providing clinical recommendations for the management of adult patients with insomnia. The guideline is based on a systematic review of relevant meta-analyses published till June 2016. The target audience for this guideline includes all clinicians involved in the management of insomnia, and the target patient population includes adults with chronic insomnia disorder...
December 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220307/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-children-2-years-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-upper-airway-findings-and-treatment-outcomes
#18
A Boudewyns, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
Few data are available about the pattern of upper airway (UA) obstruction in children <2 years with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Also, the role of adenoidectomy versus adenotonsillectomy (AT) is poorly defined in this age group. We performed drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in young OSAS children to investigate the pattern of UA obstruction and the value of DISE in therapeutic decision making. Retrospective analysis of ≤2-year-old children undergoing DISE-directed UA surgery. OSAS severity and the treatment outcomes were documented by polysomnography...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26669478/restless-legs-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2015: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814206/transoral-surgical-anatomy-and-clinical-considerations-of-lateral-oropharyngeal-wall-parapharyngeal-space-and-tongue-base
#20
Ramazan Gun, Kasim Durmus, Cuneyt Kucur, Ricardo L Carrau, Enver Ozer
OBJECTIVE: With the emergence of transoral robotic approaches, head and neck surgeons are faced with an unfamiliar inside-out head and neck anatomy. This study was performed to describe key anatomic landmarks and surgical considerations of transoral robotic resection of the lateral oropharyngeal wall, the parapharyngeal space, and the base of the tongue. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive transoral anatomic study. SETTING: Academic anatomy laboratory and tertiary academic hospital...
March 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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