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Abbie E Veevers, Stephen G Oxberry
Delayed gastric emptying in the presence or absence of mechanical bowel obstruction can cause distressing symptoms in palliative care patients. We present two patients, both with vomiting due to delayed gastric emptying and gastric outlet obstruction secondary to pancreatic cancer, treated with subcutaneous ranitidine resulting in a symptomatic response. We hypothesise that ranitidine is a useful adjunct to standard treatment with prokinetic agents or octreotide in such patients and potentially those with proximal mechanical bowel obstruction from other malignancies with associated delayed gastric emptying...
September 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Jay R Thomas, Gail Austin Cooney, Neal E Slatkin
Opioid analgesics are a cornerstone of pain therapy in the hospice and palliative care population. However, opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OBD) is a commonly associated condition that frequently compromises the usefulness of these agents. Although its most common and debilitating symptom is constipation, the impact of OBD extends beyond constipation to encompass a myriad of gastrointestinal (GI) signs and symptoms, ranging from decreased gastric emptying and reflux to abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, nausea, and vomiting...
September 2008: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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