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ED Ultrasound

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18 papers 0 to 25 followers Articles about bedside ultrasound
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, John Bailitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Leonard Bunting, Kenneth Kuper
We present a case of successful bedside irrigation of a septic joint in the emergency department. Complicating factors prevented the patient from undergoing operative management. With a simple 2 catheter technique the authors irrigated the patient's septic shoulder at the bedside. The patient's pain and range of motion improved immediately following the technique. The patient had complete recovery without open drainage. With further investigation, definitive management of septic joints could begin in the emergency department...
July 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Yagnaram Ravichandran, Prince Harrison, Eugene Garrow, Jennifer H Chao
Ultrasound is the initial diagnostic modality of choice for evaluation of pediatric appendicitis. We report a case that highlights the importance of pain control, distraction, focusing on the appearance of the appendix and the surrounding structures, the value of size cutoff points for appendicitis, and repeating ultrasound examinations to optimize yield.
March 3, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Can Akyol, Faruk Gungor, Angelika Janitzky Akyol, Mustafa Kesapli, Ramazan Guven, Umut Cengiz, Halil İbrahim Toksul, Cenker Eken
OBJECTIVE: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is an easily available and noninvasive tool without radiation exposure that is also gaining a broad range of use in emergency departments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of POCUS in the diagnosis of shoulder dislocation by comparing with plain radiography. METHODS: This prospective observational study with a convenience sampling was conducted in emergency departments of 2 hospitals. Patients older than 15 years with possible shoulder dislocation during the physical examination composed the study population...
May 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stephanie J Doniger, Margaret Salmon, Resa E Lewiss
We present a case series describing an infant and a child who presented with abdominal discomfort and their conditions were diagnosed with intussusception by point-of-care ultrasound. These cases illustrate how point-of-care ultrasound led to the expeditious diagnosis of intussusception.
May 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Mario Francispragasam, Jeff H Yoo, Tong V Lam, Daniel J Kim
We present a rare case of a young patient with chest pain whose ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) was detected by point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) leading to a successful surgical repair. POCUS identified a moderate pericardial effusion and an associated severely dilated ascending aorta. In this context, it is important to rule out aortic rupture and aortic dissection. We also discuss the epidemiology, complications, and management of TAAs as well as the role of cardiac POCUS in the diagnosis of thoracic aneurysmal disease...
February 9, 2016: CJEM
Eitan Dickman, Illya Pushkar, Antonios Likourezos, Knox Todd, Ula Hwang, Saadia Akhter, Sean Morrison
OBJECTIVES: To compare pain relief between patients with intracapsular and extracapsular hip fractures who received an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block (USFNB). DESIGN: A multicenter, prospective, randomized, clinical trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in the emergency departments of 3 academic hospitals located in New York City. SUBJECTS: Patients aged ≥60 years presenting to the emergency department with hip fracture...
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jennifer R Marin, Aaron E Kornblith, Stephanie J Doniger
We present two cases of pediatric patients initially presenting with a clinical suspicion of acute appendicitis. In these cases, point-of-care ultrasonography was performed early in the patient's emergency department course, leading to alternate diagnoses. This article highlights a role for point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnoses of two alternate conditions that clinically mimic appendicitis: Meckel diverticulitis and acute ileocecitis. We offer a brief overview of terminology, relevant literature, and ultrasound scanning technique for the right-lower-quadrant point-of-care ultrasound evaluation...
April 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Ivan Villaverde
There is a growing body of literature that supports the use of ultrasound for vascular access. Advanced simulation has become a widely applied technique for training medical staff in vascular access. Nevertheless, advanced simulators are expensive and of limited usage. We describe both a step-wise systematic approach and an experimental cadaveric model of vascular access using a simple piece of chicken that can be easily used for trainees.
November 23, 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Mark D Baker, John P Gullett
Pediatric acute femur fractures are a relatively common major orthopedic injury seen in emergency departments. Providing adequate and safe analgesia is essential while patients await definitive management of these fractures. Opioid medications are typically used to treat fracture-associated pain but have well-known adverse effects including respiratory and central nervous system depression, pruritus, nausea, and allergic reactions. Dose titration of opioids in pediatric patients may be difficult and requires frequent nursing and physician reassessments...
December 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ron Berant, Charisse Kwan, Jason Fischer
Point-of-care ultrasound is being used more frequently in pediatric emergency medicine departments. It has become an important adjunct for clinical diagnoses and procedural guidance. We present a case series of 3 patients who presented to a pediatric emergency department and on chest radiographs had whiteout lung. Point-of-care ultrasound was able to differentiate fluid from consolidation, facilitating the appropriate investigations and interventions for these children.
December 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Zareth Irwin, Justin O Cook
Pulmonary ultrasound continues to develop and is ideally suited for the evaluation and treatment of respiratory emergencies. It is portable, can be performed rapidly, has no ionizing radiation, and is highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of pneumothorax, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, and free fluid in the chest.
February 2016: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Stefan Flores, Andrew A Herring
BACKGROUND: Adequate emergency department (ED) anesthesia for painful ear conditions, such as ear lacerations or ear abscesses, can be challenging. Much of the sensory innervation of the ear is supplied from the anterior and posterior branches of the greater auricular nerve (GAN). The GAN is a branch of the superficial cervical plexus, which arises from the C2/C3 spinal roots. The GAN innervation includes most of the helix, antihelix, the lobule, and the skin over the mastoid process and parotid gland...
April 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stephanie G Cohen, Sierra C Beck
A 4-year-old girl presented to the emergency department for evaluation of finger swelling after a dog bite. Point-of-care ultrasound was used to diagnose pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis of the digit after visualizing a fluid collection within the flexor tendon sheath. The patient underwent emergent incision and drainage of the digit with good outcome.
November 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Maxim Ben-Yakov, Marie-Pier Desjardins, Jason W J Fischer
The application of emergency point-of-care ultrasound has been expanding in pediatric emergency medicine for a decade. In this case series, we describe the detection of papilledema in patients presenting to the pediatric emergency department using this technology and its potential impact on their clinical care.
November 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Isabelle Imamedjian, Robert Baird, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky
We report a case of a false-positive focused abdominal sonography in trauma (FAST) examination in a persistently hypotensive pediatric trauma patient, performed 12 hours after the trauma, suspected to be caused by massive fluid resuscitation leading to ascites. While a positive FAST in a hypotensive trauma patient usually indicates hemoperitoneum, this case illustrates that the timing of the FAST examination relative to the injury, as well as clinical evolution including the volume of fluid resuscitation, need to be considered when interpreting the results of serial and/or late FAST examinations...
June 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
M Kennedy Hall, E C Coffey, Meghan Herbst, Rachel Liu, Joseph R Pare, R Andrew Taylor, Sheeja Thomas, Chris L Moore
Emergency physician (EP)-performed focused cardiac ultrasound (EP FOCUS) has been increasingly recognized as a crucial tool to help clinicians diagnose and treat potentially life-threatening conditions. The existing literature demonstrates a variety of EP FOCUS applications and protocols; however, EP FOCUS is not taught, practiced, or interpreted consistently between institutions. Drawing on over 12 years of experience in a large-volume, high-acuity academic emergency department, we have developed a protocol for teaching and performing EP FOCUS known as "The 5Es," where each E represents a specific assessment for immediately relevant clinical information...
May 2015: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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